West Coast-Tasman is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. Since its formation for the 1996 election, it has been held by Damien O'Connor of the Labour Party apart from one parliamentary term, when National's Chris Auchinvole was the representative from 2008 to 2011.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Damien Peter O'Connor is a New Zealand politician from the West Coast of the South Island. He is a member of the Labour Party, Member of Parliament and a cabinet minister.
West Coast-Tasman is the second-largest general electorate in New Zealand, behind Clutha-Southland. It is one of the longest. The Representation Commission last adjusted the boundaries in the 2007 review, which first applied at the 2008 election, when the northern boundary moved closer to Nelson, and Wakefield, Foxhill and Belgrove were added.The electorate was not changed in the 2013/14 review.
The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.
Nelson is a city on the eastern shores of Tasman Bay. Nelson is the oldest city in the South Island and the second-oldest settled city in New Zealand – it was established in 1841 and was proclaimed a city by royal charter in 1858.
The small New Zealand community of Wakefield is situated some 25 km south west of Nelson at the top of the South Island.
The electorate includes the following population centres:
Collingwood is a town in the north-west corner of the South Island of New Zealand along Golden Bay. The town is an ecotourism destination due to its proximity to Kahurangi National Park and Farewell Spit Nature Reserve.
Takaka is a small town situated at the southeastern end of Golden Bay, at the northern end of New Zealand's South Island, located on the lower reaches of the Takaka River. It lies at the start of the winding road which follows the river valley before climbing over Takaka Hill, linking Golden Bay with the more populated coast of Tasman Bay to the southeast. The town is served by Takaka Aerodrome.
The town of Motueka in the South Island of New Zealand lies close to the mouth of the Motueka River, on the western shore of Tasman Bay. It is, after Richmond, the second largest centre in the Tasman Region, with a population of 7125. The Motueka Ward had an estimated population of 10,900 at 30 June 2009.
The electorate was formed in 1996 for the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting system by combining the former Tasman and West Coast electorates.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
Tasman is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.
West Coast is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.
Damien O'Connor was the first representative and he held the electorate until the 2008 general election, when he was beaten by National candidate Chris Auchinvole, who had previously been a list MP. Auchinvole's majority was 971.His position on the Labour Party list meant that O'Connor couldn't return to Parliament immediately. When the list MP Michael Cullen retired in May 2009, O'Connor regained his position as Member of the House of Representatives because he was the highest-ranked candidate on the list not already an MP. In contrast to the overall trend, he regained the electorate in the 2011 election.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Chris Auchinvole JP is a New Zealand politician. He represented the National Party in the House of Representatives from 2005 to 2014.
Sir Michael John Cullen is a former New Zealand politician. He served as Deputy Prime Minister of New Zealand, also Minister of Finance, Minister of Tertiary Education, and Attorney-General. He was the Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1996 until November 2008, when he resigned following a defeat in the general election. He resigned from Parliament in April 2009, to become the deputy chairman of New Zealand Post from 1 November 2009 and chairman from 1 November 2010.
Auchinvole retired from politics at the end of the 2011–2014 parliamentary term, and former Mayor of Westland District, Maureen Pugh, gained the nomination for the National Party.O'Connor was once again successful. Based on preliminary results for the 2014 election, Pugh was the lowest-ranked National Party list member who was returned to Parliament, but when the final results were released two weeks later, National had lost one list seat and Pugh did not get returned to Parliament.
Westland District is a territorial authority on the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island. It is administered by the Westland District Council. The district's population is 8,890.
Maureen Helena Pugh is a New Zealand politician who is a Member of Parliament for the National Party. She has previously served as the mayor of the Westland District.
The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.
West Coast-Tasman has been represented by two electorate MPs so far:
Labour National Green
|1996 election||Damien O'Connor|
|2008 election||Chris Auchinvole|
|2011 election||Damien O'Connor|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the West Coast-Tasman electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2005 election||Chris Auchinvole|
|2008 election||Kevin Hague|
|2009||Damien O'Connor 1|
|2011 election||Chris Auchinvole|
|2014 election||Kevin Hague|
|2016||Maureen Pugh 2|
|2018||Maureen Pugh 3|
1In the 2008 election Damien O'Connor's list position of 37 meant he was not returned until Michael Cullen resigned in May 2009.
2Maureen Pugh's list position of 52 meant she became elected after Tim Groser resigned in December 2015. She assumed office in early 2016 and was not returned to Parliament at the 2017 election, until the resignation of Bill English.
3Maureen Pugh's list position of 44 meant she became elected after Bill English resigned in February 2018. She assumed office in early 2018.
|2017 general election: West Coast-Tasman|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Jackie Farrelly||1,787||4.79||—||3,536||9.37||+0.61|
|Ban 1080||Pete Salter||1,470||3.94||-2.54||359||0.95||-0.66|
|Money Free||Liam Anderson||50||0.13||—|
|Total Valid votes||37,321||37,724|
|2014 general election: West Coast-Tasman|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Ban 1080||Pete Salter||2,318||6.48||+6.48||942||2.61||+2.61|
|Money Free||Laurence Bloomert||50||0.14||+0.14|
|Total Valid votes||35,785||36,053|
|2011 general election: West Coast-Tasman|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|United Future||Clyde Graf||454||1.37||+0.63||468||1.39||+0.23|
|Legalise Cannabis||Steven Wilkinson||450||1.36||-0.47||249||0.74||+0.14|
|Total Valid votes||33,156||33,766|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||2,539||7.66||+10.51|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,556
|2008 general election: West Coast-Tasman|
|Legalise Cannabis||Steven Wilkinson||623||1.83||+0.21||206||0.60|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Steve Richards||259||0.76|
|United Future||Jocelyn Smith||252||0.74||-1.33||398||1.15|
|NZ Representative Party||Reg Turner||62||0.18|
|Aotearoa NZ Youth Party||Robert Terry||50||0.15|
|Bill and Ben||243||0.71|
|Total Valid votes||34,065||34,460|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||971||2.85|
|2005 general election: West Coast-Tasman|
|United Future||Milton Osborne||658||2.07||977||3.03|
|Legalise Cannabis||Steve Wilkinson||515||1.62||174||0.54|
|Christian Heritage||Derek Blight||314||0.99||131||0.41|
|Total Valid votes||31,824||32,271|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#West Coast-Tasman for a list of candidates.
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