North Shore (New Zealand electorate)

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North Shore electorate boundaries used since the 1996 election North Shore electorate, 2014.svg
North Shore electorate boundaries used since the 1996 election

North Shore is a parliamentary electorate that returns one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for North Shore is Maggie Barry of the National Party.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

New Zealand House of Representatives Sole chamber of New Zealand Parliament

The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.

Maggie Barry New Zealand broadcaster and politician

Margaret Mary Barry, generally known as Maggie Barry, is a New Zealand politician and a member of the House of Representatives, first elected in the 2011 general election. She is a member of the National Party, and was the Minister for Conservation, Seniors Citizens, and Arts, Culture and Heritage in the Fifth National Government. Barry has had a long career in broadcasting, including gardening shows, and has a rose named after her.

Contents

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including North Shore. [1]

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.

The boundaries of the North Shore electorate were last adjusted for the first election held using the mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system in 1996, when the number of general electorates decreased from 95 (1993) to 60 (1996), and the electorate expanded to the north into an area previously belonging to East Coast Bays. No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002, [2] 2007, [3] and 2013/14. [4]

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

East Coast Bays (New Zealand electorate)

East Coast Bays is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first formed in 1972 and has existed apart from a break lasting two parliamentary terms. The electorate has been held by Erica Stanford of the National Party since the 2017 general election.

North Shore stretches up the eastern coast of North Shore City in Auckland, starting in the south at Devonport and moving northwards to take in Lake Pupuke and the suburbs of Takapuna, Westlake and Campbells Bay. North Shore is predominately New Zealand European, and has an average income high above the national average, boasting some of the most expensive real estate in the country.

Auckland Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand

Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.

Devonport, New Zealand suburb of Auckland, New Zealand

Devonport is a harbourside suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. It is located on the North Shore, at the southern end of a peninsula that runs southeast from near Lake Pupuke in Takapuna, forming the northern side of the Waitematā Harbour. East of Devonport lies North Head, the northern promontory guarding the mouth of the harbour.

Lake Pupuke lake in New Zealand

Lake Pupuke is a heart-shaped freshwater lake occupying a volcanic crater between the suburbs of Takapuna and Milford on the North Shore of Auckland, New Zealand. The heart shape is a result of its formation by the linking of two circular craters - a larger one forming most of the lake and a smaller one forming the arm in the northeast. Separated from the sea by less than 200 m at one point, it has a circumference of about 4.5 km and reaches 57 m in depth. It is popular for recreational activities and the lakefront property around it.

History

The seat has been contested at every election in New Zealand since 1946, and except for a single victory by future Labour Attorney-General Martyn Finlay in its first contest, has been safely held by the National Party ever since.

1946 New Zealand general election

The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.

Martyn Finlay New Zealand politician

Allan "Martyn" Finlay was a New Zealand lawyer and politician of the Labour Party.

Wayne Mapp held the electorate from 1996 until his retirement in 2011. [5] He was succeeded by Maggie Barry, who won the 2011 and 2014 elections. [6] [7]

Wayne Mapp New Zealand politician

Wayne Daniel Mapp is a New Zealand politician, who represented the National Party in the New Zealand Parliament. He served as the MP for the North Shore electorate from the 1996 elections until his retirement in late 2011. Before entering politics, he lectured in commercial law at University of Auckland.

2011 New Zealand general election election in New Zealand

The 2011 New Zealand general election on Saturday 26 November 2011 determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.

2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

  Labour     National     United NZ     NZ First     Mauri Pacific     ACT   

ElectionWinner
1946 election Martyn Finlay
1949 election Dean Eyre
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election George Gair
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Bruce Cliffe
1993 election
1996 election Wayne Mapp
1999 election
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election Maggie Barry
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the North Shore electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Ann Batten
Derek Quigley
1999 election Helen Duncan
2002 election Deborah Coddington
Helen Duncan
Barbara Stewart
2008 election John Boscawen
Phil Twyford
2011 election Andrew Williams

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: North Shore [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Maggie Barry 23,56459.74-2.7323,00957.70-3.88
Labour Romy Udanga10,84827.50+8.3810,37526.02+11.84
NZ First Josh Hubbard2,1085.342,0975.25−0.57
Opportunities Matt Isbister1,6394.159532.39
ACT Nick Kearney6211.57+0.063720.94−0.47
Independent Miriam Clements1660.43
Green  2,6386.61−4.06
Māori  1030.26−0.19
Conservative  860.22−4.12
Legalise Cannabis  690.18−0.09
United Future  220.06−0.19
Outdoors  140.04
People's Party  130.04
Ban 1080  110.03±0.00
Democrats  100.03−0.06
Internet  90.03−0.62
Mana  70.02−0.63
Informal votes49383
Total Valid votes39,43939,871
Turnout 40,13680.51 [9] +1.46
National holdMajority12,71632.24−11.10

