John Ormond (farmer)

Last updated

Sir John Davies Wilder Ormond BEM (8 September 1905 – 8 March 1995) was a New Zealand businessman and farmer.

The British Empire Medal is a British medal awarded for meritorious civil or military service worthy of recognition by the Crown. The current honour was created in 1922 to replace the original medal, which had been established in 1917 as part of the Order of the British Empire.

Contents

Early life and family

Born at Waipukurau, New Zealand, Ormond was the son of John Davies Ormond Jr and Emilie Mary Gladys Wilder. He was educated at Christ's College, New Zealand. His sports were tennis and rugby. He married Judith Wall on 26 August 1939. [1] They had four sons and one daughter.

Waipukurau Minor urban area in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand

Waipukurau is the largest town in the Central Hawke's Bay District on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It is located on the banks of the Tukituki River, 7 kilometres south of Waipawa and 50 kilometres southwest of Hastings.

Christs College, Christchurch independent, Anglican, secondary, day and boarding school for boys, located in the central city of Christchurch, New Zealand

Christ's College, Christchurch is an independent, Anglican, secondary, day and boarding school for boys, located in the city centre of Christchurch, New Zealand.

Through his mother, he was the fourth great-grandson of Beaufoy Boyle, great-granddaughter of Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery and Lady Margaret Howard. This connection made him a descendent of many notable figures including his thirteenth great-grandparents Elizabeth Tilney and Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk. He was the grandson of John Davies Ormond and brother-in-law of the politician Sir Hugh John Dyke Acland. His great uncle was Edward John Eyre, former governor of Jamaica. His cousin is the headmistress, Ormond Felicity Lusk.

Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, styled Lord Broghill from 1628 to 1660, was an Anglo-Irish soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England at various times between 1654 and 1679. Boyle fought in the Irish Confederate Wars and subsequently became known for his antagonism towards Irish Catholics and their political aspirations. He was also a noted playwright and writer on 17th century warfare.

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk British noble

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, styled Earl of Surrey from 1483 to 1485 and again from 1489 to 1514, was an English nobleman and politician. He was the eldest son of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, by his first wife, Catharina de Moleyns. The Duke was the grandfather of both Queen Anne Boleyn and Queen Catherine Howard and the great grandfather of Queen Elizabeth I. He served four monarchs as a soldier and statesman.

John Davies Ormond New Zealand politician

John Davies Ormond was a New Zealand politician whose positions included Superintendent of Hawke's Bay Province, Minister of Public Works and member of the New Zealand Legislative Council.

Political career

He started out with a large sheep and cattle run. Later he was elected to the Waipukurau Branch of the New Zealand Farmers' Union (1927–1930).

Sheep station type of ranch in Australia or New Zealand

A sheep station is a large property in Australia or New Zealand whose main activity is the raising of sheep for their wool and meat. In Australia, sheep stations are usually in the south-east or south-west of the country. In New Zealand the Merinos are usually in the high country of the South Island. These properties may be thousands of square kilometres in size and run low stocking rates to be able to sustainably provide enough feed and water for the stock.

During the 1930s he "...was a leading proponent of the New Zealand Legion..." [2] a radical, right-wing party, but when this proved ineffective he stood in the 1935 election, in the Waipawa electorate as an Independent Reformer. He split the right vote, taking support from the official United/Reform Coalition candidate, Albert Jull. The Democrats also had a candidate, which further contributed to vote splitting on the right, and the electorate went to the Labour candidate, Hubert Christie. [3] [4]

The New Zealand Legion was a political organisation founded in New Zealand during the Great Depression. Its ideology was a mixture of nationalism, individualism, and social conservatism. It is sometimes considered to be a fascist group, although the group itself did not see itself in this light.

1935 New Zealand general election

The 1935 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 25th term. It resulted in the Labour Party's first electoral victory, with Michael Joseph Savage becoming the first Labour Prime Minister. The governing coalition, consisting of the United Party and the Reform Party, suffered a major defeat, attributed by many to their handling of the Great Depression. The year after the election, United and Reform took their coalition further, merging to form the modern National Party.

Waipawa was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1946.

In the 1938 election, he contested the Napier electorate for the National Party, but was beaten by the incumbent, Labour's Bill Barnard. [5]

1938 New Zealand general election

The 1938 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 26th term. It resulted in the governing Labour Party being re-elected, although the newly founded National Party gained a certain amount of ground.

