Avon is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was created for the 1861 general election and existed until 1996. It was represented by 13 Members of Parliament and was held by Independents, Liberal Party or Labour Party representatives.
The electorate was in Christchurch, New Zealand, named after the Avon River. For the 1887 by-election, polling booths were in Riccarton and Papanui.For the 1887 general election, polling booths were in Papanui, Bright's Road, Spreydon and New Brighton. For the 1890 election, polling booths were in Papanui, Richmond, Belfast, Ohoka and Clarkville.
The electorate was created in 1861, and existed continuously until 1996, when with MMP it was absorbed into the new Christchurch East electorate.
Alfred Richard Creyke stood in the 1861 general election (held on 1 February) in the Avon electorate for Parliament, whilst William Thomson stood in the same electorate for the Canterbury Provincial Council. Thomson proposed Creyke and vice versa; both were elected unopposed.Creyke thus became the first representative. Creyke resigned from Parliament on 21 April 1862.
Creyke was succeeded by William Thomson, who was elected in the 11 June 1862 by-election and took his oath on 30 July 1862.He retired on 27 January 1866. Thomson was succeeded by Crosbie Ward, who won the 1866 election against Charles Wellington Bishop (brother of Edward Bishop). Ward resigned in the following year.
William Reeves won the resulting 1867 by-election by-election. He resigned in the following year.William Rolleston represented the electorate from the resulting 1868 by-election (elected unopposed) to 1884. In the 1879 general election, he was returned unopposed. Rolleston did not stand in the Avon electorate in the 1884 election, but (successfully) contested Geraldine instead.
Rolleston was succeeded by Leonard Harper in the Avon electorate.Harper resigned on 3 May 1887, and the resulting by-election was contested by Edwin Blake and William Dunlop, who received 255 and 252 votes, respectively. The 1887 general election was contested by Edwin Blake and E. G. Wright. Blake won the election by a good margin. In the 1890 election, Edwin Blake and George Gatonby Stead received 774 and 587 votes, respectively. At the end of the parliamentary term in 1893, Blake retired from politics.
William Tanner won the 1893 election. In the previous Parliament, he had represented the Heathcote electorate.Tanner was initially an independent, but joined the Liberal Party for the 1905 election. In the 1908 election, he was beaten by George Warren Russell in the second ballot (the voting system in place from 1908 until 1913). In the 1911 election, four candidates contested the electorate, with Russell representing the liberal Ward Government, James McCombs standing as an Independent Liberal, J. O. Jamieson as an opposition candidate and W. R. Smith representing labour interests. Russell and McCombs polled 3,040 and 2,817 votes, respectively, and proceeded to the second ballot. Russell won the second ballot with 3,854 to 3,583 votes. Russell was defeated in the 1919 election by Labour's Dan Sullivan. Sullivan was successful at the next eight subsequent elections. In the 1943 election, he was opposed by James Neil Clarke of the National Party, who a few years later became Deputy-Mayor of Christchurch. Sullivan died in office on 8 April 1947.
Sullivan's death caused the 1947 by-election by-election, which was won by John Mathison of the Labour Party.He was a cabinet minister from 1957 to 1960 in the Second Labour Government and retired from Parliament in 1972.
Mathison was succeeded by Mary Batchelor, who represented the electorate for five parliamentary terms.Batchelor in turn was succeeded by Larry Sutherland, who won the 1987 election. He served the electorate until its abolition in 1996. He successfully contested the replacement electorate of Christchurch East in the 1996 election.
Liberal–Labour Liberal LabourIndependent
|1861 election||Alfred Richard Creyke|
|1862 by-election||William Thomson|
|1866 election||Crosbie Ward|
|1867 by-election||William Reeves|
|1868 by-election||William Rolleston|
|1884 election||Leonard Harper|
|1887 by-election||Edwin Blake|
|1893 election||William Tanner|
|1908 election||George Warren Russell|
|1919 election||Dan Sullivan|
|1947 by-election||John Mathison|
|1972 election||Mary Batchelor|
|1987 election||Larry Sutherland|
|(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Christchurch East)|
|NZ First||Celeste Ryall||906||4.66|
|Christian Heritage||Bill Smith||396||2.04|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Kate Middleton||97||0.49|
|Natural Law||David Lees||69||0.35|
|Social Credit||Kevin Lawrence Earle||110||0.59|
|Independent||Colin Thomas Mehlhopt||63||0.34|
|Communist League||Eugen Filo LePou||16||0.08|
|Wizard Party||I D Costello||205||1.76|
|NZ Party||Robin Groufsky||2,701||13.69|
|Social Credit||W F Morgan||941||4.77|
|Values||D W Anker||180||0.91|
|Social Credit||Peter Barrow||3,557||18.68||+6.05|
|Wizard Party||I D Costello||95||0.49|
|Social Credit||Peter Barrow||2,335||12.63||+6.54|
|Socialist Action||L A McGregor||20||0.10|
|Social Credit||Peter Barrow||1,067||6.09||-1.76|
|Social Credit||Peter Barrow||1,200||7.85||-0.79|
|New Democratic||R H Thelning||101||0.66|
|Social Credit||Peter Barrow||1,256||8.64||-7.66|
|Social Credit||Peter Barrow||2,515||16.30|
|Social Credit||Henry Parker||1,544||10.45|
|Social Credit||George Maxwell Edmonds||1,973||12.93|
|National||William Ernest Olds||3,643||25.23|
|Social Credit||Charles E. Cullen||1,049||7.26|
|National||Arthur Norman Stone||2,964||21.83|
|Social Credit||Frederick William Stevens||2,694||19.84|
|National||Douglas Warren Russell||5,789||36.66|
|National||George Nelson Kinzett||5,284||34.85|
|National||Robert Alexander McDowell||4,422||33.92||+2.56|
|Independent||John Ramby Robertson||100||0.77|
Robertson was a member of the Democratic Labour Party (DLP) but his nomination was refused endorsement by DLP leader John A. Lee.
|National||Robert Alexander McDowell||4,359||31.36|
|Democratic Labour||David John Upton||1,085||7.64|
|Independent||Lancelot Charles Walker||3,545||28.15|
|United||Harben Robert Young||4,127||36.54|
|United||George Thomas Baker||2,531||22.41|
|Reform||Frederick Boulton Hughes||2,387||21.14|
|Reform||Walter Edmund Leadley||4,588||41.84|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||2,426||24.20||-15.33|
|Reform||Albert Edward Loach||1,731||17.27|
|Independent||Ann Elizabeth Herbert||1,407||14.03|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||3,520||39.52||-3.46|
|Reform||John Louis "Jack" Carl||218||2.45|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||3,642||42.99||-8.83|
|Social Democrat||Dan Sullivan||2,569||30.32|
|Reform||Henry Dyke Acland||2,261||26.69|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||3,040||39.39||+6.12|
|Independent Labour||James McCombs||2,817||36.50|
|Conservative||John Owen Jameson||1,062||13.76|
|Labour||William Robert Smith||798||10.34||+7.01|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||3,854||51.82||-0.20|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||2,185||33.27|
|Ind. Labour League||Dan Sullivan||679||10.34|
|Liberal||William Robert Smith||219||3.33|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||3,416||52.02|
|Conservative||John Leaf Wilson||405||12.70|
|Independent||Charles Wellington Bishop||186||41.24|
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