Waitemata was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1871 to 1946, and then from 1954 to 1978. It was represented by 18 members of parliament.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The Waitemata electorate was created in the 1870 electoral redistribution based on 1867 New Zealand census data and was used in its initial form for the 1871 election.It was located north of the various urban Auckland electorates and south of the Rodney electorate. The following settlements were included in its initial area: Cornwallis, Huia, Parau, Laingholm, Titirangi, Waiatarua, Oratia, Piha, Henderson Valley, Swanson, Ranui, Waitakere, Taupaki, Kumeu, Hobsonville, Whenuapai, Takapuna, and Helensville.
The New Zealand general election of 1871 was held between 14 January and 23 February to elect 78 MPs across 72 electorates to the fifth session of the New Zealand Parliament. 41,527 electors were registered.
Auckland is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of around 1,628,900. It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,695,900. Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. A Māori-language name for Auckland is Tāmaki or Tāmaki-makau-rau, meaning "Tāmaki with a hundred lovers", in reference to the desirability of its fertile land at the hub of waterways in all directions.
Rodney is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. The current MP for Rodney is Mark Mitchell of the National Party. He has held this position since 2011.
The First Labour Government was defeated in the 1949 election and the incoming National Government changed the Electoral Act, with the electoral quota once again based on total population as opposed to qualified electors, and the tolerance was increased to 7.5% of the electoral quota. There was no adjustments in the number of electorates between the South and North Islands, but the law changes resulted in boundary adjustments to almost every electorate through the 1952 electoral redistribution; only five electorates were unaltered.Five electorates were reconstituted (including Waitemata) and one was newly created, and a corresponding six electorates were abolished; all of these in the North Island. These changes took effect with the 1954 election.
The First Labour Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1935 to 1949. Responsible for the realisation of a wide range of progressive social reforms during its time in office, it set the tone of New Zealand's economic and welfare policies until the 1980s, establishing a welfare state, a system of Keynesian economic management, and high levels of state intervention. The government came to power towards the end of, and as a result of, the Great Depression of the 1930s, and also governed the country throughout World War II.
The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.
The First National Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1949 to 1957. It was a conservative government best remembered for its role in the 1951 waterfront dispute. It also began the repositioning of New Zealand in the cold war environment. Although New Zealand continued to assist Britain in situations such as the Malayan Emergency, it now became connected to Australia and the United States through the ANZUS agreement.
The electorate existed from 1871 to 1946, and from 1954 to 1978.
The 1954 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 31st term. It saw the governing National Party remain in office, but with a slightly reduced majority. It also saw the debut of the new Social Credit Party, which won more than eleven percent of the vote but failed to win a seat.
Early members were Thomas Henderson 1871–1874 (resigned),Gustav von der Heyde 1874–1875 (unseated on petition), John Sangster Macfarlane 1876–1879 (defeated), Reader Wood 1879–1881 (retired), William John Hurst 1881–1886 (died), Richard Monk 1886–1890 (defeated), and Jackson Palmer 1890–1893 (defeated).
Thomas Maxwell Henderson was a New Zealand politician. He was one of the earliest settlers in Auckland. He was a significant entrepreneur, and the Auckland suburb of Henderson bears his name.
Gustav Ludwig Theodor von der Heyde (1836–1891) was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Auckland, New Zealand.
John Sangster Macfarlane (1818–1880) was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in Auckland, New Zealand.
The election of Richard Monk, who stood again in 1893, was declared invalid.From 1894 to 1896 Waitemata was held by future Prime Minister William Massey, until he transferred to Franklin. Richard Monk held the electorate for the period 1896–1902. The seat was then held by Ewen Alison from 1902 to 1908, Leonard Phillips from 1908 to 1911, and Alexander Harris from 1911 to 1935.
The New Zealand general election of 1893 was held on 28 November and 20 December in the European and Māori electorates, respectively, to elect 74 MPs to the 12th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was won by the Liberal Party, and Richard Seddon became Prime Minister.