2014 election

2014 general election: North Shore [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Maggie Barry 23,78362.47+0.0323,76261.58-0.58
Labour Claire Szabó7,28019.12-1.455,47314.18-2.05
Green Brett Stansfield3,7289.79+2.094,11810.67-0.18
Conservative Melissa Perkin2,1995.78+3.291,6734.34+2.11
ACT Nick Kearney5751.51-2.055451.41-0.51
Democrats Tim Leitch970.25+0.25340.09+0.06
NZ First  2,2465.82+0.96
Internet Mana  2500.65+0.48 [lower-alpha 1]
Māori  1740.45-0.15
Legalise Cannabis  1030.27-0.06
United Future  980.25-0.23
Ban 1080  130.03+0.03
Civilian  120.03+0.03
Independent Coalition  40.01+0.01
Focus  20.01+0.01
Informal votes41278
Total Valid votes38,07438,585
Turnout 38,58578.49+3.00
National holdMajority16,50343.34+1.47

2011 election

2011 general election: North Shore [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Maggie Barry 22,70962.44+0.5923,11362.16+4.10
Labour Ben Clark7,48120.57-3.446,03616.23-5.17
Green Pieter Watson2,8027.70+1.504,03510.85+4.24
ACT Don Brash 1,2933.56-0.417141.92-5.55
Conservative Craig Jensen9042.49+2.498292.23+2.23
NZ First Andrew Williams 9002.47+0.891,8064.86+1.92
United Future Damian Light 1730.48-0.201790.48-0.46
Libertarianz Michael Murphy1080.30+0.05410.11+0.03
Māori  2230.60+0.002
Legalise Cannabis  1230.33+0.07
Mana  620.17+0.17
Democrats  120.03+0.01
Alliance  80.02-0.04
Informal votes592174
Total Valid votes36,37036,962
National holdMajority15,22841.87+4.03

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 48,963 [10]

2008 election

2008 general election: North Shore [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Wayne Mapp 23,82461.8522,73858.06
Labour Phil Twyford 9,25024.018,38121.40
Green Pieter Watson2,3896.202,5906.61
ACT John Boscawen 1,5283.972,9277.47
NZ First Joe Gregory6121.591,1492.93
Family Party Louise Cleary5141.331760.45
United Future Damian Light 2610.683700.94
Libertarianz Michael Murphy940.24330.08
RAM Stephen Cooper470.12130.03
Māori  2340.60
Progressive  1650.42
Bill and Ben  1390.35
Legalise Cannabis  1040.27
Kiwi  830.21
Alliance  240.06
Pacific  130.03
Workers Party  100.03
Democrats  90.02
RONZ  40.01
Informal votes268102
Total Valid votes38,51939,162
National holdMajority14,57437.84


2005 election

2005 general election: North Shore [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Wayne Mapp 21,97559.56+15.5820,12553.49+26.06
Labour Phil Twyford 12,27433.26+4.1611,25229.91-1.36
United Future Ross Tizard8652.34-1.548072.14-4.81
ACT Nick Kearney8352.26-6.551,1443.04-11.09
Progressive Paula Gillon5441.47+0.612610.69-0.36
Māori Raewyn Harrison2650.721060.28
Libertarianz Michael Murphy1400.38210.06
Green  1,9405.16-1.28
NZ First  1,6834.47-5.70
Destiny  1200.32
Legalise Cannabis  550.15-0.17
Christian Heritage  530.14-0.70
One NZ  130.03-0.02
99 MP  110.03
Alliance  100.03-0.78
Direct Democracy  100.03
Family Rights  60.02
Democrats  50.01
RONZ  10.003
Informal votes43090
Total Valid votes36,89837,623
National holdMajority9,70126.30+11.42

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#North Shore for a list of candidates.

