Internet Party (New Zealand)

Last updated

Internet Party
Party PresidentSuzie Dawson [1]
Party Leadervacant
Party SecretaryJo Booth
Founder Kim Dotcom
Founded13 May 2014
Ideology Collaborative e-democracy
Internet freedom
Privacy
Copyright reform
Political position Centre-left
ColoursPurple
MPs in the House of Representatives
0 / 120
Website
internet.org.nz

The Internet Party is a political party in New Zealand that promotes Internet freedom and privacy. Founded in January 2014 with the support of Internet entrepreneur Kim Dotcom, the party contested the 2014 New Zealand election as part of an electoral alliance with the Mana Movement but failed to win any seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives. [2] The Internet Party contested the 2017 general election under the leadership of journalist Suzie Dawson but failed to win any seats. [3]

A political party is an organized group of people who have the same ideology, or who otherwise have the same political positions, and who field candidates for elections, in an attempt to get them elected and thereby implement the party's agenda.

New Zealand Country in Oceania

New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

Internet Global system of connected computer networks

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing.

Contents

The party was deregistered by the New Zealand Electoral Commission on 12 June 2018, because its membership had dropped below the 500 required for registration. [4]

Policies

The party uses a consultative process to form policies with its membership using online platforms with policy writers following the forum in the background. They are available as a policy summary, or in full on Google docs. [5]

The party set an agenda early in its launch in 2014 which included the following broad aims: [6] [7]

Submarine communications cable Long range communications device placed underwater, often intercontinental

A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the sea bed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea. The first submarine communications cables laid beginning in the 1850s carried telegraphy traffic, establishing the first instant telecommunications links between continents, such as the first transatlantic telegraph cable which became operational on 16 August 1858. Subsequent generations of cables carried telephone traffic, then data communications traffic. Modern cables use optical fiber technology to carry digital data, which includes telephone, Internet and private data traffic.

Trans-Pacific Partnership a trade agreement between several Pacific Rim countries

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), also called the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, is a defunct proposed trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam, and the United States signed on 4 February 2016, which was not ratified as required and did not take effect. After the United States withdrew its signature, the agreement could not enter into force. The remaining nations negotiated a new trade agreement called Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, which incorporates most of the provisions of the TPP and which entered into force on 30 December 2018.

History

Dotcom had founded the file-sharing website Megaupload in 2005. It was shut down in January 2012 by the US government and Dotcom was arrested by the New Zealand Police. In September 2013, Dotcom revealed an interest in setting up a political party. [8] On 15 January 2014, Dotcom announced the name of the party and its logo. [9] [10] He intended to hold a launch party on 20 January, two years after the raid on his house and the day before his 40th birthday. He distributed 25,000 tickets but was forced to cancel for fear of breaching electoral law. [6] [11]

Megaupload Ltd was a Hong Kong-based online company established in 2005 that operated from 2005 to 2012 providing online services related to file storage and viewing.

The Internet Party became a registered political party on 13 May 2014 [12] having started to sign up members on 27 March 2014, [13] the first to do so in New Zealand through the use of a phone app. [14] Dotcom provided funding (NZ$3.5 million) to the party which was the largest personal contribution to a political party on record in New Zealand. [15]

2014 election

With the lead up to the 2014 election the party ran an idol-styled candidate search and appointed a leader, the former Alliance MP and Minister, Laila Harre. This appointment cemented an electoral alliance with the Mana Movement, a joint Internet Party and Mana Movement then contested the 2014 general election with the Internet Party supplying 15 candidates. Dotcom, who could not stand as a candidate himself still lent his celebrity pulling power and attended events across New Zealand throughout the campaign.

The Mana Movement who held a seat with its leader Hone Harawira were confident that they would win this seat again and return additional MPs to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. However, on election night the seat was lost and both parties failed to have any representation under the New Zealand proportional system winning only 1.42 per cent of the vote, far less than the five per cent threshold required. [2] Dotcom said to reporters on election night that "I take full responsibility for this loss tonight, because the brand—the brand Kim Dotcom—was poison for what we were trying to achieve." [16] Both parties have since gone their separate ways.

After the election

After the election, the party leader, Laila Harre, resigned [17] and the party told its members that it is concentrating on efforts to build its internal structures to support its grass roots movement. [18] In December 2016, Kim Dotcom posted a poll on Twitter asking if his followers wanted the Internet Party to stand in the 2017 election. [19]

2017 general election

The party remained leaderless until 8 February 2017, when the Internet Party appointed Suzie Dawson as the party's new leader for the 2017 election. [20] The Internet Party ran 8 party list candidates. [21] During the 2017 general election, the Internet Party won only 499 votes (0.0%) and failed to win any seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives. [3]

The party was deregistered on 12 June 2018 because its membership had dropped below the 500 required for registration. [4]

Electoral results

ElectionCandidates nominatedSeats wonVotesVote share %Government
ElectorateList
2014 15 [22] 32 [22]
0 / 121
34,0951.42%Not In Parliament
2017 08 [21]
0 / 120
4990.0%Not In Parliament

See also

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References

  1. https://twitter.com/Suzi3D/status/989784553601601536
  2. 1 2 "New Zealand 2014 General Election Official Results". New Zealand Electoral Commission . Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  3. 1 2 "2017 General Election - Official Result". New Zealand Electoral Commission . Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  4. 1 2 "CANCELLATION OF PARTY REGISTRATION". New Zealand Electoral Commission.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. 1 2 Milne, Jonathan (23 March 2014). "Politicians of all stripes welcome at Kim's place". NZ Herald. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  7. "Internet Party Action Agenda". Internet Party. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  8. "Kim Dotcom to enter politics?". Fairfax New Zealand. 1 September 2013. Archived from the original on 1 September 2013.
  9. Patrice Dougan (15 January 2014). "Kim Dotcom reveals name of new political party". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  10. "Kim Dotcom unveils the Internet Party". 3 News. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  11. Davison, Isaac (16 January 2014). "Kim Dotcom cans Auckland party". NZ Herald. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  12. "Registration of Internet Party and Logo". New Zealand Electoral Commission. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  13. Bennett, Adam (27 March 2014). "Kim Dotcom launches Internet Party". NZ Herald. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  14. Bennett, Adam (24 March 2014). "Dotcom's Internet Party app approved". NZ Herald. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  15. Hutchison, Jonathan (18 September 2014). "Online Renegade, Wanted in U.S., Shakes Up New Zealand Election". NZ Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  16. Hutchison, Jonathan (20 September 2014). "New Zealand's Ruling National Party Is Re-elected". New York Times. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  17. "Harré has officially resigned from the Internet Party". Your NZ. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  18. Executive Committee By-election called, Internet Party, 1 February 2015
  19. "Kim Dotcom hints at return of the Internet Party". Radio NZ. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  20. Hurley, Sam (17 June 2017). "Kim Dotcom's Internet Party names exiled citizen journalist Suzie Dawson as leader". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  21. 1 2 "Party and Candidate Lists for 2017 Election". New Zealand Electoral Commission . Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  22. 1 2 "Electoral Commission releases part and candidate list for 2014 election". New Zealand Electoral Commission . Retrieved 7 October 2017.