Napier is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It is named after the city of Napier, the main urban area within the electorate. The electorate was established for the 1861 election and has existed since. Since the 2014 general election, Napier has been held by Stuart Nash of the New Zealand Labour Party. Previously, it had been held by Chris Tremain of the New Zealand National Party, who stood down prior to the 2014 election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Napier is a New Zealand city with a seaport, located in Hawke's Bay on the eastern coast of the North Island. The population of Napier is about 63,900 as of the June 2018. About 18 kilometres (11 mi) south of Napier is the inland city of Hastings. These two neighbouring cities are often called "The Bay Cities" or "The Twin Cities" of New Zealand. The total population of the Napier-Hastings Urban Area is 134,500 people, which makes it the sixth-largest urban area in New Zealand, closely followed by Dunedin (122,000), and trailing Tauranga (141,600).
The electorate includes the following population centres:
The electorate was created in 1861, and preceded by the Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay electorate from 1853 to 1860 and then briefly the County of Hawke electorate in 1860. It was a two-member electorate from 1876 to 1881.
Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay is a former parliamentary electorate in the Wellington region of New Zealand, from 1853 to 1859, when it was extended into previously unincorporated territories, split in two and replaced by County of Hawke with its southern portion being the newly created Wairarapa electorate. It is the first general electorate to have been abolished in New Zealand.
County of Hawke was a 19th-century parliamentary electorate in what is now the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand in the 2nd New Zealand Parliament in 1860.
The first representative was Henry Powning Stark, who won the election on 19 February 1861.
Henry Powning Stark (1827–1870) was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Hawke's Bay, New Zealand.
There were speculations that Douglas Maclean would be the conservative candidate in the Napier electorate in the 1890 election upon his return from England instead of George Henry Swan, but this was not correct.Swan contested the election and was successful against the Liberal Party candidate Michael Gannon. In the 1893 election, Swan was challenged by the Liberal Party candidate Samuel Carnell, with the latter being successful against the incumbent. In the 1896 election, Carnell in turn was challenged by the conservative candidate Douglas Maclean, with Maclean achieving a large majority against the incumbent.
Sir Robert Donald Douglas Maclean, generally known as Douglas Maclean but earlier spelled McLean like his father, was one of the largest land holders in the Hawke's Bay region of New Zealand. He was regarded as the country's most successful breeder of shorthorn cattle and Welsh Ponies. He had inherited his station from his father, Donald McLean, who was one of the most influential figures in Māori-Pākehā relations in the mid-1800s. For one term, Douglas Maclean represented the Napier electorate as an independent Conservative member of parliament. After his death, his station was broken up and the land is now covered by 60 farms. The woolshed of his station still exists. It is registered as a Category I heritage structure by Heritage New Zealand.
The New Zealand general election of 1890 was one of New Zealand's most significant. It marked the beginning of party politics in New Zealand with the formation of the Liberal Government, which was to enact major welfare, labour and electoral reforms, including giving the vote to women.
George Henry Swan was a 19th-century businessman and Member of Parliament in Hawke's Bay, New Zealand.
In the 1931 election, the incumbent, Bill Barnard of the Labour Party, was challenged by John Butler of the Reform Party as the official candidate of the United/Reform Coalition, and United Party member Vigor Brown as an Independent. Brown, at the time Mayor of Napier and previously MP for Napier for many years, withdrew just before the election, but too late for his name to be excluded from the ballot papers.The election was won by Barnard.
The 1931 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 24th term. It resulted in the newly formed coalition between the United Party and the Reform Party remaining in office as the United-Reform coalition Government, although the opposition Labour Party made some minor gains despite tallying more votes than any other single party.
William Edward Barnard was a New Zealand lawyer, politician and parliamentary speaker. He was a member of Parliament from 1928 until 1943, and was its Speaker from 1936 till 1943. He was known for his association with John A. Lee, a prominent left-wing politician.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Labour's Russell Fairbrother was first elected in the electorate in the 2002 election, replacing long-standing MP Geoff Braybrooke. In the 2005 election, Chris Tremain defeated Fairbrother, winning the electorate for the National Party for the first time since the 1951 election.In the 2008 election, Tremain retained the electorate with an increased majority over Fairbrother. In the 2011 election, Tremain beat Labour's Stuart Nash.
Elwin "Russell" Fairbrother is a lawyer and former New Zealand politician. He was a Labour Party Member of Parliament from 2002 to 2008.
The 2002 New Zealand general election was held on 27 July 2002 to determine the composition of the 47th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the reelection of Helen Clark's Labour Party government, as well as the worst-ever performance by the opposition National Party.
Geoffrey Bernard Braybrooke, was a New Zealand politician. He was an MP from 1981 to 2002, representing the Labour Party. He was one of the party's more conservative MPs.
Tremain announced in September 2013 that he would not contest the 2014 election.Wayne Walford succeeded Tremain as National's candidate for the seat, Stuart Nash contested the electorate for the Labour Party for the second time, and Garth McVicar stood for the Conservative Party. McVicar had a high-profile due to his previous involvement with the Sensible Sentencing Trust lobby group. In July 2014, Walford was referred to Police by the Electoral Commission for breaching the Electoral Act by failing to display an authorisation statement on his campaign vehicle.
