Wellington Central is an electorate, represented by a Member of Parliament in the New Zealand House of Representatives. Its MP since November 2008 has been Labour Party's Grant Robertson.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Through the City Single Electorates Act, 1903, the three-member electorates of the four main centres were split again, and this became effective at the end of the 15th Parliament and was thus used for the 1905 election. The City of Wellington electorate split into the Wellington East, Wellington Central, and Wellington North electorates.
The 15th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1902 general election in November and December of that year.
The New Zealand general election of 1905 was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates, and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 16th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 412,702 voters turned out, with 396,657 voting in the European electorates.
Wellington East was a parliamentary electorate in the eastern suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand from 1887 to 1890 and from 1905 to 1946. It was succeeded by the Miramar electorate. The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament.
As of 1999 Wellington Central covered the central city and its immediate suburban periphery, stretching from Karori, Wilton and Wadestown in the west, to the summit of Mount Victoria in the east, and southwards to a boundary with the Rongotai electorate near Wellington Hospital. Prior to the 1999 election, its boundaries extended further north to include the affluent suburbs of Ngaio and Khandallah.
Karori is a suburb located at the western edge of the urban area of Wellington, New Zealand, 4 km from the city centre and is one of New Zealand's biggest suburbs having a population of over 14,000 at the time of the 2013 census.
Wilton is a small suburb in Wellington. It is best known for Otari-Wilton's Bush, a large reserve that is situated in the suburb. Otari-Wilton's bush is the only public botanic garden in New Zealand dedicated solely to native plants. It features 14 km of walking tracks and a 'canopy walkway'. The canopy walkway is a raised walkway that provides a unique chance to view life in, and from, the top level of trees such as mature tawa, rewarewa and hinau.
Wadestown is a northern suburb of Wellington,, located about 2–3 km by road from the Wellington central business district and the New Zealand Parliament Buildings.
Wellington Central has one of the most affluent and well-educated constituencies in New Zealand. It is home to many government agencies, as well as to the New Zealand Parliament Buildings and to two universities.
The New Zealand Parliament Buildings house the New Zealand Parliament and are on a 45,000 square metre site at the northern end of Lambton Quay, Wellington. They consist of the Edwardian neoclassical-style Parliament House (1922); the Parliamentary Library (1899); the executive wing, called "The Beehive" (1977); and Bowen House, in use since 1991. Whilst most of the individual buildings are outstanding for different reasons, the overall setting that has been achieved "has little aesthetic or architectural coherence".
Following the 2014 boundary review, Wellington Central lost the suburb of Wadestown to the Ōhāriu electorate.
Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.
Wellington Central was established in 1905 when the multi-member urban electorate City of Wellington was replaced by three new seats: Wellington East, Wellington North and Wellington Central. A prominent holder of the seat was Labour Party leader Peter Fraser, who was Prime Minister from 1940 to 1949. Wellington Central was nominally abolished in 1993, when a redistribution moved its boundary west, resulting in the new name of Wellington-Karori. Pauline Gardiner won the Wellington-Karori seat in 1993. Three years later, a new, larger Wellington Central was created as one of the 65 original MMP constituencies in time for the 1996 election.
Wellington, was a parliamentary electorate in Wellington, New Zealand. It existed from 1853 to 1905 with a break in the 1880s. It was a multi-member electorate. The electorate was represented, over the years, by 24 Members of Parliament.
Wellington North was, from 1905 to 1946, a parliamentary electorate within the area encompassing New Zealand's capital, Wellington. The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament.
Peter Fraser was a New Zealand politician who served as the 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 27 March 1940 until 13 December 1949. Considered a major figure in the history of the New Zealand Labour Party, he was in office longer than any other Labour prime minister, and is to date New Zealand's fourth-longest-serving head of government.
