Hutt (New Zealand electorate)

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Hutt was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was one of the original electorates in 1853 and existed during two periods until 1978. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established, including Hutt. [1]

The main population centre in the electorate was the city of Lower Hutt in the Hutt Valley.

History

The Hutt seat first existed from 1853 to 1870 as a two-member electorate. [2]

At the opening of the 6th session of the 2nd Parliament on 10 April 1858, [3] the speaker read out 14 resignations, including those of Dillon Bell and Samuel Revans. [4] Bell moved to Otago and continued his political career there. On 31 July 1858, a by-election was held, and Alfred Renall and William Fitzherbert were returned. [5] [6]

From 1871 onwards, the electorate was a single-member constituency. Fitzherbert contested the general election on 29 December 1875 against Hutchison and obtained 178 votes, with Hutchison receiving 38. [7] He retained the Hutt electorate until his resignation in 1879, so that he could appointed to the Legislative Council. H. Jackson won the resulting by-election against T. Mason, [8] but Mason was successful against Jackson at the 1879 general election a few months later. [9]

The electorate was abolished in 1893. [2]

In 1902 the seat was recreated and was won by the Liberal leader Thomas Wilford. His party allegiance changed to the United Party, which took over from the Liberal Party by 1928. He resigned in 1929, and the ensuing by-election was won by Walter Nash. Nash became Minister of Finance and Prime Minister, who died in 1968. The seat was then held by Trevor Young, also for Labour.

When the seat was split into Eastern Hutt and Western Hutt in 1978, Young won the new Eastern Hutt seat for Labour.

Members of Parliament

Key:

  Independent     Conservative     Liberal     United     Labour   

1853 to 1870

From 1853 to 1870, Hutt was a two-member electorate represented by six Members of Parliament: [2]

ElectionWinners
1853 election Edward Gibbon Wakefield Alfred Ludlam
1855 election Francis Dillon Bell
1856 by-election Samuel Revans
1858 by-election William Fitzherbert Alfred Renall
1860 election
1866 election Alfred Ludlam

1871 to 1893

From 1871 to 1893, the electorate was represented by a further four Members of Parliament, with Fitzherbert continuing his term:

ElectionWinner
1871 election William Fitzherbert [6]
1875 election
1879 by-election Henry Jackson [8]
1879 election Thomas Mason [9] [10]
1881 election
1884 election Henry Samuel Fitzherbert
1887 election
1890 election Alfred Newman
(Electorate abolished 1893)

1902 to 1978

From 1902 to 1978, the electorate was represented by three Members of Parliament: [2]

ElectionWinner
1902 election Thomas Wilford
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1929 by-election Walter Nash
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1968 by-election Trevor Young
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978; see Western Hutt and Eastern Hutt)

Election results

1975 election

1975 general election: Hutt [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Trevor Young 9,540 48.10 -7.20
National Brett Newell8,52142.96
Social Credit Noel Riches9854.96
Values Paul Irik7853.95
Majority1,0195.13-12.73
Turnout 19,83183.29-8.53
Registered electors 23,808

1972 election

1972 general election: Hutt [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Trevor Young 10,516 55.30 +2.39
National Michael Fowler 7,11937.43
Social Credit Annette Harvey7193.78
Values Max Overton5953.12
New Democratic Kenneth George Hurren670.35
Majority3,39717.86+7.27
Turnout 19,01691.82+2.09
Registered electors 20,709

1969 election

1969 general election: Hutt [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Trevor Young 8,861 52.91 +5.12
National Don Lee7,08642.31
Social Credit Graeme Constable6373.80
Independent Nick Ursin1620.96-1.40
Majority1,77510.59-0.56
Turnout 16,74689.73+21.69
Registered electors 18,661

1968 by-election

1968 Hutt by-election [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Trevor Young 5,968 47.79
National John Kennedy-Good 4,57636.64-2.24
Social Credit Tom Weal 1,6495.18
Independent Nick Ursin2952.36
Majority1,39211.15
Turnout 12,48868.04-18.74
Registered electors 18,354
Labour hold Swing

1966 election

1966 general election: Hutt [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Sir Walter Nash 7,861 51.70 -6.91
National John Kennedy-Good 5,91238.88
Social Credit Christina Dalglish1,4319.41
Majority1,94912.81-11.30
Turnout 15,20486.78-2.47
Registered electors 17,520

1963 election

1963 general election: Hutt [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 8,865 58.61 +4.35
National Vere Hampson-Tinadale5,21734.49
Social Credit Donald Milne9726.42-0.68
Majority3,64824.11+7.37
Turnout 15,12589.25-0.05
Registered electors 16,945

