Avon (New Zealand electorate)

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Avon is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was created for the 1861 general election and existed until 1996. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament and was held by Independents, Liberal Party or Labour Party representatives.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate was in Christchurch, New Zealand, named after the Avon River. For the 1887 by-election, polling booths were in Riccarton and Papanui. [1] For the 1887 general election, polling booths were in Papanui, Bright's Road, Spreydon and New Brighton. [2] For the 1890 election, polling booths were in Papanui, Richmond, Belfast, Ohoka and Clarkville. [3]

History

The electorate was created in 1861, and existed continuously until 1996, when with MMP it was absorbed into the new Christchurch East electorate.

Alfred Richard Creyke stood in the 1861 general election (held on 1 February) in the Avon electorate for Parliament, whilst William Thomson stood in the same electorate for the Canterbury Provincial Council. Thomson proposed Creyke and vice versa; both were elected unopposed. [4] Creyke thus became the first representative. [5] Creyke resigned from Parliament on 21 April 1862. [6]

Creyke was succeeded by William Thomson, who was elected in the 11 June 1862 by-election and took his oath on 30 July 1862. [7] He retired on 27 January 1866. [8] Thomson was succeeded by Crosbie Ward, who won the 1866 election against Charles Wellington Bishop (brother of Edward Bishop). [9] Ward resigned in the following year. [10]

William Reeves won the resulting 1867 by-election by-election. He resigned in the following year. [11] William Rolleston represented the electorate from the resulting 1868 by-election (elected unopposed) to 1884. [12] In the 1879 general election, he was returned unopposed. [13] Rolleston did not stand in the Avon electorate in the 1884 election, but (successfully) contested Geraldine instead. [12]

Rolleston was succeeded by Leonard Harper in the Avon electorate. [14] Harper resigned on 3 May 1887, [14] [15] and the resulting by-election was contested by Edwin Blake and William Dunlop, who received 255 and 252 votes, respectively. [1] The 1887 general election was contested by Edwin Blake and E. G. Wright. [16] Blake won the election by a good margin. [2] In the 1890 election, Edwin Blake and George Gatonby Stead received 774 and 587 votes, respectively. [3] At the end of the parliamentary term in 1893, Blake retired from politics.

William Tanner won the 1893 election. In the previous Parliament, he had represented the Heathcote electorate. [17] Tanner was initially an independent, but joined the Liberal Party for the 1905 election. In the 1908 election, he was beaten by George Warren Russell in the second ballot (the voting system in place from 1908 until 1913). [18] In the 1911 election, four candidates contested the electorate, with Russell representing the liberal Ward Government, James McCombs standing as an Independent Liberal, J. O. Jamieson as an opposition candidate and W. R. Smith representing labour interests. Russell and McCombs polled 3,040 and 2,817 votes, respectively, and proceeded to the second ballot. [19] Russell won the second ballot with 3,854 to 3,583 votes. [20] Russell was defeated in the 1919 election by Labour's Dan Sullivan. [21] Sullivan was successful at the next eight subsequent elections. In the 1943 election, he was opposed by James Neil Clarke of the National Party, who a few years later became Deputy-Mayor of Christchurch. [22] Sullivan died in office on 8 April 1947. [21]

Sullivan's death caused the 1947 by-election by-election, which was won by John Mathison of the Labour Party. [23] He was a cabinet minister from 1957 to 1960 in the Second Labour Government and retired from Parliament in 1972. [24]

Mathison was succeeded by Mary Batchelor, who represented the electorate for five parliamentary terms. [25] Batchelor in turn was succeeded by Larry Sutherland, who won the 1987 election. He served the electorate until its abolition in 1996. He successfully contested the replacement electorate of Christchurch East in the 1996 election. [26]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Independent     Liberal–Labour     Liberal     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1861 election Alfred Richard Creyke
1862 by-election William Thomson
1866 election Crosbie Ward
1867 by-election William Reeves
1868 by-election William Rolleston
1871 election
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election Leonard Harper
1887 by-election Edwin Blake
1887 election
1890 election
1893 election William Tanner
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election George Warren Russell
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election Dan Sullivan
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election
1947 by-election John Mathison
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Mary Batchelor
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Larry Sutherland
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Christchurch East)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Avon [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Larry Sutherland 9,835 50.68 +0.03
Alliance Marie Venning4,19221.60
National David Kearns3,79919.57
NZ First Celeste Ryall9064.66
Christian Heritage Bill Smith3962.04
Independent Dave Penney1100.56-0.03
McGillicuddy Serious Kate Middleton970.49
Natural Law David Lees690.35
Majority5,64329.08+6.05
Turnout 19,40482.52+1.67
Registered electors 23,514

