Invercargill is an electorate of the New Zealand Parliament that has existed since 1866. Since the 2014 election, the electorate's representative is Sarah Dowie of the National Party.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.
The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.
Sarah Maree Dowie is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party and holds the Invercargill seat.
The electorate covers Invercargill city and the surrounding rural area, including Stewart Island / Rakiura. In 1996 a boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of the Awarua electorate and merged with Invercargill following re-drawing of boundaries due to the introduction of mixed-member proportional voting (MMP). Minor but steady population decline in the Southland region has generally resulted in Invercargill expanding northwards. The 2013 redistribution, however, has left Invercargill unchanged.
Invercargill is the southernmost and westernmost city in New Zealand, and one of the southernmost cities in the world. It is the commercial centre of the Southland region. The city lies in the heart of the wide expanse of the Southland Plains on the Oreti or New River some 18 km north of Bluff, which is the southernmost town in the South Island. It sits amid rich farmland that is bordered by large areas of conservation land and marine reserves, including Fiordland National Park covering the south-west corner of the South Island and the Catlins coastal region.
Awarua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1881 to 1996.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The electorate was established in 1866 when it separated from the Wallace electorate.
Wallace was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was established in 1858, the first election held in 1859, and existed until 1996. For a time, it was represented by two members. In total, there were 18 Members of Parliament from the Wallace electorate.
The first representative was William Wood, who won the 1866 election.Wood retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1870. William Henderson Calder succeeded Wood in the 1871 election and he resigned in March 1873. The resulting 1873 by-election was won by John Cuthbertson, who served until the end of the parliamentary term in 1875.
William Wood was a 19th-century New Zealand politician.
The New Zealand general election of 1866 was held between 12 February and 6 April to elect 70 MPs to the fourth term of the New Zealand Parliament.
William Henderson Calder was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Invercargill, New Zealand.
Cuthbertson was defeated by George Lumsden in the 1875 election. Lumsden resigned in June 1878,which caused the 1878 by-election. Henry Feldwick was the successful candidate and he commenced his first of three terms for the electorate. At the 1879 election, Feldwick was defeated by James Walker Bain, who retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1881. At the 1881 election, Feldwick was again the successful candidate, only to be defeated again at the 1884 election, on that occasion by Joseph Hatch. At the 1887 election, Feldwick defeated Hatch and commenced his third and final term for the Invercargill electorate, serving until the end of the parliamentary term in 1890.
George Lumsden was a 19th-century New Zealand politician.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–76 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
The 1878 Invercargill by-election was a by-election during the 6th New Zealand Parliament in the Southland electorate of Invercargill. The by-election occurred following the resignation of MP George Lumsden and was won by Henry Feldwick.
James Whyte Kelly defeated Feldwick in the 1890 election. Kelly became a member of the Liberal Party and served for three parliamentary terms,but broke away from the Liberal Party and became an Independent Liberal in 1895. For the 1899 election, the Josiah Hanan of the Liberal Party challenged Kelly, with Hanan being successful. Hanan served the electorate until 1925, when he retired.
James Whyte Kelly was a 19th-century New Zealand politician, initially of the Liberal Party but later an Independent Liberal.
The New Zealand general election of 1890 was one of New Zealand's most significant. It marked the beginning of party politics in New Zealand with the formation of the Liberal Government, which was to enact major welfare, labour and electoral reforms, including giving the vote to women.
The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.
The 1925 election was narrowly won by the former Prime Minister Sir Joseph Ward standing for the Liberal Party, who beat James Hargest of the Reform Party with 4957 votes to 4798; a third contender, Patrick Hickey, stood for the Labour Party.Until 1919, Ward had for many years represented Awarua. Ward, a former leader of the Liberal Party, contested the election under the "Liberal" label, despite the fact that the remnants of the Liberal Party were now calling themselves by different names. In 1928, Ward helped form the United Party and won the 1928 election. He died on 8 July 1930, which caused the 1930 by-election won by his son Vincent Ward, who retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1931.
Vincent Ward was succeeded by James Hargest in the 1931 election. At the end of the parliamentary term in 1935, Hargest successfully contested the Awarua electorate.He was succeeded in the Invercargill electorate by William Denham of the Labour Party, who held the electorate for three terms from 1935 until his defeat in the 1946 election by Ralph Hanan of the National Party. Hanan was re-elected seven times and died in office on 24 July 1969; the need to hold a by-election before the general election on 29 November was avoided by a special act, the By-election Postponement Act 1969.
The successful candidate in the 1969 general election was John Chewings, who was defeated at the end of the parliamentary term at the 1972 election by Labour's J. B. Munro. At the next election in 1975, Munro was in turn beaten by National's Norman Jones. Jones retired at the end of his fourth term in August 1987 and died shortly thereafter on 19 November.
Jones was succeeded by National's Rob Munro in the 1987 election. Munro served two parliamentary terms before being beaten by Labour's Mark Peck in the 1993 election. Peck retired after four parliamentary terms in 2005 and was succeeded by National's Eric Roy in the 2005 election. Roy retired after three parliamentary terms and was succeeded in 2014 by Sarah Dowie.
