North Shore (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

North Shore electorate boundaries used since the 1996 election North Shore electorate, 2014.svg
North Shore electorate boundaries used since the 1996 election

North Shore is a parliamentary electorate that returns one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for North Shore is Simon Watts of the National Party, [1] who at the 2020 election was elected to succeed the retiring Maggie Barry, also of National. [2]

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including North Shore. [3]

The boundaries of the North Shore electorate were last adjusted for the first election held using the mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system in 1996, when the number of general electorates decreased from 95 (1993) to 60 (1996), and the electorate expanded to the north into an area previously belonging to East Coast Bays. No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002, [4] 2007, [5] and 2013/14. [6]

North Shore stretches up the eastern coast of North Shore City in Auckland, starting in the south at Devonport and moving northwards to take in Lake Pupuke and the suburbs of Takapuna, Westlake and Campbells Bay. North Shore is predominantly New Zealand European, and has an average income high above the national average, boasting some of the most expensive real estate in the country.

History

The seat has been contested at every election in New Zealand since 1946, and except for a single victory by future Labour Attorney-General Martyn Finlay in its first contest, has been safely held by the National Party ever since.

Wayne Mapp held the electorate from 1996 until his retirement in 2011. [7] He was succeeded by Maggie Barry, who won the 2011 and 2014 elections. [8] [9]

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

  Labour     National     United NZ     NZ First     Mauri Pacific     ACT   

ElectionWinner
1946 election Martyn Finlay
1949 election Dean Eyre
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election George Gair
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Bruce Cliffe
1993 election
1996 election Wayne Mapp
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Maggie Barry
2014 election
2017 election
2020 election Simon Watts

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the North Shore electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Ann Batten
Derek Quigley
1999 election Helen Duncan
2002 election
Deborah Coddington
Barbara Stewart
2008 election John Boscawen
Phil Twyford
2011 election Andrew Williams

Election results

2020 election

2020 general election: North Shore [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Simon Watts 19,20246.19-13.5514,41134.05-23.65
Labour Romy Udanga15,46837.21+9.7117,49841.35+15.33
Green Liz Rawlings2,5956.243,5308.34+1.73
ACT Nick Kearney1,5963.84+2.274,1729.86+8.92
Opportunities Shai Navot 1,4933.59-0.568061.90-0.49
New Conservative Mike Brewer7911.905111.21+0.99
Advance NZ Megan Elspeth Osborn2010.482300.54+0.50
Outdoors Sue Dick1380.33260.06+0.02
Sustainable NZ Mari Huusko870.21380.09
NZ First  8021.90−3.35
Māori Party  1040.25−0.01
TEA  800.19
Legalise Cannabis  660.16−0.02
ONE  320.08
Vision NZ  70.02
Social Credit  50.01−0.02
Heartland  10.00
Informal votes663178
Total Valid votes41,57142,319
Turnout 42,61783.01 [11] +2.50
National holdMajority3,7348.98−23.26

2017 election

2017 general election: North Shore [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Maggie Barry 23,56459.74-2.7323,00957.70-3.88
Labour Romy Udanga10,84827.50+8.3810,37526.02+11.84
NZ First Josh Hubbard2,1085.342,0975.25−0.57
Opportunities Matt Isbister1,6394.159532.39
ACT Nick Kearney6211.57+0.063720.94−0.47
Logic PartyMiriam Clements1660.43
Green  2,6386.61−4.06
Māori Party  1030.26−0.19
Conservative  860.22−4.12
Legalise Cannabis  690.18−0.09
United Future  220.06−0.19
Outdoors  140.04
People's Party  130.04
Ban 1080  110.03±0.00
Democrats  100.03−0.06
Internet  90.03−0.62
Mana  70.02−0.63
Informal votes49383
Total Valid votes39,43939,871
Turnout 40,13680.51 [13] +1.46
National holdMajority12,71632.24−11.10

