The Kiwi Party

Last updated

The Kiwi Party
Leader Larry Baldock
President Gordon Copeland
Founded 2007 (2007)
Dissolved 2011 (2011)
Headquarters 255 Cameron Road, Tauranga 3110
Ideology Christian democracy, Conservatism
International affiliation None
Colours Blue and Red
MPs in the House of Representatives 0

The Kiwi Party was a political party operating in New Zealand between 2007 and 2011. Briefly known as Future New Zealand, it was a breakaway from the United Future New Zealand party and sought to carry on the tradition of Future New Zealand. The party was formed when MP Gordon Copeland left United Future after a dispute over support for the Crimes (Substituted Section 59) Amendment Act 2007. At the 2008 general election, the Kiwi Party was unsuccessful, and was not re-elected to Parliament. It did not contest the 2011 general election under its own banner, but the leaders and other members stood for the Conservative Party. [1]

A political party is an organized group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. The party agrees on some proposed policies and programmes, with a view to promoting the collective good or furthering their supporters' interests.

New Zealand Constitutional monarchy in Oceania

New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

Gordon Copeland New Zealand politician

Gordon Frank Copeland was a New Zealand politician who served as a Member of Parliament from 2002 to 2008. He entered the House of Representatives as a list MP for the United Future New Zealand Party from 2002 but he resigned from the party in 2007. In March 2009, Copeland became Party President of The Kiwi Party, which he had co-founded with another former United Future list MP, Larry Baldock, in May 2007. Copeland stood for the Conservative Party in the 2011 New Zealand general election. Prior to entering Parliament he held a number of corporate positions before working as the financial administrator for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington.

Contents

The party advocated more direct democracy through referenda and a return to the "Judeo-Christian ethic in democracy".[ citation needed ] On 8 February 2012, it requested that the Electoral Commission cancel its registration, which rendered it wholly subsumed into the Conservative Party. On its website, it announced that after holding an executive committee meeting in December 2011, the party had agreed to be 'wound up' and 'bring its existence to an end.'

Direct democracy democracy in which all people make the decisions as a group, without intermediate representants

Direct democracy or pure democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide on policy initiatives directly. This differs from the majority of currently established democracies, which are representative democracies.

Electoral Commission (New Zealand) crown entity administering elections in New Zealand

The Electoral Commission is an independent Crown entity set up by the New Zealand Parliament. It is responsible for the administration of parliamentary elections and referenda, promoting compliance with electoral laws, servicing the work of the Representation Commission, and the provision of advice, reports and public education on electoral matters. The Commission also assists electoral agencies of other countries on a reciprocal basis with their electoral events.

Future New Zealand Party reformed

On 16 May 2007, list MP Gordon Copeland resigned from the United Future party, citing differences with party leader Peter Dunne over the latter's support of the child-discipline bill. [2] Copeland announced his intention to re-form an independent Future New Zealand party with former United Future list MP Larry Baldock as co-leader. [2] Copeland and Baldock acknowledged that the new party would face difficulties over issues like legal ownership of the party name, but were hopeful that they would be able to attract United Future's former conservative Christian voters. An inaugural meeting was held in Baldock's city of residence, Tauranga, [3] and former United Future list MP Bernie Ogilvy became party secretary. Meanwhile, Brian Tamaki and his Destiny New Zealand party announced that it would contest the New Zealand conservative Christian vote at the next New Zealand general election in 2008. [4]

Peter Dunne New Zealand politician

Peter Francis Dunne is a retired New Zealand politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Ohariu. He held the seat from 1984 to 2017—representing the centre-left Labour Party in Parliament from 1984 to 1994, and a succession of minor centrist parties from 1994. He was the Leader of United Future from 2002 to 2017.

Crimes (Substituted Section 59) Amendment Act 2007

The Crimes Amendment Act 2007 is an amendment to New Zealand's Crimes Act 1961 which removed the legal defence of "reasonable force" for parents prosecuted for assault on their children.

Larry Baldock is a New Zealand politician. Before entering national politics, he was previously involved with the International Youth With A Mission organisation and spent 15 years living in the Philippines. After returning to NZ in 1996 he joined the Future NZ Party in 1999. He stood in the Electorate of Tauranga in 1999. In 2001 he was elected to the Tauranga District Council and then became a member of Parliament for the United Future New Zealand party as a list MP from 2002 to 2005.

Christian Politics NZ.svg

On 14 June 2007 Copeland announced that Future New Zealand would "not work with, or be part of, a Labour-led government following the 2008 elections". [5] Copeland also gave his proxy vote in Parliament to the National Party (except on matters of confidence and supply). [6]

In June 2007, Copeland announced in his monthly "Copeland's Chronicle" newsletter that Future New Zealand had attracted the necessary five hundred members required for registration under the Electoral Act 1993. [7] Baldock and Copeland were working on establishing a Board of Management and Board of Reference for their new party, still tentatively named "Future New Zealand." He also asserted his right to continue sitting in New Zealand's Parliament as a list MP.

