New Lynn (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated
New Lynn electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election New Lynn electorate, 2014.svg
New Lynn electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

New Lynn is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Deborah Russell of the Labour Party has represented the electorate since the 2017 general election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.

Deborah Russell New Zealand politician

Deborah Faye Russell is a New Zealand academic and politician. She is a Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the Labour Party.

Contents

Population centres

New Lynn is based in west Auckland, straddling the borders of the former Auckland City and Waitakere City. It contains the suburbs of Blockhouse Bay, New Lynn and Titirangi, and its borders extend to cover all the beach-side towns on the north coast of Manukau Harbour.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. A Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

Auckland City Former territorial authority of New Zealand in Auckland

Auckland City is the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City is the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was formerly the name of a local authority district that was governed by Auckland City Council; it lay within the wider Auckland Region, which was governed by Auckland Regional Council. Auckland City was disestablished as a local government district on 1 November 2010, when Auckland City Council was amalgamated with other councils of the Auckland Region into the new Auckland Council.

Waitakere City human settlement

Waitakere City is a former territorial authority district in the west of Auckland, New Zealand, which was governed by the Waitakere City Council from 1989 to 2010. It was New Zealand's fifth largest city, with an annual growth of about 2%. In 2010 the council was amalgamated with other regional authorities into one new Auckland Council.

History

New Lynn was first formed for the 1963 election. [1] It has always been held by members of the Labour Party. The electorate's first representative was Rex Mason, who had been an MP since 1926 and who retired at the end of the term. [2] Mason was succeeded by Jonathan Hunt, who held the electorate for the next 30 years until he contested the Tamaki electorate in the 1996 election instead. [3] Phil Goff became the representative in New Lynn in 1996. [4]

1963 New Zealand general election

The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Rex Mason New Zealand politician

Henry Greathead Rex Mason was a New Zealand politician. He served as Attorney General, Minister of Justice, Minister of Education, and Minister of Native Affairs, and had a significant influence on the direction of the Labour Party. He was one of New Zealand's longest-serving MPs, sitting for over 40 years.

The electorate was abolished in 1999 and Goff successfully stood in Mount Roskill. Titirangi replaced New Lynn in 1999 when population changes in Auckland lead to the creation of Mount Roskill, and Titirangi was won by David Cunliffe. [5] Three years later, population growth in north Auckland led to the creation of the Helensville electorate. The flow-on effect of this was to pull Titirangi eastwards, resulting in the reclamation of its former name for the 2002 election. Cunliffe represented the New Lynn electorate until 2017. [5]

Mount Roskill (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Mount Roskill is a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand, returning one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. Phil Goff of the Labour Party held the seat from the 1999 election until he resigned from Parliament on 12 October 2016 after contesting and being elected Mayor of Auckland on 8 October 2016 in the 2016 mayoral election. His resignation necessitated a byelection in this electorate which was won by Michael Wood.

David Cunliffe New Zealand politician

David Richard Cunliffe is a New Zealand politician who was Leader of the Opposition and Leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, serving from September 2013 to September 2014. A former Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for New Lynn, he served as the Minister of Health, Minister for Communications and Information Technology and Minister of Immigration, as well as a range of associate economic portfolios for the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand from October 2007 until November 2008.

Helensville (New Zealand electorate)

Helensville is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The electorate was first established for the 1978 election and was abolished again in 1984, and has existed again since the 2002 election. The MP for Helensville is Chris Penk of the National Party, who has held the seat since the 2017 general election.

In November 2016, Labour leader Andrew Little announced that Cunliffe would not seek re-election at the 2017 general election, [6] and the seat was won in the election by Deborah Russell, retaining it for the Labour Party.

Andrew Little (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

Andrew James Little is a New Zealand politician and former trade union official who was Leader of the Opposition from 18 November 2014 to 1 August 2017.

2017 New Zealand general election Election on 23 September 2017

The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  Labour   

ElectionWinner
1963 election Rex Mason
1966 election Jonathan Hunt
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election Phil Goff
(Electorate abolished 1999–2002; see Titirangi)
2002 election David Cunliffe
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Deborah Russell

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested New Lynn. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2008 election Tim Groser
2011 election
2014 election
2019 Paulo Garcia 1

1Paulo Garcia's list position of 50 meant he became elected after Nuk Korako resigned in April 2019, assumed office in May.

Tutehounuku "Nuk" Korako is a former New Zealand politician who was elected to the House of Representatives at the 2014 general election as a representative of the National Party. In mid-April 2019, Korako announced his retirement from politics, which took effect on 16 May 2019 when he left Parliament, being replaced by Paulo Garcia.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: New Lynn [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Deborah Russell 15,84046.91−3.1714,81042.68+6.78
National Paulo Garcia 13,01538.55+2.2714,50341.79+2.78
Green Leilani Tamu 2,2106.55−1.262,1476.19−3.81
NZ First Peter Chan1,7095.062,1166.10−1.04
Conservative Paul Davie2970.88−2.961090.31−3.35
Māori Karen Williams2910.861220.35±0.00
ACT Richard Wells2590.771490.43−1.18
Democrats Scott MacArthur820.24−0.15230.07−0.03
United Future John Hubscher620.18300.09−0.08
Opportunities  5141.48
People's Party  800.23
Legalise Cannabis  660.19−0.11
Mana  120.03−1.06 [lower-alpha 1]
Outdoors  90.03
Internet  70.02−1.07 [lower-alpha 2]
Ban 1080  50.01−0.04
Informal votes478142
Total Valid votes33,76534,702
Turnout 34,844
Labour holdMajority4,2838.37−5.43