Independent Liberal Liberal–Labour
United Labour National NZ First
|1866 election||William Wood|
|1871 election||William Henderson Calder|
|1873 by-election||John Cuthbertson|
|1875 election||George Lumsden|
|1878 by-election||Henry Feldwick|
|1879 election||James Walker Bain|
|1881 election||Henry Feldwick (2nd time)|
|1884 election||Joseph Hatch|
|1887 election||Henry Feldwick (3rd time)|
|1890 election||James Whyte Kelly|
|1899 election||Josiah Hanan|
|1925 election||Joseph Ward|
|1930 by-election||Vincent Ward|
|1931 election||James Hargest|
|1935 election||William Denham|
|1946 election||Ralph Hanan|
|1969 election||John Chewings|
|1972 election||J. B. Munro|
|1975 election||Norman Jones|
|1987 election||Rob Munro|
|1993 election||Mark Peck|
|2005 election||Eric Roy|
|2014 election||Sarah Dowie|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Invercargill electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Eric Roy|
|2017 election||Liz Craig|
|2017 general election: Invercargill|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ria Bond||3,214||9.06||+1.64||3,139||8.72||−2.39|
|Total Valid votes||35,462||35,990|
|2014 general election: Invercargill|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ria Bond||2,526||7.42||+7.42||3,806||11.11||+4.27|
|Democrats||Stephnie de Ruyter||333||0.98||−0.67||95||0.28||−0.12|
|Total Valid votes||34,045||34,266|
|2011 general election: Invercargill|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Democrats||Stephnie de Ruyter||521||1.65||+1.65||129||0.40||+0.22|
|Total Valid votes||31,650||32,355|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,014
|2008 general election: Invercargill|
|United Future||Maureen Smith||258||0.74||-0.70||319||0.91||-2.31|
|Bill and Ben||413||1.18||–|
|Total Valid votes||34,687||35,052|
|2005 general election: Invercargill|
|United Future||Ralph Kennard||453||1.4||1,024||3.22|
|Direct Democracy||Craig Guy||65||0.21||11||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||31,451||31,805|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||2,052||6.52|
|2002 general election: Invercargill|
|Progressive||Stephnie de Ruyter||1,006||3.37||-1.61||760||2.52|
|United Future||Vince Smith||806||2.70||1,851||6.14|
|Christian Heritage||Mervyn Lemuel Clayton||235||0.79||301||1.00||-1.63|
|Total Valid votes||29,829||30,152|
|1999 general election: Invercargill|
|Alliance||Stephnie de Ruyter||1,567||4.98||3,132||9.91||+0.15|
|Green||Craig William Carson||689||2.19||974||3.08|
|Christian Heritage||Russell Zwies||536||1.70||832||2.63|
|NZ First||Allan Wise||488||1.55||875||2.77||-9.12|
|Total Valid votes||31,481||31,595|
|1996 general election: Invercargill|
|NZ First||Owen Horton||2,302||7.31||3,757||11.89|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Anthony Hobbs||200||0.63||105||0.33|
|United NZ||Stuart Jordan||111||0.35||153||0.48|
|Natural Law||Jacque Hughes||87||0.28||49||0.16|
|Superannuitants & Youth||11||0.03|
|Advance New Zealand||6||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||2||0.01|
|Ethnic Minority Party||1||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||31,502||31,594|
|NZ First||K Kawe||393||2.02|
|Christian Heritage||H Macann||242||1.24|
|Natural Law||Rhonda-Lisa Comins||48||0.24|
|Labour||B G Rait||6,590||28.66|
|Social Credit||H M Thompson||334||1.45|
|Legalise Marijuana||K Dreaver||319||1.38|
|NZ Party||Maurice Coughlan||1,721||8.23|
|Social Credit||Joe Radich||801||3.83||-12.67|
|Independent||G J Gilbert||56||0.26|
|Social Credit||Joe Radich||3,382||16.50||+2.71|
|Social Credit||Joe Radich||2,760||13.79|
|Values||R J Thomson||175||0.87|
|Labour||J. B. Munro||7,180||38.87||-9.81|
|Social Credit||N G Green||1,045||5.65|
|Labour||J. B. Munro||8,125||48.68|
|Social Credit||M L Patterson||855||5.12|
|Independent Labour||W F Manson||251||1.50|
|Liberal Reform||H W I Le Page||60||0.35|
|New Democratic||J Murphy||39||0.23|
|Labour||T D Young||6,668||41.42|
|Social Credit||D L Steele||1,728||10.73||+6.15|
|Social Credit||D L Steele||2,611||16.88||+11.69|
|Labour||O J Henderson||5,945||37.85||-3.62|
|Liberal||Ronald MacGregor Hutton-Potts||1,064||6.77|
|Social Credit||D L Steele||815||5.19||+1.02|
|Labour||O J Henderson||6,202||41.47|
|Social Credit||D L Steele||624||4.17|
|Labour||Thomas Francis Doyle||6,898||45.53|
|Social Credit||L G Russell||673||4.44||-14.87|
|Social Credit||L G Russell||2,657||19.31|
|Labour||F G Spurdle||6,085||42.57|
|Democratic Labour||L. Assheton Harbord||523||3.60|
|Independent||George Edward Thompson Dorman||174||1.22|
|Independent Liberal||William McChesney||2,595||19.30||-15.30|
|Liberal–Labour||James Whyte Kelly||2,189||47.18||-2.07|
|Liberal–Labour||James Whyte Kelly||2,237||49.25||-17.98|
|Conservative||William Benjamin Scandrett||646||14.22|
|Liberal–Labour||James Whyte Kelly||2,423||67.23||+25.48|
|Liberal–Labour||James Whyte Kelly||633||41.75|
|Conservative||James Walker Bain||517||34.10|
|Independent||James Walker Bain||219||48.78||+48.78|
|Independent||William Henderson Calder||142||61.21||+61.21|
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