Northcote (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Northcote electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election Northcote electorate, 2014.svg
Northcote electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election

Northcote is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member of parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Currently, the Member for Northcote is Shanan Halbert of the Labour Party, who won the seat at the 2020 election.

Contents

Population centres

Northcote is based around the suburbs of Auckland's North Shore that are closest to the northern end of the Auckland Harbour Bridge. In addition to the eponymous Northcote, there are Birkenhead, Birkdale, Beach Haven and the southern end of Glenfield. It was created ahead of the change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996 by merging the seat of Birkenhead with most of the old Glenfield electorate. A small boundary adjustment was done prior to the 1999 election, but no further boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002, [1] 2007, [2] and 2013/14. [3]

Northcote continues the electoral habits of its predecessor seats; Birkenhead was a reasonably safe seat for the National Party, supplying it with Jim McLay, who led the party in the mid-1980s, and remains the only National Party leader to never take his party to an election. In 1987, the seat that would provide National with a leader provided Labour with a gain, before swinging back into the blue column when Labour's fortunes thinned out at the 1990 election. Glenfield also followed this boom and bust model, being held by Labour Party MP Judy Keall through the duration of the fourth Labour government before the National Party landslide in 1990 claimed Keall as one of its victims.

Members

The first member for Northcote was Ian Revell from the National Party, who would rise to become the Deputy Speaker. Revell was caught up in a scandal for misuse of official letterhead and was defeated by Labour's Ann Hartley in 1999 New Zealand general election. Hartley herself was ousted by the seat's former representative, Jonathan Coleman, when National consolidated the centre-right vote in 2005. In the 2008 election Coleman was re-elected in Northcote with a majority of 9,360 votes. [4] He was again successful in the 2011 election, winning by a majority of 9,379 votes. [5] He had a slightly increased majority in the 2014 election [6] and was re-elected in the 2017 election. On 22 March 2018, Coleman announced he would resign within weeks, triggering the 2018 Northcote by-election.

Members for Northcote

Key

  National     Labour     Alliance   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Ian Revell
1999 election Ann Hartley
2002 election
2005 election Jonathan Coleman
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election
2018 by-election Dan Bidois
2020 election Shanan Halbert

List members

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Northcote electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all members’ terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Grant Gillon
1999 election
2005 election Ann Hartley

Election results

2020 election

2020 general election: Northcote [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Shanan Halbert 19,08647.74+3.3519,86049.30
National Red x.svgN Dan Bidois 16,55241.40-9.2711,08627.52
Green Natasha Fairley1,9054.763,4828.64
ACT Tim Kronfeld8062.012,9357.28
New Conservative Bill Dyet6011.505361.33
Sustainable NZ Bevan Read1560.39530.13
Outdoors Lynn Usmani1140.28260.06
NZ First  7741.92
Opportunities  7411.83
Advance NZ  2310.57
Legalise Cannabis  950.24
Māori  930.23
TEA  890.22
ONE  440.10
Vision NZ  130.03
Social Credit  100.02
Heartland  20.01
Informal votes756212
Total Valid votes39,97640,282
Turnout 40,282
Labour gain from National Majority2,534

2018 by-election

The following table shows final by-election results: [8] [9]

2018 Northcote by-election

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dan Bidois 10,56650.67
Labour Shanan Halbert 9,25644.39+9.14
Green Rebekah Jaung6152.94-3.79
ACT Stephen Berry1660.79
Independent Kym Koloni970.46-3.27
Legalise Cannabis Jeff Lye890.42
Democrats Tricia Cheel310.14-0.11
Not A Party Liam Walsh50.02
Informal votes250.11
Majority1,3106.28
Turnout 20,85043.59-33.98

2017 election

2017 general election: Northcote [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 19,07252.27−4.7518,00548.67−2.04
Labour Shanan Halbert 12,86235.25+6.2112,63934.16+12.05
Green Rebekah Jaung2,4576.73−2.042,4966.75−4.86
NZ First Kym Koloni1,3623.732,2216.00−1.32
ACT Tim Kronfeld2960.81−0.302610.71−0.91
Democrats Tricia Cheel920.25500.14+0.08
Opportunities  8452.28
Māori  1360.37−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  930.25−0.10
Conservative  820.22−4.09
United Future  240.06−0.28
People's Party  230.06
Outdoors  170.05
Mana  110.03−0.92
Internet  90.02−0.93
Ban 1080  80.02−0.03
Informal votes34375
Total Valid votes36,48436,995
Turnout 37,31177.57 [11] +0.98
National holdMajority6,21017.02−10.96

2014 election

2014 general election: Northcote [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 19,69657.02−1.4417,90050.71−1.55
Labour Richard Hills 10,03229.04−0.427,80322.11−2.91
Green Anne-Elise Smithson3,0308.77+2.934,09911.61+0.07
Conservative Matthew James Webster9742.82+1.931,5224.31+1.82
ACT Tim Kronfeld3831.11+0.545731.62+0.15
United Future Damian Light 1590.46+0.461210.34−0.24
Internet Gil Ho2700.78+0.78
NZ First  2,5847.32+1.67
Internet Mana  3360.95+0.64 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1620.46−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  1220.35−0.20
Civilian  260.07+0.07
Democrats  200.06+0.03
Ban 1080  170.05+0.05
Independent Coalition  100.03+0.03
Focus  40.01+0.01
Informal votes306117
Total Valid votes34,85035,416
Turnout 35,41675.76+3.45
National holdMajority9,66427.98−1.02