2014 election

2014 general election: North Shore [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Maggie Barry 23,78362.47+0.0323,76261.58-0.58
Labour Claire Szabó 7,28019.12-1.455,47314.18-2.05
Green Brett Stansfield3,7289.79+2.094,11810.67-0.18
Conservative Melissa Perkin2,1995.78+3.291,6734.34+2.11
ACT Nick Kearney5751.51-2.055451.41-0.51
Democrats Tim Leitch970.25+0.25340.09+0.06
NZ First  2,2465.82+0.96
Internet Mana  2500.65+0.48 [lower-alpha 1]
Maori Party  1740.45-0.15
Legalise Cannabis  1030.27-0.06
United Future  980.25-0.23
Ban 1080  130.03+0.03
Civilian  120.03+0.03
Independent Coalition  40.01+0.01
Focus  20.01+0.01
Informal votes41278
Total Valid votes38,07438,585
Turnout 38,58578.49+3.00
National holdMajority16,50343.34+1.47

2011 election

2011 general election: North Shore [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Maggie Barry 22,70962.44+0.5923,11362.16+4.10
Labour Ben Clark7,48120.57-3.446,03616.23-5.17
Green Pieter Watson2,8027.70+1.504,03510.85+4.24
ACT Don Brash 1,2933.56-0.417141.92-5.55
Conservative Craig Jensen9042.49+2.498292.23+2.23
NZ First Andrew Williams 9002.47+0.891,8064.86+1.92
United Future Damian Light 1730.48-0.201790.48-0.46
Libertarianz Michael Murphy1080.30+0.05410.11+0.03
Maori Party  2230.60+0.002
Legalise Cannabis  1230.33+0.07
Mana  620.17+0.17
Democrats  120.03+0.01
Alliance  80.02-0.04
Informal votes592174
Total Valid votes36,37036,962
National holdMajority15,22841.87+4.03

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 48,963 [14]

2008 election

2008 general election: North Shore [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Wayne Mapp 23,82461.8522,73858.06
Labour Phil Twyford 9,25024.018,38121.40
Green Pieter Watson2,3896.202,5906.61
ACT John Boscawen 1,5283.972,9277.47
NZ First Joe Gregory6121.591,1492.93
Family Party Louise Cleary5141.331760.45
United Future Damian Light 2610.683700.94
Libertarianz Michael Murphy940.24330.08
RAM Stephen Cooper470.12130.03
Maori Party  2340.60
Progressive  1650.42
Bill and Ben  1390.35
Legalise Cannabis  1040.27
Kiwi  830.21
Alliance  240.06
Pacific  130.03
Workers Party  100.03
Democrats  90.02
RONZ  40.01
Informal votes268102
Total Valid votes38,51939,162
National holdMajority14,57437.84


2005 election

2005 general election: North Shore [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Wayne Mapp 21,97559.56+15.5820,12553.49+26.06
Labour Phil Twyford 12,27433.26+4.1611,25229.91-1.36
United Future Ross Tizard8652.34-1.548072.14-4.81
ACT Nick Kearney8352.26-6.551,1443.04-11.09
Progressive Paula Gillon5441.47+0.612610.69-0.36
Maori Party Raewyn Harrison2650.721060.28
Libertarianz Michael Murphy1400.38210.06
Green  1,9405.16-1.28
NZ First  1,6834.47-5.70
Destiny  1200.32
Legalise Cannabis  550.15-0.17
Christian Heritage  530.14-0.70
One NZ  130.03-0.02
99 MP  110.03
Alliance  100.03-0.78
Direct Democracy  100.03
Family Rights  60.02
Democrats  50.01
RONZ  10.003
Informal votes43090
Total Valid votes36,89837,623
National holdMajority9,70126.30+11.42

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#North Shore for a list of candidates.

1996 election

1996 general election: North Shore [17] [18] [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Wayne Mapp 15,76343.4815,61242.89
ACT Derek Quigley 5,41514.945,01513.78
Alliance Joel Cayford4,89713.51-10.862,1255.84
Labour Perry Cameron4,37512.077,51820.65
NZ First Ann Batten 4,16511.493,5479.74
Christian Coalition Julie Belding7802.151,1813.24
Progressive Green Cassandra Doherty3130.861030.28
McGillicuddy Serious Felix Clark2630.73870.24
Green Society Bradley Heising1090.30500.14
Superannuitants & Youth Trevor Gilligan880.24410.11
Natural Law Gail Pianta840.23430.12
United NZ  4761.31
Legalise Cannabis  4561.25
Ethnic Minority Party 710.20
Animals First  500.14
Conservatives  110.03
Libertarianz  110.03
Asia Pacific United 40.01
Mana Māori Movement  30.01
Advance New Zealand 00.00
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes22573
Total Valid votes36,25236,404
National gain from United NZ Majority10,34828.54