Nash had a majority of 3,850 votes over Walford.McVicar's 7,603 votes split the traditional National Party votes (24.8% of electors who gave their party vote to National gave their electorate vote to McVicar, a total of 4,465 votes), which helped Nash win the election.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.
Independent Conservative Liberal Labour Reform Democratic Labour National ACT
|1861 election||Henry Powning Stark|
|1861 by-election||William Colenso|
|1866 election||Donald McLean|
|1875 election||Donald McLean||William Russell|
|1877 by-election||Fred Sutton|
|1881 election||John Buchanan|
|1884 election||John Davies Ormond|
|1890 election||George Henry Swan|
|1893 election||Samuel Carnell|
|1896 election||Douglas Maclean|
|1899 election||Alfred Fraser|
|1908 election||Vigor Brown|
|1922 election||Lewis McIlvride|
|1925 election||John Mason|
|1928 election||Bill Barnard|
|1943 election||Tommy Armstrong|
|1951 election||Peter Tait|
|1954 election||Jim Edwards|
|1966 election||Gordon Christie|
|1981 election||Geoff Braybrooke|
|2002 election||Russell Fairbrother|
|2005 election||Chris Tremain|
|2014 election||Stuart Nash|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Napier electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1999 election||Anne Tolley|
|2002 election||Donna Awatere Huata|
|2005 election||Russell Fairbrother|
|2017 general election: Napier|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||38,130||38,804|
|2014 general election: Napier|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||36,175||36,605|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||3,850||10.64||+21.76|
|2011 general election: Napier|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Green||Paul Edward Bailey||1,334||4.01||-1.13||3,327||9.81||+4.26|
|Total Valid votes||33,268||33,907|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,266
|2008 general election: Napier|
|Bill and Ben||207||0.58|
|Total Valid votes||35,007||35,486|
|2005 general election: Napier|
|NZ First||James Mist||855||2.40||1,989||5.56|
|United Future||Graham Turner||473||1.30||872||2.44|
|Total Valid votes||35,536||35,777|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||3,591|
|2002 general election: Napier|
|United Future||Graham Turner||1,569||4.95||1,977||6.07|
|ACT||Donna Awatere Huata||1,381||4.36||2,061||6.33||+0.49|
|Christian Heritage||Colin Barr||616||1.94||515||1.58||-0.79|
|One NZ||John Bull||506||1.60||119||0.37||+0.32|
|Total Valid votes||31,701||32,551|
|1999 general election: Napier|
|Christian Heritage||Bob Davis||513||1.56||785||2.37|
|NZ First||Lyola Randell-Cotter||305||0.93||844||2.54||-8.81|
|Future NZ||Allana Hiha||264||0.80||294||0.89|
|Total Valid votes||32,934||33,171|
|1996 general election: Napier|
|NZ First||Stuart Spencer||2,567||7.97||3,687||11.35|
|Natural Law||Ian Levingston||134||0.42||46||0.14|
|Superannuitants & Youth||18||0.06|
|Ethnic Minority Party||6||0.02|
|Advance New Zealand||5||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||4||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||32,217||32,490|
|NZ First||James Morunga||989||5.04|
|Christian Heritage||Gary Bisley||297||1.51|
|Green||B P Duggan||1,428||7.88|
|Democrats||P A Williamson||141||0.77|
|Independent||R F Terry||66||0.36|
|Democrats||B V Shakes||586||3.13|
|National||M P Lidell||5,686||26.87|
|NZ Party||Noel Mockford||2,711||12.81|
|Social Credit||R E Culpitt||673||3.18|
|Social Credit||Martin Hine||4,260||20.68|
|Social Credit||L C Barker||2,664||13.25|
|National||J K W Isles||8,464||40.69|
|Social Credit||H M Woodhall||1,841||8.85|
|Values||D U White||1,084||5.21|
|Social Credit||R J Hurdle||912||5.03|
|Values||J G Barnes||365||2.01|
|New Democratic||A W E Barley||95||0.52|
|Social Credit||Roy Hollands||857||4.53||-5.96|
|Social Credit||Roy Hollands||1,850||10.49|
|National||D O Haskell||7,653||45.74|
|Social Credit||Allan Edgar Frampton||638||3.81||-1.25|
|National||William John Gunn||7,533||43.68|
|Social Credit||Allan Edgar Frampton||874||5.06||+1.01|
|National||Raymond Vincent Foster||6,727||40.67|
|Social Credit||Allan Edgar Frampton||671||4.05|
|Social Credit||J Lothain||481||3.05|
|Communist||C J Brown||126||0.88|
|Independent Liberal||J Cummins||118||0.82|
|National||Alan John Price||5,944||43.28|
|Independent Liberal||Albert Jull||1,996||21.96|
|Labour||Frederick Charles Evans||2,709||33.72|
|Ind. Progressive||Henry Hill||2,562||31.89|
|Reform||George William Venables||2,533||34.79|
|Independent Liberal||Montague W. P. Lascelles||1,607||28.53|
|Liberal–Labour||William James McGrath||949||16.85|
|Independent Liberal||Richard Joseph Eames||1,249||31.32|
|Conservative||George Henry Swan||1,594||42.99||-10.21|
|Conservative||George Henry Swan||1,105||53.20|
|Independent||Henry Stokes Tiffen||128||17.00|
|Independent||William Barnard Rhodes||1||0.13|
|Independent||Henry Bowman Sealy||30||28.6|
|Independent||J. B. Ferguson||5||4.8|
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