North Shore is a parliamentary electorate that returns one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for North Shore is Maggie Barry of the National Party.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Margaret Mary Barry, generally known as Maggie Barry, is a New Zealand politician and a member of the House of Representatives, first elected in the 2011 general election. She is a member of the National Party, and was the Minister for Conservation, Seniors Citizens, and Arts, Culture and Heritage in the Fifth National Government. Barry has had a long career in broadcasting, including gardening shows, and has a rose named after her.
The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including North Shore.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The country quota was a part of the New Zealand electoral system from 1881 until 1945. Its effect was to make urban constituencies more populous than those in rural areas, thus making rural votes worth more in general elections.
The boundaries of the North Shore electorate were last adjusted for the first election held using the mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system in 1996, when the number of general electorates decreased from 95 (1993) to 60 (1996), and the electorate expanded to the north into an area previously belonging to East Coast Bays. No boundary adjustments were undertaken in the subsequent redistributions in 2002,2007, and 2013/14.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
East Coast Bays is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first formed in 1972 and has existed apart from a break lasting two parliamentary terms. The electorate has been held by Erica Stanford of the National Party since the 2017 general election.
North Shore stretches up the eastern coast of North Shore City in Auckland, starting in the south at Devonport and moving northwards to take in Lake Pupuke and the suburbs of Takapuna, Westlake and Campbells Bay. North Shore is predominately New Zealand European, and has an average income high above the national average, boasting some of the most expensive real estate in the country.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland is the largest urban area in the country, with an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. A diverse and multicultural city, Auckland is home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. The Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
Devonport is a harbourside suburb of Auckland, New Zealand. It is located on the North Shore, at the southern end of a peninsula that runs southeast from near Lake Pupuke in Takapuna, forming the northern side of the Waitematā Harbour. East of Devonport lies North Head, the northern promontory guarding the mouth of the harbour.
Lake Pupuke is a heart-shaped freshwater lake occupying a volcanic crater between the suburbs of Takapuna and Milford on the North Shore of Auckland, New Zealand. The heart shape is a result of its formation by the linking of two circular craters - a larger one forming most of the lake and a smaller one forming the arm in the northeast. Separated from the sea by less than 200 m at one point, it has a circumference of about 4.5 km and reaches 57 m in depth. It is popular for recreational activities and the lakefront property around it.
The seat has been contested at every election in New Zealand since 1946, and except for a single victory by future Labour Attorney-General Martyn Finlay in its first contest, has been safely held by the National Party ever since.
The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.
Allan "Martyn" Finlay was a New Zealand lawyer and politician of the Labour Party.
Wayne Mapp held the electorate from 1996 until his retirement in 2011.He was succeeded by Maggie Barry, who won the 2011 and 2014 elections.
Wayne Daniel Mapp is a New Zealand politician, who represented the National Party in the New Zealand Parliament. He served as the MP for the North Shore electorate from the 1996 elections until his retirement in late 2011. Before entering politics, he lectured in commercial law at University of Auckland.
The 2011 New Zealand general election on Saturday 26 November 2011 determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.
The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.
Labour National United NZ NZ First Mauri Pacific ACT
|1946 election||Martyn Finlay|
|1949 election||Dean Eyre|
|1966 election||George Gair|
|1990 election||Bruce Cliffe|
|1996 election||Wayne Mapp|
|2011 election||Maggie Barry|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the North Shore electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Ann Batten|
|1999 election||Helen Duncan|
|2002 election||Deborah Coddington|
|2008 election||John Boscawen|
|2011 election||Andrew Williams|
|2017 general election: North Shore|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Josh Hubbard||2,108||5.34||—||2,097||5.25||−0.57|
|Total Valid votes||39,439||39,871|
|2014 general election: North Shore|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Total Valid votes||38,074||38,585|
|2011 general election: North Shore|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Andrew Williams||900||2.47||+0.89||1,806||4.86||+1.92|
|United Future||Damian Light||173||0.48||-0.20||179||0.48||-0.46|
|Total Valid votes||36,370||36,962|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 48,963
|2008 general election: North Shore|
|NZ First||Joe Gregory||612||1.59||1,149||2.93|
|Family Party||Louise Cleary||514||1.33||176||0.45|
|United Future||Damian Light||261||0.68||370||0.94|
|Bill and Ben||139||0.35|
|Total Valid votes||38,519||39,162|
|2005 general election: North Shore|
|United Future||Ross Tizard||865||2.34||-1.54||807||2.14||-4.81|
|Total Valid votes||36,898||37,623|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#North Shore for a list of candidates.
|1996 general election: North Shore|
|NZ First||Ann Batten||4,165||11.49||3,547||9.74|
|Christian Coalition||Julie Belding||780||2.15||1,181||3.24|
|Progressive Green||Cassandra Doherty||313||0.86||103||0.28|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Felix Clark||263||0.73||87||0.24|
|Green Society||Bradley Heising||109||0.30||50||0.14|
|Superannuitants & Youth||Trevor Gilligan||88||0.24||41||0.11|
|Natural Law||Gail Pianta||84||0.23||43||0.12|
|Ethnic Minority Party||71||0.20|
|Asia Pacific United||4||0.01|
|Advance New Zealand||0||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||36,252||36,404|
|National gain from United NZ||Majority||10,348||28.54|
|NZ First||Richard Stevens||1,851||8.28|
|Christian Heritage||Mary-Anne Gladwell||341||1.52|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Barry Bryant||288||1.28|
|Natural Law||Gail Pianta||118||0.52|
|Democrats||Sandra Ann Ewan-Willis||197||0.89|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Simon Holroyd||168||0.76|
|Independent||Blanche Victoria Holloway||124||0.56|
|NZ Party||Stephen Greenfield||445||2.04|
|NZ Party||Reg Davies||3,737||15.88|
|Social Credit||Dick Ryan||1,371||5.82||-16.28|
|Social Credit||Dick Ryan||4,779||22.10|
|Labour||Gene Anthony Thomas Leckey||5,701||28.02|
|Social Credit||Ian Fraser||3,485||17.13|
|Social Credit||Ronald James Barnett||1,153||5.79||-1.39|
|Socialist Unity||M Mennell||22||0.11|
|Social Credit||Ronald James Barnett||1,346||7.18||+1.25|
|Values||S A W Brydon||816||4.35|
|New Democratic||P B Smith||74||0.39|
|Labour||Donald Frederick Dugdale||6,631||35.83|
|Social Credit||Ronald James Barnett||1,098||5.93|
|Independent||Odette Vivienne Leather||180||0.97|
|Social Credit||Eva Hill||1,418||8.44||+3.96|
|Social Credit||Eva Hill||755||4.48|
|Liberal||J E Pasley||234||1.39|
|Labour||Peter Lawrence Smith||6,910||42.74||-3.78|
|Social Credit||Arthur Richards||431||2.66||-0.64|
|Independent||Blanche Victoria Holloway||97||0.60||-0.25|
|Labour||Peter Lawrence Smith||7,660||46.52|
|Social Credit||Arthur Richards||544||3.30|
|Independent||Blanche Victoria Holloway||140||0.85|
|Social Credit||Frank Procter||707||4.96|
|National||Henry Thorne Morton||6,776||49.13|
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