West Coast-Tasman

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West Coast-Tasman electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election West Coast-Tasman electorate, 2014.svg
West Coast-Tasman electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

West Coast-Tasman is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. Since its formation for the 1996 election, it has been held by Damien O'Connor of the Labour Party apart from one parliamentary term, when National's Chris Auchinvole was the representative from 2008 to 2011.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Damien OConnor New Zealand politician

Damien Peter O'Connor is a New Zealand politician from the West Coast of the South Island. He is a member of the Labour Party, Member of Parliament and a cabinet minister.

Contents

Population centres

West Coast-Tasman is the second-largest general electorate in New Zealand, behind Clutha-Southland. It is one of the longest. The Representation Commission last adjusted the boundaries in the 2007 review, which first applied at the 2008 election, when the northern boundary moved closer to Nelson, and Wakefield, Foxhill and Belgrove were added. [1] The electorate was not changed in the 2013/14 review. [2]

2008 New Zealand general election election

The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.

Nelson, New Zealand City in Nelson City, New Zealand

Nelson is a city on the eastern shores of Tasman Bay. Nelson is the oldest city in the South Island and the second-oldest settled city in New Zealand – it was established in 1841 and was proclaimed a city by royal charter in 1858.

Wakefield, New Zealand human settlement

The small New Zealand community of Wakefield is situated some 25 km south west of Nelson at the top of the South Island.

The electorate includes the following population centres:

Collingwood, New Zealand Place

Collingwood is a town in the north-west corner of the South Island of New Zealand along Golden Bay. The town is an ecotourism destination due to its proximity to Kahurangi National Park and Farewell Spit Nature Reserve.

Takaka, New Zealand town in Tasman, New Zealand

Takaka is a small town situated at the southeastern end of Golden Bay, at the northern end of New Zealand's South Island, located on the lower reaches of the Takaka River. It lies at the start of the winding road which follows the river valley before climbing over Takaka Hill, linking Golden Bay with the more populated coast of Tasman Bay to the southeast. The town is served by Takaka Aerodrome.

Motueka Town in Tasman District, New Zealand

The town of Motueka in the South Island of New Zealand lies close to the mouth of the Motueka River, on the western shore of Tasman Bay. It is, after Richmond, the second largest centre in the Tasman Region, with a population of 7125. The Motueka Ward had an estimated population of 10,900 at 30 June 2009.

History

The electorate was formed in 1996 for the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting system by combining the former Tasman and West Coast electorates.

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

Tasman is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.

West Coast is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.

Damien O'Connor was the first representative and he held the electorate until the 2008 general election, when he was beaten by National candidate Chris Auchinvole, who had previously been a list MP. Auchinvole's majority was 971. [3] His position on the Labour Party list meant that O'Connor couldn't return to Parliament immediately. When the list MP Michael Cullen retired in May 2009, O'Connor regained his position as Member of the House of Representatives because he was the highest-ranked candidate on the list not already an MP. [4] In contrast to the overall trend, he regained the electorate in the 2011 election. [5]

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Chris Auchinvole JP is a New Zealand politician. He represented the National Party in the House of Representatives from 2005 to 2014.

Michael Cullen (politician) New Zealand politician

Sir Michael John Cullen is a former New Zealand politician. He served as Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand, also Minister of Finance, Minister of Tertiary Education, and Attorney-General. He was the Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1996 until November 2008, when he resigned following a defeat in the general election. He resigned from Parliament in April 2009, to become the deputy chairman of New Zealand Post from 1 November 2009 and chairman from 1 November 2010.

Auchinvole retired from politics at the end of the 2011–2014 parliamentary term, and former Mayor of Westland District, Maureen Pugh, gained the nomination for the National Party. [6] [7] O'Connor was once again successful. Based on preliminary results for the 2014 election, Pugh was the lowest-ranked National Party list member who was returned to Parliament, [8] [9] but when the final results were released two weeks later, National had lost one list seat and Pugh did not get returned to Parliament. [10]

Westland District Territorial authority in West Coast, New Zealand

Westland District is a territorial authority on the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island. It is administered by the Westland District Council. The district's population is 8,890.

