Judith Collins

Last updated

Judith Collins

Judith Collins MP.jpg
39th Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
14 July 2020
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern
Deputy Gerry Brownlee
Preceded by Todd Muller
14th Leader of the National Party
Assumed office
14 July 2020
Deputy Gerry Brownlee
Preceded by Todd Muller
29th Minister of Revenue
In office
20 December 2016 26 October 2017
Prime Minister Bill English
Preceded by Michael Woodhouse
Succeeded by Stuart Nash
16th Minister of Energy and Resources
In office
20 December 2016 26 October 2017
Prime Minister Bill English
Preceded by Simon Bridges
Succeeded by Megan Woods
Minister for Ethnic Communities
In office
20 December 2016 26 October 2017
Prime Minister Bill English
Preceded by Sam Lotu-Iiga
Succeeded by Jenny Salesa
35th Minister of Police
In office
19 November 2008 12 December 2011
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Annette King
Succeeded by Anne Tolley
In office
14 December 2015 20 December 2016
Prime Minister John Key
Bill English
Preceded by Michael Woodhouse
Succeeded by Paula Bennett
8th Minister of Corrections
In office
19 November 2008 12 December 2011
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Phil Goff
Succeeded by Anne Tolley
In office
14 December 2015 20 December 2016
Prime Minister John Key
Bill English
Preceded by Sam Lotu-Iiga
Succeeded by Louise Upston
47th Minister of Justice
In office
12 December 2011 30 August 2014
Prime Minister John Key
Preceded by Simon Power
Succeeded by Amy Adams
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Papakura
Assumed office
8 November 2008
Preceded by John Robertson (1996)
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Clevedon
In office
27 July 2002 8 November 2008
Preceded by Warren Kyd (1996)
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Majority12,871 (34.9%)
Personal details
Judith Anne Collins

(1959-02-24) 24 February 1959 (age 61)
Hamilton, New Zealand
Political party
Spouse(s)David Wong Tung
Alma mater
Signature Signature Judith Collins.png

Judith Anne Collins (born 24 February 1959) is a New Zealand politician who has been serving as the Leader of the New Zealand National Party and Leader of the Opposition since 14 July 2020. She has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Papakura since 2002, [1] and was a government minister under John Key and Bill English.


Prior to entering politics Collins worked as a commercial lawyer, including running her own practice for a decade. She entered Parliament in the 2002 election, and was promoted to Cabinet when National came into government in 2008. Her initial ministerial portfolios were Police, Corrections and Veterans' Affairs. After the 2011 election, her portfolios changed to Justice (including responsibility for the Law Commission), Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) and Ethnic Affairs. She was ranked fifth in Cabinet, and was the highest ranked woman. Collins resigned from Cabinet on 30 August 2014 following e-mail leaks alleging she had undermined the head of the Serious Fraud Office whilst she was the minister responsible for that organisation. She was later cleared of wrongdoing related to that incident, [2] and returned to Cabinet in December 2015, serving until National lost the 2017 election. Collins served in several shadow portfolios, before being elected by the National Party caucus as parliamentary leader, on 14 July 2020, succeeding Todd Muller.

Early life and career

Collins was born in Hamilton. Her parents were dairy farmers Percy and Jessie Collins of Walton in the Waikato and she was the youngest of six children. [3] She attended Walton Primary School and Matamata College. [4] In 1977 and 1978 she studied at the University of Canterbury. In 1979 she switched to the University of Auckland, and obtained first an LLB and then a LLM (Hons) and later a Master of Taxation Studies (MTaxS). She met her husband, Chinese-Samoan [5] David Wong Tung, at university. He was then a police officer and had migrated from Samoa as a child. They have one son. [3]

Collins was a Labour Party supporter from childhood, [5] but by 2002 had been a member of the National Party for three years. [6] She has been a member of Zonta International and of Rotary International. [7]

Professional career

After leaving university, she worked as a lawyer, specialising in employment, property, commercial, and tax law. She worked as a solicitor for four different firms between 1981 and 1990, and then became principal of her own firm, Judith Collins & Associates (1990–2000). In the last two years before election to Parliament, she worked as special counsel for Minter Ellison Rudd Watts (2000–2002). [7]

She was active in legal associations, and was President of the Auckland District Law Society (1998–1999) and Vice-President of the New Zealand Law Society (1999–2000). She served as chairperson of the Casino Control Authority (1999–2002) and was a director of Housing New Zealand Limited (1999–2001). [4]

Early parliamentary career (2002–2008)

