Oamaru was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago region of New Zealand, during three periods between 1866 and 1978.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated, including Oamaru. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate (Oamaru) was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
The electorate was centred on the town of Oamaru.
The electorate existed three times: from 1866 to 1870, 1881 to 1957, and then from 1969 to 1978.
Robert Campbell was the first representative, who served from the 1866 general election to 9 April 1869, when he resigned.Charles Christie Graham won the resulting 1869 by-election; he retired at the end of the term in 1870. The electorate was abolished at the end of the 4th Parliament.
Samuel Shrimski won the 1881 general election in the reconstituted electorate against James Hassell, one of the pioneers of Oamaru.In the 1884 general election, he defeated Viscount Reidhaven (who later became the Earl of Seafield when he succeeded his father). Shrimski resigned on 28 March 1885 and was appointed to the Legislative Council on 15 May 1885.
Thomas William Hislop won the 1885 by-election.Hislop, William Henry Frith and John Church contested the 1887 election and received 581, 345 and 100 votes, respectively. Hislop represented the electorate until 5 September 1889, when he resigned. He won the resulting 1889 by-election, but was defeated by Thomas Young Duncan at the 1890 general election.
The electorate was represented by twelve Members of Parliament.
|1866 election||Robert Campbell|
|1869 by-election||Charles Graham|
|(Electorate abolished 1870–1881, see Waitaki)|
|1881 election||Samuel Shrimski|
|1885 by-election||Thomas Hislop|
|1890 election||Thomas Duncan|
|1911 election||Ernest Lee|
|1922 election||John MacPherson|
|1925 election||Ernest Lee|
|1928 election||John MacPherson|
|1935 election||Arnold Nordmeyer|
|1949 election||Thomas Hayman|
|(Electorate abolished 1957–1969, see Waitaki)|
|1969 election||Allan Dick|
|1972 election||Bill Laney|
|1975 election||Jonathan Elworthy|
|(Electorate abolished in 1978; see Waitaki)|
|Social Credit||Don McLean||1,713||9.0||-1.9|
|Values||G I Morgan||462||2.4||+1.4|
|Social Credit||Alexander Familton||1,881||10.9||-1.7|
|Values||J R Perkins||176||1.0||+1.0|
|New Democratic||H E Mitchell||55||0.3||+0.3|
|Social Credit||B R Milmine||1,974||12.6|
|Democratic Labour||Jamie Wedderspoon||75||0.5||+0.5|
|Labour||J H Rapson||5,203||40.3||-5.1|
|Social Credit||F Poole||1,151||8.9||+8.9|
|Labour||C J Ryan||6,421||45.4||-2.1|
|National||Thomas Ross Beatty||6,847||49.0||+2.4|
|Independent Liberal||George Percival Cuttriss||56||0.4||-1.51|
|National||Thomas Ross Beatty||5,026||46.65|
|Democratic Labour||George Barclay||339||3.14|
|People's Movement||George Percival Cuttriss||167||1.55|
|National||Michael Francis Edward Cooney||5,213||46.33|
|Democrat||Herbert Gladstone Hill||948||9.11|
|United||John Andrew MacPherson||3,992||41.47|
|United||John Andrew MacPherson||5,016||51.74|
|Liberal||Thomas Young Duncan||2,141||50.29||-16.44|
|Independent||John Marshall Brown||1,261||29.62|
|Liberal||John Andrew MacPherson||717||16.84||-16.42|
|Conservative||Henry Beloe Crawford||138||3.24|
|Liberal||Thomas Young Duncan||2,500||66.74||+6.65|
|Liberal||John Andrew MacPherson||1,246||33.26|
|Liberal||Thomas Young Duncan||1,611||51.83||-11.68|
|Independent||William Henry Frith||50||1.61|
|Liberal||Thomas Young Duncan||1,105||63.51|
|Conservative||Thomas William Hislop||635||36.49|
|Independent||Thomas William Hislop||549||56.95|
|Independent||Thomas William Hislop||439||53.73%|
The 1893 New Zealand general election was held on 28 November and 20 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 12th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon became Prime Minister.
Dunedin North is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It was last held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It was considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928. In the 2020 electoral boundary review, Otago Peninsula was added to the area to address a population quota shortfall; with this change the electorate was succeeded by the Dunedin electorate in the 2020 election.
Whanganui is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first established in 1860 for the 3rd Parliament and has existed continuously since then.
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
Manukau is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the south Auckland Region. It existed from 1881 to 1978, with a break from 1938 to 1954. It was represented by nine Members of Parliament. Two by-elections were held in the electorate.
Awarua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1881 to 1996.
Christchurch North is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. The electorate comprised the northern half of what is now considered the Christchurch Central City.
Chalmers, originally Port Chalmers, was a parliamentary electorate in the Otago Region of New Zealand, from 1866 to 1938 with a break from 1896 to 1902. It was named after the town of Port Chalmers, the main port of Dunedin and Otago.
Wairau was a parliamentary electorate in the Marlborough Region of New Zealand. It was one of the initial 24 New Zealand electorates and existed from 1853 until its abolition in 1938, when it was succeeded by the Marlborough electorate. The electorate had 13 representatives during its existence. The 1861 election in the Wairau electorate was notable in that a later Premier, Frederick Weld, was unexpectedly and narrowly defeated by William Henry Eyes.
Westland was a parliamentary electorate in the West Coast of New Zealand from 1866 to 1868 and 1890 to 1972. In 1972 the Tasman and West Coast electorates replaced the former Buller and Westland electorates.
Newtown was a parliamentary electorate in Wellington, New Zealand from 1902 to 1908.
City of Dunedin, during the first two parliaments called Town of Dunedin, was a parliamentary electorate in Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand. It was one of the original electorates created in 1853 and existed, with two breaks, until 1905. The first break, from 1862 to 1866, was caused by an influx of people through the Otago Gold Rush, when many new electorates were formed in Otago. The second break occurred from 1881 to 1890. It was the only New Zealand electorate that was created as a single-member, two-member and three member electorate.
Dunedin East was a parliamentary electorate in the city of Dunedin in the Otago region of New Zealand from 1881 to 1890.
Roslyn was a parliamentary electorate in the city of Dunedin in the Otago region of New Zealand from 1866 to 1890.
Samuel Edward Shrimski was a 19th-century Member of Parliament and then a Member of the Legislative Council from Otago, New Zealand.
The 8th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The 9th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.
The 12th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1893 general election in November and December of that year.
The 14th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1899 general election in December of that year.
The Oamaru by-election 1885 was a by-election held in the Oamaru electorate during the 9th New Zealand Parliament, on 20 May 1885. The by-election was caused by the resignation of the incumbent, Samuel Shrimski, who was appointed to the Legislative Council, and was won by Thomas William Hislop.