Christchurch North (New Zealand electorate)

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Christchurch North is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. The electorate comprised the northern half of what is now considered the Christchurch Central City.

Contents

Population centres

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Christchurch North, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries. [1]

The boundaries of the Christchurch North electorate were Bealey Avenue in the north (then called North Town Belt), Fitzgerald Avenue in the east (then called East Town Belt), Worcester Street in the south (through Latimer and Cathedral Squares), and Park Terrace in the west (then called Antigua Street). The electorate thus comprised the northern half of what is now considered the central city. [2] The civic offices in Worcester Street were used as the polling station for the 1881 election, and George Leslie Lee acted as the returning officer. [3]

The 1981 census had shown that the North Island had experienced further population growth, and three additional general seats were created through the 1983 electoral redistribution, bringing the total number of electorates to 95. [4] The South Island had, for the first time, experienced a population loss, but its number of general electorates was fixed at 25 since the 1967 electoral redistribution. [5] More of the South Island population was moving to Christchurch, and two electorates were abolished, while two electorates were recreated (including Christchurch North). In the North Island, six electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated, and six electorates were abolished. [6]

History

The electorate existed three times: [7]

It was held by three Premiers or Prime Ministers, Julius Vogel (1884 to 1889), [8] Sidney Holland and Mike Moore.

Henry Thomson, a former Mayor of Christchurch, was the electorate's first representative in 1881. [9] Thomson retired at the 1884 election and was succeeded by Julius Vogel, who beat John Crewes. [10] [11] Vogel returned to England in 1888, never to return to New Zealand, and his resignation became effective in early 1889. [12] Edward Wingfield Humphreys won the resulting 1889 by-election and served until the end of the parliamentary term in the following year. [13]

For the 1890 election election, a number of Christchurch electorates were amalgamated to form the three-member Christchurch electorate. [14] Humphreys came fifth in that election and was thus unsuccessful. [15]

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by nine members of parliament.

Key

  Independent     Liberal–Labour     Independent Liberal   

  Liberal     Reform     National     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1881 election Henry Thomson
1884 election Julius Vogel
1887 election
1889 by-election Edward Wingfield Humphreys [16]
(Electorate abolished 1890–1905, see Christchurch)
1905 election Charles Gray
1908 election Tommy Taylor
1911 by-election Leonard Isitt
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election Henry Holland
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election Sidney Holland
1938 election
1943 election
(Electorate abolished 1946–1984, see Fendalton)
1984 election Mike Moore
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Waimakariri)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Christchurch North [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mike Moore 11,605 53.76 +2.97
National Lee Morgan5,58125.85
Alliance Jan Davey3,07214.23
NZ First Chris Fulford7263.36
Christian Heritage Alex Mann4442.05
McGillicuddy Serious Cecil G. Murgatroyd 1080.50-0.18
Natural Law Charles Drace470.21
Majority6,02427.91+18.04
Turnout 21,58386.17-1.66
Registered electors 25,045

1990 election

1990 general election: Christchurch North [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mike Moore 11,050 50.79 -8.96
National Peter Yarrell8,90240.92
NewLabour John Strange1,2055.53
Christian Heritage Bill Smith2971.36
McGillicuddy Serious Cecil G. Murgatroyd 1490.68
Democrats Mark Sadler1480.68-1.72
Majority2,1489.87-12.73
Turnout 21,75387.83-0.54
Registered electors 24,767

1987 election

1987 general election: Christchurch North [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mike Moore 12,420 59.75 +3.20
National Brendan McNeill7,72237.15
Democrats Mark Sadler4992.40
Wizard PartyJohn Appleby1450.69
Majority4,69822.60-3.62
Turnout 20,78688.37-4.90
Registered electors 23,520

1984 election

1984 general election: Christchurch North [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mike Moore 12,350 56.55
National David Dumergue6,66230.50
NZ Party Stephen Nicholson2,0479.37
Social Credit Thomas Langridge6793.10
Values R D McArthur1010.46
Majority5,72826.22
Turnout 21,83993.27
Registered electors 23,413

1943 election

1943 general election: Christchurch North [20] [ob 1]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Sidney Holland 8,542 55.23
Labour George Manning 5,89738.13
Democratic Labour John Thomas Lauder Hart Parry5083.28
Independent Lancelot Charles Walker4592.97
Independent Maud Trisillian Fere610.39
Majority2,64517.10
Informal votes1891.21
Turnout 15,65689.97
Registered electors 17,402

Table footnotes:

  1. Registered electors refers to civilian voters only; nationwide, 93,295 servicemen also cast valid votes although their names did not appear on electoral rolls. [21]

1931 election

1931 general election: Christchurch North [22] [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Henry Holland 5,527 45.11
Labour Elizabeth McCombs 3,45028.16
Independent Lancelot Charles Walker3,27526.73
Majority2,07716.95
Informal votes530.43
Turnout 12,30584.75
Registered electors 14,520

1928 election

1928 general election: Christchurch North [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Henry Holland 5,493 43.37
United Ernest Andrews 3,60128.43
Labour John Archer 3,57228.20
Majority1,89214.94
Informal votes1250.98
Turnout 12,79188.10
Registered electors 14,518

1914 election

1914 general election: Christchurch North [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Leonard Isitt 5,222 56.59 +1.47
Reform Henry Toogood [26] 4,00543.41
Majority1,21713.19+2.95
Informal votes1011.08
Turnout 9,32886.80
Registered electors 10,746

1911 by-election

1911 Christchurch North by-election [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Liberal Leonard Isitt 3,815 55.12
Reform John Dryden Hall3,10644.88
Majority70910.24
Turnout 6,921

1889 by-election

1889 Christchurch North by-election [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Edward Humphreys 403 41.76
Independent John Ollivier 37839.17
Independent Eden George 18419.07
Majority252.59
Turnout 965

1884 election

1884 general election: Christchurch North [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Julius Vogel 930 80.66
Independent John Crewes 22319.34
Majority70761.32
Turnout 1,15351.15
Registered electors 2,254

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. "Canterbury Electorates". The Star . No. 4158. 18 August 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  3. "Christchurch North Election". The Press . Vol. XXXVI, no. 5061. 26 November 1881. p. 1. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 123f.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 123.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 119–124.
  7. Scholefield 1950, p. 156.
  8. Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  9. Wilson 1985, p. 240.
  10. Wilson 1985, pp. 240, 242.
  11. Chalklen, Mollie. "John Crewes". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  12. Sinclair, Keith; Dalziel, Raewyn. "Vogel, Julius". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  13. Wilson 1985, p. 206.
  14. McRobie 1989, pp. 53–57.
  15. "General Elections". The Star . No. 7029. 6 December 1890. p. 4. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  16. "Christchurch North Election". The Star . No. 6577. 20 June 1889. p. 3. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
  17. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  18. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990.
  19. 1 2 Norton 1988, pp. 207.
  20. The General Election, 1943. National Library. 1944. p. 3. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  21. McRobie 1989, p. 92.
  22. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 2. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  23. "Notice of Nominations Received and Polling Places Appointed". The Press . Vol. LXVII, no. 20400. 21 November 1931. p. 23. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  24. Skinner, W. A. G. (1929). The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. p. 2. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  25. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. p. 20. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  26. "Henry Featherston Toogood (1879–1962)". Engineering New Zealand. Archived from the original on 1 November 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  27. The by-election. The Timaru Herald . 18 August 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  28. "Christchurch North Election". The Star . No. 6577. 20 June 1889. p. 3. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  29. Cooper, G. S. (1884). The General Election, 1884. National Library. p. 2. Retrieved 9 February 2021.

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References