Patea is a former New Zealand electorate in south Taranaki. It existed from 1893 to 1963.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
In the 1892 electoral redistribution, population shift to the North Island required the transfer of one seat from the South Island to the north. The resulting ripple effect saw every electorate established in 1890 have its boundaries altered, and eight electorates were established for the first time, including Patea.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The electorate was based on the town of Patea, which used to have a freezing-works for the preparation of meat for export until 1982.
Patea is the third-largest town in South Taranaki, New Zealand. It is on the western bank of the Patea River, 61 kilometres north-west of Whanganui on State Highway 3. Hawera is 27 km to the north-west, and Waverley 17 km to the east. The Patea River flows through the town from the north-east and into the South Taranaki Bight. In the 2013 census, the population was 1,098 people, a decrease of 42 people since the 2006 Census.
This rural seat was first established for the 1893 election.George Hutchison was the first elected representative. He resigned in June 1901. Frederick Haselden won the 1 August 1901 by-election, but the seat was declared vacant in the following year. Walter Symes then held the electorate, from 1902 to the dissolution of Parliament in 1908.
George Hutchison was a New Zealand politician from Taranaki.
Frederick Henry Haselden (1849–1934) was a conservative Member of Parliament from the Taranaki Region in New Zealand for the Patea electorate.
Walter Symes was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
The 1908 election was won by George Pearce. He held the electorate for three terms, until the dissolution of Parliament in 1919.He was succeeded by Walter Powdrell from 1919, who died partway through the term on 9 March 1921. Edwin Dixon won the 1921 by-election and held the electorate for the remainder of the term until 1922. James Randall Corrigan succeeded Dixon in 1922 and he held the electorate for one term until 1925. He was followed by Harold Dickie from 1925 to 1943.
George Vater Pearce was a New Zealand politician of the Reform Party.
Walter Dutton Powdrell was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
Edwin Dixon (1867–1955) was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
William Sheat won the 1943 election plus the three subsequent elections. In 1954, Sheat failed to gain reselection after boundary changes as a National Party candidate. On 14 May of that year, he promptly resigned his seat and won it back in the 31 July 1954 by-election as an Independent, but subsequently did not stand in the 1954 general election.
William Alfred Sheat was a New Zealand Member of Parliament for two Taranaki electorates.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
The candidate chosen instead of Sheat, Roy Jack, was successful in 1954. He held the electorate until 1963, when it was abolished and replaced by the Waimarino electorate.
Key Independent Liberal Reform National
|1893 election||George Hutchison|
|July 1901 by-election||Frederick Haselden|
|November 1901 by-election|
|1902 election||Walter Symes|
|1908 election||George Pearce|
|1919 election||Walter Powdrell|
|1921 by-election||Edwin Dixon|
|1922 election||James Randall Corrigan|
|1925 election||Harold Dickie|
|1943 election||William Sheat|
|1954 election||Roy Jack|
|(Electorate abolished 1963)|
|Labour||Benjamin R. Winchcombe||4,885||39.68|
|Labour||Benjamin R Winchcombe||3,630||47.87|
|New Liberal||J Duggan||305||4.02|
|Independent gain from National||Swing|
|Labour||W G Simpson||2,481||29.34|
|United||James Douglas Hislop||4,329||48.97|
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