1996 election

1996 general election: North Shore [13] [14] [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Wayne Mapp 15,76343.4815,61242.89
ACT Derek Quigley 5,41514.945,01513.78
Alliance Joel Cayford4,89713.51-10.862,1255.84
Labour Perry Cameron4,37512.077,51820.65
NZ First Ann Batten 4,16511.493,5479.74
Christian Coalition Julie Belding7802.151,1813.24
Progressive Green Cassandra Doherty3130.861030.28
McGillicuddy Serious Felix Clark2630.73870.24
Green Society Bradley Heising1090.30500.14
Superannuitants & Youth Trevor Gilligan880.24410.11
Natural Law Gail Pianta840.23430.12
United NZ  4761.31
Legalise Cannabis  4561.25
Ethnic Minority Party 710.20
Animals First  500.14
Conservatives  110.03
Libertarianz  110.03
Asia Pacific United 40.01
Mana Māori  30.01
Advance New Zealand 00.00
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes22573
Total Valid votes36,25236,404
National gain from United NZ Majority10,34828.54

1993 election

1993 general election: North Shore [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Bruce Cliffe 10,168 45.50 -8.74
Alliance Joel Cayford5,44524.37
Labour Carl Harding4,13218.49
NZ First Richard Stevens1,8518.28
Christian Heritage Mary-Anne Gladwell3411.52
McGillicuddy Serious Barry Bryant2881.28
Natural Law Gail Pianta1180.52
Majority4,72321.13-6.95
Turnout 22,34386.67+0.06
Registered electors 25,778

1990 election

1990 general election: North Shore [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Bruce Cliffe 11,944 54.24
Labour Graeme Ransom5,76126.16-19.22
Green Tony Dunlop2,94313.36
NewLabour Barry Kirker8824.00
Democrats Sandra Ann Ewan-Willis1970.89
McGillicuddy Serious Simon Holroyd1680.76
Independent Blanche Victoria Holloway1240.56
Majority6,18328.08
Turnout 22,01986.61-0.88
Registered electors 25,422

1987 election

1987 general election: North Shore [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 10,589 48.62 +1.71
Labour Graeme Ransom9,88345.38
Democrats F Holmes8613.95
NZ Party Stephen Greenfield4452.04
Majority9204.22-11.55
Turnout 21,77887.49-4.55
Registered electors 24,891

1984 election

1984 general election: North Shore [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 11,034 46.91 -1.21
Labour Peter Harris7,32431.13
NZ Party Reg Davies3,73715.88
Social Credit Dick Ryan1,3715.82-16.28
Independent Malcolm Moses540.22
Majority3,71015.77-2.58
Turnout 23,52092.04+2.42
Registered electors 25,553

1981 election

1981 general election: North Shore [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 10,407 48.12 -2.76
Labour Peter Chambers6,43829.77
Social Credit Dick Ryan4,77922.10
Majority3,96918.35-4.51
Turnout 21,62489.62+23.84
Registered electors 24,128

1978 election

1978 general election: North Shore [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 10,351 50.88 -5.37
Labour Gene Anthony Thomas Leckey5,70128.02
Social Credit Ian Fraser3,48517.13
Values Virginia Horrocks8033.94
Majority4,65022.86-3.48
Turnout 20,34065.78-15.27
Registered electors 30,921

1975 election

1975 general election: North Shore [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 11,202 56.25 +4.69
Labour Wyn Hoadley5,95529.90
Values Don Donnelly1,5817.93
Social Credit Ronald James Barnett1,1535.79-1.39
Socialist Unity M Mennell220.11
Majority5,24726.34+14.18
Turnout 19,91381.05-8.72
Registered electors 24,568

1972 election

1972 general election: North Shore [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 9,665 51.56 -5.69
Labour Colin Chiles6,84436.51
Social Credit Ronald James Barnett1,3467.18+1.25
Values S A W Brydon8164.35
New Democratic P B Smith740.39
Majority2,28112.16-9.26
Turnout 18,74589.77-0.29
Registered electors 20,880

1969 election

1969 general election: North Shore [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 10,595 57.25 +8.18
Labour Donald Frederick Dugdale6,63135.83
Social Credit Ronald James Barnett1,0985.93
Independent Odette Vivienne Leather1800.97
Majority3,96421.42+14.83
Turnout 18,50490.06+3.94
Registered electors 20,545

1966 election

1966 general election: North Shore [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National George Gair 8,240 49.07
Labour Michael Bassett 7,13242.47
Social Credit Eva Hill1,4188.44+3.96
Majority1,1086.59
Turnout 16,79086.12-4.89
Registered electors 19,494

1963 election

1963 general election: North Shore [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Dean Eyre 9,301 55.25 +1.27
Labour Reginald Keeling 6,54438.87
Social Credit Eva Hill7554.48
Liberal J E Pasley2341.39
Majority2,75716.37+5.13
Turnout 16,83491.01+0.09
Registered electors 18,495

1960 election

1960 general election: North Shore [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Dean Eyre 8,727 53.98 +4.66
Labour Peter Lawrence Smith6,91042.74-3.78
Social Credit Arthur Richards4312.66-0.64
Independent Blanche Victoria Holloway970.60-0.25
Majority1,81711.24+8.44
Turnout 16,16590.92-3.52
Registered electors 17,778