New Zealand Parliament
2002 2005 47th Clevedon 48 National
2005 2008 48th Clevedon12 National
2008 2011 49th Papakura 7 National
2011 2014 50th Papakura7 National
2014 2017 51st Papakura6 National
2017 present 52nd Papakura16 National

Collins was elected to Parliament in the 2002 election as the National MP for Clevedon. Although technically a new electorate, Clevedon was largely based on the old Hunua electorate, held by National's Warren Kyd. [8]

In Parliament, Collins became National's Associate Spokesperson on Health and Spokesperson on Internal Affairs. In 2003, these responsibilities were changed for those of Associate Spokesperson on Justice and Spokesperson on Tourism. She was generally regarded as having performed well and when Katherine Rich refused to give full support to the controversial Orewa Speech by then-party leader Don Brash, Rich was demoted in February 2005 and Collins became National's spokesperson on Social Welfare instead. [9] Collins then served as spokesperson on Family, and spokesperson on Pacific Island Affairs.

In 2003, while in opposition, Collins campaigned for an inquiry to find out whether New Zealand troops were exposed to Agent Orange during the Vietnam War and if so any effect this subsequently had. [10] Despite previous inquiries stating otherwise, the committee established that troops were exposed to defoliant chemicals during their service in Vietnam, and therefore operated in a toxic environment. [11] This resulted in an apology in 2004 from the Labour-led Government to Veterans and the establishment of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to support veterans. [12] In 2004 Collins was awarded the Ex-Vietnam Services Association Pin for campaigning for the inquiry. [10]

Collins' Clevedon electorate disappeared under boundary changes for the 2008 election. She originally announced her intention to seek the National Party nomination for Howick, which comprises the urban part of her former Clevedon electorate. However, following objections made to the Electoral Commission over draft changes to the boundaries that saw a major redrawing of the adjacent constituency Pakuranga, the draft Howick was redrawn and renamed Botany. Collins then sought and won the nomination for Papakura (which comprises the other half of her former Clevedon electorate) and allowed her colleague National Party MP Pansy Wong to seek nomination for Botany. Collins won Papakura with a majority of more than 10,000. [13]

Fifth National Government (2008–2017)

The National Party formed a government after the 2008 election, and Collins entered Cabinet with the portfolios of Police, Corrections and Veterans' Affairs. After the 2011 election she was appointed Minister of Justice, Minister of Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) and Minister of Ethnic Affairs and, with a Cabinet ranking of five, was the highest ranked woman. [14]

Minister of Corrections

Collins at the National War Memorial, 2010 Judith Collins 2010 Battle of Britain 70th commemorations.jpg
Collins at the National War Memorial, 2010

In 2009, Collins questioned the leadership of, and later refused to express confidence in, Department of Corrections chief executive Barry Matthews, after a spate of bad publicity. [15] However, after an enquiry by the State Services Commissioner Iain Rennie, Matthews kept his job because Corrections had made efforts to improve and had warned the government of the day and the previous government that under-resourcing was putting public safety at risk. [16]

Collins increased the availability of work programmes in prison, [17] and increased funding to widen the availability of alcohol and drug treatment programmes. Corrections built three new Drug Treatment Units and introducing condensed treatment programmes for prisoners serving shorter sentences. [18] Collins oversaw completion of a new prison in Mount Eden, Auckland, and awarded the private management contract for the new prison to British company Serco, on the recommendation of the Department of Corrections. This was the first prison since 2005 to be managed by a private sector contractor. [19] [20]

In June 2010, Collins announced that from 1 July 2011 [21] tobacco smoking and possessing lighters in prison would be banned, to reduce the health risk that smoking and fire presented to prison guards and prisoners. [22] This ban was subsequently successfully challenged in court on two occasions, resulting in a law change to maintain it. [23] [24]

Minister of Police

Following a police trial of tasers in 2006–07, Collins supported their introduction by then Police Commissioner Howard Broad. [25] In the 2009 budget she announced NZ$10 million worth of funding to complete a nationwide taser roll-out to all police districts, [26] and since then has advocated that the Police be given further discretion about when they can equip themselves with tasers. [27] She has also supported increased access to firearms for frontline officers, by equipping all front-line police vehicles with lock boxes for firearms, but does not support the full-time general arming of Police officers. [28]

During her early years in parliament Collins developed a reputation for tough talking and in 2009 was nicknamed Crusher Collins when she proposed legislation to 'crush' the cars of persistent boy racers. [29] Collins described herself as the minister "who brought back deterrence". [30] [31] [32]