Name change to the Kiwi Party

On 25 January 2008, it was announced that Future New Zealand was to be known as the Kiwi Party. Copeland stepped down as co-leader to focus on his Parliamentary responsibilities, leaving Baldock as the sole leader. [8] The party applied to the Electoral Commission to register its new name, and was registered on 15 February 2008. [9]

Policies

At the party's South Island conference in Christchurch the party outlined a number of policy ideas:[ citation needed ]

2008 election

Going into the 2008 elections, the party had only one list MP, and no electorate MPs, in Parliament, and did not register significant support in national polls. Acting secretary Bernie Ogilvy apologised for not applying for free election broadcasting in time; Larry Baldock said "This does make our task just that much harder." [10] The party fielded 25 electorate candidates out of a possible 70. [11]

The party won just 12,755 party votes, or 0.54% of the votes cast, well short of the 5% required to gain list-only representation without winning an electorate. [12] Baldock stood in Tauranga, winning 1893 votes, well behind National's Simon Bridges and his New Zealand First and Labour challengers. [13] Copeland was similarly unsuccessful in Rongotai, winning just 515 votes. [14] Despite this result, the party stated that they would contest the next general election, in 2011. [15]

2008—2012

Gordon Copeland was elected as Party President in March 2009. [16] The party contested the 2009 Mount Albert by-election, selecting Simmone Dyer as their candidate. [17] Dyer came seventh with 91 votes. [18] The party did not contest the subsequent Mana, Botany or Te Tai Tokerau by-elections.

Larry Baldock was one of the chief protagonists behind the 2009 referendum which attempted to repeal the Crimes (Substituted Section 59) Amendment Act 2007. [19] The referendum passed with the support of 87.4% of voters, [20] but was non-binding, and the government responded by promising a review of the law. [21] In response, Baldock circulated a second citizens initiated referendum, calling for binding citizens initiated referenda in future debates. [22] The proposed referendum petition fell well short of the required number of signatures to trigger such a referendum and lapsed on 10 December 2010.[ citation needed ]

The demise of the Family Party and New Zealand Pacific Party in 2010 left the Kiwi Party as the only conservative Christian-based political party within New Zealand politics.[ citation needed ] This was changed by the arrival of Colin Craig's Conservative Party of New Zealand in August 2011. [23]

On 14 October 2011 the Kiwi Party announced that it would not be standing any candidates in the election, and that several members had joined the Conservative Party and would be standing for it. [1] Party leader Baldock was number three on the Conservative Party list and stood again in Tauranga. Deputy leader Dyer was number 7 on the list and stood in East Coast Bays. Party president Copeland stood in Hutt South. No candidate was successful. Other members also stood for the Conservatives on their party list. [24]

The party was deregistered at its own request on 8 February 2012, which marks the cessation of its independent political existence. [25] Its former website URL is now also inoperative.

Electoral results

Election# of party votes% of party vote# of seats
won
Government/opposition?
2008 12,7550.54
0 / 120
Not in Parliament

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "No Kiwi Party candidates in this year's election". New Zealand Herald. 14 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  2. 1 2 "United Future MP quits party over smacking bill". New Zealand Herald. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  3. Dan Eaton (22 May 2007). "Future NZ". The Press. p. A6.
  4. "Destiny New Zealand enthusiastic about future". Scoop Media. 22 May 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  5. "Copeland proxy to National" (Press release). Gordon Copeland. 14 June 2007.
  6. "I want to be National's 49th MP, says defector". New Zealand Herald. 15 June 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  7. Copeland's Chronicle, June 2007
  8. "Copeland steps down as co-leader of Future NZ". Scoop Media. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  9. "The Kiwi Party - Application to register a political party". New Zealand Electoral Commission. 24 January 2008. Archived from the original on 15 October 2008. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  10. Dominion Post 30 May 2008, page B4
  11. "New Zealand general Election 2008: Summary of Overall Results". New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  12. "Election Results -- Official Count Results -- Overall Status". Chief Electoral Office. November 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  13. "Election Results -- Tauranga". Chief Electoral Office. November 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  14. "Official Count Results -- Rongotai". Chief Electoral Office. November 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  15. "Christian parties barely register in NZ election". NZ Catholic. 12 November 2008. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  16. "Copeland named Kiwi Party president". TVNZ. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  17. "Candidate for Mt Albert selected by Kiwi Party". Scoop Media. 4 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  18. "2009 Mt Albert By-election official results". New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  19. Simon Collins (23 February 2007). "Petition offers voice against Bradford bill". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  20. "Final Result by Electorate for the Citizens Initiated Referendum 2009 on the question "Should a smack as part of good parental correction be a criminal offence in New Zealand?"". Elections New Zealand. 25 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
  21. Audrey Young (25 August 2009). "PM: Smacking law review gives parents 'comfort'". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  22. "New petition will be launched says Kiwi Party". Kiwi Party. 5 September 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  23. "Colin Craig announces new Conservative Party". New Zealand Herald. 3 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-03.
  24. "Conservative list released" (Press release). Conservative Party. 1 November 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  25. "Cancellation of Kiwi Party Registration". New Zealand Electoral Commission. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-09.