Patea (New Zealand electorate)

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Patea is a former New Zealand electorate in south Taranaki. It existed from 1893 to 1963.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Contents

Population centres

In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Patea. [1]

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

The electorate was based on the town of Patea, which used to have a freezing-works for the preparation of meat for export until 1982.

Patea Place in Taranaki, New Zealand

Patea is the third-largest town in South Taranaki, New Zealand. It is on the western bank of the Patea River, 61 kilometres north-west of Whanganui on State Highway 3. Hawera is 27 km to the north-west, and Waverley 17 km to the east. The Patea River flows through the town from the north-east and into the South Taranaki Bight. In the 2013 census, the population was 1,098 people, a decrease of 42 people since the 2006 Census.

History

This rural seat was first established for the 1893 election. [2] George Hutchison was the first elected representative. He resigned in June 1901. [3] Frederick Haselden won the 1 August 1901 by-election, but the seat was declared vacant [4] in the following year. [5] Walter Symes then held the electorate, from 1902 to the dissolution of Parliament in 1908. [6]

George Hutchison (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

George Hutchison was a New Zealand politician from Taranaki.

Frederick Henry Haselden (1849–1934) was a conservative Member of Parliament from the Taranaki Region in New Zealand for the Patea electorate.

Walter Symes New Zealand politician

Walter Symes was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

The 1908 election was won by George Pearce. He held the electorate for three terms, until the dissolution of Parliament in 1919. [7] He was succeeded by Walter Powdrell from 1919, who died partway through the term on 9 March 1921. [8] Edwin Dixon won the 1921 by-election and held the electorate for the remainder of the term until 1922. [9] James Randall Corrigan succeeded Dixon in 1922 and he held the electorate for one term until 1925. [10] He was followed by Harold Dickie from 1925 to 1943. [2]

George Vater Pearce was a New Zealand politician of the Reform Party.

Walter Dutton Powdrell was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

Edwin Dixon (1867–1955) was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.

William Sheat won the 1943 election plus the three subsequent elections. In 1954, Sheat failed to gain reselection after boundary changes as a National Party candidate. On 14 May of that year, he promptly resigned his seat and won it back in the 31 July 1954 by-election as an Independent, but subsequently did not stand in the 1954 general election.

William Sheat New Zealand politician

William Alfred Sheat was a New Zealand Member of Parliament for two Taranaki electorates.

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

The candidate chosen instead of Sheat, Roy Jack, was successful in 1954. He held the electorate until 1963, when it was abolished and replaced by the Waimarino electorate.

Members of Parliament

Key  Independent     Liberal     Reform     National   

ElectionWinner
1893 election George Hutchison
1896 election
1899 election
July 1901 by-election Frederick Haselden
November 1901 by-election
1902 election Walter Symes
1905 election
1908 election George Pearce
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election Walter Powdrell
1921 by-election Edwin Dixon
1922 election James Randall Corrigan
1925 election Harold Dickie
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election William Sheat
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 by-election
1954 election Roy Jack
1957 election
1960 election
(Electorate abolished 1963)

Election results

1954 election

1954 general election: Patea
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Roy Jack 5,547 45.06
Labour Benjamin R. Winchcombe4,88539.68
Social Credit 1,87915.26
Majority6625.38
Turnout 12,31191.00
Registered electors 13,528
National hold Swing

1954 by-election

Patea by-election, 1954 [11] [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent William Sheat 3,648 48.11
Labour Benjamin R Winchcombe3,63047.87
New LiberalJ Duggan3054.02
Majority180.24
Turnout 7,58350.12
Registered electors 15,131
Independent gain from National Swing

1951 election

1951 general election: Patea
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National William Sheat 7,910 59.24
Labour Finer5,44340.76
Majority2,46718.48
Informal votes
Turnout 13,35388.25
Registered electors 15,131
National hold Swing

1931 election

General election, 1931: Patea [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Harold Dickie 5,976 70.66 +19.63
Labour W G Simpson2,48129.34
Majority3,49541.33+39.27
Informal votes901.05+0.05
Turnout 8,54784.53-5.74
Registered electors 10,111

1928 election

General election, 1928: Patea [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Harold Dickie 4,511 51.03
United James Douglas Hislop [15] 4,32948.97
Majority1822.06
Informal votes901.01
Turnout 8,93090.27
Registered electors 9,892

1921 by-election

Patea by-election, 1921 [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Edwin Dixon 2,620 47.80
Liberal William Morrison2,31542.23-24.37
Labour Lewis McIlvride 5469.96
Majority3055.56
Turnout 5,481

1899 election

General election, 1899: Patea [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative George Hutchison 1,858 51.80
Liberal Arthur Remington 1,72948.20
Majority1293.60
Turnout 3,58774.00
Registered electors 4,847

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 59f.
  2. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 162.
  3. Scholefield 1925, p. 104.
  4. Scholefield 1925, p. 100.
  5. Wilson 1984, p. 270.
  6. Scholefield 1925, p. 137.
  7. Scholefield 1925, p. 125.
  8. Scholefield 1925, p. 126.
  9. Wilson 1984, p. 103.
  10. Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  11. Norton 1988, p. ?.
  12. "Close Vote in N.Z. Poll". The Sun-Herald . Sydney, NSW. 1 August 1954. p. 2. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  13. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  14. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 4. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  15. "Patea". The Evening Post . CVI (85). 19 October 1928. p. 11. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  16. "Patea by-election". The Northern Advocate . 14 April 1921. p. 2. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  17. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.

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