Eden (New Zealand electorate)

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Eden electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996 Eden electorate, 1993.png
Eden electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996

Eden, a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, lay in the general area of the suburb of Mount Eden in the city of Auckland.

Contents

Population centres

The 1870 electoral redistribution was undertaken by a parliamentary select committee based on population data from the 1867 census. Eight sub-committees were formed, with two members each making decisions for their own province; thus members set their own electorate boundaries. The number of electorates was increased from 61 to 72, and Eden was one of the new electorates. [1]

The electorate was urban, and comprised a number of inner-city suburbs in the central-south part of Auckland.

History

The Eden electorate was created in 1871 for the 5th Parliament. [2] The first elected representative was Robert James Creighton, who won the 1871 election. [3] He was succeeded in 1876 by Joseph Tole, who served until 1887. [4] In the 1879 election, Tole beat Frederick Whitaker. [5] Edwin Mitchelson won the 1887 election. He served three parliamentary terms until 1896, when he unsuccessfully contested the City of Auckland electorate. [6]

John Bollard was the next representative, elected in the 1896 election. He held the electorate until 1914. [7] In the 1899 election, he had a wafer-thin majority of just four votes over Malcolm Niccol. [8] [9] Bollard was succeeded by James Parr, who won the 1914 election. Parr resigned on 26 March 1926, as he had been appointed as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.

Rex Mason won the resulting 1926 by-election, as the Reform Party vote was split between two candidates. He held the electorate for the remainder of the term until 1928. He was succeeded by Arthur Stallworthy, who won in the 1928 election. He was defeated in 1935 by Bill Anderton, who held Eden until 1946, when he was elected for Auckland Central. Wilfred Fortune won Eden in 1946 and held the electorate for three terms until 1954, when he was defeated for the Onslow electorate.

Premier and Attorney-General Frederick Whitaker stood unsuccessfully for Eden in 1879; as did John Kerr in 1871.

The electorate was abolished in 1996, when it was replaced by the new MMP electorate of Epsom.

Members of Parliament

Eden was represented by 15 Members of Parliament.

Key

  Independent     Conservative     Reform     Labour     United     National   

ElectionWinner
1871 election Robert Creighton
1876 election Joseph Tole
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election
1887 election Edwin Mitchelson
1890 election
1893 election
1896 election John Bollard
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election James Parr
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1926 by-election Rex Mason
1928 election Arthur Stallworthy
1931 election
1935 election Bill Anderton
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Wilfred Fortune
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Duncan Rae
1957 election
1960 election John Rae
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Mike Moore
1975 election Aussie Malcolm
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Richard Northey
1987 election
1990 election Christine Fletcher
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Epsom)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Eden [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Christine Fletcher 10,121 49.38 +3.34
Labour Verna Smith6,72732.82
Alliance Keith Locke 2,87814.04+10.51
Christian Heritage Ewen McQueen 3751.82
McGillicuddy Serious Aidrian Bridgeman-Sutton1640.80+0.18
Independent Julie Halligan820.40
Defence MovementMichael Bowden760.37
Natural Law John Hodgson700.34
Majority3,39416.56+8.87
Turnout 20,49384.73-1.65
Registered electors 24,184

1990 election

1990 general election: Eden [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Christine Fletcher 9,117 46.04
Labour Richard Northey 7,59338.35-18.49
Green Robyn Dormer1,8149.16
NewLabour Keith Locke 7003.53
Democrats Mary Tierney2931.47
McGillicuddy Serious Aidrian Bridgeman-Sutton1240.62
NZ Party Stephen Greenfield1160.58
Independent W Littlewood420.21
Majority1,5247.69
Turnout 19,79986.38-3.12
Registered electors 22,919

1987 election

1987 general election: Eden [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Richard Northey 11,916 56.84 +8.28
National Hiwi Tauroa 8,51240.60
Democrats Arthur Drabble3801.81
NZ Party Blanche Victoria Holloway1530.72
Majority3,40416.23+6.15
Turnout 20,96189.50-4.19
Registered electors 23,419

1984 election

1984 general election: Eden [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Richard Northey 11,106 48.56
National Aussie Malcolm 8,80038.43-3.36
NZ Party Richard Cullen2,29410.03
Social Credit Ken Harris5712.49
Values Sylvia Williams960.41
Majority2,30610.08
Turnout 22,86793.69+5.53
Registered electors 24,406

1981 election

1981 general election: Eden [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Aussie Malcolm 8,526 41.79 -1.47
Labour Ian Scott8,40941.22
Social Credit Allan Scott3,30316.19
Values R A Tyson1620.79
Majority1170.57-2.67
Turnout 20,40088.16+32.44
Registered electors 23,138

