Hutt was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was one of the original electorates in 1853 and existed during two periods until 1978. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.
The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established, including Hutt.
The main population centre in the electorate was the city of Lower Hutt in the Hutt Valley.
The Hutt seat first existed from 1853 to 1870 as a two-member electorate.
At the opening of the 6th session of the 2nd Parliament on 10 April 1858,the speaker read out 14 resignations, including those of Dillon Bell and Samuel Revans. Bell moved to Otago and continued his political career there. On 31 July 1858, a by-election was held, and Alfred Renall and William Fitzherbert were returned.
From 1871 onwards, the electorate was a single-member constituency. Fitzherbert contested the general election on 29 December 1875 against Hutchison and obtained 178 votes, with Hutchison receiving 38.He retained the Hutt electorate until his resignation in 1879, so that he could appointed to the Legislative Council. H. Jackson won the resulting by-election against T. Mason, but Mason was successful against Jackson at the 1879 general election a few months later.
The electorate was abolished in 1893.
In 1902 the seat was recreated and was won by the Liberal leader Thomas Wilford. His party allegiance changed to the United Party, which took over from the Liberal Party by 1928. He resigned in 1929, and the ensuing by-election was won by Walter Nash. Nash became Minister of Finance and Prime Minister, who died in 1968. The seat was then held by Trevor Young, also for Labour.
When the seat was split into Eastern Hutt and Western Hutt in 1978, Young won the new Eastern Hutt seat for Labour.
Conservative Liberal United LabourIndependent
From 1853 to 1870, Hutt was a two-member electorate represented by six Members of Parliament:
|1853 election||Edward Gibbon Wakefield||Alfred Ludlam|
|1855 election||Francis Dillon Bell|
|1856 by-election||Samuel Revans|
|1858 by-election||William Fitzherbert||Alfred Renall|
|1866 election||Alfred Ludlam|
From 1871 to 1893, the electorate was represented by a further four Members of Parliament, with Fitzherbert continuing his term:
|1871 election||William Fitzherbert|
|1879 by-election||Henry Jackson|
|1879 election||Thomas Mason|
|1884 election||Henry Samuel Fitzherbert|
|1890 election||Alfred Newman|
|(Electorate abolished 1893)|
From 1902 to 1978, the electorate was represented by three Members of Parliament:
|1902 election||Thomas Wilford|
|1929 by-election||Walter Nash|
|1968 by-election||Trevor Young|
|(Electorate abolished 1978; see Western Hutt and Eastern Hutt)|
|Social Credit||Noel Riches||985||4.96|
|Social Credit||Annette Harvey||719||3.78|
|New Democratic||Kenneth George Hurren||67||0.35|
|Social Credit||Graeme Constable||637||3.80|
|Social Credit||Tom Weal||1,649||5.18|
|Labour||Sir Walter Nash||7,861||51.70||-6.91|
|Social Credit||Christina Dalglish||1,431||9.41|
|Social Credit||Donald Milne||972||6.42||-0.68|
|Social Credit||Donald Milne||997||7.10||+1.47|
|Social Credit||Donald Milne||808||5.63|
|Social Credit||Terry Maddison||829||5.96|
|World Socialist||Thomas Simpson||71||0.46||-0.24|
|National||Horace Leonard Heatley||5,880||41.60|
|World Socialist||Thomas Simpson||100||0.70||+0.34|
|Independent Labour||George Laing||163||1.19|
|World Socialist||Thomas Simpson||50||0.36|
|Real Democracy||John H. Hogan||3,563||24.58|
|National||Norman Percival Croft||3,017||20.81|
|Democratic Labour||Patrick Connors||437||3.01|
|United Labour||Albert Samuel||3,034||43.27|
|New Liberal||George Yerex||1,540||25.64|
|Independent Liberal||Frederick Pirani||1,674||43.15|
|Liberal||George Thomas London||502||31.47|
|Independent||Charles Beard Izard||413||25.89|
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