The first elected MMP representative was ACT Party leader Richard Prebble, controversially elected in 1996 after National Party leader Jim Bolger indicated that National voters should give their electorate vote to Prebble, rather than to National candidate Mark Thomas, in order for ACT to get into parliament. Prebble would eventually become the third representative from Wellington Central in three elections to face defeat after a single term in office. Labour's Marian Hobbs held the seat from 1999, when she defeated Prebble, until 2008, when she retired. Grant Robertson retained Labour's hold on the seat in 2008 and has held the seat since.
A documentary, Campaign, produced by Tony Sutorius, highlighted the events surrounding the 1996 campaign in the electorate.
|1905 election||Francis Fisher|
|1914 election||Robert Fletcher|
|1918 by-election||Peter Fraser|
|1946 election||Charles Henry Chapman|
|1954 election||Frank Kitts|
|1960 election||Dan Riddiford|
|1972 election||Ken Comber|
|1981 election||Fran Wilde|
|1992 by-election||Chris Laidlaw|
|(electorate abolished 1993–1996, see Wellington-Karori)|
|1996 election||Richard Prebble|
|1999 election||Marian Hobbs|
|2008 election||Grant Robertson|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Wellington Central electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1999 election||Richard Prebble|
|2002 election||Stephen Franks|
|2005 election||Mark Blumsky|
|2008 election||Sue Kedgley|
|2013||Paul Foster-Bell 1|
|2014 election||James Shaw|
|2017 election||James Shaw|
|2018||Nicola Willis 2|
1Foster-Bell was elected from the party list in May 2013 following the resignation of Jackie Blue.
2Willis was elected from the party list in April 2018 following the resignation of Steven Joyce.
|2017 general election: Wellington Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Andy Foster||797||1.88||+0.37||972||2.26||−1.32|
|Total Valid votes||42,374||43,094|
|2014 general election: Wellington Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Hugh Barr||580||1.51||+0.78||1,399||3.58||+0.70|
|Legalise Cannabis||Alistair Gregory||353||0.92||-0.13||127||0.32||-0.09|
|Total Valid votes||38,353||39,131|
|2011 general election: Wellington Central|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Michael Appleby||404||1.05||+0.05||161||0.41||+0.15|
|NZ First||Ben Craven||279||0.73||+0.73||1,132||2.88||+1.35|
|New Economics||Laurence Boomert||44||0.11||+0.11|
|Total Valid votes||38,326||39,372|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 48,316
|2008 general election: Wellington Central|
|Legalise Cannabis||Michael Appleby||407||1.01||108||0.26|
|United Future||Vaughan Smith||226||0.56||412||1.00|
|Workers Party||Don Franks||171||0.42||38||0.09|
|Bill and Ben||215||0.52|
|Total Valid votes||40,411||41,200|
|2005 general election: Wellington Central|
|United Future||Fiona McKenzie||593||1.45||1,068||2.58|
|Legalise Cannabis||Michael Appleby||426||1.04||98||0.24|
|Anti-Capitalist Alliance||Stephen Hay||107||0.26|
|Total Valid votes||40,954||41,459|
|1999 general election: Wellington Central|
|Legalise Cannabis||Michael Appleby||787||2.18||+0.93||582||1.59||-0.63|
|Future NZ||Anthony Walton||394||1.09||297||0.81|
|United NZ||Kent Clark||324||0.90||-4.64||394||1.08||-1.72|
|NZ First||Jonathan Mosen||308||0.85||+0.66||507||1.39||-0.32|
|Christian Heritage||Leona Emberson-Ready||226||0.63||-0.10||315||0.86||-1.51|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Amy Ross||218||0.60||+0.23||69||0.19||-0.10|
|Asia Pacific||Bihua Fu||56||0.16||+0.02||0||0.00||-0.07|
|Natural Law||Daniel Meares||50||0.14||+0.01||36||0.10||-0.01|
|Total Valid votes||36,115||36,562|
|Labour gain from ACT||Majority||1,482||4.10||+13.81|
The 1996 election, the first under the new electoral system MMP, saw ACT candidate and former Labour Cabinet Minister Richard Prebble compete against Wellington-Karori MP Pauline Gardiner standing for United New Zealand, the National party candidate Mark Thomas, Labour's Alick Shaw and Danna Glendining for the Alliance.