The 1894 Waitemata by-election was a by-election held on 9 April 1894 during the 12th New Zealand Parliament in the rural North Island seat of the Waitemata.
William Ferguson Massey, commonly known as Bill Massey, was a politician who served as the 19th Prime Minister of New Zealand from May 1912 to May 1925. He was the founding leader of the Reform Party, New Zealand's second organised political party, from 1909 until his death.
In 1946 Henry Thorne Morton, who had held the seat from 1943, was defeated for North Shore.
Waitemata was represented by 18 Members of Parliament.
Independent Independent Liberal Conservative Reform Labour National
|1871 election||Thomas Henderson|
|1st 1874 by-election||Gustav von der Heyde|
|2nd 1874 by-election|
|1876 election||John Macfarlane|
|1879 election||Reader Wood|
|1881 election||William Hurst|
|1886 by-election||Richard Monk|
|1890 election||Jackson Palmer|
|1893 election||Richard Monk|
|1894 by-election||William Massey|
|1896 election||Richard Monk|
|1902 election||Ewen Alison|
|1908 election||Leonard Phillips|
|1911 election||Alexander Harris|
|1935 election||Jack Lyon|
|1941 by-election||Mary Dreaver|
|1943 election||Henry Morton|
|(electorate abolished 1946–1954, see North Shore)|
|1954 election||Norman King|
|1969 election||Frank Gill|
|1972 election||Michael Bassett|
|1975 election||Dail Jones|
|(electorate abolished 1978, see Helensville)|
|Social Credit||G L McCormick||1,460||7.64||-0.38|
|Independent||G E Bree||44||0.23|
|National||Ray La Varis||5,539||36.93|
|Social Credit||G L McCormick||1,203||8.02|
|New Democratic||J R Neil||106||0.70|
|Liberal Reform||R J Hannaford||65||0.43|
|Social Credit||Alexander Gilbert Davidson||1,475||8.18|
|Social Credit||Joseph F. Richards||2,476||11.31|
|National||A G E Pugh||6,767||38.51|
|Social Credit||Byrt Jordan||954||5.42||-0.91|
|Communist||B J Holmes||164||0.93|
|Social Credit||Byrt Jordan||1,174||6.33||+0.01|
|Communist||Hugh John McLeod||139||0.74|
|Social Credit||Byrt Jordan||1,036||6.32||-3.09|
|Social Credit||Byrt Jordan||1,463||9.41|
|Democratic Labour||Karl Benjamin Ansley||976||6.38|
|Independent||William C. Hewitt||204||1.33|
|Independent National||William Brockway Darlow||3,690||40.26|
|Democratic Labour||Norman Douglas||909||9.91|
|Independent||Peter Robertson Gardner||400||4.36|
|Independent||Henry Thomas Head||74||0.80|
|National||John Ernest Close||5,545||41.16|
|Democrat||Alan Walter Donald||2,045||16.02|
|United||William Brockway Darlow||1,769||16.72|
|United||Reginald Henry Greville||4,368||37.86|
|Liberal||Frank Henry Burbush||3,315||33.32|
|Labour||Robert Frederick Way||2,047||20.58|
|Liberal||Arthur Edwin Greenslade||3,492||41.56|
|Liberal||Henry Cromwell Tewsley||3,868||44.21|
|Liberal||William Joseph Napier||3,064||42.40||+0.01|
|Liberal||William Joseph Napier||3,416||47.19||4.79|
|Liberal||William Joseph Napier||2,059||34.59|
|Liberal||Henry Wakeford Wilding||673||11.31|
|Liberal||William Joseph Napier||2,523||42.39||+7.80|
|Liberal||Alexander John Hatfield||1,695||41.30|
|Independent Liberal||Jackson Palmer||1,446||47.17|
|Independent Liberal||Jackson Palmer||752||53.22|
|Independent||Gustav von der Heyde||271||56.46|
|Independent||John Sangster Macfarlane||209||43.53|
|Independent||Gustav von der Heyde||287||54.77|
|Independent||John Sangster Macfarlane||237||45.23|
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