Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 (with the first election in 1859) and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Alastair Scott since the 2014 election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Alastair Oliver Scott is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.
The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.
The initial 24 New Zealand electorates were defined by Governor George Grey in March 1853, based on the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 that had been passed by the British government. The Constitution Act also allowed the House of Representatives to establish new electorates, and this was first done in 1858, when four new electorates were formed by splitting existing electorates.Wairarapa was one of those four electorates, and it was established by splitting the Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay electorate, and incorporating areas that previously did not belong to any electorate. Settlements in the initial area were Featherston, Carterton, Eketahuna, and Pahiatua. For the 1860 election, there were 266 voters registered.
Sir George Grey, KCB was a British soldier, explorer, colonial administrator and writer. He served in a succession of governing positions: Governor of South Australia, twice Governor of New Zealand, Governor of Cape Colony, and the 11th Premier of New Zealand.
The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that granted self-government to the Colony of New Zealand. It was the second such Act, the previous 1846 Act not having been fully implemented.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
In the 1887 electoral redistribution, although the Representation Commission was required through the Representation Act 1887 to maintain existing electorates "as far as possible", rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Ten new electorates were created, and one former electorate, Wairarapa, was recreated.
The Electoral Commission is an independent Crown entity set up by the New Zealand Parliament. It is responsible for the administration of parliamentary elections and referenda, promoting compliance with electoral laws, servicing the work of the Representation Commission, and the provision of advice, reports and public education on electoral matters. The Commission also assists electoral agencies of other countries on a reciprocal basis with their electoral events.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The electorate boundaries were last adjusted in the 2007 redistribution.No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent 2013/14 redistribution.
The current electorate includes the following population centres (approximate population in brackets) from the Wairarapa Region, the Tararua District (Part of the Manawatu Wanganui Region) and Part of the Hawke's Bay region :
Wairarapa is a geographical region of New Zealand. It occupies the south-eastern corner of the North Island, east of metropolitan Wellington and south-west of the Hawke's Bay region. It is lightly populated, having several rural service towns, with Masterton being the largest. It is named after its largest lake, Lake Wairarapa.
The Tararua District is an area near the south-east corner of New Zealand's North Island that is administered by the Tararua District Council. It has a population of 17,900, and an area of 4,360.56 km². The Tararua District Council was created by the amalgamation of the Dannevirke District Council, Eketahuna County Council, Pahiatua Borough Council, Pahiatua County Council and Woodville District Council in the 1989 local government reforms.
Manawatu-Wanganui is a region in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand, whose main population centres are the cities of Palmerston North and Whanganui. It is administered by the Manawatu-Wanganui Regional Council, which for trading purposes is known as Horizons Regional Council.
Masterton is a large town in the Wellington Region of New Zealand and the seat of the Masterton District. It is the largest town in the Wairarapa, a region separated from Wellington by the Rimutaka ranges. It is 100 kilometres north-east of Wellington, 39.4 kilometres south of Eketahuna, on the Ruamahanga River.
Carterton is a small town in the Wellington Region of New Zealand and the seat of the Carterton District. It lies in a farming area of the Wairarapa in New Zealand's North Island. It is located 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) southwest of Masterton and 80 kilometres (50 mi) northeast of Wellington. The town has a population of 5,320, out of a total district population of 9,340.
Featherston is a town in the South Wairarapa District, in the Wellington Region of New Zealand's North Island. It is at the eastern foothills of Remutaka Range close to the northern shore of Lake Wairarapa, 63 km (39 mi) north-east of central Wellington and 37 km (23 mi) south-west of Masterton.
The first election was held on 7 November 1859, and Charles Carter was the first representative until 1865, when he resigned.He was succeeded by Henry Bunny from 1865 to 1881. Since 1871, the electorate had two representatives, and the second one was John Chapman Andrew until he resigned in 1877, succeeded by George Beetham from 1877 to 1881.
From 1881 to 1887 Wairarapa was replaced by two electorates; Wairarapa North and Wairarapa South. From 1887, they were replaced by the Masterton and Wairarapa electorates.
Between 1899 and 1919 the Wairarapa electorate swung between Walter Clarke Buchanan the Conservative then Reform candidate and J. T. Marryat Hornsby the Liberal candidate, changing hands in 1902, 1905, 1908 and 1914.Buchanan's support was in the rural areas, and Hornsby's was in the small towns.
From 1919 to 1928 the electorate was represented by Alexander McLeod for Reform.In 1928 he was defeated by Thomas William McDonald the United (Liberal) candidate, but in 1931 McLeod won the seat back.
