New Zealand National Front

Last updated

New Zealand National Front
Leader Colin King-Ansell
Founded1968
Ideology Ultranationalism
White nationalism
Anti-immigration
Political position Far-right
ColorsBlack, red, white and blue
Website
http://www.nationalfront.org.nz/

The New Zealand National Front is a small white nationalist political party in New Zealand.

Contents

History

NZ National Front members at a protest in 2007, with a policeman watching nearby. NZ NF counter-protest.jpg
NZ National Front members at a protest in 2007, with a policeman watching nearby.

First formation

Mirroring developments in the UK, a group called the National Front evolved from the New Zealand branch of the League of Empire Loyalists in 1967. [1] It was led by Brian Thompson; another notable member was Roger Clare who would later become an activist with the League of St George. [2] It published a magazine called Counter-attack. The group dissolved by the beginning of the 1970s. Thompson remained an overseas supporter of the UK National Front.

The League of Empire Loyalists (LEL) was a British pressure group, established in 1954. Its ostensible purpose was to stop the dissolution of the British Empire. The League was a small group of current or former members of the Conservative Party led by Arthur K. Chesterton, a former leading figure in the BUF, who had served under Sir Oswald Mosley. The League found support from some Conservative Party members, although it was disliked very much by the leadership.

Official organisation

The National Front of New Zealand, commonly known as the "New Zealand National Front" (NZNF), was an initiative of John Tyndall of the British National Front formed in 1977; sister organisations were also formed in Australia and South Africa at the same time.

John Tyndall (politician) English politician, prominent figure in British nationalism in the second-half of the twentieth century

John Hutchyns Tyndall was a British fascist political activist. A leading member of various small neo-Nazi groups during the late 1950s and 1960s, he was chairman of the National Front from 1972 to 1974 and again from 1975 to 1980, and then chairman of the British National Party from 1982 to 1999. He unsuccessfully stood for election to the House of Commons and European Parliament on several occasions.

The party's first chairman was David Crawford aided by Brian Thompson. Kerry Bolton joined in 1978. It distributed "large numbers of Holocaust denial pamphlets and books". [3] Thompson represented the party at the march in Lewisham in 1977. [4] The party encouraged its activists to infiltrate mainstream parties such as the National Party. [5] The organisation became moribund during the early 1980s; many of its members left to form the 'New Force' which Bolton formed in 1981.

Kerry Raymond Bolton is a writer and political activist.. He is involved in several nationalist and fascist political groups in New Zealand.

Holocaust denial Denial of the genocide of Jews in World War II

Holocaust denial is the act of denying the genocide of Jews in the Holocaust during World War II. Holocaust deniers make one or more of the following false statements:

The Battle of Lewisham took place on 13 August 1977, when 500 members of the far-right National Front (NF) attempted to march from New Cross to Lewisham in southeast London and various counter-demonstrations by approximately 4,000 people led to violent clashes between the two groups and between the anti-NF demonstrators and police. 5,000 police officers were present and 56 officers were injured, 11 of whom were hospitalised. 214 people were arrested. Later disturbances in Lewisham town centre saw the first use of police riot shields on the UK mainland.

From June 1978 the party jointly published a magazine called Frontline with the National Front of Australia. After the demise of the party, the magazine continued to March 1987 in support of a more general non-party "nationalist cause".

The National Front of Australia (NFA) was an Australia nationalist and anti-immigrant organisation that existed from 1977 to 1984. It was an initiative of John Tyndall of the British National Front but received no funding from the British NF.

Current party

In 1989 Anton Foljambe sought to revive the Frontline title for his "Conservative Front" grouping. This led to the reformation of the NZNF with Foljambe as leader. It published a magazine, edited by Foljambe, called Viewpoint. Foljambe resigned as leader in 1997 and established the rival National Democrats Party in 1999. Kyle Chapman then led the party until resigning as leader in 2005. Bolton rejoined the party in 2004. Since 2008 the party has been led by Colin Ansell. Ansell stated that the party was to be a "broad spectrum nationalist movement" with a "strong view on immigration". [6]

The National Democrats Party (NDP) was a small right-wing political party in New Zealand, formed in 1999 by Anton Foljambe.

