Wigram is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Wigram is Megan Woods of the Labour Party. She took over this position from Jim Anderton, who had held this position from 1996 until 2011.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. In the South Island, three electorates were newly created (including Wigram) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
Wigram is based around south-western Christchurch. The main suburbs in the seat are Spreydon, Hillmorton, Riccarton, Hornby and Sockburn. Following the 2013/2014 boundary review, it lost the suburb of Somerfield and parts of Hoon Hay to Port Hills.The electorate's name comes from the suburb of Wigram, and by extension the former Wigram Aerodrome, itself named after colonial businessman Sir Henry Wigram. The electorate shifted southwards at the 2020 redistribution, gaining Aidanfield and parts of Hornby South from Port Hills and Selwyn, but losing Avonhead to Ilam.
The electorate had previously existed from 1969 to 1978, when it was held by Mick Connelly for Labour.
Wigram was one of the original sixty-five Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electorates created ahead of the 1996 election, when the number of South Island seats was reduced to sixteen. The formerly safe Labour seat of Sydenham lies at Wigram's core, and Labour's strong showing in the party vote in both 2002 and 2005, where the party won nearly half of all party votes cast, indicates that Wigram's political inclinations are left-leaning in nature. Its most well-known MP Jim Anderton was himself the Labour MP for Sydenham between 1984 and 1989, before he split from the party over its political directions and formed the NewLabour Party, which later merged into the Alliance; the Alliance disintegrated in 2002, but Anderton, by then the leader of the Progressive Party held off all challengers to easily hold the seat. In the 2011 election, the seat reverted to Labour candidate Megan Woods after his retirement, but the National Party comfortably won the party vote.The chairman of the Canterbury-Westland branch of the National Party, Roger Bridge, stated in April 2014 that Woods had a low profile and the Wigram electorate was now "winnable". Woods won re-election in the 2014 election with a more than a doubled majority.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.
Key Labour Alliance Progressive
|1969 election||Mick Connelly|
|(Electorate abolished 1978–1996)|
|1996 election||Jim Anderton|
|2011 election||Megan Woods|
|2020 general election: Wigram|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|New Conservative||Averil Nuttall||638||1.64||—||639||1.63||+1.34|
|Advance NZ||Douglas Allington||308||0.75||—||282||0.72||—|
|Social Credit||Deane Landreth||76||0.20||+0.09||31||0.08||+0.03|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||75||0.19||+0.06|
|Total Valid votes||38,960||39,294|
|2017 general election: Wigram|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Tane Apanui||1,186||3.65||—||1,986||5.95||−2.61|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||41||0.13||−0.04|
|Total Valid votes||32,503||33,404|
|2014 general election: Wigram|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Internet Mana||Lois McClintoch||213||0.72||+0.72||231||0.76||+0.56|
|Māori||Te Whe Phillips||122||0.41||+0.41||145||0.47||+0.03|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||51||0.17||+0.00|
|Total Valid votes||29,662||30,567|
|2011 general election: Wigram|
|Legalise Cannabis||Geoffrey McTague||337||1.08||+1.08||186||0.58||+0.15|
|United Future||Ian Gaskin||159||0.51||-1.03||251||0.78||-0.23|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||53||0.17||+0.09|
|Total Valid votes||31,210||32,230|
|Labour gain from Progressive||Majority||1,500||4.81||+34.16|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,427
|2008 general election: Wigram|
|NZ First||Steve Campbell||471||1.37||-1.58||1,050||2.99||-0.88|
|United Future||Vanessa Roberts||219||0.64||-2.31||355||1.01||-2.86|
|Democrats||John Charles Ring||32||0.09||—||13||0.04||0.00|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||28||0.08||-0.01|
|Bill and Ben||251||0.72||—|
|Total Valid votes||34,425||35,102|
|2005 general election: Wigram|
|United Future||Vanessa Roberts||988||2.95||1,313||3.87|
|NZ First||Brian Roswell||912||2.72||1,577||4.65|
|Anti-Capitalist Alliance||Sam Kingi||69||0.21|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||29||0.09|
|Direct Democracy||Anton Foljambe||20||0.06||5||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||33,519||33,930|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Wigram for a list of candidates.