1990 election

1990 general election: Avon [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Larry Sutherland 9,345 50.65 -13.29
National Wendy Rush5,09527.61-17.81
NewLabour Val Quinn2,17011.76
Green Dan-mark Gibson1,2386.71
Democrats Sue Stevens2751.49-7.70
Social Credit Kevin Lawrence Earle1100.59
Independent Dave Penney1090.59
Independent Colin Thomas Mehlhopt630.34
Independent Roger Keys280.15
Communist League Eugen Filo LePou160.08
Majority4,25023.03-11.86
Turnout 18,44980.85-1.62
Registered electors 22,818

1987 election

1987 general election: Avon [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Larry Sutherland 11,585 63.94
National Wendy Rush5,263
Democrats Sue Stevens1,0659.19
Wizard PartyI D Costello2051.76
Majority6,32234.89
Turnout 18,11882.47-9.72
Registered electors 21,968

1984 election

1984 general election: Avon [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 11,838 60.00 -0.42
National Andrew Cowie4,06720.61
NZ Party Robin Groufsky2,70113.69
Social Credit W F Morgan9414.77
Values D W Anker1800.91
Majority7,77139.39-0.64
Turnout 19,72792.19+5.14
Registered electors 21,397

1981 election

1981 general election: Avon [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 11,500 60.42 +4.35
National Colin McNicholl3,88020.38
Social Credit Peter Barrow3,55718.68+6.05
Wizard PartyI D Costello950.49
Majority7,62040.03-4.41
Turnout 19,03287.05+18.15
Registered electors 21,861

1978 election

1978 general election: Avon [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 11,972 64.77 +5.35
National Tom George3,75720.32-7.64
Social Credit Peter Barrow2,33512.63+6.54
Values Robert Clarkson3992.15-4.36
Socialist Action L A McGregor200.10
Majority8,21544.44+12.99
Turnout 18,48368.90-10.78
Registered electors 26,824

1975 election

1975 general election: Avon [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 10,395 59.42 -6.14
National Tom George4,89227.96
Values Robert Clarkson1,1406.51
Social Credit Peter Barrow1,0676.09-1.76
Majority5,50331.45-8.19
Turnout 17,49479.68-6.45
Registered electors 21,954

1972 election

1972 general election: Avon [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Mary Batchelor 10,013 65.56
National Gordon Thomas3,95825.91
Social Credit Peter Barrow1,2007.85-0.79
New Democratic R H Thelning1010.66
Majority6,05539.64
Turnout 15,27286.13-0.13
Registered electors 17,730

1969 election

1969 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 9,389 64.63 +5.83
National Alistair Ansell3,78926.08
Social Credit Peter Barrow1,2568.64-7.66
Communist Jack Locke920.63
Majority5,60038.55+4.63
Turnout 14,52686.26+4.07
Registered electors 16,839

1966 election

1966 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 9,069 58.80 -2.81
National Dick Dawson3,83724.88
Social Credit Peter Barrow2,51516.30
Majority5,23233.92-0.74
Turnout 15,42182.19-3.42
Registered electors 18,761

1963 election

1963 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 9,095 61.61 +4.67
National Stan Dodwell3,97826.94
Social Credit Henry Parker1,54410.45
Communist Ralph Blackcock1450.98
Majority5,11734.66-7.02
Turnout 14,76285.61-1.97
Registered electors 17,242

1960 election

1960 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 8,683 56.94 -10.55
National Lorrie Pickering 4,46729.29
Social Credit George Maxwell Edmonds1,97312.93
Communist Frank McNulty1260.82
Majority4,21627.64-14.61
Turnout 15,24987.58-4.08
Registered electors 17,411

1957 election

1957 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 9,743 67.49 +9.17
National William Ernest Olds3,64325.23
Social Credit Charles E. Cullen1,0497.26
Majority6,10042.25+5.76
Turnout 14,43591.66+1.61
Registered electors 15,748

1954 election

1954 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 7,919 58.32 -5.02
National Arthur Norman Stone2,96421.83
Social Credit Frederick William Stevens2,69419.84
Majority4,95536.49+9.82
Turnout 13,57790.05-1.87
Registered electors 15,076

1951 election

1951 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 10,001 63.34 -1.80
National Douglas Warren Russell5,78936.66
Majority4,21226.67-3.62
Turnout 15,79088.18-3.44
Registered electors 17,906

1949 election

1949 general election: Avon [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 9,877 65.14 -0.17
National George Nelson Kinzett5,28434.85
Majority4,59330.29-1.09
Turnout 15,16191.62+7.19
Registered electors 16,547