The election campaign saw Prime Minister Jim Bolger endorse Richard Prebble shortly before the election in preference to Thomas. The events were captured in the movie campaign.The electorate was won by Richard Prebble.
|1996 general election: Wellington Central|
|Legalise Cannabis||Michael Appleby||513||1.25||912||2.22|
|NZ First||Sarah Porter||480||1.17||707||1.71|
|Christian Coalition||Robin Corner||300||0.73||-0.23||973||2.37|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Ross Gardner||151||0.37||-0.53||121||0.29|
|Progressive Green||Alison Davis||137||0.33||121||0.29|
|Asia Pacific||Rama Ramanathan||59||0.14||27||0.07|
|Natural Law||Daniel Meares||54||0.13||-0.28||47||0.11|
|Mana Māori||Waiariki Grace||27||0.13||47||0.11|
|Independent||Peter Franklin Robinson||11||0.03|
|Superannuitants & Youth||14||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||41,026||41,120|
|ACT win new seat||Majority||1,860||15.09|
|Natural Law||Ian Douglas||263||1.68|
|Christian Heritage||Wayne Chapman||154||0.98|
|Wizard Party||Anthony Catford||40||0.26|
|Communist League||Felicty Coggan||14||0.09|
|Christ's Ambassadors Union||Victor Bryers||1||0.01|
|McGillicuddy Serious||P P Clarke||175||0.80|
|Communist League||Janet Roth||29||0.13|
|Democrats||M D Binney||398||1.66|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Mark Servian||160||0.66|
|Wizard Party||Anthony Catford||84||0.35||+0.04|
|NZ Party||John Feast||4,501||18.76|
|Social Credit||Murray Belchamber||314||1.30|
|Wizard Party||Anthony Catford||76||0.31||-0.03|
|Independent||D S Matthews||51||0.21|
|Social Credit||Malcolm Ross||1,898||8.52|
|Independent||W R A Manson||90||0.40|
|Wizard Party||Anthony Catford||76||0.34|
|Independent||J F Stuart||43||0.19|
|Social Credit||Ron England||1,893||8.70||+6.35|
|Tory||Mark Gregory Robinson||51||0.23|
|Progressive Kiwi||David Mitchell||29||0.13||+0.07|
|Social Credit||Ron England||467||2.35|
|Progressive Kiwi||David Mitchell||13||0.06||-0.47|
|Social Credit||William Roy Hill||455||2.52|
|New Democratic||David Mitchell||97||0.53|
|Independent||Kevin Alan Brown||87||0.48|
|Social Credit||Godfrey Healy||842||5.13||-0.15|
|Socialist Action||George Fyson||76||0.46|
|Social Credit||Godfrey Healy||799||5.28|
|Social Credit||D T Grooby||409||2.43|
|Social Credit||Arthur Henry Norris||526||3.50||-0.61|
|Social Credit||Arthur Henry Norris||699||4.11|
|Social Credit||Eric Elliot||791||5.04|
|Labour||Charles Henry Chapman||4,463||51.61||-1.40|
|Labour||Charles Henry Chapman||5,078||53.01||-4.82|
|Labour||Charles Henry Chapman||6,201||57.83|
|National||Agnes Louisa Weston||4,521||42.17|
|Independent||Edward William Nicolaus||688||6.25|
|Communist||Richard Francis Griffin||183||1.66|
|Independent Labour||Margaret Young||843||6.97|
|Independent Labour||Joe Mack||1,044||22.12|
|Independent||Lindsay John Frederick Garmston||29||0.61|
|Independent||William Cyril Tanner||9||0.19|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Labour||William Thomas Young||1,372||18.24|
|New Liberal||Francis Fisher||3,142||48.63|
|Ind. Labour League||Albert Cooper||243||3.76|
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