Napier (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Napier is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It is named after the city of Napier, the main urban area within the electorate. The electorate was established for the 1861 election and has existed since. Since the 2014 general election, Napier has been held by Stuart Nash of the New Zealand Labour Party. Previously, it had been held by Chris Tremain of the New Zealand National Party, who stood down prior to the 2014 election.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

In 1935, he was awarded the King George V Silver Jubilee Medal. [6]

Wartime service

During World War II, he served in Greece, and received the British Empire Medal for diving off a troopship attempting to rescue a drowning man. Wounded in action he was invalided back to New Zealand, where he served as instructor and rose to the rank of army captain. [1]

Postwar career

After the war, he saw the need for New Zealand to ship products abroad. He was the longtime chairman of the New Zealand Meat Producers Board, beginning in 1951. Later in life he organised the Shipping Corporation of New Zealand. He was its chairman until September 1979. [1]

In his later life he retired to his cattle and sheep run. On 2 July 1964 he was knighted for his services to New Zealand and the Commonwealth. [7] The Sir John Ormond Fellowship is named in his honour. [ citation needed ]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Bremer, Robert James. "Ormond, John Davies Wilder". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 9 January 2010.
  2. Hall, David. "Producer Control in the New Zealand Meat Industry in the 1940s/1950s". ojs.victoria.ac.nz. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  3. "Election Results". The Evening Post . CXX (137). 6 December 1935. p. 10. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  4. "Three for Waipawa". The Evening Post . CXX (40). 15 August 1935. p. 10. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  5. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. p. 3. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  6. "Official jubilee medals". The Evening Post . CXIX (105). 6 May 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  7. "No. 43383". The London Gazette . 17 July 1964. p. 1.

Related Research Articles

Frank Langstone New Zealand politician

Frank Langstone was a New Zealand Member of Parliament, Cabinet Minister and High Commissioner to Canada.

John Andrew MacPherson New Zealand politician

John Andrew MacPherson was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party and the United Party.

George Hunter (politician, born 1859) New Zealand politician (1859–1930)

Sir George Hunter was a New Zealand politician of the Reform Party. Born in Wellington, he took over his father's large landholding in the Hawke's Bay at age 18. He was a breeder of sheep and race horses, with his horse Cynisca winning the Wellington Cup three times in a row. Hunter was prominent in local politics, and represented the Waipawa electorate in the House of Representatives for a total of 22 years.

John Cobbe New Zealand politician

John George Cobbe was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party, United Party and the National Party.

Philip De La Perrelle New Zealand politician

Philip Aldborough De La Perrelle was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party and the United Party.

Ōtaki (New Zealand electorate)

Ōtaki is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, spanning part of the coast of the lower North Island. The bulk of its population comes from the Horowhenua District, but it also takes in part of the northern Kapiti Coast, including the towns of Otaki and Waikanae, and part of Paraparaumu. The current MP for Ōtaki is Nathan Guy of the National Party. He has held this position since 2008 election.

George Robert Sykes was a New Zealand Member of Parliament for the Masterton electorate in the North Island.

Jack Acland New Zealand politician

Sir Hugh John Dyke Acland, generally known as Jack Acland, was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.

Thomas Forsyth was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

John Edie was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in the Otago region of New Zealand. He was a surveyor and an engineer, and also spent time as a farmer. He was Mayor of Lawrence.

David Jones (New Zealand politician) Reform Party Member of Parliament in the Canterbury Region of New Zealand

David Jones was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in the Canterbury region of New Zealand. In September 1931, he was appointed Minister of Agriculture and Minister of Mines in the United/Reform Coalition Government, but he was unexpectedly defeated in the December 1931 general election. He was a farmer and involved with many farming organisations, and was instrumental in forming the New Zealand Farmers Union, which eventually developed into Federated Farmers. Outside parliament, he was best known for his involvement with the New Zealand Meat Producers Board, of which he was the inaugural chairman, and which he chaired for more than a decade.

John Allum Businessman and engineer

Sir John Andrew Charles Allum was a New Zealand businessman and engineer, and was Mayor of Auckland City from 1941 to 1952.

James Donald (politician) New Zealand politician

Sir James Bell Donald was a United Party Member of Parliament and Cabinet Minister in Auckland, New Zealand.

Hugh McLean Campbell, sometimes known as HM Campbell, was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

1935 Lyttelton by-election New Zealand by-election

The 1935 Lyttelton by-election was a by-election held on 24 July 1935 during the 24th New Zealand Parliament in the Lyttelton electorate. The electorate was won by Terry McCombs of the New Zealand Labour Party, succeeding his mother.

1935 Christchurch mayoral election

The Christchurch City mayoral election, 1935 was held on 8 May 1935. The incumbent, Dan Sullivan of the Labour Party narrowly beat the conservative candidate, Hugh Acland, a surgeon and World War I veteran. The election attracted nationwide attention, as Christchurch was a Labour-stronghold and due to Acland's widespread popularity, it was regarded as a test whether Labour could potentially win the November 1935 general election.

References