1960 New Zealand general election

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1960 New Zealand general election

  1957 26 November 1960 (1960-11-26) 1963  

All 80 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout1,170,503 (89.8%)
 First partySecond party
 
Leader Keith Holyoake Walter Nash
Party National Labour
Leader since 13 August 1957 17 January 1951
Leader's seat Pahiatua Hutt
Last election39 seats, 44.2%41 seats, 48.3%
Seats won4634
Seat changeIncrease 7Decrease 7
Popular vote557,046508,179
Percentage47.6%43.4%
SwingIncrease 3.4%Decrease 4.9%

Prime Minister before election

Walter Nash
Labour

Elected Prime Minister

Keith Holyoake
National

The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

Contents

Background

The Labour Party had won the 1957 election by a narrow margin, beginning New Zealand's second period of Labour government. However, the new administration soon lost its narrow lead in public opinion, with its financial policies being the principal cause of dissatisfaction. The so-called "Black Budget", introduced by Arnold Nordmeyer, increased taxes substantially, with particularly large increases for alcohol and tobacco taxes; Labour became widely seen as both miserly and puritanical. The government defended its tax increases as a necessary measure to avert a balance of payments crisis, but the opposition, led by Keith Holyoake, made substantial gains out of the issue.

The election

The date for the main 1960 election was 26 November. 1,310,742 people were registered to vote, and turnout was 89.8%. This turnout was slightly lower than what had been recorded in the previous elections. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.

Results

The 1960 election saw the governing Labour Party defeated by a twelve-seat margin, having previously held a two-seat majority. National won a total of 46 seats to Labour's 34 seats, and formed the second National government. [1] In the popular vote, National won 47.59% to Labour's 43.42%. [2]

The Social Credit Party won 8.62% of the vote, but no seats. [3] Three of their candidates missed the nomination deadline, and the opening address of the party leader P. H. Matthews was not noteworthy.

Three new National members of parliament were called the Young Turks: Peter Gordon, Duncan MacIntyre and Robert Muldoon. [4] The other new National MPs were Esme Tombleson, Bill Brown, Harry Lapwood, Logan Sloane, Bert Walker, and Dan Riddiford. [5]

Paddy Blanchfield, Ron Bailey, Norman Douglas and George Spooner entered parliament for Labour.

Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats wonChange
National 80557,04647.646+7
Labour 80508,17943.434−7
Social Credit 79100,9058.6-±0
Communist 182,4230.21-±0
Others71,9500.2-±0
Total2691,170,50380

Votes summary

Popular Vote
National
47.60%
Labour
43.40%
Social Credit
8.60%
Others
0.40%
Parliament seats
National
57.50%
Labour
42.50%

The table below shows the results of the 1960 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit   