Minister of Justice

In 2012, Collins moderated the cutbacks to legal aid begun by her predecessor, Simon Power. She reduced the charges for family and civil cases, delayed the period before interest is charged on outstanding legal aid debt and dropped a proposal to make it harder to get legal aid for less serious crimes such as theft, assault or careless driving. [33] She did however retain fixed fees for criminal work and the rotation of the legal aid to lawyers in all but the most serious cases, which attracted criticism from some lawyers. [34]

After a two-year investigation the Law Commission produced a report for government with 153 recommendations to reform New Zealand's alcohol laws. While some legislative changes were passed in December 2012, the Opposition and health sector lobbyists said the evidence-based advice from the Commission was disregarded by Collins and her predecessor Simon Power with the result that the final legislation "was a pale imitation of the landmark Law Commission report it was based on." [35] Examples include Collins originally announcing a ban in May 2012 of ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages with 6 per cent alcohol or more from off-licenses. However, in the face of criticism from the liquor industry, she back-tracked on this ban, and three months later announced that the industry would develop its own voluntary code "to limit the harm to young people caused by RTDs". [36] The Commission also recommended a 50 per cent tax increase on alcohol (which was dismissed immediately by the Government) and an increase in the purchase age, which was also dismissed after a conscience vote in September 2012. [35] Collins herself voted to raise the purchase age. [37] Overall Collins said "the reforms struck a sensible balance by reducing the serious harm caused by alcohol without penalising people who drank responsibly." [35] The Labour Party and Professor Doug Sellman of Alcohol Action [38] stated that the changes were weak and would do little to reduce the harm caused by binge drinking. Sellman said: "It's called the Alcohol Reform Bill but it has no reforms in it". [39]

In December 2012, Collins revealed she had concerns about the robustness of a report authored by retired Canadian Supreme Court judge Ian Binnie, which recommended that David Bain should be paid compensation for the 13 years he spent in prison before being acquitted at retrial in 2009. [40] The report had been presented to Collins on 31 August 2012, but the dispute only became public after Binnie threatened to release the report on his own. [41] Collins had provided a copy of the report to the police and the Solicitor-General and ordered a peer review by former New Zealand High Court judge Robert Fisher, sending a "34-point list of issues attacking the case" along with her letter of instruction. [42] She did not provide a copy of Binnie's report to Bain's legal team. This fact, combined with the circumstances around the peer review by Fisher, led to accusations from Bain's team and from Justice Binnie that Collins was not following an "even handed process". [43] Collins subsequently released the reports publicly. [44] A month later, Mr Bain filed a claim in the High Court seeking a review of Collins' actions. The claim alleged Collins breached natural justice and the Bill of Rights Act in her treatment of him and that she "acted in bad faith, abused her power, and acted in a biased, unreasonable and predetermined manner". [45]

Minister for ACC

In August 2011, a significant privacy breach occurred at the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) following the accidental release of 6700 claimants' details to ACC claimant, Bronwyn Pullar. [46] Following the breach, Collins wanted a change in the culture at ACC to make "privacy and information security" the most important focus. As part of these changes the board chair, John Judge, did not have his tenure on the board renewed, [47] and the chief executive Ralph Stewart resigned the next day. [48] In May 2012, Collins sued Labour MPs Trevor Mallard and Andrew Little for defamation over comments they made on Radio New Zealand linking her to the leak of an e-mail from Michelle Boag about Pullar's case. [49] The case was settled after a High Court hearing in November 2012. [50]


In March 2014, Collins was accused of a conflict of interest after an overseas trip where she 'dropped in' and endorsed the milk produced by Oravida – a New Zealand company which exports to China – of which her husband is a director. After being admonished by the Prime Minister, Collins apologised and stated that she and a Chinese executive were 'very close personal friends'. [51] [52] [53] Over the following weeks the Labour Party continued asking who the Chinese official was. Collins did not provide his name, which House speaker David Carter described as "very unsatisfactory". [54] Prime Minister John Key stated publicly that Judith Collins was on her final warning over this incident. [55]

In August 2014 the book Dirty Politics , written by Nicky Hager, revealed that Collins was friends with right-wing blogger Cameron Slater and had passed on private information to him about Simon Pleasants, a public servant at Internal Affairs. Collins believed Pleasants had leaked information about Deputy Prime Minister Bill English misusing his housing allowance. Slater published Mr Pleasant's name and details on his blog as well as the abuse and death threats that were subsequently directed at Mr Pleasants. [56] A 3News-Reid Research poll taken at the time revealed that 63% of voters believed Prime Minister John Key should have stood Collins down over this incident. [57] Key said Collins had been 'unwise' and placed on her second final warning. [58]