Kyle Chapman is a New Zealand political activist, the former national director of the New Zealand National Front (NZNF), a white nationalist political party. He has stood unsuccessfully three times for the Christchurch mayoralty, first for the National Front and then for the National Democrats Party.

Colin King-Ansell is a prominent figure in far-right politics in New Zealand. He has been described as "New Zealand’s most notorious Nazi cheerleader and Holocaust denier".

In June 2008, the party joined forces with the National Democrats and another international organisation, the 'New Right', to jointly contest the 2008 elections as the Nationalist Alliance. [7] In October 2017, a rally of National Front members protesting outside Parliament was disrupted by a counter-protest which had to be broken up by police. [8]

Leaders

Shown by default in chronological order of leadership
YearNamePeriodTime in office
1968Kay Hopper1968–19779 years
1977David Crawford1977–198912 years
1989Anton Foljambe1989–19978 years
1997 Kyle Chapman 1997–20058 years
2008 Colin Ansell 2008 – presentincumbent

Support

The National Front has received a small amount of public support. 1.9% or 1,665 people (1.9% of the total) voted for Kyle Chapman in the 2004 Christchurch mayoral election. He placed fifth out of ten candidates.

Activities

On 23 October 2004, the National Front held a protest in Wellington to support retaining the current New Zealand flag, which was attended by an estimated 45 people. [9] An 800-strong counter-demonstration was organised by the MultiCultural Aotearoa coalition and anarchists to expose the sympathies of the National Front. [10] According to The New Zealand Herald , Chapman complained the following day of "insufficient police protection". [11] This "Flag Day Rally" has now become an annual event, with NF members and protesters squaring off outside parliament.

Policies

According to Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand , the discernible policies of the National Front are "homophobia, racism and patriotic nationalism." [12]

See also

Related Research Articles

The British League of Rights is an offshoot of the Australian League of Rights founded in 1971. It has been claimed to be an "anti-semitic and white supremacist" political group. The British League opposed the entry of the UK into the European Economic Community.

Christian politics in New Zealand

This article discusses Christian politics in New Zealand.

The Australian League of Rights is a far-right political organisation in Australia. It was founded by Eric Butler in South Australia in 1946, and organised nationally in 1960, with principles based on the economic theory of Social Credit expounded by C. H. Douglas. The league describes itself as upholding the virtues of freedom, with stated values of "loyalty to God, Queen and Country".

Fascism in New Zealand has never gained much support, but the organised advocacy of fascist, neo-Nazi, white supremacist, and anti-Semitic views has often been present in New Zealand to a limited extent.

The New Zealand Patriot Party was a small far-right political party in New Zealand. It was founded by Sid Wilson, formerly the secretary and Auckland regional leader of the New Zealand National Front. Wilson failed to convince any other NZNF officials to join him, and Wilson subsequently returned to the National Front.


The National Socialist Party of New Zealand, sometimes called the New Zealand Nazi Party, was a far-right political party in New Zealand. It promulgated the same basic views as Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party in Germany, and had a particular focus on Arabs, Jews and the banking sector.

Far-right politics in the United Kingdom have existed since at least the 1930s, with the formation of Nazi, fascist and anti-semitic movements. It went on to acquire more explicitly racial connotations, being dominated in the 1960s and 1970s by self-proclaimed white nationalist organisations that oppose non-white and Muslim immigration, such as the National Front (NF), the British Movement (BM) and British National Party (BNP), or the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Since the 1980s, the term has mainly been used to describe those who express the wish to preserve what they perceive to be British culture, and those who campaign against the presence of non-indigenous ethnic minorities and what they perceive to be an excessive number of asylum seekers.

Coalition of Concerned Citizens

The Coalition of Concerned Citizens was a New Zealand Christian conservative pressure group, and one of several attempts to form pro-censorship, anti-abortion, anti-gay and sex education opponents into a comprehensive social conservative political coalition. Its founders included Keith Hay, Peter Tait, Barry Reed, and Bill Subritzky.