1947 by-election

1947 Avon by-election [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour John Mathison 8,51365.31
National Robert Alexander McDowell4,42233.92+2.56
Independent John Ramby Robertson1000.77
Majority4,09131.38−5.89
Turnout 13,03584.43−9.31
Labour hold Swing −3.33

Robertson was a member of the Democratic Labour Party (DLP) but his nomination was refused endorsement by DLP leader John A. Lee. [32]

1946 election

1946 general election: Avon [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 9,53968.64+7.44
National Robert Alexander McDowell4,35931.36
Majority5,18037.27+5.83
Turnout 13,89892.74+2.11
Registered electors 15,092

1943 election

1943 general election: Avon [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 8,68261.20
National Jim Clarke4,22229.76
Democratic Labour David John Upton1,0857.64
Informal votes1961.38
Majority4,46031.44
Turnout 14,18590.63
Registered electors 15,650

1935 election

1935 general election: Avon [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 8,955 71.11 +7.65
Independent Lancelot Charles Walker3,54528.15
Informal votes930.73+0.46
Majority5,41057.76
Turnout 12,593

1931 election

1931 general election: Avon [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 7,166 63.46 +7.00
United Harben Robert Young4,12736.54
Majority3,03926.91-7.13
Informal votes310.27-0.92
Turnout 11,32484.82-3.42
Registered electors 13,350

1928 election

1928 general election: Avon [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 6,376 56.45 -1.70
United George Thomas Baker [37] 2,53122.41
Reform Frederick Boulton Hughes [38] 2,38721.14
Majority3,84534.04+17.73
Informal votes1361.19+0.22
Turnout 11,43088.24-3.35
Registered electors 12,953

1925 election

1925 general election: Avon [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 6,377 58.16 +13.65
Reform Walter Edmund Leadley [40] 4,58841.84
Majority1,78916.32-3.99
Informal votes1070.97-0.24
Turnout 11,07291.59-0.17
Registered electors 12,088

1922 election

1922 general election: Avon [41] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 4,462 44.50 -13.52
Liberal George Warren Russell 2,42624.20-15.33
Reform Albert Edward Loach1,73117.27
Independent Ann Elizabeth Herbert1,40714.03
Majority2,03620.31+1.80
Informal votes1221.20-1.05
Turnout 10,14891.76+9.95
Registered electors 11,059

1919 election

1919 general election: Avon [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Dan Sullivan 5,168 58.03 +27.70
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,52039.52-3.46
Reform John Louis "Jack" Carl [44] [45] 2182.45
Majority1,64818.50+5.84
Informal votes2052.25+1.64
Turnout 9,11181.81-6.31
Registered electors 11,137

1914 election

1914 general election: Avon [46]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,642 42.99 -8.83
Social Democrat Dan Sullivan [47] 2,56930.32
Reform Henry Dyke Acland2,26126.69
Majority1,07312.67+9.02
Informal votes520.61+0.42
Turnout 8,52488.12+3.30
Registered electors 9,673

1911 election

Avon general election, 1911, first ballot [48] [49]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,040 39.39 +6.12
Independent Labour James McCombs 2,81736.50
Conservative John Owen Jameson [50] [51] 1,06213.76
Labour William Robert Smith [52] 79810.34+7.01
Majority2232.89+2.54
Informal votes660.85
Registered electors 8,784
Turnout 7,78388.60+9.07
Avon general election, 1911, second ballot [48]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,854 51.82 -0.20
Labour James McCombs [53] 3,58348.18
Majority2713.64-4.59
Informal votes140.19
Turnout 7,45184.82+8.63
Registered electors 8,784

1908 election

1908 general election: Avon, first ballot [54]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 2,18533.27
Liberal–Labour William Tanner 2,16232.92
Conservative John Jamieson1,32220.13
Ind. Labour League Dan Sullivan 67910.34
Liberal William Robert Smith2193.33
Majority230.35
Turnout 6,56779.53
Registered electors 8,257
1908 general election: Avon, second ballot [55]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal George Warren Russell 3,416 52.02
Liberal–Labour William Tanner 2,87543.78
Majority5418.24
Turnout 6,29176.19
Registered electors 8,257

1899 election

1899 general election: Avon [56]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal–Labour William Tanner 2,074 51.85 +0.76
Conservative Arthur Rhodes 1,92648.15
Majority1483.70-11.34
Turnout 4,00081.75+10.92
Registered electors 4,893

1896 election

1896 general election: Avon [57]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal–Labour William Tanner 1,552 51.09 -2.80
Conservative George McIntyre1,09536.04+2.63
Conservative George Swann30710.11
Independent Charles Burgess842.76
Majority45715.04-5.43
Turnout 3,03870.83
Registered electors 4,289