New Zealand First leader Winston Peters claimed he was approached to do a post–2014 election deal with National with Collins as leader. Peters went on to say he would swear an affidavit that he had been approached. Collins denied this claim. On 29 August 2014 Key backed Collins up by stating "I accept Judith 100 per cent at her word." [59]

On 30 August 2014 Collins resigned her Cabinet positions following the leak of another e-mail written by Slater in 2011, which suggested she had also attempted to undermine another public servant, Adam Feeley. Feeley was Director of the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) and Collins was the Minister responsible for the SFO at the time. Collins says she resigned because she believed the attacks on her had become a distraction for the National Party leading up to the election. She called for an inquiry so she could clear her name. [60]

After the 2014 election, John Key left Collins off the "Roll of the Honourables" due to the ongoing inquiry into her role with Adam Feeley. This made her ineligible to use the title 'The Honourable'. [61] Collins expressed surprise about having found out about the decision through the media, [62] and Key admitted that his decision should have been explained to Collins. [63] On 25 November 2014 the Chisholm report was released, clearing Collins of the allegations into her dealings with former SFO director Adam Feeley, [64] so on 4 December 2014 Collins was granted the right to retain the title of 'The Honourable' for life. [65]

Collins was cleared of involvement in the Adam Feeley smear. [2] On 7 December 2015, Key announced Collins would return to Cabinet, to hold her former portfolios of Corrections and Police again. She was sworn in again on 14 December 2015.

2016 leadership campaign and aftermath

Collins in 2016 Judith Collins 3by2.png
Collins in 2016

John Key announced his resignation as leader of the National Party on 5 December 2016. The following day, Collins announced her intention to stand as his replacement, which would have elevated her to the prime ministership. [66] The other candidates were Bill English and Jonathan Coleman. On 8 December, both Collins and Coleman withdrew as candidates, allowing English to be elected unopposed. [67]

On 20 December 2016, she was officially sworn in as a minister with new portfolios in the new Bill English cabinet. She dropped in cabinet rank, but was made Minister of Revenue, Minister of Energy and Resources, and Minister for Ethnic Communities. The corrections and police portfolios were given to Louise Upston and Paula Bennett, respectively.

Opposition (2017–present)

2018 leadership campaign

Bill English announced his resignation as leader of the National Party on 13 February 2018. The following day, Collins became the first person to announce their intention to stand as his replacement; she was later joined by Amy Adams and Simon Bridges. She cited the need for "strong and decisive leadership". [68] Collins was endorsed by former National leader Don Brash, [69] and political commentators Duncan Garner, [70] Mike Hosking, [71] Cameron Slater, [72] and Chris Trotter. [73] Hosking later retracted his endorsement when Steven Joyce announced his candidacy. [74] Bridges went on to win the leadership role.

In late May 2018, Collins, in her capacity as Opposition Transport spokesperson, raised the matter that Transport Minister Phil Twyford had made an unauthorised phone call while his flight had taken off; a violation of national civil aviation laws. In response, Twyford offered to resign as Transport Minister. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern stripped Twyford of his civil aviation portfolio but retained him as Transport Minister. [75] [76] [77]

2020 leadership campaign

On 14 July 2020, Collins was elected as leader of the National Party following a leadership election held following the abrupt resignation of Todd Muller earlier that day. Gerry Brownlee was also elected as Deputy Leader of the National Party. [78] [79]

She became the second female leader of the National Party. [79]

Political views

Collins has been described as a conservative. [80] [81] She is seen to represent the right wing of her party, and in her previous roles as Minister of Police and Minister of Corrections, she has promoted law and order policies. [81] Collins has praised former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. [82] [80]

In 2003, Collins voted against the Death with Dignity Bill, a bill aiming to legalise euthanasia in New Zealand. [83]

Collins has a mixed record on LGBT issues. In 2004, she voted against the Civil Union Act 2004 and the Relationships (Statutory References) Act 2004, stating not because of any sort of homophobic views but because it created a parallel form of marriage. In Parliament she stated, "This Bill is a sop to gay couples, in which they are being told that they can have second best. That is not good enough." [84] She later voted for the Marriage (Gender Clarification) Amendment Bill 2005, which would have amended the Marriage Act to define marriage as only between a man and a woman. [85] In 2013, however, Collins voted for the Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Bill, a bill allowing same-sex couples to marry in New Zealand. [86]

