Wigram is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Wigram is Megan Woods of the Labour Party. She took over this position from Jim Anderton, who had held this position from 1996 until 2011.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Megan Cherie Woods is the Labour Party Member of Parliament for the Wigram electorate of the New Zealand Parliament.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. In the South Island, three electorates were newly created (including Wigram) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
Wigram is based around south-western Christchurch. The main suburbs in the seat are Spreydon, Hillmorton, Riccarton, Hornby and Sockburn. Following the 2013/2014 boundary review, it lost the suburb of Somerfield and parts of Hoon Hay to Port Hills.The electorate's name comes from the suburb of Wigram, and by extension the former Wigram Aerodrome, itself named after colonial businessman Sir Henry Wigram.
Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand and the seat of the Canterbury Region. The Christchurch urban area lies on the South Island's east coast, just north of Banks Peninsula. It is home to 404,500 residents, making it New Zealand's third-most populous city behind Auckland and Wellington. The Avon River flows through the centre of the city, with an urban park located along its banks.
Spreydon is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south-south-west of Cathedral Square. The most central street through Spreydon is Barrington Street. Spreydon is flanked by the suburbs Hoon Hay, Somerfield, and Lower Cashmere.
Riccarton is a suburb of Christchurch. It is due west of the city centre, separated from it by Hagley Park. Upper Riccarton is to the west of Riccarton. Vicki Buck is the Councillor for Riccarton.
The electorate had previously existed from 1969 to 1978, when it was held by Mick Connelly for Labour.
Michael Aynsley (Mick) Connelly,, was a New Zealand politician of the Labour Party, and a Cabinet Minister from 1972 to 1975 in the Third Labour Government.
Wigram was one of the original sixty-five Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electorates created ahead of the 1996 election, when the number of South Island seats was reduced to sixteen. The formerly safe Labour seat of Sydenham lies at Wigram's core, and Labour's strong showing in the party vote in both 2002 and 2005, where the party won nearly half of all party votes cast, indicates that Wigram's political inclinations are left-leaning in nature. Its most well-known MP Jim Anderton was himself the Labour MP for Sydenham between 1984 and 1989, before he split from the party over its political directions and formed the NewLabour Party, which later merged into the Alliance; the Alliance disintegrated in 2002, but Anderton, by then the leader of the Progressive Party held off all challengers to easily hold the seat. In the 2011 election, the seat reverted to Labour candidate Megan Woods after his retirement, but the National Party comfortably won the party vote.The chairman of the Canterbury-Westland branch of the National Party, Roger Bridge, stated in April 2014 that Woods had a low profile and the Wigram electorate was now "winnable". Woods won re-election in the 2014 election with a more than a doubled majority.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.
Key Labour Alliance Progressive
|1969 election||Mick Connelly|
|(Electorate abolished 1978–1996)|
|1996 election||Jim Anderton|
|2011 election||Megan Woods|
|2017 general election: Wigram|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.
|NZ First||Tane Apanui||1,186||3.65||—||1,986||5.95||-2.61|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||41||0.13||-0.04|
|Total Valid votes||32,503||33,404|
|2014 general election: Wigram|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Internet Mana||Lois McClintoch||213||0.72||+0.72||231||0.76||+0.56|
|Māori||Te Whe Phillips||122||0.41||+0.41||145||0.47||+0.03|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||51||0.17||+0.00|
|Total Valid votes||29,662||30,567|
|2011 general election: Wigram|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Geoffrey McTague||337||1.08||+1.08||186||0.58||+0.15|
|United Future||Ian Gaskin||159||0.51||-1.03||251||0.78||-0.23|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||53||0.17||+0.09|
|Total Valid votes||31,210||32,230|
|Labour gain from Progressive||Majority||1,500||4.81||+34.16|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,427
|2008 general election: Wigram|
|NZ First||Steve Campbell||471||1.37||-1.58||1,050||2.99||-0.88|
|United Future||Vanessa Roberts||219||0.64||-2.31||355||1.01||-2.86|
|Democrats||John Charles Ring||32||0.09||—||13||0.04||0.00|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||28||0.08||-0.01|
|Bill and Ben||251||0.72||—|
|Total Valid votes||34,425||35,102|
|2005 general election: Wigram|
|United Future||Vanessa Roberts||988||2.95||1,313||3.87|
|NZ First||Brian Roswell||912||2.72||1,577||4.65|
|Anti-Capitalist Alliance||Sam Kingi||69||0.21|
|Economic Euthenics||Tubby Hansen||29||0.09|
|Direct Democracy||Anton Foljambe||20||0.06||5||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||33,519||33,930|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Wigram for a list of candidates.
|Social Credit||Norman Davey||957||4.94||+0.01|
|National||D G Cox||4,785||29.90|
|Social Credit||Norman Davey||790||4.93|
|Values||B C Lusher||318||1.98|
|New Democratic||F W Stevens||69||0.43|
|National||J R Dawson||6,058||36.77|
|Social Credit||M McConnell||1,157||7.02|
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