2011 election

2011 general election: Northcote [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 18,90858.46+0.5917,26352.26+1.85
Labour Paula Gillon9,52929.46-1.518,26425.02-4.72
Green Vernon Tava 1,8905.84-0.043,61410.94+4.25
NZ First Dion Clifford Jelley7322.26+2.261,8655.65+2.48
Conservative Matthew James Webster5931.83+1.838242.49+2.49
Legalise Cannabis Leo Biggs2890.89+0.891810.55+0.16
ACT Tim Kronfeld1850.57-1.344841.47-3.84
United Future Steven Dromgool1130.35-0.061930.58-0.40
Libertarianz Peter Linton1050.32+0.10370.11+0.01
Māori  1820.55-0.09
Mana  1030.31+0.31
Alliance  100.03+0.01
Democrats  100.03-0.01
Informal votes480173
Total Valid votes32,34433,030
National holdMajority9,37929.00+2.09

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,675 [12]

2008 election

2008 general election: Northcote [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Jonathan Coleman 20,13257.8717,82750.41
Labour Hamish McCracken10,77230.9710,51729.74
Green Jeanette Elley2,0465.882,3686.70
ACT Nick Kearney6641.911,8775.31
Family Party Angela Xu5491.581480.42
Progressive Brenda Hill1990.572990.85
Kiwi Barry McDonald1440.411820.51
United Future Steven Dromgool1430.413480.98
Libertarianz Peter Linton770.22370.10
RAM Benjamin Doherty600.1790.03
NZ First  1,1183.16
Māori  2270.64
Bill and Ben  1590.45
Legalise Cannabis  1380.39
Pacific  720.20
Democrats  130.04
Workers Party  90.03
Alliance  80.02
RONZ  60.02
Informal votes246107
Total Valid votes34,78635,362
National holdMajority9,36026.91


2005 election

2005 general election: Northcote [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Jonathan Coleman 16,85449.3614,92743.01
Labour Red x.svgN Ann Hartley 14,47142.3813,57339.11
NZ First Paul Manning8332.441,7365.00
Progressive Grant Gillon 6111.794261.23
ACT Diane Dawson4351.279212.65
United Future Beth Stone3891.148262.38
Destiny Nigel Heslop2680.781950.56
Māori Francis Wāka2270.661450.42
Libertarianz Peter Linton550.16250.07
Green  1,7635.08
Legalise Cannabis  730.21
Christian Heritage  390.11
Alliance  110.03
99 MP  100.03
Democrats  80.02
Family Rights  80.02
Direct Democracy  50.01
One NZ  40.01
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes389826
Total Valid votes34,14334,707
National gain from Labour Majority2,3836.98

2002 election

2002 general election: Northcote [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Ann Hartley 12,45540.4012,04038.67
National Jeremy Sole9,83131.886,68721.48
Progressive Grant Gillon 2,5308.207542.42
NZ First John Riley1,5284.953,0699.85
Green Rachel Mackintosh1,2944.191,9836.36
ACT Dianne Dawson1,2554.073,16110.15
United Future Sharee Adams1,1393.692,2837.33
Christian Heritage Dirk Hoek3131.013321.06
Alliance Solly Southwood1850.603321.06
ORNZ  2210.70
Legalise Cannabis  1470.47
One NZ  240.07
Mana Māori  80.02
NMP  60.01
Informal votes29884
Total Valid votes30,82831,131
Labour holdMajority2,6248.51

1999 election

1999 general election: Northcote [16] [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Ann Hartley 10,08131.7011,33435.89
National Red x.svgN Ian Revell 9,80330.8310,50233.25
Alliance Grant Gillon 6,41720.182,3667.49
ACT Alex Wong2,1406.733,31910.51
Green Jane Wells1,2243.841,4594.62
NZ First John Bryant6131.921,0203.23
Christian Heritage Mark Munroe3921.234841.53
Future NZ Dave Perkin3201.004001.26
United NZ Murray Callister1740.541960.62
Christians Against AbortionMaria Matthews810.25
Natural Law Tony Cornelissen450.14420.13
Legalise Cannabis  2350.74
Libertarianz  600.19
McGillicuddy Serious  470.14
Animals First  450.13
Republican  140.04
NMP  110.03
One NZ  90.02
Mauri Pacific  80.02
People's Choice Party 60.01
Freedom Movement30.00
Mana Māori  30.00
South Island  30.00
Informal votes504218
Total Valid votes31,79431,576
Labour gain from National Majority2780.87

1996 election

1996 general election: Northcote [18] [19] [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Ian Revell 13,77941.0112,99738.49
Labour Ann Hartley 9,21627.438,26724.48
Alliance Grant Gillon 3,92311.683,0789.11
NZ First Janie Phillips2,8758.563,2279.56
United NZ Red x.svgN Peter Hilt 1,9555.824551.35
ACT Kieran Bird1,2353.683,46710.27
McGillicuddy Serious Bernard Smith2350.70830.25
Progressive Green Peter Lee2130.631100.33
Green Society Merete Molving1000.30320.09
Natural Law Kevin O'Brien520.15490.15
Republican Pamera Warner150.04
Christian Coalition  1,3183.90
Legalise Cannabis  4511.34
Ethnic Minority Party 1190.35
Animals First  540.16
Superannuitants & Youth  260.08
Libertarianz  190.06
Conservatives  70.02
Mana Māori  50.01
Asia Pacific United 40.01
Advance New Zealand 20.01
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes26391
Total Valid votes33,59833,770
National win new seatMajority4,56313.58

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

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  13. 2008 election results
  14. electionresults.govt.nz
  15. 2002 election results
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