1960 election

1960 general election: Hutt [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 7,614 54.26 -8.37
National George Barker5,26537.52
Social Credit Donald Milne9977.10+1.47
Independent George Wain1150.81
Communist Ralph Hegman400.28
Majority2,34916.74-14.17
Turnout 14,03189.30-3.85
Registered electors 15,712

1957 election

1957 general election: Hutt [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 8,975 62.63 +2.37
National Lance Adams-Schneider 4,54531.72
Social Credit Donald Milne8085.63
Majority4,43030.91+4.41
Turnout 14,32893.15+4.91
Registered electors 15,381

1954 election

1954 general election: Hutt [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 8,371 60.26 +2.53
National Clevedon Costello4,69033.76
Social Credit Terry Maddison8295.96
Majority3,68126.50+11.88
Turnout 13,89088.24-1.30
Registered electors 15,740

1951 election

1951 general election: Hutt [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 8,872 57.73 +0.05
National Jack Andrews 6,42441.80
World Socialist Thomas Simpson710.46-0.24
Majority2,24814.62-1.46
Turnout 15,36789.54-1.75
Registered electors 17,161

1949 election

1949 general election: Hutt [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 8,153 57.68 -0.99
National Horace Leonard Heatley5,88041.60
World Socialist Thomas Simpson1000.70+0.34
Majority2,27316.08-2.83
Turnout 14,13391.29-1.51
Registered electors 15,480

1946 election

1946 general election: Hutt [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 8,025 58.67 -2.20
National Jim Vogel5,43839.76
Independent Labour George Laing1631.19
World Socialist Thomas Simpson500.36
Majority2,58718.91-17.38
Turnout 13,67692.80-1.13
Registered electors 14,737

1943 election

1943 general election: Hutt [15] [16] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 8,823 60.87 +11.97
Real Democracy John H. Hogan [18] 3,56324.58
National Norman Percival Croft3,01720.81
Democratic Labour Patrick Connors4373.01
Informal votes1781.22+0.45
Majority5,26036.29-10.15
Turnout 16,01893.93-2.00
Registered electors 17,052

1938 election

1938 general election: Hutt [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 10,687 72.84 -1.41
National Jack Andrews 3,87326.39
Majority6,81446.44+2.07
Informal votes1140.77-0.74
Turnout 14,67195.93+6.05
Registered electors 15,292

1935 election

1935 general election: Hutt [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 11,873 74.25 +15.17
Reform Victor Jacobsen4,11625.74
Informal votes2431.51+0.77
Majority7,75748.51+30.36
Turnout 15,98989.88+2.90
Registered electors 17,788

1931 election

1931 general election: Hutt [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 9,187 59.08 +18.54
United James Kerr [nb 1] 6,36440.92+2.09
Informal votes1160.74
Majority2,82318.15+16.45
Turnout 15,66786.98+3.39
Registered electors 18,013

Table footnotes:

  1. For some biographical details of James Kerr refer to his father's article.

1929 by-election

1929 Hutt by-election [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Walter Nash 5,047 40.53 -4.55
United James Kerr [mb 1] 4,83538.83
Reform Harold Johnston [mb 2] 2,57020.64
Majority2121.70-8.14
Informal votes1030.82-1.31
Turnout 12,55584.27-6.67
Registered electors 14,898

Table footnotes:

  1. For some biographical details of Kerr refer to his father's article.
  2. For some biographical details of Johnston refer to his father's article.

1928 election

1928 general election: Hutt [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
United Thomas Wilford 7,283 54.92 -3.21
Labour Walter Nash 5,97845.08+4.10
Informal votes2882.13+1.26
Majority1,3059.84-7.31
Turnout 13,54990.95-0.9
Registered electors 14,898

1925 election

1925 general election: Hutt [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 6,080 58.13 +16.98
Labour Walter Nash 4,28640.98
Informal votes920.87+0.01
Majority1,79417.15+8.25
Turnout 10,45891.04-0.17
Registered electors 11,487

1922 election

1922 general election: Hutt [25] [26] [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,707 41.15 -0.44
Labour David Pritchard2,90532.25+2.87
Reform Henry Bennett2,31725.72
Informal votes780.86+0.04
Majority8028.90-3.31
Turnout 9,00791.21+8.77
Registered electors 9,874

1919 election

1919 general election: Hutt [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,422 41.59 -15.13
Labour David Pritchard2,41729.38
Reform Percy Rishworth 2,31928.19
Informal votes680.82-1.21
Majority1,00512.21-1.24
Turnout 8,22682.44-0.59
Registered electors 9,983

1914 election

1914 general election: Hutt [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,977 56.72 -6.39
United Labour Albert Samuel3,03443.27
Informal votes1432.03+0.69
Majority94313.45-14.55
Turnout 7,01183.03+0.57
Registered electors 8,443

