Mount Albert is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was represented by David Shearer from 13 June 2009 to 31 December 2016. It was represented by Helen Clark from the 1981 general election until her resignation from Parliament on 17 April 2009. It has elected only Labour Party MPs since it was first contested at the 1946 election. The current representative is the Prime Minister and Labour Party leader, Jacinda Ardern, who was elected in a 2017 by-election gaining 77 percent of votes cast in the preliminary results.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The area that the electorate contains is notable for having produced three Labour Prime Ministers – Michael Joseph Savage, who represented the Auckland West electorate that Mt Albert was created out of in 1946; Helen Clark; and Jacinda Ardern. Another Labour leader, David Shearer, has held the electorate but did not serve as Prime Minister.In addition, Warren Freer, who represented the electorate from 1947 to 1981, served as acting Prime Minister on three occasions.
Michael Joseph Savage was a New Zealand politician who served as the 23rd Prime Minister of New Zealand, heading the First Labour Government from 6 December 1935 until his death.
The former New Zealand parliamentary electorate on the western inner city of Auckland, was known as City of Auckland West from 1861 to 1890, and then Auckland West from 1905 to 1946.
Warren Wilfred Freer was a New Zealand politician and member of the Labour Party. He represented the Mount Albert electorate from 1947 to 1981.
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Mount Albert.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.
Mount Albert covers a segment of the western Auckland isthmus, based around the suburb of Mount Albert and stretching from Kingsland on the eastern periphery of the central city down to Sandringham and extending as far as Avondale on the seat's western edge. Changes brought about by an electoral redistribution after the 2006 census saw a swap of suburbs with neighbouring Auckland Central – Newton on the city fringe being returned to Auckland Central, having been moved out in 1999, and Point Chevalier being drafted in.
Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was formerly the name of a local authority district that was governed by Auckland City Council; it lay within the wider Auckland Region, which was governed by Auckland Regional Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council.
Mount Albert refers to an inner city suburb of Auckland, New Zealand, which is centred on Mount Albert, a local volcanic peak which dominates the landscape. In the past Mt Albert also referred to the 2,500 acre borough that was created in 1911 on the outskirts of Auckland City. Mt Albert was also one of the original five wards within the Mt Albert Borough. The suburb is located seven kilometres to the southwest of the Central Business District (CBD).
Kingsland is an inner-city suburb of Auckland, the largest and most populous urban area in New Zealand. Kingsland is under the local governance of the Auckland Council. It is the home of Eden Park, New Zealand's largest stadium, which hosted the finals for the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Kingsland has a village centre that contains a series of shops, restaurants, pubs and monthly markets.
The present incarnation of Mount Albert dates to 1999, when the creation of the Mount Roskill seat necessitated removing the suburbs clustered around the north side of Manukau Harbour from the Owairaka electorate. The name Mount Albert had been out of use for only three years – before Owairaka was drawn up ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional voting in 1996, the Mount Albert electorate had been part of the New Zealand electoral landscape for fifty years.
Mount Roskill is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Phil Goff of the Labour Party held the seat from the 1999 election until he resigned from Parliament on 12 October 2016 after contesting and being elected Mayor of Auckland on 8 October 2016 in the 2016 mayoral election. His resignation necessitated a byelection in this electorate which was won by Michael Wood.
The Manukau Harbour is the second largest natural harbour in New Zealand by area. It is located to the southwest of the Auckland isthmus, and opens out into the Tasman Sea.
Owairaka was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed for one parliamentary term from 1996 to 1999. Located in suburban Auckland, it was held by Helen Clark, who would become Prime Minister of New Zealand immediately after Owairaka was abolished.
Mount Albert was first created for the 1946 election.The electorate is notable for being contested by three later Prime Ministers, Robert Muldoon, Helen Clark and Jacinda Ardern.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.
Sir Robert David Muldoon, also known as Rob Muldoon, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party.
Helen Elizabeth Clark is a New Zealand politician who served as the 37th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1999 to 2008, and was the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme from 2009 to 2017. She was New Zealand's fifth-longest-serving prime minister, and the second woman to hold that office.
The first representative, Arthur Shapton Richards, died after only one year in the office.
Richards was succeeded by Warren Freer in the 1947 by-election, and Freer held the electorate until he retired in 1981.Freer was challenged in the 1954 election by National's Muldoon (Prime Minister from 1975 to 1984). This occasion was Muldoon's first attempt at entering Parliament. He tried to claim the seat from Labour, but no National Party candidate has ever managed to achieve what Muldoon also couldn't do. Mount Albert's inner-suburb, working-class composition makes it one of the Labour Party's safest seats. Muldoon had also previously in 1951, failed to win the National nomination for the Mount Albert electorate.
Freer was succeeded by Helen Clark,who held the electorate until 1993, when it was abolished and she moved to the Owairaka electorate instead. When the Mount Albert electorate was re-established for the 1999 election, Clark became the representative again. Clark was Prime Minister from 1999 to 2008. In 2009, she resigned to become head of the United Nations Development Programme.