In 2005, Collins voted for the Sale of Liquor (Youth Alcohol Harm Reduction) Act, a bill aimed at raising the drinking age to 20 years. [87] In 2012, in her role as Minister of Justice, she introduced the Alcohol Reform Bill, [88] a bill that introduced several restrictions on sale of alcohol including stricter opening hours for bars or liquor stores (but ultimately did not raise the drinking age). [89]

In 2009, Collins voted against the Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Amendment Bill, a bill aimed at amending the Misuse of Drugs Act to allow the use of cannabis for medical purposes. [90]

In 2011, Collins pledged to support abortion-law changes which would make it illegal to perform an abortion on someone under the age of 16 without parental notification. Collins had proposed adding this to the Care of Children Act in 2004. [91]

In 2020, Collins supported both the Abortion Law Reform, which decriminalised abortion, and the proposed End of Life Choice Bill that would legalise assisted dying. [84]

Related Research Articles

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Jenny Shipley 36th Prime Minister of New Zealand

Dame Jennifer Mary Shipley is a New Zealand former politician who served as the 36th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1997 to 1999. She was the first female prime minister of New Zealand, and the first woman to have led the National Party.

Bill English 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir Simon William English is a New Zealand former politician of the National Party who served as the 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 2016 to 2017. He was the Leader of the Opposition from 2001 to 2003 and 2017 to 2018.

Gerry Brownlee New Zealand politician

Gerard Anthony Brownlee is a New Zealand politician who has been Deputy Leader of the New Zealand National Party and Deputy Leader of the Opposition since 14 July 2020. A Christchurch native, Brownlee worked as a teacher before being elected to Parliament at the 1996 election. He first served as the National Party's deputy leader from 17 November 2003 to 27 November 2006. In the Fifth National Government, between 2008 and 2017, he served various ministerial appointments, including Leader of the House, Minister of Defence, Minister for Canterbury Earthquake Recovery and Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Anne Tolley New Zealand politician

Anne Merrilyn Tolley is a New Zealand politician and member of the New Zealand House of Representatives representing the National Party. She was New Zealand's first female Minister of Education from 2008 to 2011 and the first Minister for Children from 2016 to 2017. During the Fifth National Government, she was also Minister of Social Development, Minister of Corrections, Minister of Police, Minister of Local Government.

Paula Bennett New Zealand politician

Paula Lee Bennett is a New Zealand politician who served as the Deputy Leader of the National Party from 2016 to 2020 and is the current MP for Upper Harbour. She served as the Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand between December 2016 and October 2017.

Nikki Kaye New Zealand politician

Nicola Laura Kaye is a New Zealand politician who served as Deputy Leader of the New Zealand National Party and Deputy Leader of the Opposition from 22 May 2020 to 14 July 2020.

Iain Lees-Galloway New Zealand politician

Iain Francis Lees-Galloway, initially Iain Galloway, is a New Zealand politician. He represents the Palmerston North electorate in Parliament for the Labour Party. He was the Minister for Workplace Relations, Immigration, and ACC. He was dismissed by Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern from Cabinet on 22 July after an affair with a staffer over 12 months. He will not be standing for reelection in the 2020 election.

Melissa Lee New Zealand politician

Melissa Ji-Yun Lee is a New Zealand politician. She was elected to the House of Representatives as a list MP for the National Party in the 2008 election. As of 2018 she is the National Party's spokesperson for broadcasting, communications, digital media, and ethnic affairs.

Simon Bridges New Zealand politician

Simon Joseph Bridges is a New Zealand politician and lawyer. He served as Leader of the National Party and Leader of the Opposition between 2018 and 2020, and has been the Member of Parliament for Tauranga since the 2008 election.

Louise Claire Upston is a New Zealand politician of the National Party. She has represented the Taupō electorate in the House of Representatives since the 2008 election. In the Fifth National Government, led by Prime Minister Bill English, she was the Minister of Corrections.

Amy Adams (politician) New Zealand politician

Amy Juliet Adams is a member of the New Zealand Parliament representing the Selwyn electorate and a member of the National Party. When in Government, she has been the Minister of Justice, Minister for Communications, Associate Minister of Finance, Minister for Courts and Social Housing, and Minister Responsible for Housing New Zealand Corporation and Social Investment.

Maggie Barry New Zealand broadcaster and politician

Margaret Mary Barry, generally known as Maggie Barry, is a New Zealand politician and a member of the House of Representatives, first elected in the 2011 general election. She is a member of the National Party, and was the Minister for Conservation, Seniors Citizens, and Arts, Culture and Heritage in the Fifth National Government. Barry has had a long career in broadcasting, including gardening shows, and has a rose named after her.

