Northcote (New Zealand electorate)

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Northcote electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election Northcote electorate, 2014.svg
Northcote electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election

Northcote is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Currently, the MP for Northcote is Dan Bidois of the National Party, who won the seat at the Northcote by-election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Dan Bidois New Zealand politician

Daniel Michael Bidois is a New Zealand politician and economist who currently serves as a Member of the House of Representatives for the National Party. Bidois was elected on 9 June 2018 to the office of MP for Northcote. Bidois is both of European and Māori descent.

Contents

Population centres

Northcote is based around the suburbs of Auckland's North Shore that are closest to the northern end of the Auckland Harbour Bridge. In addition to the eponymous Northcote, there are Birkenhead, Birkdale, Beach Haven and the southern end of Glenfield. It was created ahead of the change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996 by merging the seat of Birkenhead with most of the old Glenfield electorate. A small boundary adjustment was done prior to the 1999 election, but no further boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002, [1] 2007, [2] and 2013/14. [3]

North Shore, New Zealand Suburban area in Auckland, North Island, New Zealand

The North Shore is part of the urban area of Auckland, New Zealand, located to the north of the Waitematā Harbour.

Auckland Harbour Bridge road bridge in Auckland, New Zealand

The Auckland Harbour Bridge is an eight-lane box truss motorway bridge over the Waitematā Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand. It joins St Marys Bay on the Auckland city side with Northcote on the North Shore side. It is part of State Highway 1 and the Auckland Northern Motorway. The bridge is operated by the NZ Transport Agency (NZTA). It is the second-longest road bridge in New Zealand, and the longest in the North Island.

Northcote, New Zealand

Northcote is a suburb of Auckland in northern New Zealand. It is situated on the North Shore, on the northern shores of Waitematā Harbour, four km northwest of Auckland CBD. The suburb includes the peninsula of Northcote Point and the northern approaches to the Auckland Harbour Bridge.

Northcote continues the electoral habits of its predecessor seats; Birkenhead was a reasonably safe seat for the National Party, supplying it with Jim McLay, who led the party in the mid-1980s, and remains the only National Party leader to never take his party to an election. In 1987, the seat that would provide National with a leader provided Labour with a gain, before swinging back into the blue column when Labour's fortunes thinned out at the 1990 election. Glenfield also followed this boom and bust model, being held by Labour Party MP Judy Keall through the duration of the fourth Labour government before the National Party landslide in 1990 claimed Keall as one of its victims.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Jim McLay New Zealand politician

Sir James Kenneth McLay is a New Zealand diplomat and former politician. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister from 15 March to 26 July 1984. McLay was also Leader of the National Party and Leader of the Opposition from 29 November 1984 to 26 March 1986. Following his ousting as party leader, he retired from parliamentary politics in 1987. In June 2009, he became New Zealand's Permanent Representative to the United Nations. In May 2015, McLay became New Zealand's Representative to the Palestinian Authority. From May 2016 to January 2017, he was New Zealand's Consul General in Honolulu.

1987 New Zealand general election

The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the 42nd sitting of the New Zealand Parliament. The governing New Zealand Labour Party, led by Prime Minister David Lange, was re-elected for a second term, although the Opposition National Party made gains. The election also saw the elimination of the Democratic Party from Parliament, leaving Labour and National as the only parties represented.

History

The first MP for Northcote was Ian Revell from the National Party, who would rise to become the Deputy Speaker. Revell was caught up in a scandal for misuse of official letterhead and was defeated by Labour's Ann Hartley in 1999 New Zealand general election. Hartley herself was ousted by the seat's present representative, Jonathan Coleman, when National consolidated the centre-right vote in 2005. In the 2008 election Coleman was re-elected in Northcote with a majority of 9,360 votes. [4] He was again successful in the 2011 election, winning by a majority of 9,379 votes. [5] He had a slightly increased majority in the 2014 election [6] and was re-elected in the 2017 election. On 22 March 2018, Coleman announced he would resign within weeks, triggering the 2018 Northcote by-election.

Ian Revell New Zealand politician

Ian Murray Revell is a former New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1990 to 1999, representing the National Party. Before entering politics, Revell was a senior detective in the New Zealand Police.

Margaret Ann Hartley, known as Ann Hartley, is a former New Zealand member of parliament, a former Mayor of North Shore City, and a member of the Labour Party.

