Papakura (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Papakura electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Papakura electorate, 2014.svg
Papakura electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Papakura is an electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, based in the south Auckland town of Papakura. Historically, the name refers to an electorate that existed between 1978 and 1996, which with the advent of Mixed Member Proportional voting and resulting reduction in the number of constituencies was folded into a new Hunua seat. In 2002 Hunua was modified, pulled northwards and renamed Clevedon.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

Papakura is a suburb of Auckland, in northern New Zealand. It is located on the shores of the Pahurehure Inlet, approximately 32 kilometres south of the Auckland CBD. It is under the authority of the Auckland Council.

Contents

In a modern sense, the name refers to a constituency which was fought for the first time at the 2008 election. This new Papakura seat is the successor to the old Clevedon seat. It also contains a set of towns to the west of Papakura, namely Drury, Karaka and Kingseat. Until 2014 it also included Waiau Pa and Clarks Beach. The current MP is Judith Collins, of the National Party.

Drury, New Zealand settlement in New Zealand

Drury is a rural town near Auckland, in northern New Zealand. Located 36 kilometres to the south of Auckland CBD, under authority of the Auckland Council. Drury lies at the southern border of the Auckland metropolitan area, 12 kilometres to the northeast of Pukekohe, close to the Papakura Channel, an arm of the Manukau Harbour.

Karaka, New Zealand Place in Auckland, New Zealand

Karaka is a small rural area in the south of Auckland, New Zealand. Formerly part of Franklin District and under the authority of the Franklin District Council, it is now part of Auckland Council following the amalgamation of the Auckland region's councils.

Population centres

The 1977 electoral redistribution was the most overtly political since the Representation Commission had been established through an amendment to the Representation Act in 1886, initiated by Muldoon's National Government. [1] As part of the 1976 census, a large number of people failed to fill out an electoral re-registration card, and census staff had not been given the authority to insist on the card being completed. This had little practical effect for people on the general roll, but it transferred Māori to the general roll if the card was not handed in. Together with a northward shift of New Zealand's population, this resulted in five new electorates having to be created in the upper part of the North Island. [2] The electoral redistribution was very disruptive, and 22 electorates were abolished, while 27 electorates were newly created (including Papakura) or re-established. These changes came into effect for the 1978 election. [3]

Robert Muldoon 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir Robert David Muldoon, also known as Rob Muldoon, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand, from 1975 to 1984, while Leader of the National Party.

Third National Government of New Zealand

The Third National Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984. It was an economically and socially conservative government, which aimed to preserve the Keynesian economic system established by the First Labour government while also being socially conservative. Throughout its three terms it was led by Robert Muldoon, a populist but antagonistic politician who was sometimes described as his party's best asset and worst liability.

New Zealand census

The New Zealand Census of Population and Dwellings is a national population and housing census conducted by government department Statistics New Zealand every five years. There have been thirty-three censuses since 1851. In addition to providing detailed information about national demographics, the results of the census play an important part in the calculation of resource allocation to local service providers.

History

In the 1978 election, the Papakura electorate was won by National's Merv Wellington, who had been MP for the Manurewa electorate since 1975. [4] When he retired at the 1990 election, he was succeeded by John Robertson.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Mervyn Langlois "Merv" Wellington was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.

Members of Parliament

Key

  National     United NZ   

Elections Winner
1978 election Merv Wellington
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election John Robertson 1
1993 election
(Electorate abolished 1996–2008)
2008 election Judith Collins
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

1Robertson defected to the United party in 1995.

Election results

2017 election

General election, 2017: Papakura [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Judith Collins 20,266 54.73 +8.66 19,464 51.00 −0.01
Labour Jesse Pabla 12,780 34.51 +3.57 12,730 33.35 +7.55
NZ First Toa Greening 2,778 7.50 −2.47 3,338 8.74 −2.01
Māori Raewyn Teresa Bhana 607 1.63 +0.92 242 0.63 +0.14
Green   1,074 2.81 −2.66
Opportunities   455 1.19
ACT   215 0.56 −0.07
Conservative   119 0.31 −3.81
Legalise Cannabis   116 0.30 −0.06
People's Party   111 0.29
Ban 1080   24 0.06 −0.01
Outdoors   24 0.06
United Future   19 0.04 −0.13
Mana   17 0.04 −0.75
Democrats   8 0.02 −0.01
Internet   8 0.02 −0.77
Informal votes 597 198
Total Valid votes 37,028 38,162
National holdMajority 7,486

2014 election

General election, 2014: Papakura [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Judith Collins 15,588 46.07 −13.52 17,733 51.01 −1.61
Labour Jerome Mika 10,469 30.94 +3.92 8,967 25.80 −1.41
NZ First Brent Catchpole 3,374 9.97 +4.31 3,737 10.75 +2.26
Green Caroline Conroy 1,790 5.29 +0.29 1,801 5.47 −0.29
Conservative Kevin Stitt 1,292 3.82 +1.78 1,431 4.12 +1.06
ACT John Thompson 412 1.22 +0.52 331 0.63 −0.42
Māori Ann Kendall 239 0.71 +0.71 172 0.49 −0.14
Mana Roger Fowler 174 0.51 +0.51
Internet Mana   275 0.79 +0.29 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis   124 0.36 −0.12
United Future   60 0.17 −0.19
Ban 1080   23 0.07 +0.07
Civilian   20 0.06 +0.06
Democrats   9 0.03 ±0.00
Focus   5 0.01 +0.01
Independent Coalition   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 499 186
Total Valid votes 33,837 34,765
Turnout 34,765 73.57 +1.97
National holdMajority 5,119 15.13 −17.44