Electorate results for the 1960 New Zealand general election [6]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Richard Gerard 2,558G Glassey
Auckland Central Bill Anderton Norman Douglas 1,846Raymond John Presland
Avon John Mathison 4,216 Herbert Pickering
Awarua Gordon Grieve 3,000J P Wyatt
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 2,411Thomas Godfrey Santon
Buller Jerry Skinner 1,546Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 1,935T D Flint
Clutha James Roy Peter Gordon 3,863J Fahey
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly 842Norman Scurr
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,475Miss M B Bell
Eden Duncan Rae John Rae 1,902Russell Gordon Penney
Egmont William Sheat 3,933J W Watson
Fendalton Jack Watts Harry Lake 2,722 Bill Rowling
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,197Howard Preston
Gisborne Reginald Keeling Esme Tombleson 291Reginald Keeling
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 4,596Brian Zouch
Hamilton Lance Adams-Schneider 2,583 Basil Arthur
Hastings Edwin Keating Duncan MacIntyre 300Edwin Keating
Hauraki Arthur Kinsella 2,635Albert Clifford Tucker
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker 3,682J G Woolf
Heretaunga Phil Holloway Ron Bailey 2,576Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale
Hobson Sidney Walter Smith Logan Sloane 1,401 Vernon Cracknell
Hurunui William Gillespie 2,731Arthur Alexander Adcock
Hutt Walter Nash 2,349George Llewellyn Barker
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 1,926O J Henderson
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer 1,791Fairlie Fergus Curry
Karori Jack Marshall 4,313 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Lyttelton Norman Kirk 260Jim Hay
Manawatu Blair Tennent 3,120Leonard Thomas Fischer
Manukau Leon Götz 245Cyril Douglas Stamp
Marlborough Tom Shand 1,747Robert William Hope
Marsden Donald McKay 4,351John Swanson Reid
Miramar Bill Fox 467Bernard Lyons
Mornington Walter Hudson 2,246G R Thorn
Mount Albert Warren Freer 1,676Mrs C M Anderson
Napier Jim Edwards 1,405William John Gunn
Nelson Stanley Whitehead 1,767Colin Wilson Martin
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 1,693 Ron Barclay
North Shore Dean Eyre 1,817Peter Lawrence Smith
Onehunga Hugh Watt 4,705Paul Brian Phillips
Onslow Henry May 790Maida Clark
Otago Central John George 4,344 Brian MacDonell
Otahuhu James Deas 2,774Thomas Tucker
Otaki James Joseph Maher Allan McCready 2,044Thomas William Cameron
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,934Kingsley McKane
Palmerston North Philip Skoglund Bill Brown 133Philip Skoglund
Patea Roy Jack 2,304David Costello Valley
Petone Michael Moohan 2,918Dick Martin
Piako William Goosman 5,376Henry Uttinger
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald 4,744Neil McLaughlan
Raglan Douglas Carter 1,371 Alan Baxter
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 3,889Shaun Alex Cameron
Remuera Ronald Algie 6,109 Barry Gustafson
Riccarton Mick Connelly 2,022Deena V. Sergel [7]
Rodney Jack Scott 4,157 Phil Amos
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 1,374Geoffrey Taylor
Rotorua Ray Boord Harry Lapwood 358Ray Boord
Selwyn John McAlpine 2,839J Palmer
St Albans Neville Pickering Bert Walker 298 Neville Pickering
St Kilda Bill Fraser 835 Jim Barnes
Stratford Thomas Murray 4,388H M St George
Sydenham Mabel Howard 4,793 Derek Quigley
Tamaki Bob Tizard Robert Muldoon 1,148 Bob Tizard
Tauranga George Walsh 5,239D C Goodfellow
Timaru Clyde Carr 357R E White
Waikato Geoffrey Sim 3,041Arthur John Ingram
Waipa Hallyburton Johnstone 3,241Bob Reese
Wairarapa Bert Cooksley 2,088Allan Goldsmith
Waitakere Rex Mason 3,709John Herbert Wilkinson
Waitaki Thomas Hayman 1,972Les McKay
Waitemata Norman King 1,249Jolyon Firth
Waitomo David Seath 3,951Duncan Barclay McLaren
Wallace Brian Talboys 5,736Mrs E Harris
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill George Spooner 160E J Crotty
Wellington Central Frank Kitts Dan Riddiford 381Frank Kitts
Westland James Begg Kent Paddy Blanchfield 3,844D A Hogg
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,025 Arnold Reedy [8]
Northern Maori Tapihana Paikea 3,372George Russell Harrison
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 3,947Ngarangi Whakaupoko Tutaki
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 4,666 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

Table footnotes:

    Bibliography

    Notes

    1. Wilson 1985, p. 288.
    2. Wilson 1985, p. 290.
    3. Wilson 1985, pp. 288, 290.
    4. "Obituary: Duncan MacIntyre". The New Zealand Herald . 16 June 2001. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
    5. Gustafson 1986, p. 85.
    6. Norton 1988.
    7. Gustafson 1986, p. 386.
    8. Gustafson 1986, p. 383.

    References