1999 New Zealand general election

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

Members of Parliament

Key

  National     Labour     Alliance   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Ian Revell
1999 election Ann Hartley
2002 election
2005 election Jonathan Coleman
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election
2018 by-election Dan Bidois

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Northcote electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Grant Gillon
1999 election
2005 election Ann Hartley

Election results

2018 by-election

The following table shows final by-election results: [7] [8]

2018 Northcote by-election

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dan Bidois 10,56650.67
Labour Shanan Halbert9,25644.39+9.14
Green Rebekah Jaung6152.94-3.79
ACT Stephen Berry1660.79
Independent Kym Koloni970.46-3.27
Legalise Cannabis Jeff Lye890.42
Democrats Tricia Cheel310.14-0.11
Not A Party Liam Walsh50.02
Informal votes250.11
Majority1,3106.28
Turnout 20,85043.59-33.98

2017 election

2017 general election: Northcote [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 19,07252.27−4.7518,00548.67−2.04
Labour Shanan Halbert12,86235.25+6.2112,63934.16+12.05
Green Rebekah Jaung2,4576.73−2.042,4966.75−4.86
NZ First Kym Koloni1,3623.732,2216.00−1.32
ACT Tim Kronfeld2960.81−0.302610.71−0.91
Democrats Tricia Cheel920.25500.14+0.08
Opportunities  8452.28
Māori  1360.37−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  930.25−0.10
Conservative  820.22−4.09
United Future  240.06−0.28
People's Party  230.06
Outdoors  170.05
Mana  110.03−0.92
Internet  90.02−0.93
Ban 1080  80.02−0.03
Informal votes34375
Total Valid votes36,48436,995
Turnout 37,31177.57 [10] +0.98
National holdMajority6,21017.02−10.96

2014 election

2014 general election: Northcote [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 19,69657.02−1.4417,90050.71−1.55
Labour Richard Hills 10,03229.04−0.427,80322.11−2.91
Green Anne-Elise Smithson3,0308.77+2.934,09911.61+0.07
Conservative Matthew James Webster9742.82+1.931,5224.31+1.82
ACT Tim Kronfeld3831.11+0.545731.62+0.15
United Future Damian Light 1590.46+0.461210.34−0.24
Internet Gil Ho2700.78+0.78
NZ First  2,5847.32+1.67
Internet Mana  3360.95+0.64 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1620.46−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  1220.35−0.20
Civilian  260.07+0.07
Democrats  200.06+0.03
Ban 1080  170.05+0.05
Independent Coalition  100.03+0.03
Focus  40.01+0.01
Informal votes306117
Total Valid votes34,85035,416
Turnout 35,41675.76+3.45
National holdMajority9,66427.98−1.02

2011 election

2011 general election: Northcote [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 18,90858.46+0.5917,26352.26+1.85
Labour Paula Gillon9,52929.46-1.518,26425.02-4.72
Green Vernon Tava1,8905.84-0.043,61410.94+4.25
NZ First Dion Clifford Jelley7322.26+2.261,8655.65+2.48
Conservative Matthew James Webster5931.83+1.838242.49+2.49
Legalise Cannabis Leo Biggs2890.89+0.891810.55+0.16
ACT Tim Kronfeld1850.57-1.344841.47-3.84
United Future Steven Dromgool1130.35-0.061930.58-0.40
Libertarianz Peter Linton1050.32+0.10370.11+0.01
Māori  1820.55-0.09
Mana  1030.31+0.31
Alliance  100.03+0.01
Democrats  100.03-0.01
Informal votes480173
Total Valid votes32,34433,030
National holdMajority9,37929.00+2.09

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,675 [11]

2008 election

2008 general election: Northcote [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 20,13257.8717,82750.41
Labour Hamish McCracken10,77230.9710,51729.74
Green Jeanette Elley2,0465.882,3686.70
ACT Nick Kearney6641.911,8775.31
Family Party Angela Xu5491.581480.42
Progressive Brenda Hill1990.572990.85
Kiwi Barry McDonald1440.411820.51
United Future Steven Dromgool1430.413480.98
Libertarianz Peter Linton770.22370.10
RAM Benjamin Doherty600.1790.03
NZ First  1,1183.16
Māori  2270.64
Bill and Ben  1590.45
Legalise Cannabis  1380.39
Pacific  720.20
Democrats  130.04
Workers Party  90.03
Alliance  80.02
RONZ  60.02
Informal votes246107
Total Valid votes34,78635,362
National holdMajority9,36026.91