1993 election

1993 general election: North Shore [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Bruce Cliffe 10,168 45.50 -8.74
Alliance Joel Cayford5,44524.37
Labour Carl Harding4,13218.49
NZ First Richard Stevens1,8518.28
Christian Heritage Mary-Anne Gladwell3411.52
McGillicuddy Serious Barry Bryant2881.28
Natural Law Gail Pianta1180.52
Majority4,72321.13-6.95
Turnout 22,34386.67+0.06
Registered electors 25,778

1990 election

1990 general election: North Shore [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Bruce Cliffe 11,944 54.24
Labour Graeme Ransom5,76126.16-19.22
Green Tony Dunlop2,94313.36
NewLabour Barry Kirker8824.00
Democrats Sandra Ann Ewan-Willis1970.89
McGillicuddy Serious Simon Holroyd1680.76
Independent Blanche Victoria Holloway1240.56
Majority6,18328.08
Turnout 22,01986.61-0.88
Registered electors 25,422

1987 election

1987 general election: North Shore [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 10,589 48.62 +1.71
Labour Graeme Ransom9,88345.38
Democrats F Holmes8613.95
NZ Party Stephen Greenfield4452.04
Majority9204.22-11.55
Turnout 21,77887.49-4.55
Registered electors 24,891

1984 election

1984 general election: North Shore [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 11,034 46.91 -1.21
Labour Peter Harris7,32431.13
NZ Party Reg Davies3,73715.88
Social Credit Dick Ryan1,3715.82-16.28
Independent Malcolm Moses540.22
Majority3,71015.77-2.58
Turnout 23,52092.04+2.42
Registered electors 25,553

1981 election

1981 general election: North Shore [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 10,407 48.12 -2.76
Labour Peter Chambers6,43829.77
Social Credit Dick Ryan4,77922.10
Majority3,96918.35-4.51
Turnout 21,62489.62+23.84
Registered electors 24,128

1978 election

1978 general election: North Shore [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 10,351 50.88 -5.37
Labour Gene Anthony Thomas Leckey5,70128.02
Social Credit Ian Fraser3,48517.13
Values Virginia Horrocks8033.94
Majority4,65022.86-3.48
Turnout 20,34065.78-15.27
Registered electors 30,921

1975 election

1975 general election: North Shore [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 11,202 56.25 +4.69
Labour Wyn Hoadley 5,95529.90
Values Don Donnelly1,5817.93
Social Credit Ron Barnett1,1535.79-1.39
Socialist Unity Morris Mennell220.11
Majority5,24726.34+14.18
Turnout 19,91381.05-8.72
Registered electors 24,568

1972 election

1972 general election: North Shore [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 9,665 51.56 -5.69
Labour Colin Chiles6,84436.51
Social Credit Ron Barnett1,3467.18+1.25
Values S A W Brydon8164.35
New Democratic P B Smith740.39
Majority2,28112.16-9.26
Turnout 18,74589.77-0.29
Registered electors 20,880

1969 election

1969 general election: North Shore [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 10,595 57.25 +8.18
Labour Donald Frederick Dugdale6,63135.83
Social Credit Ron Barnett1,0985.93
Independent Odette Vivienne Leather1800.97
Majority3,96421.42+14.83
Turnout 18,50490.06+3.94
Registered electors 20,545

1966 election

1966 general election: North Shore [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National George Gair 8,240 49.07
Labour Michael Bassett 7,13242.47
Social Credit Eva Hill 1,4188.44+3.96
Majority1,1086.59
Turnout 16,79086.12-4.89
Registered electors 19,494

1963 election

1963 general election: North Shore [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dean Eyre 9,301 55.25 +1.27
Labour Reginald Keeling 6,54438.87
Social Credit Eva Hill 7554.48
Liberal J E Pasley2341.39
Majority2,75716.37+5.13
Turnout 16,83491.01+0.09
Registered electors 18,495

