Northland (New Zealand electorate)

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Northland electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election Northland electorate, 2014.svg
Northland electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Northland is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was established for the 1996 election. It was represented by National Party MP John Carter from 1996 to 2011, and then National's Mike Sabin until his resignation on 30 January 2015. The by-election in March 2015 was won by New Zealand First party leader Winston Peters. Peters was defeated by National's Matt King in the 2017 general election. King in turn was defeated by the Labour Party's Willow-Jean Prime in the 2020 general election, who became the first Labour MP elected for the area since the party won the predecessor electorate Bay of Islands in 1938.

Contents

Population centres

Northland is the northernmost general electorate of New Zealand. The electorate encompasses the entire Far North District and Kaipara District, and a small rural section of Whangarei District. At the 2008 election, the town of Wellsford became part of Northland due to heavy population growth in the Rodney seat. [1] No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution. [2] At the 2019/20 review, the seat lost Wellsford to the new electorate of Kaipara ki Mahurangi, but gained Poroti and Maungakaramea from Whangārei.

History

The Northland electorate was created ahead of the introduction of mixed-member proportional voting in the 1996 election. It was formed from the whole of the Far North electorate (called Bay of Islands before 1993), and a large section of the Hobson seat.

Former Bay of Islands and then Far North MP John Carter of the National Party was elected MP for Northland in 1996, and was returned at every election until the 2008 election. Carter left Parliament in June 2011 to take up a post as New Zealand's High Commissioner to the Cook Islands. His departure did not result in a by-election, as the vacancy occurred within six months of the next general election. [3]

In May 2011 Mike Sabin was selected as the National Party candidate in place of Carter. [4] Sabin had a majority of 11,362 and 9,300 votes in 2011 and 2014, respectively. [5] [6] In December 2014 news media reported that he was under investigation by police over an assault complaint. The reports were not confirmed by the New Zealand Police, the Prime Minister or Sabin himself. [7] [8] [9] [10] Sabin resigned from parliament on 30 January 2015 with immediate effect "due to personal issues that were best dealt with outside Parliament." [11] The resignation forced a by-election in the electorate. [12]

The by-election in March 2015 was won by New Zealand First party leader Winston Peters. Peters was later defeated by National's Matt King in the 2017 general election. [13]

The electorate is one where National traditionally performs well; Labour did not win a general electorate north of Wellsford in any election from 1943 to 2017 besides a one-off victory in Whangarei in 1972. However, in the 2020 election, Northland elected its first ever Labour MP and the first Labour MP for the area for 77 years.

The upper North Island is also a place where New Zealand First has one of its strongest voter bases; in 1996, Ian Peters and Frank Grover of the Alliance beat Labour's candidate into fourth place and nine percent of the vote. Third parties do well in Northland - at the 1960 and 1963 elections, Social Credit candidate Vernon Cracknell came runner up in Hobson, before taking the seat with 48 percent of the vote in 1966. The area had previously been receptive to social credit theory - Harold Rushworth of the credit-influenced Country Party had held Bay of Islands for three terms, from 1928 to 1938.

Members of Parliament

Key

  National     NZ First     Alliance   
  Christian Heritage     Green     Labour   
  ACT   
ElectionWinner
1996 election John Carter
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Mike Sabin
2014 election
2015 by-election Winston Peters
2017 election Matt King
2020 election Willow-Jean Prime

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Northland electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Frank Grover 1
1999 election Sue Bradford
2002 election Jim Peters
2005 election Shane Jones
2008 election
2014 election David Clendon
2017 election Winston Peters
Willow-Jean Prime
2020 election Mark Cameron

1 Grover left the Alliance in 1999 and joined the Christian Heritage Party.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Northland [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Matt King 15,24338.30−14.4418,83446.35−2.62
NZ First Red x.svgN Winston Peters 13,85434.815,35313.17+0.38
Labour Willow-Jean Prime 8,59921.61−4.2812,24330.12+13.50
Green Peter Hughes1,7944.51−6.002,4586.05−4.79
Conservative Mel Taylor1850.46−4.031490.37−5.94
ACT Craig Nelson1210.30−0.281910.47+0.01
Opportunities  8061.98
Legalise Cannabis  2000.49−0.05
Māori  1330.33−0.26
Mana  1190.29−1.40 [lower-alpha 1]
Ban 1080  500.12−0.02
Outdoors  270.07
Democrats  250.06−0.12
People's Party  250.06
United Future  220.05−0.15
Internet  10.002−1.69 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes306149
Total Valid votes39,79640,636
Turnout 40,785
National gain from NZ First Majority1,3893.49−23.36

2015 by-election

The following table shows final by-election results: [15]