1893 election

1893 general election: Avon [58] [59]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal–Labour William Tanner 1,719 53.89
Independent George McIntyre1,06633.42
Conservative John Leaf Wilson40512.70
Majority65320.47+6.81
Turnout 3,19073.83+19.13
Registered electors 4,321

1890 election

1890 general election: Avon [60]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Edwin Blake 774 59.44
Conservative George Stead 58845.16
Majority18614.28
Turnout 1,30254.70
Registered electors 2,380

1866 election

1866 general election: Avon [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Crosbie Ward 265 58.76
Independent Charles Wellington Bishop18641.24
Majority7917.52
Turnout 451
Registered electors

Notes

  1. 1 2 "THE AVON ELECTION". The Star . No. 5944. 2 June 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  2. 1 2 "Avon". The Star . No. 6043. 27 September 1887. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  3. 1 2 "Avon". The Star . No. 7029. 6 December 1890. p. 4. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  4. "Elections". Lyttelton Times . Vol. XV, no. 859. 2 February 1861. p. 4. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
  5. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Mr. Alfred Richard Creyke". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
  6. Wilson 1985, p. 191.
  7. "GENERAL ASSEMBLY". Otago Witness . No. 560. 23 August 1862. p. 2. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
  8. Wilson 1985, p. 240.
  9. 1 2 "The Avon election". The Press . Vol. IX, no. 1026. 21 February 1866. p. 2. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  10. Wilson 1985, p. 243.
  11. Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  12. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  13. "The General Elections". The Star . No. 3551. 28 August 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  14. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  15. "HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES". The Star . No. 5920. 5 May 1887. p. 4. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
  16. "Avon". The Star . No. 6034. 16 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  17. Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  18. Scholefield 1950, p. 137.
  19. "Official Results". The Press . Vol. LXVII, no. 14224. 12 December 1911. p. 8. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  20. "Official returns". The Press . Vol. LXVII, no. 14229. 18 December 1911. p. 7. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
  21. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  22. "More Candidates". Evening Post . Vol. CXXXVI, no. 31. 5 August 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
  23. Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  24. Wilson 1985.
  25. Bryce, Fiona (1 April 2005). "Where are they now?... Former MP Mary Batchelor". The Star . Archived from the original on 23 February 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  26. "Obituaries — Hon Jonathan Elworthy, Larry Sutherland". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  27. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. p. 8.
  28. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 11.
  29. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 196.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Norton 1988, p. 195.
  31. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  32. "Avon By-Election". Vol. LXXII, no. 26109. Evening Star. 24 May 1947. p. 5 via Papers Past.
  33. "Public Notices". The Press . Vol. LXXIX, no. 24076. 12 October 1943. p. 1. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  34. The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  35. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 1. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  36. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 1. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  37. "Electoral Notices". The Press . Vol. LXIV, no. 19454. 30 October 1928. p. 15. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  38. "Christchurch Seats". Auckland Star . Vol. LIX, no. 245. 16 October 1928. p. 8. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  39. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 4. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  40. "Tribute to Mr Leadley". The Press . Vol. LXI, no. 18528. 2 November 1925. p. 15. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  41. Hislop, J. (1923). The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. p. 5. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  42. "Election Notices". The Press . Vol. LVIII, no. 17623. 28 November 1922. p. 14. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  43. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  44. "Election Notices". The Press . Vol. LV, no. 16716. 27 December 1919. p. 14. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  45. "Avon". The Press . Vol. LV, no. 16707. 16 December 1919. p. 11. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  46. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. p. 21. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  47. "The Avon Seat". The Star . No. 11215. 22 October 1914. p. 8. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  48. 1 2 "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 4, 8. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  49. "Thacker and Davey in Second Ballot". The Evening Post . Vol. LXXXII, no. 141. 12 December 1911. p. 7. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  50. "Things going merrily in Christchurch". Evening Post . Vol. LXXXII, no. 121. 18 November 1911. p. 9. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  51. "The Avon Election". The Press . Vol. LXVII, no. 14218. 5 December 1911. p. 8. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  52. "Notes". The Press . Vol. LXVII, no. 14207. 22 November 1911. p. 10. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  53. "Labour Party's Support". Wairarapa Daily Times. Vol. LXIV, no. 11219. 9 December 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  54. AtoJs 1908 election 1909, p. 32.
  55. AtoJs 1908 election 1909, p. 17.
  56. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  57. "Electoral District of Avon". The Press . Vol. LIII, no. 9593. 7 December 1896. p. 1. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
  58. "The General Election, 1893". National Library. 1894. p. 2. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  59. "The General Election". Nelson Evening Mail . Vol. XXVII, no. 281. 29 November 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  60. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.

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