Clark was succeeded by David Shearer through the 13 June 2009 by-election. He was re-elected as MP in the 2011 and 2014 general elections. However, his appointment to lead the United Nation's peacekeeping mission in South Sudan, pending his resignation, will result in a by-election in early 2017.After the by-election, Jacinda Ardern became the new representative for the electorate, and became Labour leader 8 weeks before the 2017 election after Andrew Little stepped down as Labour leader. Ardern also moved electorate from Auckland Central, and won the Mt. Albert MP role in the 2017 election.
|1946 election||Arthur Shapton Richards|
|1947 by-election||Warren Freer|
|1981 election||Helen Clark|
|(Electorate abolished 1996–1999), see Owairaka)|
|1999 election||Helen Clark (2nd period)|
|2009 by-election||David Shearer|
|2017 by-election||Jacinda Ardern|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Mount Albert electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2011 election||David Clendon|
|2014 election||Melissa Lee|
|2017 election||Julie Anne Genter|
|2017 general election: Mount Albert|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Green||Julie Anne Genter||2,438||6.38||−2.36||5,657||14.59||−7.09|
|NZ First||Andrew Littlejohn||724||1.89||—||1,329||3.42||−0.68|
|Independent||Anthony Van den Heuvel||28||0.07||−0.14|
|Total Valid votes||38,199||38,760|
The following table shows the final results:
|2017 Mount Albert by-election|
Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
|Green||Julie Anne Genter||1,564||11.45|
|People's Party||Vin Tomar||218||1.59|
|Socialist Aotearoa||Joe Carolan||189||1.38|
|Legalise Cannabis||Abe Gray||97||0.71|
|Human Rights||Anthony Van den Heuvel||34||0.24|
|Not A Party||Simon Smythe||19||0.13|
|Communist League||Patrick Brown||16||0.11|
|Total Valid votes||13,649||30.00|
|2014 general election: Mount Albert|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Human Rights||Anthony van den Heuvel||76||0.21||+0.21|
|Total Valid votes||36,052||36,922|
|2011 general election: Mount Albert|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||31,622||32,999|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,208
|2009 Mount Albert by-election|
Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
|National||Melissa Lee a||3,542||16.96||-11.88|
|Green||Russel Norman a||2,567||12.29||+6.35|
|ACT||John Boscawen a||968||4.63||+0.54|
|Bill and Ben||Ben Boyce||158||0.76|
|Legalise Cannabis||Dakta Green||92||0.44|
|United Future||Judy Turner||89||0.43|
|Human Rights||Anthony Van den Heuvel||13||0.06|
|People Before Profit||Malcom France||13||0.06|
|Independent||Jackson James Wood||9||0.04|
|People's Choice||Rusty Kane||5||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||20,885|
a Three candidates were list MPs elected at the 2008 election.
|2008 general election: Mount Albert|
|Human Rights||Anthony van den Heuvel||87||0.26|
|Bill and Ben||132||0.38|
|Total Valid votes||33,997||34,963|
|2005 general election: Mount Albert|
|NZ First||Julian Batchelor||746||2.37||1,089||3.38||-3.01|
|United Future||Tony Gordon||529||1.68||649||2.01||-3.28|
|Direct Democracy||Howard Ponga||30||0.10||10||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||31,747||32,342|
|2002 general election: Mount Albert|
|United Future||Hassan Hosseini||726||2.54||1,534||5.29|
|Christian Heritage||Pauline G Cooper||426||1.49||295||1.01|
|Legalise Cannabis||Daphna Whitmore||116||0.40||115||0.53|
|Total Valid votes||28,491||28,997|
|1999 general election: Mount Albert|
|Christian Heritage||Diane Taylor||658||2.23||542||1.82|
|NZ First||Seini Mafi||403||1.37||694||2.33|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Kerry Hoole||193||0.65||29||0.65|
|United NZ||Hassan Hosseini||124||0.42||186||0.62|
|Total Valid votes||29,490||29,837|
|Labour win new seat||Majority||13,108||44.45|
|NZ First||Elizabeth Anderson||1,370||7.09|
|Christian Heritage||Jens Meder||259||1.34|
|McGillicuddy Serious||KT Julian||195||1.00|
|Workers Rights||Ivan Sowry||97||0.50|
|Natural Law||Stewart Sanson||62||0.32|
|Defence Movement||Anthony Van Den Heuvel||25||0.12|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Adrian Holroyd||151||0.82|
|Social Credit||Richard Povall||133||0.73|
|NZ Party||Michelle Gonsalves||2,390||11.08|
|Social Credit||Douglas McGee||908||4.21|
|Social Credit||Harold Dance||3,391||17.35||+5.84|
|Social Credit||Harold Dance||2,353||11.51|
|Social Credit||G C James||914||5.01|
|Socialist Unity||L Bravery||28||0.15|
|National||J H Malcolm||5,216||31.87|
|Social Credit||Byrt Jordan||1,024||6.25|
|Values||T M McGrath||724||4.42|
|New Democratic||P L Howie||203||1.24|
|Social Credit||Tom Weal||1,451||8.67|
|Social Credit||Tom Weal||2,270||15.83|
|National||J L Reid||5,600||35.54|
|Social Credit||Tom Weal||1,058||6.71|
|Liberal||Walter Ellis Christie||478||3.03|
|National||C M Anderson||6,229||41.92|
|Social Credit||N R Monteith||690||4.64|
|Social Credit||John Francis Gerrard||892||6.17|
|Social Credit||Walter Crispin||943||6.45|
|National||Reginald Frank Judson||6,488||47.77||+1.18|
|National||Reginald Frank Judson||6,364||46.59|
|Labour||Arthur Shapton Richards||7,681||56.88|
|National||Frederick Ashley Hosking||5,824||43.12|
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Dame Annette Faye King is a former New Zealand politician. She served as Deputy Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party and Deputy Leader of the Opposition from 2008 to 2011, and from 2014 until 1 March 2017. She was a Cabinet Minister in the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand, and was the MP for the Rongotai electorate in Wellington from 1996 to 2017.
