Clutha was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1866 to 1996.
In the 1865 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives focussed its review of electorates to South Island electorates only, as the Central Otago Gold Rush had caused significant population growth, and a redistribution of the existing population. Fifteen additional South Island electorates were created, including Clutha, and the number of Members of Parliament was increased by 13 to 70.
This electorate covered South Otago and contained the settlements of Balclutha, Kaitangata, and Owaka.It was later enlarged to include much of the Bruce electorate, Including the town of Milton.
The electorate was established in 1865 for the 1866 election.The first representative was James Macandrew, who had served on all previous parliaments. At the 1871 election, Macandrew successfully stood in the Port Chalmers, and Clutha was won by James Thomson. In the 1887 election, Thomson was defeated by Thomas Mackenzie. Mackenzie retired from Parliament at the end of the third term for Clutha in 1996.
The 1896 election was won by James Thomson, who thus started his second period of service. Thomson retired after three terms in 1905, and this was also the end of his political career.
In the 1996 election, the first MMP election, the electorate was combined with the adjacent Wallace electorate into the Clutha-Southland electorate.
The electorate was represented by ten Members of Parliament:
Liberal Conservative Reform NationalIndependent
|1866 election||James Macandrew|
|1871 election||James Thomson|
|1887 election||Thomas Mackenzie|
|1896 election||James Thomson|
|1905 election||Alexander Malcolm|
|1922 election||John Edie|
|1925 election||Fred Waite|
|1931 election||Peter McSkimming|
|1935 election||James Roy|
|1960 election||Peter Gordon|
|1978 election||Robin Gray|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Clutha-Southland)|
|Social Credit||Colin Aberdeen||328||2.61||-10.50|
On 26 November 1957, Bruce Waters, the Labour candidate for Clutha was admitted to Balclutha Public Hospital after a car collision. As a result Waters was unable to engage in any further election campaigning. Due to this development the National and Social Credit candidates cancelled their remaining campaign meetings.Waters died on 29 November causing the election to be delayed. On December 4, after the general election, the outgoing Prime Minister (Keith Holyoake) and incoming Prime Minister (Walter Nash) agreed that the election for Clutha would be held on 18 January. In the intervening time between when the election was scheduled for and the reassigned date one candidate withdrew, Harry Caldwell, who had previously intended to stand as an independent National candidate. Labour selected Joseph Fahey, a farmer from Lawrence, as Waters' replacement to contest the seat on 20 December. When the election was finally held, National candidate James Roy won by a margin of 2,172 votes.
|Labour||John W Fenton||1,313||18.72|
|Conservative||James William Thomson||1,809||48.55|
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