Tracey Martin New Zealand politician

Tracey Anne Martin is a New Zealand politician and a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives. She is a member of the New Zealand First Party and served as Deputy Leader from 2013 to 2015. She is currently minister of Children, Seniors, Internal Affairs and associate minister of education.

Chris Bishop (politician) New Zealand politician

Christopher Bishop is a New Zealand politician and member of the New Zealand National Party who was first elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives in 2014 as a list MP before winning the Hutt South electorate in 2017. He currently serves as Shadow Leader of the House and as National spokesperson for Infrastructure and Transport.

<i>Dirty Politics</i> book by Nicky Hager

Dirty Politics: How attack politics is poisoning New Zealand’s political environment is a book by Nicky Hager published in August 2014.

2016 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The 2016 New Zealand National Party leadership election was held on 12 December 2016 to determine the next Leader of the National Party and the 39th Prime Minister of New Zealand. A secret exhaustive ballot of the 59-member National parliamentary caucus was to be used in the event of a contested leadership.

52nd New Zealand Parliament meeting of the New Zealand Parliament

The 52nd New Zealand Parliament is the current legislature that opened on 7 November 2017 following the 2017 general election. The New Zealand Parliament comprises the Sovereign and the House of Representatives, which consists of 120 members. This Parliament last sat on 6 August 2020 and will dissolve on 12 August.

2018 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The 2018 New Zealand National Party leadership election was held on 27 February 2018 to determine the 12th Leader of the National Party. On 13 February 2018, Bill English announced his resignation as leader of the National Party, effective on 27 February 2018. He left Parliament on 13 March 2018. On 20 February, Deputy Leader Paula Bennett announced that a concurrent deputy leadership election would take place, in which she would stand.

July 2020 New Zealand National Party leadership election Leadership election for New Zealand National Party

An election for the parliamentary leadership of the New Zealand National Party by its caucus was held on 14 July 2020, after incumbent Todd Muller resigned earlier that day citing health reasons. It resulted in Judith Collins becoming leader of the National Party and of the Opposition.