1978 election

1978 general election: Eden [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Aussie Malcolm 8,653 43.26 -6.22
Labour John Hinchcliff 8,00540.02
Social Credit Les Tasker1,8369.18+6.66
Values Margaret Crozier8774.38
Independent National Max Louis Peers5252.62
Independent Labour Barry Moss530.26
Cheer UpVince Terreni490.24
Majority6483.24-3.53
Turnout 19,99855.72-18.18
Registered electors 35,888

1975 election

1975 general election: Eden [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Aussie Malcolm 9,725 49.48
Labour Mike Moore 8,39442.71-5.48
Values Paul Lunberg9915.04
Social Credit Leslie Clark4972.52
National Socialist Colin King-Ansell 190.09-0.09
Independent Labour Marilyn Voss160.08
Democratic Labour Norma Hughes110.05
Majority1,3316.77
Turnout 19,65373.90-14.65
Registered electors 26,591

1972 election

1972 general election: Eden [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mike Moore 9,046 48.19
National Mary Kidd8,25843.99
Values Bert Keiller6563.49
Social Credit Neil Morrison 6463.44
New Democratic C W Bott600.31
Independent F W Bell480.25
National Socialist Colin King-Ansell 350.18
Liberal Reform G T Tudor210.11
Majority7884.19
Turnout 18,77088.55+1.21
Registered electors 21,196

1969 election

1969 general election: Eden [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National John Rae 8,887 48.88 -5.70
Labour Keith Sinclair 8,56947.13
Social Credit Heather-Ann Molloy9755.36
Majority670.36-18.17
Turnout 18,18089.76+7.42
Registered electors 20,254

1966 election

1966 general election: Eden [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National John Rae 7,502 54.58 -3.15
Labour John William Stewart4,95436.04
Social Credit Thomas Tansfield1,2889.37
Majority2,54818.53-3.13
Turnout 13,74482.34-5.77
Registered electors 16,690

1963 election

1963 general election: Eden [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National John Rae 8,887 57.73 +3.51
Labour Frank Knipe5,55236.06
Social Credit Alfred George Grove6324.10+0.61
Liberal William Wynyard Rayner3232.09
Majority3,33521.66+9.72
Turnout 15,39488.11+1.07
Registered electors 17,471

1960 election

1960 general election: Eden [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National John Rae 8,632 54.22
Labour Russell Gordon Penney6,73042.27
Social Credit Alfred George Grove5563.49+0.09
Majority1,90211.94
Turnout 15,91887.04-5.55
Registered electors 18,288

1957 election

1957 general election: Eden [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Duncan Rae 8,744 49.71 +1.83
Labour Ian Watkins8,24646.88
Social Credit Alfred George Grove5993.40
Majority4982.83+2.78
Turnout 17,58992.59+3.40
Registered electors 18,995

1954 election

1954 general election: Eden [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Duncan Rae 6,910 47.88
Labour John Stewart 6,90247.74
Social Credit Allan Donovan6444.45
Majority80.05
Turnout 14,45689.19+2.01
Registered electors 16,208

1951 election

1951 general election: Eden [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Wilfred Fortune 7,016 62.47 +3.15
Labour John Ronald Burfitt4,21437.53
Majority2,80224.95+6.30
Turnout 11,23087.18-7.19
Registered electors 12,881

1949 election

1949 general election: Eden [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Wilfred Fortune 7,184 59.32 +4.33
Labour Pat Curran 4,92540.68
Majority2,25918.65+8.67
Turnout 12,10994.37+2.18
Registered electors 12,831

1946 election

1946 general election: Eden [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Wilfred Fortune 7,055 54.99 +9.38
Labour Warren Freer 5,77445.01
Majority1,2819.98
Turnout 12,82992.19-0.82
Registered electors 13,915

1943 election

1943 general election: Eden [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bill Anderton 7,266 45.70 -10.73
National Wilfred Fortune 7,25245.61
Democratic Labour Terrence Nixon7304.59
Real Democracy Gertrude Brooks3041.91
People's Movement David Wilson2011.26
Informal votes1490.93+0.10
Majority140.08-14.60
Turnout 15,89991.37+0.13
Registered electors 17,400

1938 election

1938 general election: Eden [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bill Anderton 8,969 56.43 +10.84
National Donald Pool6,63641.75
Country Party Albert Robinson1550.97
Informal votes1320.83+0.22
Majority2,33314.68-4.22
Turnout 15,89291.50+1.86
Registered electors 17,368