2014 election

2014 general election: New Lynn [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Cunliffe 16,53450.08−2.0412,08535.90−1.10
National Tim Groser 11,97736.28+0.0613,13639.02−0.20
Green Daniel Rogers2,5797.81+0.563,36510.00−2.15
Conservative Steve Taylor1,2693.84+1.321,2333.66+1.07
Democrats Andrew Leitch1280.39+0.39330.10+0.07
NZ First  2,4037.14+0.96
ACT  5421.61+0.62
Internet Mana  3671.09+0.64 [lower-alpha 3]
Māori  1190.35−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  1010.30−0.14
United Future  560.17−0.21
Civilian  170.05+0.05
Ban 1080  160.05+0.05
Independent Coalition  80.02+0.02
Focus  30.01+0.01
Informal votes530177
Total Valid votes33,01733,661
Turnout 33,66174.92+1.91
Labour holdMajority4,55713.80−2.12

2011 election

2011 general election: New Lynn [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Cunliffe 16,99952.14+1.8012,46237.00-3.27
National Tim Groser 11,80936.22-2.4313,21139.22-0.88
Green Saffron Toms2,3647.25+0.864,09412.15+4.52
Conservative Ivan Bailey8202.52+2.528712.59+2.59
Legalise Cannabis Sean Davidson3431.05+1.051490.44+0.10
ACT Barbara Steinijans2650.81-2.123340.99-2.72
NZ First  2,0816.18+2.62
Mana  1510.45+0.45
Māori  1480.44-0.26
United Future  1290.38-0.46
Libertarianz  290.09+0.05
Alliance  160.05-0.02
Democrats  100.03+0.01
Informal votes844295
Total Valid votes32,60033,685
Labour holdMajority5,19015.92+4.23

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,139 [10]

2008 election

|

2008 general election: New Lynn [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Cunliffe 17,33150.3514,16540.27
National Tim Groser 13,30638.6614,10540.09
Green Kath Dewar2,2006.392,6847.63
ACT Michael Tasker1,0112.941,3063.71
United Future Kerryanne Dalgleish3300.962960.84
Progressive Mohammad Kazemi Yazdi2440.713180.90
NZ First  1,2533.56
Māori  2460.70
Pacific  2260.64
Bill and Ben  1540.44
Kiwi  1460.42
Legalise Cannabis  1210.34
Family Party  910.26
Alliance  230.07
Libertarianz  140.04
Workers Party  130.04
RAM  80.02
Democrats  70.02
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes451203
Total Valid votes34,42235,179
Labour holdMajority4,02511.69

Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.

2005 election

2005 general election: New Lynn [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY David Cunliffe 18,08756.1216,20849.19
National Mita Harris10,00931.0510,91633.06
Green Richard Green1,6445.101,8505.60
United Future Anne Drake9432.938182.48
ACT Barbara Steinijans7012.077472.26
Destiny Karen Penney4681.451580.58
Progressive Mohammad Kazemi Yazdi2820.874071.23
Direct Democracy Gary Burch980.30980.12
NZ First  1,5804.79
Māori  1280.39
Christian Heritage  560.17
Legalise Cannabis  410.15
Alliance  210.06
Libertarianz  110.03
99 MP  70.02
One NZ  70.02
Family Rights  70.02
Democrats  50.02
RONZ  40.01
Informal votes549183
Total Valid votes33,23233,019
Labour holdMajority8,078

2002 election

2002 general election: New Lynn [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour David Cunliffe 16,68757.6214,12848.29
National Brendan Beach5,50219.004,31514.75
Green Saffron Toms1,7135.922,0877.13
ACT Trevor West1,4945.161,9292.26
United Future Susanne Fellner1,4715.082,1097.21
Christian Heritage Betty Jenkins6352.194401.50
Alliance Gerard Hehir4702.194051.38
Progressive Mohammad Kazemi Yazdi3961.374851.66
NZ First  2,94910.08
ORNZ  1750.60
Legalise Cannabis  910.31
One NZ  110.04
NMP  60.02
Mana Māori  50.02
Informal votes590119
Total Valid votes28,95829,254
Labour win new seatMajority11,185

1996 election

1996 general election: New Lynn [4] [14] [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Phil Goff 15,39250.2910,95335.55
National Richard Gardner8,25426.979,26630.07
Alliance Cliff Robinson3,55411.612,9169.46
NZ First Dawn Mullins2,6168.553,30010.71
Progressive Green Mark Darin3010.981010.33
McGillicuddy Serious Richard Foster2030.66730.24
United NZ John Hubscher1280.421720.56
Advance New Zealand James Prescott910.30380.12
Natural Law Les McGrath680.12360.12
Christian Coalition  1,6745.43
ACT  1,5064.89
Legalise Cannabis  4231.37
Ethnic Minority Party 2320.75
Animals First  520.17
Superannuitants & Youth  260.08
Green Society  180.06
Libertarianz  80.03
Mana Māori  70.02
Asia Pacific United 60.02
Conservatives  50.02
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes317112
Total Valid votes30,60730,812
Labour holdMajority7,13823.32