Wellington Central is an electorate, represented by a Member of Parliament in the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its MP since November 2008 has been Labour Party's Grant Robertson.
Grant Murray Robertson is a New Zealand Labour politician who has been the Minister of Finance since 2017 and the Member of Parliament for Wellington Central since 2008.
Melissa Ji-Yun Lee is a New Zealand politician. She was elected to the House of Representatives as a list MP for the National Party in the 2008 election. As of 2018 she is the National Party's spokesperson for broadcasting, communications, digital media, and ethnic affairs.
Jacinda Kate Laurell Ardern is a New Zealand politician serving as the 40th and current Prime Minister of New Zealand since 26 October 2017. She has also served as the Leader of the Labour Party since 1 August 2017. Ardern has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Mount Albert electorate since 8 March 2017; she was first elected to the House of Representatives as a list MP at the 2008 general election.
Stuart Alexander Nash is a politician from New Zealand. He was a list member of the House of Representatives for the Labour Party from 2008 to 2011, and was re-elected in the 2014 election as representative of the Napier electorate. He entered Cabinet in October 2018, with the portfolios of Police, Revenue, Small Business and Fisheries.
Kelvin Glen Davis is a New Zealand politician and a member of the House of Representatives who has served as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party since 1 August 2017.
The 2009 Mount Albert by-election was held in the New Zealand electorate of Mount Albert on 13 June 2009. There were fifteen candidates in the election. David Shearer of the Labour Party won the election with 63% of the vote. The seat was vacated by former Labour Prime Minister Helen Clark, who resigned from the New Zealand Parliament on 17 April 2009 following her appointment to head the United Nations Development Programme. Main issues surrounding the campaign included the building of the Waterview Connection and the Auckland Region becoming a supercity.
Michael Philip Wood is a New Zealand politician and, since winning the Mount Roskill by-election in December 2016, a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He is a member of the Labour Party.
The 51st New Zealand Parliament was elected at the 2014 general election. This Parliament consists of 121 members and was in place from September 2014 until August 2017, followed by the 2017 New Zealand general election. Following the final vote count John Key was able to continue to lead the Fifth National Government.
The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.
The Leader of the Labour Party is the highest ranked politician within the Labour Party in New Zealand. The officeholder serves as the parliamentary leader and leading spokesperson of the party. Since 1 August 2017, the office has been held by Jacinda Ardern, who is the MP for Mount Albert.
The 2017 Mount Albert by-election was a New Zealand by-election held in the Mount Albert electorate on 25 February 2017 during the 51st New Zealand Parliament. The seat was vacated following the resignation of David Shearer, a former Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party.
The 52nd New Zealand Parliament is the current meeting of the legislative branch of New Zealand's Parliament. It was elected at the 2017 general election. The 52nd Parliament consists of 120 members, and is serving from its opening on 7 November 2017 until the next general election. Under section 17 of the Constitution Act 1986, Parliament expires three years "from the day fixed for the return of the writs issued for the last preceding general election of members of the House of Representatives, and no longer." With the date for the return of writs for the general election set at 12 October 2017, the 52nd Parliament must be dissolved on or before 12 October 2020.
Kiritapu (Kiri) Allan is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the Labour Party.
The New Zealand Labour Party leadership election 2017 was held on 1 August 2017 to choose the next Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party. The election was won by Deputy Leader and Mount Albert MP Jacinda Ardern.
Jacinda Ardern is the Prime Minister of New Zealand and is Leader of the Labour Party (2017–present). She was a List MP (2008–17) and MP for Mount Albert (2017–present).