Bay of Islands is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed during various periods between 1853 and 1993. It was thus one of the original 24 electoral districts, and New Zealand's first ever MP was elected, although unopposed, in the Bay of Islands; Hugh Carleton thus liked to be called the Father of the House.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated, including Bay of Islands. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
The electorate is centred on the Bay of Islands in the Northland Region, and includes the following population centres: Kerikeri.
Hugh Carleton was elected to the seat in the first New Zealand Parliament in 1853. Although he was elected unopposed, he was the first MP elected and liked to be called Father of the House.He represented the seat until 1870, when he was defeated.
The Bay of Islands electorate existed from 1853 to 1870, then from 1881 to 1946 (when it was replaced by the Hobson electorate), then from 1978 to 1993, after which it became the Far North electorate.In 1996 it became the Northland electorate.
Members representing the electorate from 1881 to 1922 were Richard Hobbs 1881–1890 (retired), Robert Houston 1890–1908 (retired), Vernon Reed 1908–1915 (election declared void) and 1917–1922 (defeated), and William Stewart 1915–1917(resigned). In 1929, Harold Rushworth, a Country Party member, had his 1928 election declared void, but he won the subsequent by-election.
The 1890 election was contested by Robert Houston, James Trounsen, John Lundon and Joseph Dargaville, and they received 465, 454, 385 and 352 votes, respectively. Houston, who represented the Liberal Party, was thus declared elected. 1–3:
The 1893 election was contested by Houston (1431 votes), Trownson (1200 votes) and Dargaville (399 votes). The incumbent was thus re-elected.
The 1896 election was contested by Houston (1592 votes) and John Press (965 votes). The incumbent was again re-elected.Houston remained the electorate's representative until he retired at the 1908 election.
Houston was succeeded by Vernon Reed, who represented the Liberal Party in the 1908 and 1911 elections.The opposition candidate in 1908 was John Charles Johnson, and by 1911 the Reform Party had established itself and George Wilkinson was their candidate.
Harold Rushworth of the Country Party represented the electorate from the 1928 election onwards.For the 1935 election, the United Party chose Robert Boyd Russell as their candidate. On 7 October 1935, Russell died in a rifle accident on his farm. The United Party selected Clive Cameron as their replacement candidate.
Independent Liberal Reform Country Party Labour National
|1853 election||Hugh Carleton|
|(Electorate abolished 1870–1881,|
see Mongonui and Bay of Islands)
|1881 election||Richard Hobbs|
|1890 election||Robert Houston|
|1908 election||Vernon Reed|
|1915 by-election||William Stewart|
|1917 by-election||Vernon Reed|
|1922 election||Allen Bell|
|1928 election||Harold Rushworth|
|1938 election||Charles Boswell|
|1943 election||Sidney Walter Smith|
|(Electorate abolished 1946–1978, see Hobson)|
|1978 election||Neill Austin|
|1987 election||John Carter|
|(Electorate abolished 1993)|
|National||Sidney Walter Smith||4,513||53.09|
|Democratic Labour||Charles Young||672||7.90|
|National||Harold Fisher Guy||4,393||49.09|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||6,004||59.41||+2.49|
|Independent Labour||Robert Hornblow||190||1.88|
|Reform||J B Kennedy||28||0.27|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||4,970||56.92||+4.07|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||4,385||52.86||+5.03|
|Country Party gain from Reform||Swing|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||3,820||47.83|
|Country Party||Hugh James Sweeney||1,424||19.02|
|Labour||Allan Edward Bisset||1,268||16.94|
|Liberal||Richard Theophilus Wrathall||311||4.15|
|Independent Liberal||St. Claire Jounneaux||1,871||37.90|
|Liberal||George Gardiner Menzies||2,221||40.49|
|Reform gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Conservative||John Charles Johnson||1,977||46.86|
Auckland Central is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate is currently represented by Chlöe Swarbrick, a member of the Green Party; she has represented the seat since 2020.
Bay of Plenty is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Todd Muller of the National Party, first elected at the 2014 election. He replaced Tony Ryall, also of the National Party, who retired after representing the seat since 1996.
Napier is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It is named after the city of Napier, the main urban area within the electorate. The electorate was established for the 1861 election and has existed since. Since the 2014 general election, Napier has been held by Stuart Nash of the New Zealand Labour Party. Previously, it had been held by Chris Tremain of the New Zealand National Party, who stood down prior to the 2014 election.
Nelson is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was called Town of Nelson. From 1860 to 1881, it was City of Nelson. The electorate is the only one that has continuously existed since the 1st Parliament in 1853.
New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.
Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Kieran McAnulty since the 2020 election.
Franklin was a rural New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1861 to 1996 during four periods.
Waitemata was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1946, and then from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by 18 members of parliament.
Awarua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1881 to 1996.
Grey Lynn is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1902 to 1978, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament.
Avon is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was created for the 1861 general election and existed until 1996. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament and was held by Independents, Liberal Party or Labour Party representatives.
Hutt was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was one of the original electorates in 1853 and existed during two periods until 1978. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.
Albert Edward Jull was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party, the United Party and from 1938 the National Party.
Hurunui was a parliamentary electorate in the Canterbury region of New Zealand, from 1902 to 1963.
Waipawa was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1946.
Wellington North was, from 1905 to 1946, a parliamentary electorate within the area encompassing New Zealand's capital, Wellington. The electorate was represented by four Members of Parliament.
Wellington Suburbs was a parliamentary electorate in Wellington, New Zealand. It existed from 1893 to 1902, then from 1908 to 1911, and from 1919 to 1946. The electorate was represented by six Members of Parliament.
The 1915 Bay of Islands by-election was a by-election held on 8 June 1915 during the 19th New Zealand Parliament in the Northland electorate of Bay of Islands. The by-election came about because Vernon Reed's win in the 1914 general election was declared void by an electoral court. The seat was won by William Stewart of the Reform Party. Reed, who was also of the Reform Party, was barred by the court from standing for election for 12 months.
The 1917 Bay of Islands by-election was a by-election held on 19 March 1917 during the 19th New Zealand Parliament in the Northland electorate of Bay of Islands. The by-election came about because Vernon Reed's win in the 1914 general election had been declared void by an electoral court, and Reed barred from standing for a year. The seat was won by William Stewart, Reed's Reform Party colleague, in the resulting 1915 by-election. When Reed became eligible again, Stewart resigned and Reed won the 1917 by-election unopposed.
This is a summary of the electoral history of William Massey, Prime Minister of New Zealand, (1912–1925). He represented two electorates during his political career.