99 MP Party

Last updated

99 MP Party

The 99 MP Party was a small New Zealand political party that contested the 2005 General Election. It supported a reduction of the number of Members of Parliament from 120 to 99.



With the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional in 1996, the number of MPs rose from 99 to 120. Margaret Robertson organised a referendum in 1999 calling for the number to be reduced back to 99.

Local businessman Jack Yan proposed that Robertson's campaign be turned into a political party in 2001, a decision that she agreed to the following year after finding that most parties in Parliament generally did not support a reduction. Robertson took initial steps toward achieving the membership number required. Yan initially served as president and designed the logo and marketing collateral, but lived in Europe in the northern summer of 2002, became less involved on his return, and was replaced.

The 2002 policies were centrist to conservative, including the toughening of the Crimes Act 1961 and reforming Parliament and the select committee structure. In addition to the reduction of MP numbers, the party also supports making referendums mandatory for all constitutional changes.

The Electoral Commission accepted the party's official registration on 14 April 2005. It put forward a party list of two people: Robertson and Ramasmy Ramanathan.

2005 General Election and subsequent deregistration

In the 2005 elections, the 99 MP Party gained 0.03% of the vote. Shortly afterwards, Margaret Robertson announced plans to step down.

On 16 March 2006, the Parliament of New Zealand passed the first reading of New Zealand First MP Barbara Stewart's private members bill, to cut the number of MPs to 100. [1] A number of parties indicated though that their support was for it to go to select committee, at which public submissions could be heard. [2] However, but the bill was defeated at its Second Reading on 8 November 2006. As of 2017, the size of parliament remains at least 120.

In September 2006, the party was deregistered, having failed to provide evidence of the necessary 500 members.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Zealand Parliament</span> Supreme unicameral legislature of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the unicameral legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the King of New Zealand (King-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The King is usually represented by his governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Zealand House of Representatives</span> Sole chamber of the New Zealand Parliament

The House of Representatives is the sole chamber of the New Zealand Parliament. The House passes laws, provides ministers to form Cabinet, and supervises the work of government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michael Connarty</span> British politician (born 1947)

Michael Connarty is a British Labour Party politician, who served as the Member of Parliament for Linlithgow and Falkirk East from 2005 until 2015, and Falkirk East (1992–2005).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ruth Dyson</span> New Zealand Labour Party politician

Ruth Suzanne Dyson is a former New Zealand politician. She was a Labour Party Member of Parliament from 1993 to 2020. She represented the Port Hills electorate from the 2008 election election to 2020. She also held a number of senior offices in the Labour Party, including president.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Hutchison</span> New Zealand politician

Charles Paul Telford Hutchison, known as Paul Hutchison is a New Zealand politician and former health professional. He is a member of the National Party, which he represented in the House of Representatives from 1999 to 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Zealand Republic</span> Political party

New Zealand Republic Inc. is an organisation formed in 1994 whose object is to support the creation of a New Zealand republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nicky Wagner</span>

Nicola Joanne Wagner is a New Zealand teacher, businesswoman and politician. She represented the Christchurch Central electorate for the New Zealand National Party in the New Zealand Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waka-jumping</span>

In New Zealand, waka-jumping is a colloquial term for when a member of Parliament (MP) switches political party between elections, taking their parliamentary seat with them and potentially upsetting electoral proportionality in the New Zealand Parliament. In 2001 legislation was enacted that required list MPs to leave Parliament if they waka-jumped; this law expired after the 2005 election. In 2018 a similar law was passed which requires a defecting MP to give up their seat on the request of their former party leader. Electorate MPs may re-contest their seat in a by-election, whereas list MPs are replaced by the next available person on the party list.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Louisa Wall</span> New Zealand Member of Parliament

Louisa Hareruia Wall is a former New Zealand Labour Party politician who served as a Member of Parliament (MP) from 2011 to 2022. She has represented New Zealand in both netball as a Silver Fern and rugby union as a member of the Black Ferns. In late March 2022, Wall announced that she would resign from Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tim Macindoe</span> New Zealand politician

Timothy Harley Macindoe is a New Zealand politician who was elected as a Member of Parliament in 2008 for the Hamilton West electorate. Macindoe previously served as the Minister of Customs in the Fifth National Government.

The 2011 New Zealand voting system referendum was a referendum on whether to keep the existing mixed member proportional (MMP) voting system, or to change to another voting system, for electing Members of Parliament to New Zealand's House of Representatives. It was held on 26 November 2011 in conjunction with the 2011 general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1999 New Zealand MP reduction referendum</span>

The 1999 New Zealand MP reduction referendum was held during the 1999 general election on 27 November 1999. The Referendum considered two questions, in which one brought upon the question on whether New Zealand Parliament should be restructured - reducing the number of MPs from 120 to 99 members in the House of Representatives.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Act 2013</span> New Zealand law legalizing gay marriage

The Marriage Amendment Act 2013 is an Act of Parliament in New Zealand, which since 19 August 2013, allows same-sex couples to legally marry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fletcher Tabuteau</span> New Zealand politician

Fletcher Hoporona Tabuteau is a New Zealand politician and former Member of Parliament. He was elected as a list MP for the New Zealand First party from 2014 to 2020 and was deputy leader of the party from 2018 to 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Greg O'Connor (politician)</span> New Zealand politician

Gregory Eamon O'Connor is a New Zealand Labour Party politician and former police officer. He is the Deputy Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, and has served as the Member of Parliament for Ōhāriu since the 2017 general election.

Jennifer Lyn Marcroft is a New Zealand politician and former Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the New Zealand First party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Abortion Legislation Act 2020</span> Act of Parliament in New Zealand

The Abortion Legislation Act 2020 is an Act of Parliament in New Zealand that decriminalises abortion. Under the act, abortion is available without restrictions to any woman who is not more than 20 weeks pregnant. Women seeking an abortion after 20 weeks have to be assessed by a qualified health professional.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020 New Zealand euthanasia referendum</span> Binding referendum in New Zealand

The New Zealand End of Life Choice referendum was a binding referendum held on 17 October 2020, with early voting taking place from 3 October, in conjunction with the 2020 general election and cannabis referendum, on the question of whether the End of Life Choice Act 2019 should come into force. The Act would legalise voluntary euthanasia for those with a terminal illness and less than six months left to live, if confirmed to be eligible by two doctors. New Zealand is the first country to put euthanasia legalisation to a referendum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">53rd New Zealand Parliament</span> Current New Zealand parliamentary term

The 53rd New Zealand Parliament is the current meeting of Parliament in New Zealand. It opened on 25 November 2020 following the 17 October 2020 general election, and will expire on or before 20 November 2023 to trigger the next election. It consists of 120 members of Parliament (MPs) with five parties represented: the Labour and Green parties, in government, and the National, Māori and ACT parties, in opposition. The Sixth Labour Government has a majority in this Parliament. Jacinda Ardern continued as prime minister until her resignation on 25 January 2022; she was succeeded by Chris Hipkins.

Brooke Olivia van Velden is a New Zealand politician who has been a Member of Parliament since the 2020 general election for ACT New Zealand. She has been the party's deputy leader since June 2020.


  1. "Bill to cut number of MPs passes hurdle". The New Zealand Herald . 16 March 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  2. "Parliament to consider cutting number of MPs". The New Zealand Herald . 15 March 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2011.