Upper Harbour (New Zealand electorate)

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Electorate boundaries for the Upper Harbour electorate, which was first formed for the 2014 election Upper Harbour electorate, 2014.svg
Electorate boundaries for the Upper Harbour electorate, which was first formed for the 2014 election

Upper Harbour is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland that returns one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was first formed for the 2014 election and was won by National's Paula Bennett.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Contents

Population centres

Upper Harbour covers an area astride upper, north-western reaches of Waitematā Harbour. It stretches from Massey, in West Auckland, through West Harbour and Hobsonville, and across to Greenhithe and on to Glenfield and Unsworth Heights on the North Shore. [1]

Waitematā Harbour harbour in Auckland

Waitematā Harbour is the main access by sea to Auckland, New Zealand. For this reason it is often referred to as Auckland Harbour, despite the fact that it is one of two harbours adjoining the city. The harbour forms the northern and eastern coasts of the Auckland isthmus and is crossed by the Auckland Harbour Bridge. It is matched on the southern side of the city by the shallower waters of the Manukau Harbour.

Massey, New Zealand

Massey is a north-western suburb in the city of Auckland, New Zealand. It was formerly a northern suburb of Waitakere City, which existed from 1989 to 2010 before the city was amalgamated into Auckland Council. The suburb was named after former Prime Minister of New Zealand William Massey. Massey is a relatively large suburb and can be divided into three reasonably distinctive areas, Massey West, Massey East and Massey North. Parts of Massey East are also known as 'Royal Heights', which is home to the Royal Heights shopping centre.

Waitakere City human settlement

Waitakere City is a former territorial authority district in the west of Auckland, New Zealand, which was governed by the Waitakere City Council from 1989 to 2010. It was New Zealand's fifth largest city, with an annual growth of about 2%. In 2010 the council was amalgamated with other regional authorities into one new Auckland Council.

History

Upper Harbour was proposed in the 2013/14 electorate boundary review and confirmed by the Electoral Commission on 17 April 2014. [2] The increase in population in the Auckland region as recorded in the 2013 census meant an extra electorate was required to keep all electorates within five percent of their quota. To accommodate an extra electorate the Electoral Commission abolished Waitakere and established two new electorates, namely Upper Harbour and Kelston. [2]

Electoral Commission (New Zealand) crown entity administering elections in New Zealand

The Electoral Commission is an independent Crown entity set up by the New Zealand Parliament. It is responsible for the administration of parliamentary elections and referenda, promoting compliance with electoral laws, servicing the work of the Representation Commission, and the provision of advice, reports and public education on electoral matters. The Commission also assists electoral agencies of other countries on a reciprocal basis with their electoral events.

The 2013 New Zealand census was the thirty-third national census. "The National Census Day" used for the census was on Tuesday, 5 March 2013. The population of New Zealand was counted as 4,242,048, – an increase of 214,101 or 5.3% over the 2006 census.

Waitakere (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Waitakere was a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was first formed for the 1946 election and existed until 2014, with breaks from 1969 to 1978 and from 1987 to 1993. The last MP for Waitakere was Paula Bennett of the National Party, who had held this position since the 2008 election.

When the draft changes to electorate boundaries were first announced, the incumbent of the Waitakere electorate, Paula Bennett, was quick to announce that she would stand in Upper Harbour instead. This was to prevent Colin Craig of the Conservative Party making a claim for the electorate, as at the time, there was speculation whether the National Party would make a deal with the Conservatives for a safe seat in line with the agreement with ACT New Zealand in the Epsom electorate. [3] Bennett won the 2014 election with a majority of nearly 10,000 votes of Labour's Hermann Retzlaff. [4]

Colin Craig New Zealand politician

Colin Craig is a New Zealand businessman who was the founding leader of the Conservative Party of New Zealand.

ACT New Zealand New Zealand political party

ACT New Zealand, usually known as ACT, is a right-wing, classical-liberal political party in New Zealand. According to former party leader Rodney Hide, ACT stands for "individual freedom, personal responsibility, doing the best for our natural environment and for smaller, smarter government in its goals of a prosperous economy, a strong society, and a quality of life that is the envy of the world".

Epsom (New Zealand electorate) Electorate in New Zealand

Epsom is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. As of the 2017 general election, its member of parliament is David Seymour.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Key  National   

ElectionWinner
2014 election Paula Bennett
2017 election

As of 2014 no candidates that have contested the Upper Harbour electorate have been returned as list MPs.

2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Upper Harbour [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the Hungarian presidential election, 2017, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Paula Bennett 19,85719,72254.0
Labour Jin An10,30111,79332.3
Green James Goodhue2,6881,484
NZ First Jane Johnston2,1922,092
ACT Bruce Haycock358246
Opportunities  597
Conservative  144
Māori  112
Legalise Cannabis  88
People's Party  25
Mana  24
United Future  21
Internet  14
Outdoors  11
Ban 1080  9
Democrats  6
Informal votes429114
Total Valid votes35,82536,502
National holdMajority9,556

2014 election

2014 general election: Upper Harbour [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Paula Bennett 18,31555.9520,85354.25
Labour Hermann Retzlaff8,62326.344,96523.36
Green Nicholas Mayne2,6198.002,3296.97
Conservative Callum Blair1,8395.611,6134.82
ACT Stephen Berry5491.674501.34
Māori Hinurewa Te Hau2460.751190.35
Mana Party Makelesi Ngata2040.62
NZ First  2,3116.91
Internet Mana  4320.85
Legalise Cannabis  1290.38
United Future  690.20
Civilian  140.04
Ban 1080  130.03
Independent Coalition  70.02
Focus  40.01
Democrats  40.01
Informal votes338130
Total Valid votes32,73333,403
Turnout 33,42073.42 [6]
National win new seatMajority9,69229.61

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References

  1. McQuillan, Laura; Marwick, Felix (21 November 2013). "Sweeping changes to electorates". Newstalk ZB . Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  2. 1 2 "New electorate boundaries finalised". Electoral Commission. 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  3. Small, Vernon (22 November 2013). "Bennett won't make way for Craig". The Dominion Post . Fairfax New Zealand. Archived from the original on 9 June 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  4. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Upper Harbour". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  5. "Official Count Results -- Upper Harbour". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  6. "2014 General Election Voter Turnout Statistics – Upper Harbour". Electoral Commission. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2016.