Ben Roberts represented the electorate for the Labour Party from the 1935 election until 1946, when he retired.In the 1943 election, Roberts was unsuccessfully challenged by National's James Joseph Maher.
In the 1987 election, Reg Boorman won the initial count by one vote, but Creech later challenged that result on the grounds that Boorman had violated new laws about election spending. Creech also challenged more than 200 votes (on various grounds). The Electoral Court upheld Creech's petition, and Creech won the seat in 1988 with a majority of 34 votes (9994 to 9960).
Creech held the Wairarapa electorate for four parliamentary terms. In December 1997, he became Deputy Leader of the National Party. That gave him number two on the National party list, and he did not contest an electorate in the 1999 election. The National Party stood Paul Henry in the election, but to the general surprise of political commentators, the typically right-leaning electorate was won by Labour's Georgina Beyer with a 3,033 vote majority to become the world's first transsexual member of parliament.At the 2002 election, Beyer was easily re-elected with an increased majority of 6,372 votes. Beyer stood in the 2005 election as a list-only candidate, and the Wairarapa electorate was won by John Hayes of the National Party. Hayes held the electorate for three parliamentary terms and retired at the 2014 election, when he was succeeded by National's Alastair Scott.
Independent Conservative Liberal Reform United Labour National NZ First
|1859 election||Charles Carter|
|1865 by-election||Henry Bunny|
|1871 election||Henry Bunny||John Chapman Andrew|
|1877 by-election||George Beetham|
|1887 election||Walter Clarke Buchanan|
|1899 election||J. T. Marryat Hornsby|
|1902 election||Walter Clarke Buchanan|
|1905 election||J. T. Marryat Hornsby|
|1908 election||Walter Clarke Buchanan|
|1914 election||J. T. Marryat Hornsby|
|1919 election||Alexander McLeod|
|1928 election||Thomas McDonald|
|1931 election||Alexander McLeod|
|1935 election||Ben Roberts|
|1946 election||Garnet Hercules Mackley|
|1949 election||Bert Cooksley|
|1963 election||Haddon Donald|
|1969 election||Jack Williams|
|1975 election||Ben Couch|
|1984 election||Reg Boorman|
|1999 election||Georgina Beyer|
|2005 election||John Hayes|
|2014 election||Alastair Scott|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Wairarapa electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2002 election||Edwin Perry|
|2014 election||Ron Mark|
|2017 general election: Wairarapa|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ron Mark||7,753||19.44||-3.76||4,180||10.33||-0.84|
|Total Valid votes||39,886||40,468|
|2014 general election: Wairarapa|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Ron Mark||8,630||23.20||+23.20||4,393||11.17||+3.35|
|Total Valid votes||37,204||37,525|
|2011 general election: Wairarapa|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||33,963||35,021|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,425
|2008 general election: Wairarapa|
|NZ First||Edwin Perry||2,646||7.29||-9.28||2,040||5.56||-3.37|
|United Future||Graeme Reeves||219||0.60||-0.54||248||0.68||-1.33|
|Bill and Ben||281||0.77||+0.77|
|Total Valid votes||36,308||36,704|
|2005 general election: Wairarapa|
|NZ First||Edwin Perry||5,308||16.57||+11.55||2,889||8.93||-2.68|
|United Future||Graeme Reeves||364||1.14||-0.86||651||2.01||-3.58|
|Total Valid votes||32,030||32,357|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||2,752||8.59||-12.01|
|2002 general election: Wairarapa|
|Christian Heritage||Merepeka Raukawa-Tait||5,852||18.92||891||2.87|
|NZ First||Edwin Perry||1,552||5.02||3,605||11.61|
|United Future||Frank Owen||617||2.00||1,735||5.59|
|Total Valid votes||30,925||31,046|
|1999 general election: Wairarapa|
|NZ First||Rob Harris||813||2.50||1,413||4.31|
|Christian Heritage||Mike Lloyd||602||1.85||898||2.74|
|Future NZ||John Allen||197||0.61||273||0.83|
|Natural Law||Ian Douglas||47||0.14||29||0.09|
|People's Choice Party||3||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||32,545||32,765|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||3,033||9.32|
|Reform||Alexander Donald McLeod||4,641||53.55||+6.74|
|United||Thomas William McDonald||4,025||46.45||-6.74|
|Liberal||J. T. Marryat Hornsby||1,974||51.17|
|Conservative||Walter Clarke Buchanan||1,818||47.12|
|Conservative||Walter Clarke Buchanan||1,806||50.89||±0|
|Liberal||George Augustus Fairbrother||1,116||31.45|
|Conservative||Walter Clarke Buchanan||987||58.09|
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