Electorate (as at 4 October 2014): 45,992 [7]

2011 election

General election, 2011: Papakura [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Judith Collins 18,096 59.59 −0.10 16,640 52.62 +1.14
Labour Jerome Mika 8,206 27.02 −0.07 8,603 27.21 −2.11
NZ First Brent Catchpole 1,718 5.66 +0.89 2,680 8.48 +3.40
Green Caroline Conroy 1,519 5.00 +0.93 1,731 5.47 +2.51
Conservative Bob Daw 619 2.04 +2.04 967 3.06 +3.06
ACT John Thompson 212 0.70 −2.65 331 1.05 −5.03
Māori   183 0.58 −0.35
Mana   159 0.50 +0.50
Legalise Cannabis   152 0.48 +0.10
United Future   133 0.42 −0.41
Libertarianz   22 0.07 +0.04
Democrats   11 0.03 +0.02
Alliance   9 0.03 -0.03
Informal votes 814 250
Total Valid votes 30,370 31,621
National holdMajority 9,890 32.57 −0.03

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,164 [9]

2008 election

General election, 2008: Papakura [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Judith Collins 18,816 59.68 16,672 51.48
Labour David Hereora 8,539 27.09 9,493 29.31
NZ First Brent Catchpole 1,504 4.77 1,643 5.07
Green Rachel Grimwood 1,283 4.07 961 2.97
ACT John Thompson 1,057 3.35 1,967 6.07
United Future Bryan Penquinn Mockridge 225 0.71 269 0.83
RAM Pat O'Dea 102 0.32 14 0.04
Māori   300 0.93
Progressive   254 0.78
Pacific   247 0.76
Bill and Ben   177 0.55
Family Party   143 0.44
Legalise Cannabis   124 0.38
Kiwi   76 0.23
Alliance   18 0.06
Workers Party   9 0.03
Libertarianz   8 0.02
Democrats   5 0.02
RONZ   3 0.01
Informal votes 418 188
Total Valid votes 31,526 32,383
National win new seatMajority 10,277 32.60

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 8–9, 51, 119.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 119.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 115–120.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 244.
  5. "Official Count Results -- Papakura". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  6. "Official Count Results -- Papakura (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  7. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 4 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  8. 2011 election results
  9. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  10. 2008 election results

Related Research Articles

1978 New Zealand general election

The 1978 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to elect the 39th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Robert Muldoon, retain office, but the opposition Labour Party won the largest share of the vote. Reorganisation of the enrolment system caused major problems with the electoral rolls, which left a legacy of unreliable information about voting levels in this election.

Albany was a New Zealand electorate. It was located in north Auckland, and named after the suburb of Albany. It existed from 1978 to 2002, with a break from 1984 to 1987.

Clevedon was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1987 to 1993 and then from 2002 to 2008. For the first six-year period the electorate was represented by Warren Kyd. For the second six-year period, the electorate was represented by Judith Collins.

Coromandel (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.

Helensville (New Zealand electorate)

Helensville is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The electorate was first established for the 1978 election and was abolished again in 1984, and has existed again since the 2002 election. The MP for Helensville is Chris Penk of the National Party, who has held the seat since the 2017 general election.

Piako was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate established in 1946 and disestablished in 2008. It was last held by Lindsay Tisch MP from 2002 to 2008.

Rodney (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Rodney is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The current MP for Rodney is Mark Mitchell of the National Party. He has held this position since 2011.

Wairarapa (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Alastair Scott since the 2014 election.

Wigram (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Wigram is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Wigram is Megan Woods of the Labour Party. She took over this position from Jim Anderton, who had held this position from 1996 until 2011.

Ōhāriu (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.

Hunua (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate is currently represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party.

Matamata was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Waikato, from 1978 to 1996. It was a rural and safe National electorate, held by Jack Luxton from 1978 to 1987, and then by his son John Luxton from 1987 to 1996.

Pencarrow (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Pencarrow is a former Parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand, from 1978 to 1996.

Kaimai is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1978 to 1996. In 1996 the MP Robert Anderson was selected for the new seat of Coromandel, but retired due to illness, and was replaced by Murray McLean, who won the new seat.

Rangiriri was a rural New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Auckland Region from 1978 to 1984.

Horowhenua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1978 to 1996.

Eastern Hutt former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Eastern Hutt is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1978 to 1996. It was represented by two Labour MPs.

East Cape is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1978 to 1993.

Tarawera is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1978 to 1996. It was represented by two members of the National Party.

Papatoetoe (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Papatoetoe is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, and is part of greater Auckland.

References