Maureen Pugh New Zealand politician

Maureen Helena Pugh is a New Zealand politician who is a Member of Parliament for the National Party. She has previously served as the mayor of the Westland District.

2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

Members of Parliament

West Coast-Tasman has been represented by two electorate MPs so far:

Key

  Labour     National     Green   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Damien O'Connor
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Chris Auchinvole
2011 election Damien O'Connor
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the West Coast-Tasman electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2005 election Chris Auchinvole
2008 election Kevin Hague
2009 Damien O'Connor 1
2011 election Chris Auchinvole
Kevin Hague
2014 election Kevin Hague
2016 Maureen Pugh 2
2018 Maureen Pugh 3

1In the 2008 election Damien O'Connor's list position of 37 meant he was not returned until Michael Cullen resigned in May 2009.
2Maureen Pugh's list position of 52 meant she became elected after Tim Groser resigned in December 2015. She assumed office in early 2016 and was not returned to Parliament at the 2017 election, until the resignation of Bill English.
3Maureen Pugh's list position of 44 meant she became elected after Bill English resigned in February 2018. She assumed office in early 2018.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: West Coast-Tasman [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Damien O'Connor 18,48849.54+2.7414,01537.0+3.75
National Maureen Pugh [lower-alpha 1] 12,89534.55-0.8115,12239.9-4.45
Green Kate Fulton2,2305.98-0.693,1178.26-4.66
NZ First Jackie Farrelly1,7874.793,5369.37+0.61
Ban 1080 Pete Salter1,4703.94-2.543590.95-0.66
ACT Zeb Markland1540.411370.36+0.10
Independent Steven Wilkinson1370.37-0.27
GOdsownNZ Claire Holley720.19-2.69 [lower-alpha 2]
Money Free Liam Anderson500.13
Democrats Jack Collin380.10210.06-0.01
Opportunities  9822.60
Legalise Cannabis  1730.46-0.12
Conservative  970.26-2.62
Māori  730.19-0.09
Outdoors  360.10
United Future  260.07-0.13
People's Party  180.05
Mana  100.03-0.72 [lower-alpha 3]
Internet  20.01-0.74 [lower-alpha 4]
Informal votes302149
Total Valid votes37,32137,724
Turnout 37,873
Labour holdMajority5,59314.99+3.55

2014 election

2014 general election: West Coast-Tasman [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Damien O'Connor 16,74746.80-0.718,43823.40-3.85
National Maureen Pugh 12,65335.36-4.4916,05844.54-1.25
Green Kevin Hague 2,3856.67+0.234,65812.92-1.26
Ban 1080 Pete Salter2,3186.48+6.489422.61+2.61
Conservative Claire Holley1,0312.88+1.001,8375.10+1.92
Independent Steven Wilkinson2280.64-0.72 [lower-alpha 5]
Money Free Laurence Bloomert500.14+0.14
NZ First  3,1238.66+2.94
Internet Mana  2710.75+0.48
Legalise Cannabis  2100.58-0.16
Māori  1020.28-0.15
ACT  940.26-0.56
United Future  710.20-1.19
Democrats  250.07-0.03
Independent Coalition  140.04+0.04
Civilian  110.03+0.03
Focus  70.02+0.02
Informal votes373192
Total Valid votes35,78536,053
Labour holdMajority4,09411.44+3.78