2005 election

2005 general election: Northcote [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Jonathan Coleman 16,85449.3614,92743.01
Labour Red x.svgN Ann Hartley 14,47142.3813,57339.11
NZ First Paul Manning8332.441,7365.00
Progressive Grant Gillon 6111.794261.23
ACT Diane Dawson4351.279212.65
United Future Beth Stone3891.148262.38
Destiny Nigel Heslop2680.781950.56
Māori Francis Wāka2270.661450.42
Libertarianz Peter Linton550.16250.07
Green  1,7635.08
Legalise Cannabis  730.21
Christian Heritage  390.11
Alliance  110.03
99 MP  100.03
Democrats  80.02
Family Rights  80.02
Direct Democracy  50.01
One NZ  40.01
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes389826
Total Valid votes34,14334,707
National gain from Labour Majority2,3836.98

2002 election

2002 general election: Northcote [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Ann Hartley 12,45540.4012,04038.67
National Jeremy Sole9,83131.886,68721.48
Progressive Grant Gillon 2,5308.207542.42
NZ First John Riley1,5284.953,0699.85
Green Rachel Mackintosh1,2944.191,9836.36
ACT Dianne Dawson1,2554.073,16110.15
United Future Sharee Adams1,1393.692,2837.33
Christian Heritage Dirk Hoek3131.013321.06
Alliance Solly Southwood1850.603321.06
ORNZ  2210.70
Legalise Cannabis  1470.47
One NZ  240.07
Mana Māori  80.02
NMP  60.01
Informal votes29884
Total Valid votes30,82831,131
Labour holdMajority2,6248.51

1999 election

1999 general election: Northcote [15] [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Ann Hartley 10,08131.7011,33435.89
National Red x.svgN Ian Revell 9,80330.8310,50233.25
Alliance Grant Gillon 6,41720.182,3667.49
ACT Alex Wong2,1406.733,31910.51
Green Jane Wells1,2243.841,4594.62
NZ First John Bryant6131.921,0203.23
Christian Heritage Mark Munroe3921.234841.53
Future NZ Dave Perkin3201.004001.26
United NZ Murray Callister1740.541960.62
Christians Against AbortionMaria Matthews810.25
Natural Law Tony Cornelissen450.14420.13
Legalise Cannabis  2350.74
Libertarianz  600.19
McGillicuddy Serious  470.14
Animals First  450.13
Republican  140.04
NMP  110.03
One NZ  90.02
Mauri Pacific  80.02
People's Choice Party 60.01
Freedom Movement30.00
Mana Māori  30.00
South Island  30.00
Informal votes504218
Total Valid votes31,79431,576
Labour gain from National Majority2780.87

1996 election

1996 general election: Northcote [17] [18] [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Ian Revell 13,77941.0112,99738.49
Labour Ann Hartley 9,21627.438,26724.48
Alliance Grant Gillon 3,92311.683,0789.11
NZ First Janie Phillips2,8758.563,2279.56
United NZ Red x.svgN Peter Hilt 1,9555.824551.35
ACT Kieran Bird1,2353.683,46710.27
McGillicuddy Serious Bernard Smith2350.70830.25
Progressive Green Peter Lee2130.631100.33
Green Society Merete Molving1000.30320.09
Natural Law Kevin O'Brien520.15490.15
Republican Pamera Warner150.04
Christian Coalition  1,3183.90
Legalise Cannabis  4511.34
Ethnic Minority Party 1190.35
Animals First  540.16
Superannuitants & Youth  260.08
Libertarianz  190.06
Conservatives  70.02
Mana Māori  50.01
Asia Pacific United 40.01
Advance New Zealand 20.01
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes26391
Total Valid votes33,59833,770
National win new seatMajority4,56313.58

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

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  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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  5. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Northcote". electionresults.govt.nz. New Zealand Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  6. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Northcote (2014)". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
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  8. "Northcote by-election official results". Electoral Commission. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
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  10. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  11. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  12. 2008 election results
  13. electionresults.govt.nz
  14. 2002 election results
  15. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  16. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  17. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Northcote, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  18. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
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