1935 election

1935 general election: Eden [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bill Anderton 5,946 45.59 +14.37
Democrat Arthur Stallworthy 3,48126.69-15.57
United Clifton Clarke3,45826.51
Independent Cecil Pickering1551.18
Informal votes800.61-0.84
Majority2,46518.90
Turnout 13,04089.64+7.64
Registered electors 14,546

1931 election

1931 general election: Eden [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
United Arthur Stallworthy 4,860 42.26 -7.71
Labour Bill Anderton 3,59031.22+12.41
Independent William Henry Nagle1,82315.85
Reform Richard Glover-Clark8747.60
Independent Vivian Potter 3523.06-26.47
Informal votes1691.45-0.05
Majority1,27011.04-9.41
Turnout 11,66882.00-3.61
Registered electors 14,230

1928 election

1928 general election: Eden [22] [23] [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
United Arthur Stallworthy 5,953 49.98
Reform Vivian Potter 3,51729.53
Labour Bill Anderton 2,24118.81
Christian Socialist Ormond Burton 2001.68
Informal votes1351.12-0.33
Majority2,43620.45
Turnout 12,04685.29
Registered electors 14,123

1926 by-election

1926 Eden by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Rex Mason 4,589 41.54
Reform James Gunson 4,16337.68
Independent Reform Ellen Melville 2,19719.89
Informal votes990.90
Majority3,8113.86
Turnout 11,048
Labour gain from Reform Swing

1914 election

1914 general election: Eden [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform James Parr 5,231 57.55
Liberal William Tuck2,77530.53
Social Democrat Wesley Richards1,68218.50
Informal votes860.94
Majority2,45627.02
Turnout 9,08880.86
Registered electors 11,239

1899 election

1899 general election: Eden [9] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Bollard 2,255 50.04
Liberal Malcolm Niccol [8] 2,25149.96
Informal votes520.94
Majority40.09
Turnout 4,55882.30
Registered electors 5,538

1893 election

1893 general election: Eden [27] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edwin Mitchelson 1,515 43.03 -17.73
Liberal Malcolm Niccol [8] 1,18933.77
Liberal Joseph Dargaville 81723.20
Majority3269.26-12.27
Turnout 3,52175.20+27.59
Registered electors 4,682

1890 election

1890 general election: Eden [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edwin Mitchelson 728 60.76
Liberal Joseph Greenwood47039.23
Majority25821.53
Turnout 1,19847.61
Registered electors 2,516

1887 election

1887 general election: Eden [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Edwin Mitchelson 901 65.96
Independent J. A. Connell46534.04
Majority43631.92
Total valid votes1,36699.49
Informal votes70.51
Turnout 1,37372.26
Registered electors 1,900

1879 election

1879 general election: Eden [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Joseph Tole 409 56.96 +1.59
Independent Frederick Whitaker [33] 30943.04
Majority10013.92
Total valid votes718
Informal votes9
Rejected ballots4
Turnout 731
Registered electors

NB: Officially there are 731 ballot papers, 9 informal votes, and 2*2 duplicate votes. After removing 13 from consideration, 718 total valid votes were counted. So technically, turnout is 729 voters.

1876 election

1876 general election: Eden [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Joseph Tole 263 55.37
Independent Allan Kerr Taylor 21244.63
Majority5110.74
Turnout 47564.54
Registered electors 736

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, p. 39.
  2. Scholefield 1950, p. 157.
  3. Scholefield 1925, p. 86.
  4. Scholefield 1925, p. 141.
  5. Stone, R. C. J. "Whitaker, Frederick - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 14 March 2012.
  6. Scholefield 1925, p. 118.
  7. Scholefield 1925, p. 79.
  8. 1 2 3 Scholefield 1940, p. 124.
  9. 1 2 "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  10. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  11. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 221.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, pp. 220.
  14. "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  15. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  16. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  17. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  18. "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. 80, no. 24713. 13 October 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  19. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  20. The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  21. "Election Results". Auckland Star . Vol. LXII, no. 290. 8 December 1931. p. 3. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  22. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 2. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  23. "Auckland Seats". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXV, no. 20109. 21 November 1928. p. 13. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  24. "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXV, no. 20090. 30 October 1928. p. 4. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  25. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  26. "The General Elections". The Star . No. 6668. 14 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  27. "The General Election, 1893". National Library. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  28. "The General Election". Otago Daily Times . 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  29. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  30. "Eden". Auckland Star . Vol. XVIII, no. 232. 3 October 1887. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  31. "Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1887 Session II, H-13". AtoJs Online. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  32. "Eden Election". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. XVI, no. 5558. 9 September 1879. p. 6. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  33. "Story: Whitaker, Frederick". Te Ara. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  34. "General Elections". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. XIII, no. 4419. 12 January 1876. p. 3. Retrieved 9 April 2017.

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