2015 Northland by-election

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%
NZ First Winston Peters 16,08954.45+54.45
National Mark Osborne11,64839.42−13.32
Labour Willow-Jean Prime 1,3804.67−21.22
Focus Joe Carr1130.38−4.41
Legalise Cannabis Maki Herbert940.32+0.32
ACT Robin Grieve680.23−0.35
Mana Reuben Porter600.20+0.20
Climate Rob Painting390.13+0.13
Independent Bruce Rogan240.08+0.08
Independent Adrian Bonner170.06+0.06
Independent Adam Holland160.05+0.05
Informal votes420.14−1.05
Total Valid votes29,548
Turnout 29,59064.39−14.51
Registered electors 45,955
NZ First gain from National Majority4,44115.03

2014 election

2014 general election: Northland [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Mike Sabin 18,26952.74−4.8117,41248.97−1.17
Labour Willow-Jean Prime 8,96925.89+4.305,91316.63−0.97
Green David Clendon 3,63910.51−1.593,85510.84−0.94
Focus Ken Rintoul1,6614.80+4.802160.61+0.61
Conservative Melanie Taylor1,5554.49−0.592,2436.31+1.06
ACT Craig Nelson2000.58−0.251620.46−1.19
Democrats David Angus Wilson1730.50+0.50640.18+0.07
Independent Murray Robertson960.28+0.28
Money Free Jordan Osmaston750.22+0.22
NZ First  4,54612.79+2.59
Internet Mana  6011.69+0.40 [lower-alpha 3]
Māori  2100.59−0.20
Legalise Cannabis  1930.54−0.11
United Future  710.20−0.26
Ban 1080  510.14+0.14
Independent Coalition  90.03+0.03
Civilian  70.02+0.02
Informal votes419154
Total Valid votes34,63735,553
Turnout 35,55378.90+4.97
National holdMajority9,30026.85−9.10

2011 election

2011 general election: Northland [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Mike Sabin 18,18857.55-1.5916,38150.15-1.55
Labour Lynette Stewart6,82621.60-7.645,74817.60-7.44
Green Pauline Evans3,82212.09+5.223,84811.78+4.44
Conservative Melanie Taylor1,6065.08+5.081,7145.25+5.25
Mana Ngawai Herewini6111.93+1.934201.29+1.29
Māori Josephine Peita2900.92+0.922570.79-0.69
ACT Barry Brill 2610.83-0.855361.64-2.57
NZ First  3,33010.19+3.79
Legalise Cannabis  2130.65+0.23
United Future  1490.46-0.21
Democrats  350.11-0.03
Libertarianz  250.08+0.004
Alliance  90.03-0.05
Informal votes972308
Total Valid votes31,60432,665
National holdMajority11,36235.95+6.05

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,182 [17]

2008 election

2008 general election: Northland [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY John Carter 19,88959.1417,70351.70
Labour Shane Jones 9,83529.248,57325.04
Green Martin Leiding2,3116.872,5147.34
ACT Alan (Smilie) Wood5651.681,4434.21
Kiwi Mike Shaw3811.132160.63
Family Party Melanie Taylor3190.951620.47
Democrats David Wilson1710.51480.14
United Future Phil Johnson1620.482280.67
NZ First  2,1946.41
Māori  5071.48
Progressive  2580.75
Bill and Ben  1530.45
Legalise Cannabis  1440.42
Alliance  280.08
Libertarianz  250.07
Pacific  170.05
Workers Party  160.05-
RAM  60.02
RONZ  50.01
Informal votes310132
Total Valid votes33,63334,240
National holdMajority10,054

2005 election

2005 general election: Northland [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY John Carter 16,57754.1214,18245.69
Labour Shane Jones 7,30223.849,38430.23
Green Sue Bradford 2,7649.022,0006.44
NZ First Jim Peters 2,5478.323,16210.19
Māori Malcolm Peri5501.804841.56
United Future Phil Johnson3151.036181.99
Destiny David Isaachsen2780.911960.63
ACT Tom McClelland2160.714741.53
Libertarianz Julian Pistorius510.17270.09
Independent Gray Phillips180.06
Direct Democracy Mel Whaanga100.0350.02
Progressive  2720.88
Legalise Cannabis  940.30
Democrats  480.015
Christian Heritage  370.12
Alliance  270.09
99 MP  110.04
Family Rights  60.02
One NZ  60.02
RONZ  60.02
Informal votes233133
Total Valid votes30,62831,039
National holdMajority9,27530.28

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Northland for a list of candidates.

Notes

  1. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

  1. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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  5. 1 2 "Official Count Results -- Northland". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  6. "Official Count Results -- Northland". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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  10. "Police tight-lipped about assault allegation". Radio New Zealand . 21 December 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  11. "Mike Sabin announces resignation as Northland MP". Scoop . 30 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  12. "John Key says National did not ask Mike Sabin to quit after MP resigns 'due to personal issues'". The New Zealand Herald . 30 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  13. "King beats kingmaker in nail-biting race for Northland seat". The New Zealand Herald . 24 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  14. "Official Count Results -- Northland (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  15. "Northland by-election official results". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 4 December 2016.
  16. "Official Count Results -- Northland". Electoral Commission. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  17. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  18. 2008 election results
  19. election result Northland 2005