|Social Credit||Norm Davey||957||4.94||+0.01|
|National||D G Cox||4,785||29.90|
|Social Credit||Norman Davey||790||4.93|
|Values||B C Lusher||318||1.98|
|New Democratic||F W Stevens||69||0.43|
|Social Credit||Maurice McConnell||1,157||7.02|
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
Christchurch Central is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the South Island city of Christchurch. The electorate was established for the 1946 election and, until 2011 had always been won by the Labour Party. Since 2008, the incumbent was Brendon Burns but the election night results for the 2011 election resulted in a tie; the special vote results combined with a judicial recount revealed a 47-vote majority for Nicky Wagner, the National list MP based in the electorate. Wagner significantly increased her winning margin in the 2014 election after having declared the electorate "unwinnable" for National earlier in the year following a boundary review. At the 2017 election Wagner lost the seat to Labour's Duncan Webb, who retained it at the 2020 election.
Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.
Hamilton East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It is currently held by Jamie Strange MP of the Labour Party.
Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Gaurav Sharma MP of the Labour Party since the 2020 general election.
Helensville was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Auckland region, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The electorate was first established for the 1978 election, was abolished in 1984, and then reinstate for the 2002 election. The seat was won and held by John Key through his term as prime minister. Chris Penk of the National Party held the seat from the 2017 general election until its abolition in 2020, when it was replaced with the new Kaipara ki Mahurangi electorate.
Māngere is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member of parliament to the Representatives of New Zealand. The current MP for Māngere is William Sio, elected for the Labour Party. He has held this electorate since 2008.
Rodney was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The last MP for Rodney was Mark Mitchell of the National Party. He held this position from 2011 until the electorate was replaced with Whangaparāoa in 2020. Mitchell stood for and won that seat.
Rotorua is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was first established in 1919, and has existed continuously since 1954. The current MP for Rotorua is Todd McClay of the National Party, who won the electorate in the 2008 general election from incumbent Labour MP Steve Chadwick.
Te Atatū is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Te Atatū is Phil Twyford of the Labour Party.
Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Kieran McAnulty since the 2020 election.
Waitakere was a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was first formed for the 1946 election and existed until 2014, with breaks from 1969 to 1978 and from 1987 to 1993. The last MP for Waitakere was Paula Bennett of the National Party, who had held this position since the 2008 election.
Whangārei is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that was first created for the 1972 election. The electorate is usually a reasonably safe National seat, and was held for long periods by John Banks (1981–1999) and Phil Heatley (1999–2014), before being won in the 2014 election by Shane Reti. In the 2020 election election Reti narrowly lost the seat to Labour's Emily Henderson.
Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.
Ōtaki is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, spanning part of the west coast of the lower North Island. The bulk of its population comes from the Horowhenua District, but it also takes in part of the northern Kapiti Coast, including the towns of Otaki and Waikanae, and part of Paraparaumu. The current MP for Ōtaki is Terisa Ngobi of the Labour Party. She has held this position since the 2020 election.
Papakura is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives, based in the south Auckland town of Papakura. Historically, the name refers to an electorate that existed between 1978 and 1996, which with the advent of Mixed Member Proportional voting and resulting reduction in the number of constituencies was folded into a new Hunua seat. In 2002 Hunua was modified, pulled northwards and renamed Clevedon.
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate was last represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party before its dissolution in 2020.
Kapiti was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996. A bellwether electorate, it frequently changed between National and Labour.
Sydenham was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1881 to 1890 and again from 1946 to 1996. It had notable politicians representing it like Mabel Howard, Norman Kirk and Jim Anderton.