Hokitika is a former parliamentary electorate in the West Coast region of New Zealand, based on the town of Hokitika. It existed from 1871 to 1890 and was represented by nine members of parliament. For a time, it was one of the two-member electorates in New Zealand.
The Hokitika electorate existed from the 1871 general election to 1890. John White was its first representative until the end of the parliamentary term in 1875, when he retired.
Beginning with the 1875–1876 general election, which was held in Hokitika on 14 January 1876, the electorate was represented by two members. Edmund Barff and Charles Button were elected, Robert Reid and Richard Seddon (the later Premier) were defeated, and Conrad Hoos withdrew just before the election.Barff served the whole term until 1879, while Button resigned in May 1878 and was succeeded by Seymour Thorne George in an 1878 by-election, and who a year later successfully stood in the Rodney electorate.
Robert Reidand Richard Seddon were elected in the 1879 general election. Seddon, who was later Premier ("King Dick"), was in 1881 elected for Kumara. Reid contested the 1881 general election against Gerard George Fitzgerald, with the latter being successful.
John Bevan won the 1884 general election,and he was succeeded in the 1887 election by Joseph Grimmond. In 1890, the Hokitika electorate was abolished. Grimmond stood in the Westland electorate instead, but was defeated by Richard Seddon.
Hokitika was represented by nine members of parliament.
From 1871 to 1875, Hokitika was a single-member electorate. It was represented by one Member of Parliament.
|1871 election||John White|
From 1876 to 1881, Hokitika was a two-member electorate. It was represented by five Members of Parliament.
|1876 election||Edmund Barff||Charles Button|
|1878 by-election||Seymour Thorne George|
|1879 election||Robert Reid||Richard Seddon|
From 1881 to 1890, Hokitika was again a single-member electorate, represented by three Members of Parliament.
|1881 election||Gerard George Fitzgerald|
|1884 election||John Bevan|
|1887 election||Joseph Grimmond|
|Independent||Gerard George Fitzgerald||626||44.81||-11.63|
|Independent||Gerard George Fitzgerald||653||56.44|
|Independent||Seymour Thorne George||884||52.84|
|Independent||Gerard George Fitzgerald||789||47.16|
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Charles Edward Button was a solicitor, Supreme Court judge, Mayor of Hokitika and later Birkenhead, and an independent conservative Member of Parliament in New Zealand. Born in Tasmania, he came to New Zealand with his wife in 1863. He first lived in Invercargill, then in Westland, and after a brief period in Christchurch, he settled in Auckland. He was an MP for two periods, and when he was first elected to Parliament, he beat his colleague, friend, political opponent and later Premier Richard Seddon; this was the only election defeat ever suffered by Seddon.
Edmund Barff was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the West Coast, New Zealand.
John Bevan was a 19th-century member of the House of Representatives. He was a auctioneer and merchant from Hokitika on the West Coast of New Zealand.
Gerard George Fitzgerald was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in New Zealand. Like his brother James FitzGerald, he was a journalist of considerable ability, and co-founded The Southland Times in 1862. For the last 19 years of his life, he was editor of The Timaru Herald.
Joseph Grimmond was a gold miner and politician from the West Coast, New Zealand. He was mayor of Ross for many years, represented the Hokitika electorate in the House of Representatives for one term, and was later called to the Legislative Council.
Robert Caldwell Reid was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from the West Coast, New Zealand. Born in Scotland and attracted by the gold rushes in Victoria and the West Coast, he was later the proprietor of a series of newspapers.
John White was a 19th-century member of the House of Representatives from the West Coast, New Zealand.
Henry Leslie Michel was Mayor of Hokitika for several years, and served on the New Zealand Legislative Council from 1918 until his death. He had stood for the New Zealand Parliament on four occasions, in later years for the Reform Party, but was unsuccessful.
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