Northcote is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Currently, the MP for Northcote is Dan Bidois of the National Party, who won the seat at the Northcote by-election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Daniel Michael Bidois is a New Zealand politician and economist who currently serves as a Member of the House of Representatives for the National Party. Bidois was elected on 9 June 2018 to the office of MP for Northcote. Bidois is both of European and Māori descent.
Northcote is based around the suburbs of Auckland's North Shore that are closest to the northern end of the Auckland Harbour Bridge. In addition to the eponymous Northcote, there are Birkenhead, Birkdale, Beach Haven and the southern end of Glenfield. It was created ahead of the change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996 by merging the seat of Birkenhead with most of the old Glenfield electorate. A small boundary adjustment was done prior to the 1999 election, but no further boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002,2007, and 2013/14.
The North Shore is part of the urban area of Auckland, New Zealand, located to the north of the Waitematā Harbour.
The Auckland Harbour Bridge is an eight-lane box truss motorway bridge over the Waitematā Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand. It joins St Marys Bay on the Auckland city side with Northcote on the North Shore side. It is part of State Highway 1 and the Auckland Northern Motorway. The bridge is operated by the NZ Transport Agency (NZTA). It is the second-longest road bridge in New Zealand, and the longest in the North Island.
Northcote is a suburb of Auckland in northern New Zealand. It is situated on the North Shore, on the northern shores of Waitematā Harbour, four km northwest of Auckland CBD. The suburb includes the peninsula of Northcote Point and the northern approaches to the Auckland Harbour Bridge.
Northcote continues the electoral habits of its predecessor seats; Birkenhead was a reasonably safe seat for the National Party, supplying it with Jim McLay, who led the party in the mid-1980s, and remains the only National Party leader to never take his party to an election. In 1987, the seat that would provide National with a leader provided Labour with a gain, before swinging back into the blue column when Labour's fortunes thinned out at the 1990 election. Glenfield also followed this boom and bust model, being held by Labour Party MP Judy Keall through the duration of the fourth Labour government before the National Party landslide in 1990 claimed Keall as one of its victims.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Sir James Kenneth McLay is a New Zealand diplomat and former politician. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister from 15 March to 26 July 1984. McLay was also Leader of the National Party and Leader of the Opposition from 29 November 1984 to 26 March 1986. Following his ousting as party leader, he retired from parliamentary politics in 1987. In June 2009, he became New Zealand's Permanent Representative to the United Nations. In May 2015, McLay became New Zealand's Representative to the Palestinian Authority. From May 2016 to January 2017, he was New Zealand's Consul General in Honolulu.
The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.
The first MP for Northcote was Ian Revell from the National Party, who would rise to become the Deputy Speaker. Revell was caught up in a scandal for misuse of official letterhead and was defeated by Labour's Ann Hartley in 1999 New Zealand general election. Hartley herself was ousted by the seat's present representative, Jonathan Coleman, when National consolidated the centre-right vote in 2005. In the 2008 election Coleman was re-elected in Northcote with a majority of 9,360 votes.He was again successful in the 2011 election, winning by a majority of 9,379 votes. He had a slightly increased majority in the 2014 election and was re-elected in the 2017 election. On 22 March 2018, Coleman announced he would resign within weeks, triggering the 2018 Northcote by-election.
Ian Murray Revell is a former New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1990 to 1999, representing the National Party. Before entering politics, Revell was a senior detective in the New Zealand Police.
Margaret Ann Hartley, known as Ann Hartley, is a former New Zealand member of parliament, a former Mayor of North Shore City, and a member of the Labour Party.
The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.
National Labour Alliance
|1996 election||Ian Revell|
|1999 election||Ann Hartley|
|2005 election||Jonathan Coleman|
|2018 by-election||Dan Bidois|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Northcote electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Grant Gillon|
|2005 election||Ann Hartley|
The following table shows final by-election results:
|2018 Northcote by-election|
Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.
|Legalise Cannabis||Jeff Lye||89||0.42|
|Not A Party||Liam Walsh||5||0.02|
|2017 general election: Northcote|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Kym Koloni||1,362||3.73||—||2,221||6.00||−1.32|
|Total Valid votes||36,484||36,995|
|2014 general election: Northcote|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Conservative||Matthew James Webster||974||2.82||+1.93||1,522||4.31||+1.82|
|United Future||Damian Light||159||0.46||+0.46||121||0.34||−0.24|
|Total Valid votes||34,850||35,416|
|2011 general election: Northcote|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Dion Clifford Jelley||732||2.26||+2.26||1,865||5.65||+2.48|
|Conservative||Matthew James Webster||593||1.83||+1.83||824||2.49||+2.49|
|Legalise Cannabis||Leo Biggs||289||0.89||+0.89||181||0.55||+0.16|
|United Future||Steven Dromgool||113||0.35||-0.06||193||0.58||-0.40|
|Total Valid votes||32,344||33,030|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,675
|2008 general election: Northcote|
|Family Party||Angela Xu||549||1.58||148||0.42|
|United Future||Steven Dromgool||143||0.41||348||0.98|
|Bill and Ben||159||0.45|
|Total Valid votes||34,786||35,362|
|2005 general election: Northcote|
|NZ First||Paul Manning||833||2.44||1,736||5.00|
|United Future||Beth Stone||389||1.14||826||2.38|
|Total Valid votes||34,143||34,707|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||2,383||6.98|
|2002 general election: Northcote|
|NZ First||John Riley||1,528||4.95||3,069||9.85|
|United Future||Sharee Adams||1,139||3.69||2,283||7.33|
|Christian Heritage||Dirk Hoek||313||1.01||332||1.06|
|Total Valid votes||30,828||31,131|
|1999 general election: Northcote|
|NZ First||John Bryant||613||1.92||1,020||3.23|
|Christian Heritage||Mark Munroe||392||1.23||484||1.53|
|Future NZ||Dave Perkin||320||1.00||400||1.26|
|United NZ||Murray Callister||174||0.54||196||0.62|
|Christians Against Abortion||Maria Matthews||81||0.25|
|Natural Law||Tony Cornelissen||45||0.14||42||0.13|
|People's Choice Party||6||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||31,794||31,576|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||278||0.87|
|1996 general election: Northcote|
|NZ First||Janie Phillips||2,875||8.56||3,227||9.56|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Bernard Smith||235||0.70||83||0.25|
|Progressive Green||Peter Lee||213||0.63||110||0.33|
|Green Society||Merete Molving||100||0.30||32||0.09|
|Natural Law||Kevin O'Brien||52||0.15||49||0.15|
|Ethnic Minority Party||119||0.35|
|Superannuitants & Youth||26||0.08|
|Asia Pacific United||4||0.01|
|Advance New Zealand||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||33,598||33,770|
|National win new seat||Majority||4,563||13.58|
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