1911 election

1911 general election: Hutt, First ballot [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,471 50.33 -11.27
Labour Michael Reardon 1,54022.33
Independent John McEwan91113.21
Reform Richard Shortt88112.77-23.66
Informal votes931.34-0.52
Majority1,93128.00+2.83
Turnout 6,89683.60+5.15
Registered electors 8,248

1908 election

1908 general election: Hutt, First ballot [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,764 61.60 +7.08
Conservative Richard Shortt2,22636.43
Informal votes1201.96+1.05
Majority1,53825.17+6.67
Turnout 6,11078.45-3.97
Registered electors 7,788

1905 election

1905 general election: Hutt [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 3,452 57.49 +2.97
New Liberal George Yerex [33] 1,54025.64
Independent George London95715.93
Informal votes550.91
Majority1,91231.84+20.48
Turnout 6,00482.42+5.83
Registered electors 7,284

1902 election

1902 general election: Hutt [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Thomas Wilford 2,115 54.52
Independent Liberal Frederick Pirani 1,67443.15
Independent Joseph Collier902.32
Majority44111.36
Turnout 3,87976.59
Registered electors 5,064

1890 election

1890 general election: Hutt [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Alfred Newman 680 42.63
Liberal George Thomas London50231.47
Independent Charles Beard Izard 41325.89
Majority17811.15
Turnout 1,59566.45
Registered electors 2,400

1858 by-election

1858 Hutt by-election [36] [37]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent William Fitzherbert 229 30.29 -
Independent Alfred Renall 228 30.16 -
Independent George Hart 15320.24-
Independent Peter Cheyne14619.31-
Majority75 [lower-alpha 1] 9.92-
Total votes756 - -

Table footnotes:

  1. Majority is the difference between lowest winning poll (Renall: 228) and highest losing poll (Hart: 153)

1856 by-election

1856 Hutt by-election [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Samuel Revans 96 80.0
Independent George Hart 2420.0
Turnout 120
Majority72

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  3. "THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NEW ZEALAND". Otago Witness . No. 340. 5 June 1858. p. 4. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  4. "HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES". Otago Witness . No. 340. 5 June 1858. p. 5. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  5. "Wellington". Hawke's Bay Herald. Vol. 1, no. 48. 21 August 1858. p. 3. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  6. 1 2 Hamer, David (22 June 2007). "Fitzherbert, William 1810 - 1891". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
  7. "The Hutt Election". The Evening Post . Vol. XII, no. 154. 30 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
  8. 1 2 "The Hutt Election". The Evening Post . Vol. XVIII, no. 3. 3 July 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
  9. 1 2 "The new Parliament". Clutha Leader. Vol. VI, no. 310. 12 September 1879. p. 5. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  10. "The Hutt Election". The Evening Post . Vol. XVIII, no. 62. 10 September 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
  11. 1 2 3 Norton 1988, p. 252.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, pp. 251.
  13. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  14. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  15. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  16. "Results from all Electorates". Evening Post . Vol. CXXXVI, no. 76. 27 September 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  17. "City Nominations". Evening Post . Vol. CXXXVI, no. 61. 9 September 1943. p. 9. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  18. Calderwood, David (2010). Not a Fair Go: A History and Analysis of Social Credit’s Struggle for Success in New Zealand’s Electoral System (PDF) (M.A. Political Science thesis). University of Waikato. p. 28. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  19. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  20. The General Election, 1935. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  21. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  22. "The Hutt Seat". The Evening Post . Vol. CXII, no. 108. 3 November 1931. p. 8. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  23. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  24. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  25. The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1924. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  26. McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
  27. Hislop 1923, pp. 1–6.
  28. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  29. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  30. "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  31. "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  32. The General Election, 1905. p. 3. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  33. "The New Liberal Party in Wellington". Otago Daily Times . 17 October 1905. p. 5. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  34. The General Election, 1902. National Library. 1903. p. 1. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  35. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  36. "Country Districts Election". The Wellington Independent. Vol. X, no. 1310. 4 August 1858. p. 3. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  37. "Memorial of Merchants, Tradesmen, and Others". Lyttelton Times . Vol. VI, no. 427. 6 December 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  38. "Memorial of Merchants, Tradesmen, and Others". Lyttelton Times . Vol. VI, no. 427. 6 December 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 2 May 2013.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Electoral history of Thomas Wilford</span>

This is a summary of the electoral history of Sir Thomas Wilford, Mayor of Wellington (1910–11), Leader of the Liberal Party (1920–25) and Member of Parliament for Wellington Suburbs, then Hutt (1902–29).

References