2011 election

2011 general election: West Coast-Tasman [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Damien O'Connor 15,75347.51+3.859,20027.25-6.22
National Red x.svgN Chris Auchinvole 13,21439.85-6.6615,46245.79+1.72
Green Kevin Hague 2,1236.40+0.234,78714.18+3.32
Conservative Claire Holley6231.88+1.881,0753.18+3.18
ACT Allan Birchfield4871.47+1.472780.82-1.34
United Future Clyde Graf4541.37+0.634681.39+0.23
Legalise Cannabis Steven Wilkinson4501.36-0.472490.74+0.14
YouthRobert Terry520.16+0.01
NZ First  1,9315.72+1.91
Māori  1450.43-0.20
Mana  910.27+0.27
Democrats  330.10-0.01
Libertarianz  310.09+0.03
Alliance  160.05-0.04
Informal votes628288
Total Valid votes33,15633,766
Labour gain from National Majority2,5397.66+10.51

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,556 [14]

2008 election

2008 general election: West Coast-Tasman [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Chris Auchinvole 15,84446.51+5.5915,18744.07
Labour Red x.svgN Damien O'Connor 14,87343.66-4.0311,53233.46
Green Kevin Hague 2,1026.17+1.383,74010.85
Legalise Cannabis Steven Wilkinson6231.83+0.212060.60
McGillicuddy Serious Steve Richards2590.76
United Future Jocelyn Smith2520.74-1.333981.15
NZ Representative PartyReg Turner620.18
Aotearoa NZ Youth PartyRobert Terry500.15
NZ First  1,3133.81
ACT  7442.16
Kiwi  3491.01
Progressive  2920.85
Bill and Ben  2430.71
Māori  2160.63
Family Party  1220.35
Democrats  370.11
Alliance  290.08
Libertarianz  200.06
Workers Party  140.04
Pacific  100.03
RAM  50.01
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes366223
Total Valid votes34,06534,460
National gain from Labour Majority9712.85

2005 election

2005 general election: West Coast-Tasman [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Damien O'Connor 15,17847.69-6.1412,01237.22
National Chris Auchinvole 13,02440.93+13.0512,77639.59
Green Richard Davies1,5264.802,9139.03
United Future Milton Osborne6582.079773.03
Legalise Cannabis Steve Wilkinson5151.621740.54
Progressive Lew Holland3581.125581.73
Christian Heritage Derek Blight3140.991310.41
ACT Kevin Gill2510.793481.08
NZ First  2,0296.29
Māori  1180.37
Destiny  1110.34
Democrats  300.09
Libertarianz  210.07
Alliance  200.06
Family Rights  120.04
One NZ  110.03
99 MP  100.03
Direct Democracy  100.03
RONZ  100.03
Informal votes354131
Total Valid votes31,82432,271
Labour holdMajority2,1546.77-19.18

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#West Coast-Tasman for a list of candidates.

Table footnotes

  1. Maureen Pugh's list position of 44 meant she became elected after Bill English resigned in February 2018. She assumed office in early 2018.
  2. Claire Holley contested the electorate in 2014 as a candidate for the Conservative Party
  3. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  4. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  5. Steven Wilkinson contested the electorate in 2011 as a candidate for the Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party

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References

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  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. "Official Count Results – West Coast-Tasman". Chief Electoral Office, Wellington. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  4. "O'Connor to return to Parliament". Radio New Zealand. 13 April 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009.
  5. "O'Connor on course to grab West Coast seat". Australian Associated Press. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  6. "Pugh to seek Coast seat". The Nelson Mail . 16 December 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  7. Conway, Glenn (16 December 2013). "Former Westland mayor to stand for National". The Press .
  8. Mathewson, Nicole; Stylianou, Georgina; Fulton, Tim (21 September 2014). "Election 2014: Canterbury decides". The Press . Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  9. Farrar, David (21 September 2014). "Election 2014: All the MPs for each party, plus those who failed to make the cut". National Business Review . Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  10. Rutherford, Hamish (4 October 2014). "National loses majority, Greens pick up one". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  11. "Official Count Results – West Coast-Tasman (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results – West Coast-Tasman (2014)". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  13. "Official Count Results – West Coast-Tasman (2011)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  14. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  15. "Official Count Results – West Coast-Tasman (2008)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 24 October 2017.
  16. "Official Count Results – West Coast-Tasman (2005)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 24 October 2017.