  1. "Hon Judith Collins MP for Papakura". National. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  2. 1 2 Hager, Nicky (14 July 2020). "Press advisory on Judith Collins and the book Dirty Politics | Scoop News". Scoop.co.nz . Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  3. 1 2 Judith Collins (30 August 2002). "Maiden speech" (Press release). Scoop. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
  4. 1 2 "Judith Collins". Matamata College. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  5. 1 2 Clifton, Jane (18–24 March 2006). "Leader of the pack". Listener. 202 (3436). Archived from the original on 23 March 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
  6. Orsman, Bernard (8 May 2002). "National purge sweeps into safe seat". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  7. 1 2 "Hon Judith Collins". New Zealand Parliament. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  8. Tunnah, Helen (11 May 2002). "National Party puts Kyd out in wilderness". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  9. Hager 2006, p. 145.
  10. 1 2 "Swing seats: Papakura new battleground". One News . 6 November 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  11. Chadwick, Steve. "Inquiry into the exposure of New Zealand defence personnel to Agent Orange and other defoliant chemicals during the Vietnam War and any health effects of that exposure, and transcripts of evidence: Report of the Health Committee" (PDF). House of Representatives . Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  12. "Joint Working Group on Concerns of Viet Nam Veterans". Department of Internal Affairs. Archived from the original on 12 February 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  13. "Official Count Results – Papakura". Wellington: Chief Electoral Office. 22 November 2008. Archived from the original on 4 May 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  14. Collins, Judith. "Hon Judith Collins – Biography". New Zealand National Party. Archived from the original on 27 December 2004. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  15. Cheng, Derek (21 December 2010). "Prisons boss ends six years' hard labour". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  16. Espiner, Colin (10 March 2009). "Head survives and dept in line to get more cash". The Dominion Post . Retrieved 26 December 2012.
  17. "Prisoner Employment". Department of Corrections. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012. The Department is developing a new strategy to boost the number of prisoners learning industry-based skills by a further 1,000 prisoners by 2011. Part of that strategy will involve engaging with private companies about meaningful work and training for prisoners.
  18. Department of Corrections 2009, p. 2.
  19. "Mt Eden/ACRP contract manager announced" (Press release). New Zealand government. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  20. "Minister opens new Mt Eden Corrections Facility" (Press release). New Zealand government. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  21. "Prisoner smoking ban set for 1 July 2011" (Press release). Department of Corrections. 28 June 2010. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  22. Dickison, Michael (28 June 2010). "Prison smoking ban to kick in next July". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  23. Koubaridis, Andrew (24 December 2012). "Prison smokes ban ruled unlawful". The New Zealand Herald.
  24. "Tobacco victory goes up in a puff of smoke". The New Zealand Herald. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  25. Houlahan, Mike (21 May 2009). "No halt to Taser roll-out". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  26. "Budget 2009: Judith Collins – $10 million to complete national taser roll out" (Press release). beehive.govt.nz. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  27. Cheng, Derek (7 April 2011). "Collins calls for police discretion in taser use". NZ Herald. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  28. Martin Kay, Andrea Vance (14 October 2010). "Easier gun access likely for police". The Press . Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  29. Kay, Martin (2 March 2009). "'Crusher Collins' vows to take no prisoners". The Dominion Post . Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  30. Trevett, Claire (27 October 2012). "Crusher Collins' eye on reform". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  31. Leask, Anna (12 October 2012). "Call to close three-strikes loophole". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  32. Department of Corrections 2001, p. 10.
  33. Davison, Isaac (9 October 2012). "Legal aid law changes watered down". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  34. 1 2 3 Davison, Isaac (12 December 2012). "Alcohol reforms 'watered down'". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  35. Hartevelt, John (23 August 2012). "6% alcohol limit for RTDs dumped". The Press . Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  36. Newstalk ZB staff (30 August 2012). "Drinking age: How MPs voted". Newstalk ZB. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  37. "Alcohol Action NZ | We need more than just tinkering". Alcoholaction.co.nz. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  38. Television New Zealand staff (12 December 2012). "'Hollow' Alcohol Reform Bill criticised by opponents". One News . Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  39. NZN (11 December 2012). "Bain report lacking – Collins". 3 News . Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  40. "Bain case: How compensation claim unravelled". The New Zealand Herald. 27 June 2013.
  41. "Collins sent 34 'concerns' to reviewer of Bain case". The New Zealand Herald . 29 June 2013.
  42. APNZ (12 December 2012). "Binnie hits back at Bain report critics". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  43. Department of Justice. "Release of Bain reports" . Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  44. Quilliam, Rebecca (30 January 2013). "Bain takes High Court action against Collins". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  45. "Who is Bronwyn Pullar?". 3 News . 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  46. Vance, Andrea (12 June 2012). "ACC Board chair John Judge goes". The Dominion Post . Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  47. Hartevelt, John (13 June 2012). "ACC boss resigns amid political pressure". The Dominion Post . Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  48. "Mallard served papers by faux-constituent". 3 News . 28 May 2012. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  49. Bennett, Adam (14 November 2012). "Judith Collins defamation case settled". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  50. Adams, Christopher (14 March 2014). "Collins dinner great for Oravida". The New Zealand Herald .