1960 election

1960 general election: North Shore [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dean Eyre 8,727 53.98 +4.66
Labour Peter Lawrence Smith6,91042.74-3.78
Social Credit Arthur Richards4312.66-0.64
Independent Blanche Victoria Holloway970.60-0.25
Majority1,81711.24+8.44
Turnout 16,16590.92-3.52
Registered electors 17,778

1957 election

1957 general election: North Shore [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dean Eyre 8,122 49.32 -3.09
Labour Peter Lawrence Smith7,66046.52
Social Credit Arthur Richards5443.30
Independent Blanche Victoria Holloway1400.85
Majority4622.80-6.99
Turnout 16,46694.44+3.90
Registered electors 17,434

1954 election

1954 general election: North Shore [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dean Eyre 7,463 52.41 -5.02
Labour Arthur Faulkner 6,06842.61
Social Credit Frank Procter7074.96
Majority1,3959.79-5.07
Turnout 14,23890.54-0.53
Registered electors 15,725

1951 election

1951 general election: North Shore [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dean Eyre 8,328 57.43 +2.74
Labour Richard Wrathall6,17342.56
Majority2,15514.86+5.48
Turnout 14,50191.07-4.00
Registered electors 15,922

1949 election

1949 general election: North Shore [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Dean Eyre 7,835 54.69
Labour Martyn Finlay 6,49145.31-5.56
Majority1,3449.38
Turnout 14,32695.07+0.86
Registered electors 15,068

1946 election

1946 general election: North Shore [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Martyn Finlay 7,015 50.87
National Henry Thorne Morton 6,77649.13
Majority2391.73
Turnout 13,79195.93
Registered electors 14,375

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. "Simon Watts". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  2. "National MP Maggie Barry announces retirement at 2020 election". Stuff. 5 November 2019. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  4. "Electorate Profile: North Shore" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament . Parliamentary Library. October 2005. p. 3. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  5. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  6. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  7. Willis, Liz (15 December 2010). "National MP Wayne Mapp to retire". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  8. 1 2 "Official Count Results – North Shore (2011)". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  9. 1 2 "Official Count Results – North Shore (2014)". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  10. "North Shore – Official Results". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  11. "Electorate Candidate Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  12. "Official Count Results – North Shore". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  13. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  14. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  15. 2008 election results
  16. 2005 election results
  17. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – North Shore, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  18. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  19. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  20. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 71.
  21. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 75.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 292.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 291.
  24. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  25. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  26. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

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Te Tai Tokerau is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was created out of the Northern Maori electorate ahead of the first Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) election in 1996. It was held first by Tau Henare representing New Zealand First for one term, and then Dover Samuels of the Labour Party for two terms. From 2005 to 2014, it was held by MP Hone Harawira. Initially a member of the Māori Party, Harawira resigned from both the party and then Parliament, causing the 2011 by-election. He was returned under the Mana Party banner in July 2011 and confirmed at the November 2011 general election. In the 2014 election, he was beaten by Labour's Kelvin Davis, ending the representation of the Mana Party in Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Te Tai Tonga</span> Māori electorate in New Zealand

Te Tai Tonga is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1996 general election, replacing Southern Maori. The current MP for Te Tai Tonga is Rino Tirikatene of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tāmaki Makaurau</span> Māori electorate in Auckland, New Zealand

Tāmaki Makaurau is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was first formed for the 2002 election. The electorate covers the Auckland area and was first held by Labour's John Tamihere before going to Dr Pita Sharples of the Māori Party for three terms from 2005 to 2014. After Sharples' retirement, the electorate was won by Peeni Henare of the Labour Party in the 2014 election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Selwyn (New Zealand electorate)</span> Electoral district in Canterbury, New Zealand

Selwyn is a current electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, composed of towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has been held by Nicola Grigg for the National Party since the 2020 election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taupō (New Zealand electorate)</span> Electoral district in New Zealand

Taupō is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. Taupo first existed between 1963 and 1981, and was recreated for the introduction of MMP in 1996. The current MP for Taupō is Louise Upston of the National Party. She has held this position since 2008.

Tongariro is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1984 to 1996. During the four parliamentary terms of its existence, it was represented by three members of parliament.

Yaldhurst is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, near the city of Christchurch. The electorate was to the southwest of Christchurch, and was suburban and semi-rural.

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