1957 election

1957 general election: North Shore [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Dean Eyre 8,122 49.32 -3.09
Labour Peter Lawrence Smith7,66046.52
Social Credit Arthur Richards5443.30
Independent Blanche Victoria Holloway1400.85
Majority4622.80-6.99
Turnout 16,46694.44+3.90
Registered electors 17,434

1954 election

1954 general election: North Shore [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Dean Eyre 7,463 52.41 -5.02
Labour Arthur Faulkner 6,06842.61
Social Credit Frank Procter7074.96
Majority1,3959.79-5.07
Turnout 14,23890.54-0.53
Registered electors 15,725

1951 election

1951 general election: North Shore [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Dean Eyre 8,328 57.43 +2.74
Labour Richard Wrathall6,17342.56
Majority2,15514.86+5.48
Turnout 14,50191.07-4.00
Registered electors 15,922

1949 election

1949 general election: North Shore [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Dean Eyre 7,835 54.69
Labour Martyn Finlay 6,49145.31-5.56
Majority1,3449.38
Turnout 14,32695.07+0.86
Registered electors 15,068

1946 election

1946 general election: North Shore [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour Martyn Finlay 7,015 50.87
National Henry Thorne Morton 6,77649.13
Majority2391.73
Turnout 13,79195.93
Registered electors 14,375

Table footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. "Electorate Profile: North Shore" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament . Parliamentary Library. October 2005. p. 3. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  3. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  4. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  5. Willis, Liz (15 December 2010). "National MP Wayne Mapp to retire". Stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  6. 1 2 "Official Count Results – North Shore (2011)". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  7. 1 2 "Official Count Results – North Shore (2014)". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  8. "Official Count Results – North Shore". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  9. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  10. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  11. 2008 election results
  12. 2005 election results
  13. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – North Shore, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 26 July 2013.
  14. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  15. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  16. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 71.
  17. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 75.
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 292.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 291.
  20. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  21. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  22. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.

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Pakuranga is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It gave the Social Credit Party one of its few MPs when Neil Morrison held the seat from 1984 to 1987, but otherwise the electorate seat has been held by the National Party since 1972. Its current MP is Simeon Brown who has held the electorate since the 2017 general election.

Wairarapa (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Alastair Scott since the 2014 election.

Whangarei (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Whangarei is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that was first created for the 1972 election. The electorate is a reasonably safe National seat, and was held for long periods by John Banks (1981–1999) and Phil Heatley (1999–2014), before being won in the 2014 election by Shane Reti.

Wigram (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Wigram is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Wigram is Megan Woods of the Labour Party. She took over this position from Jim Anderton, who had held this position from 1996 until 2011.

Ōhāriu (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Ōhāriu, previously spelled Ohariu and then Ōhariu, is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It first existed from 1978 to 1993, and was recreated for the 2008 election. In 2008, it was the successor to Ohariu-Belmont, first contested at the first mixed-member proportional (MMP) election in 1996. Through its existence Ohariu-Belmont was represented by Peter Dunne, leader of the United Future party. Dunne contested and won the recreated electorate in 2008. He announced on 21 August 2017, he would not be seeking re-election in the 2017 general election.

Hunua (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

The Hunua electorate existed three times for the New Zealand House of Representatives beginning in 1978, based at the south end of the Auckland urban area, and named for the Hunua Ranges. It covered different geographical areas over those periods. The electorate is currently represented by Andrew Bayly of the National Party.

Rangitata (New Zealand electorate)

Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well. It is held by Andrew Falloon of the National Party. Rangitata is a relatively safe National seat, though not as safe relative to its surrounding neighbours Selwyn and Waitaki due to both Timaru and Temuka being Labour Party strongholds.

Pencarrow (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Pencarrow is a former Parliamentary electorate in the lower Hutt Valley of New Zealand, from 1978 to 1996.

Horowhenua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1978 to 1996.

Glenfield (New Zealand electorate) former New Zealand parliamentary electorate

Glenfield was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate for four terms, from 1984 to 1996. It was represented by two members of parliament, first Judy Keall of the Labour Party, and then Peter Hilt of the National Party. Hilt defected to United New Zealand in 1995.

Birkenhead (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Birkenhead was a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1969 to 1996.

Titirangi is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1987 to 2002, with a break from 1996 to 1999. It was represented by four members of parliament, with three of them from Labour and one from National.

Yaldhurst is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, near the city of Christchurch. The electorate was to the southwest of Christchurch, and was suburban and semi-rural.

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