Arthur Nelson Field was a New Zealand journalist, writer and political activist.

John Dalhoff, a.k.a. John Ultimate was the founder of the organisation 'Zenith Applied Philosophy' (ZAP) based in Christchurch, New Zealand.

The Hapu Party was a Māori political party in New Zealand formed in August 2008. The party's leader was Northland iwi leader David Rankin.

The Canadian League of Rights (CLR) was the Canadian offshoot of Eric Butler's Australian League of Rights. Following speaking tours of Canada in the mid-1960s, Eric Butler sought to establish of a local version of his organisation. The CLR was formed in 1968.

The New Zealand League of Rights was the New Zealand offshoot of Eric Butler's Australian League of Rights.

The Right Wing Resistance, a right wing group described as neo-nazi, was founded by Kyle Chapman in Christchurch with a group of white nationalists. Its introduction to the New Zealand public was its Christchurch Street Patrols in October 2009, which appeared to target Polynesian youths.

Patriot of Ukraine

The Patriot of Ukraine was a Ukrainian extreme nationalist organization, defunct since December 2014. The group was described as having racist and neo-Nazi political beliefs. It constituted a paramilitary wing of the Social-National Assembly of Ukraine (S.N.A.), an assemblage of neo-Nazi organizations and groups founded in 2008 that share the social-national ideology and agree upon building a social-national state in Ukraine. Both the "Patriot of Ukraine" and the S.N.A. engaged in political violence against minorities and their political opponents. The leader of the "Patriot of Ukraine" and of the Social-National Assembly is Andriy Biletsky. In interview to LB.ua on 10 December 2014 Biletsky announced that the Patriot of Ukraine as political organization suspended its activities due to the war situation in the country and dissolved primarily within the Azov Battalion.

The United Patriots Front (UPF) is a far-right extremist group whose membership is composed of neo-Nazis and fundamentalist Christians. Based in the state of Victoria, UPF is a nationalist anti-Islam organisation that opposes immigration, multiculturalism and Islam by street protests. It is a splinter group from the anti-Islamic Reclaim Australia group, formed after a dispute between Shermon Burgess and Reclaim Australia organisers. The group has been described by a number of media outlets and journalists as a hate group, and has claimed solidarity with Golden Dawn, a Greek Metaxist, fascist party.

Samantha Ratnam Australian politician

Samantha Shantini Ratnam is an Australian social worker, politician and the current leader of the Victorian Greens. Since October 2017 Ratnam has been a member of the Victorian Legislative Council, representing the Northern Metropolitan Region. Prior to this she was a councillor and former mayor for the City of Moreland.

References

  1. Spoonley, Paul The Politics of Nostalgia: racism and the extreme right in New Zealand The Dunmore Press (1987) p157
  2. Spoonley, Paul The Politics of Nostalgia: racism and the extreme right in New Zealand The Dunmore Press (1987) pp157-158
  3. Joel Stuart Hayward Holocaust Revisionism in New Zealand: The ‘Thinking-man’s Anti-Semitism? Without Prejudice, No 4 December 1991, pp.38–49
  4. Spoonley, Paul The Politics of Nostalgia: racism and the extreme right in New Zealand The Dunmore Press (1987) p176
  5. Spoonley, Paul The Politics of Nostalgia: racism and the extreme right in New Zealand The Dunmore Press (1987) p160
  6. Neems, Jeff (6 May 2009). "Former leader's move may irk National Front". Waikato Times . Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  7. "New Projects". Kyle Chapman blog. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 6 July 2008.[ dead link ]
  8. Nightingale, Melissa (28 October 2017). "Clashes outside parliament as protesters face National Front". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  9. "Two groups poles apart to rally at Parliament". The New Zealand Herald . NZPA. 23 October 2004. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  10. "Three arrests, police officer hurt after National Front march". The New Zealand Herald . NZPA. 23 October 2004. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  11. "Hate speech laws could ban us, says National Front leader". The New Zealand Herald . Newstalk ZB. 24 October 2004. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  12. "National Front – Gangs – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". Teara.govt.nz. 2015-01-21. Retrieved 2017-03-29.