1993 election

1993 general election: New Lynn [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 6,974 38.85 -3.09
Alliance Cliff Robinson5,37629.95
National Roger Seavill3,64220.29
NZ First Dawn Mullins1,4748.21
Christian Heritage Charles Hinds3602.00
McGillicuddy Serious Metiria Turei 1210.67
Majority1,5988.90+2.80
Turnout 17,94783.95+4.41
Registered electors 21,378

1990 election

1990 general election: New Lynn [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 7,551 41.94 -16.79
National Martyn Athol Bishop6,45235.84
NewLabour Maire Leadbeater 1,7929.95
Green Wendy Morgan1,5168.42
Social Credit Ian Edward Lawson2201.22
Democrats Patricia Marie Lawn2041.13
McGillicuddy Serious Allan Martin-Buss1630.90
Independent Michael John Revell1020.56
Majority1,0996.10-18.23
Turnout 18,00079.54-3.11
Registered electors 22,628

1987 election

1987 general election: New Lynn [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 10,546 58.73 +0.45
National R G Berry6,17734.40
Democrats Wayne Beddow1,0165.65
NZ Party R K Wilson2151.19
Majority4,36924.33-8.27
Turnout 17,95482.65-5.01
Registered electors 21,721

1984 election

1984 general election: New Lynn [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 11,334 58.28 +7.44
National Ron Hanson4,63923.85-0.94
NZ Party Rod Orr2,40312.35
Social Credit Gilbert James1,0705.50
Majority6,34032.60+6.56
Turnout 19,44687.66+1.22
Registered electors 22,182

1981 election

1981 general election: New Lynn [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 9,513 50.84 -2.39
National Ron Hanson4,63924.79
Social Credit Les Tasker4,38623.44
Independent John Gordon Elliott 940.50
Socialist Unity R E Stewart790.42
Majority4,87426.04+1.61
Turnout 18,71186.44+20.97
Registered electors 21,644

1978 election

1978 general election: New Lynn [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 9,565 53.23 +8.89
National J F Bridges5,17528.80
Social Credit Bill Owens2,94916.41
Values T Gunn2781.54
Majority4,39024.43+19.52
Turnout 17,96765.47-18.05
Registered electors 27,442

1975 election

1975 general election: New Lynn [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 8,033 44.34 -14.46
National B J O'Connor7,14339.42
Social Credit Pat Wojcik1,5248.41-1.17
Values Keith Langton1,3737.57
Socialist Action P W Cross280.15-0.48
Socialist Unity J E Higdon150.08
Majority8904.91-23.99
Turnout 18,11683.52-3.62
Registered electors 21,689

1972 election

1972 general election: New Lynn [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 8,774 58.80 +3.28
National G D McDermott4,46229.90
Social Credit Pat Wojcik1,4309.58
New Democratic O Bree1591.06
Socialist Action P W Cross950.63
Majority4,31228.90+7.50
Turnout 14,92087.14-2.49
Registered electors 17,121

1969 election

1969 general election: New Lynn [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 9,338 55.52 +1.76
National Vic Watson5,73834.11
Social Credit Norman Roy Monteith1,5689.32-5.51
Independent Labour Stephen Chan1751.04
Majority3,60021.40-1.90
Turnout 16,81989.63+3.31
Registered electors 18,763

1966 election

1966 general election: New Lynn [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Jonathan Hunt 8,598 53.76
National Kevin Patrick Lynch4,87130.45
Social Credit Norman Roy Monteith2,37214.83+6.19
Communist Joy Foulds1520.95-0.15
Majority3,72723.30
Turnout 15,99386.32-3.13
Registered electors 18,527

1963 election

1963 general election: New Lynn [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Rex Mason 8,272 55.33
National C A McLeod5,22034.91
Social Credit Norman Roy Monteith1,2928.64
Communist Joy Foulds1651.10
Majority3,05220.41
Turnout 14,94989.45
Registered electors 16,711

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

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  2. Wilson 1985, p. 218.
  3. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Tamaki, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  4. 1 2 "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - New Lynn, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  5. 1 2 "Hon David Cunliffe". New Zealand Parliament . Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  6. "Former Labour leader David Cunliffe to stand down at 2017 election". Stuff.co.nz. 1 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  7. "Official Count Results -- New Lynn(2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  8. "Official Count Results -- New Lynn (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  9. "Official Count Results -- New Lynn (2011)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  10. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  11. "Official Count Results -- New Lynn (2008)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results -- New Lynn (2005)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  13. "Official Count Results -- New Lynn (2002)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  14. "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  15. "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  16. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  17. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  18. 1 2 3 Norton 1988, pp. 288.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 287.

Bibliography