  51. Bennett, Adam (13 March 2014). "Two strikes and Collins will be out". The New Zealand Herald .
  52. Claire Trevett; Adam Bennett; Isaac Davison. "Collins handled situation 'very poorly' – PM". The New Zealand Herald .
  53. Collins' defiance over Oravida upsets Speaker, NZ Herald, 11 April 2014
  54. Judith Collins comes clean about dinner. Stuff.co.nz. 12 March 2014.
  55. "Key, English distance themselves from Collins". Radio New Zealand. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  56. 3News-Reid Research poll sees big post-Hager bounce for Conservatives. The National Business Review. 27 August 2014.
  57. PM's 'last chance' for Collins over blog link. The New Zealand Herald. 20 August 2014.
  58. Gulliver, Aimee (29 August 2015). "Peters, Key squabble over Collins 'coup attempt'". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  59. Cheng, Derek (30 August 2014). "Judith Collins resigns". The New Zealand Herald.
  60. Adam Bennett; Claire Trevett (14 October 2014). "Judith Collins loses 'Honourable' title". The New Zealand Herald.
  61. Bennett, Adam; Trevett, Claire (14 October 2014). "Judith Collins loses 'Honourable' title" . Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  62. "John Key: We should have explained Honourable decision to Judith Collins". One News . 15 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  63. Stacy Kirk; James Ireland (25 November 2014). "Judith Collins cleared of involvement in SFO smear campaign". Stuff.co.nz.
  64. "Retention of the Title ‘The Honourable’" (4 December 2014) 127 New Zealand Gazette 1 at 65..
  65. "Judith Collins announces tilt at PM role". The New Zealand Herald . 6 December 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  66. "Bill English will be next Prime Minister, Judith Collins, Jonathan Coleman stand aside". New Zealand Herald. 8 December 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  67. "Judith Collins, Simon Bridges, Amy Adams gunning for leader". Newshub . 14 February 2018. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  68. Tibshraeny, Jenée (14 February 2018). "Don Brash on why Judith Collins is best placed to take on Jacinda Ardern; Michelle Boag on how the party's leadership change will be 'tidy'; and David Farrar on how National's new leader will create its brand". interest.co.nz.
  69. "Duncan Garner: National, want the nuclear option? Pick Judith 'Crusher' Collins". Stuff.co.nz . Fairfax Media Limited. 17 February 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  70. Hosking, Mike (14 February 2018). "Why Judith Collins should be National's next leader". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  71. Slater, Cameron (15 February 2018). "Crushin' it". Whale Oil. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  72. "Judith Collins heir to National Party throne - Chris Trotter, Trish Sherson". Newshub . MediaWorks New Zealand. 14 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  73. Hosking, Mike (20 February 2018). "No contest - Steven Joyce should be National's next leader". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  74. Satherley, Dan (25 May 2018). "Judith Collins' role in bringing down Phil Twyford". Newshub . Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  75. Watkins, Tracy; Moir, Jo (24 May 2018). "Minister Phil Twyford apologises for Civil Aviation breach". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  76. Bennett, Lucy (24 May 2018). "Grounded: Phil Twyford offers to resign, stripped of role after phone call on plane". New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  77. Whyte, Anna (14 July 2020). "Judith Collins new National Party leader, Gerry Brownlee deputy". 1 News . Archived from the original on 14 July 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  78. 1 2 Walls, Jason (14 July 2020). "Judith Collins is new National Party leader, Gerry Brownlee her deputy". New Zealand Herald . Archived from the original on 14 July 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  79. 1 2 Graham-McLay, Charlotte (14 July 2020). "Judith Collins named New Zealand National party's new leader". The Guardian . Retrieved 21 July 2020. Judith Collins – a combative, tough-talking conservative lawmaker who styled herself after Margaret Thatcher
  80. 1 2 "Who is the woman who will take on Jacinda Ardern with two months' notice?". ABC News. 15 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  81. Sowman-Lund, Stewart (14 July 2020). "Here comes Judith: What does Collins' book tell us about her leadership pitch?". The Spinoff . Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  82. "Death With Dignity Bill - New Zealand Parliamentary Conscience Votes Database". Votes.wotfun.com. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  83. 1 2 Palmer, Scott (15 July 2020). "Where Judith Collins stands on cannabis, same-sex marriage, abortion and euthanasia". newshub.co.nz. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  84. "Marriage (Gender Clarification) Amendment Bill - New Zealand Parliamentary Conscience Votes Database". Votes.wotfun.com. 7 December 2005. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  85. "Justice Minister now pro gay equality, marriage". GayNZ. 20 August 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  86. "Sale of Liquor (Youth Alcohol Harm Reduction) Act - New Zealand Parliamentary Conscience Votes Database". Votes.wotfun.com. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  87. "Alcohol Reform Bill". www.parliament.nz. New Zealand Parliament. 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  88. Davison, Isaac (11 December 2012). "Major alcohol reforms pass into law". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  89. "Misuse of Drugs (Medicinal Cannabis) Amendment Bill — First Reading". Hansard. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand House of Representatives. 655: 4850. 1 July 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  90. "Judith Collins backs action on secret teen abortions". Stuff.co.nz. 22 May 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
New Zealand Parliament
Title last held by
Warren Kyd
Member of Parliament
for Clevedon

Constituency abolished
Title last held by
John Robertson
Member of Parliament
for Papakura

Political offices
Preceded by
Annette King
Minister of Police
Succeeded by
Anne Tolley
Preceded by
Phil Goff
Minister of Corrections
Succeeded by
Anne Tolley
Preceded by
Rick Barker
Minister of Veterans' Affairs
Succeeded by
Nathan Guy
Preceded by
Simon Power
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Amy Adams
Preceded by
Nick Smith
Minister for ACC
Succeeded by
Nikki Kaye
Preceded by
Hekia Parata
Minister of Ethnic Affairs
Succeeded by
Sam Lotu-Iiga
Preceded by
Michael Woodhouse
Minister of Police
Succeeded by
Paula Bennett
Preceded by
Sam Lotu-Iiga
Minister of Corrections
Succeeded by
Louise Upston
Preceded by
Todd Muller
Leader of the Opposition
Party political offices
Preceded by
Todd Muller
Leader of the National party