Wallace (New Zealand electorate)

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Wallace was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was established in 1858, the first election held in 1859, and existed until 1996. For a time, it was represented by two members. In total, there were 18 Members of Parliament from the Wallace electorate.

Contents

Population centres

The initial 24 New Zealand electorates were defined by Governor George Grey in March 1853, based on the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 that had been passed by the British government. The Constitution Act also allowed the House of Representatives to establish new electorates, and this was first done in 1858, when four new electorates were formed by splitting existing electorates. [1] Wallace was one of those four electorates, and it was established by splitting the Dunedin Country electorate. [2] Settlements in the initial area were Invercargill, Gore, Mataura, and Riverton. [3]

This electorate was in the rural part of Southland.

History

The first election was held on 30 November 1859 during the term of the 2nd New Zealand Parliament, and was won by Dillon Bell. [4] The electorate was named after Scottish military hero William Wallace. [5]

For the term of the 3rd New Zealand Parliament (1861–66), it was a two-member electorate. From 1866 to its dissolution in 1996, it was a single-member electorate. [6]

In 1938 additional areas added from Central Otago and the West Coast made Wallace the biggest (non-Māori) electorate in New Zealand. [7]

In the 1996 election, the first MMP election, the electorate was combined with the adjacent Clutha electorate into the Clutha-Southland electorate.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Independent     Liberal     Reform     National   

Single-member electorate
ElectionWinner
1859 election Dillon Bell
Multi-member electorate
ElectionWinners
1861 election Dillon Bell Walter Mantell
Single-member electorate
ElectionWinner
1866 election Alexander McNeill
1st 1869 by-election Cuthbert Cowan
2nd 1869 by-election George Webster
1871 election
1875 by-election Christopher Basstian
1875 election James Joyce
1879 election Henry Hirst
1881 election Theophilus Daniel
1884 election Henry Hirst
1887 election Samuel Hodgkinson
1890 election James Mackintosh
1893 election
1896 election Michael Gilfedder
1899 election
1902 election John Thomson
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election Adam Hamilton
1922 election John Thomson
1925 election Adam Hamilton
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Tom Macdonald
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Brian Talboys
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election Derek Angus
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Bill English
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Clutha-Southland)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Wallace [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Bill English 9,832 55.93 -14.59
Labour Lesley Soper 4,25424.20
Alliance P J Horton2,35913.42
Christian Heritage J P Stevens6283.57-0.40
Independent M La Roche2171.23
McGillicuddy Serious Robyn West2011.14
Natural Law B Bull870.49
Majority5,57831.73
Turnout 17,57879.98
Registered electors 21,977

1990 election

1990 general election: Wallace [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Bill English 12,243 70.52
Labour David Soper3,35719.33
Christian Heritage J P Stevens6903.97
NewLabour Marinus La Rooij5563.20
Social Credit J P Sawyers3662.10
Democrats P Miller1480.85
Majority8,88651.18
Turnout 17,36082.56-3.91
Registered electors 21,026

1987 election

1987 general election: Wallace [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Derek Angus 12,323 66.91 +13.85
Labour B O Julian4,72925.67
Democrats M J Radich1,0385.63
Independent C L Smith3271.77
Majority7,59441.23+11.29
Turnout 18,41786.47-4.71
Registered electors 21,298

1984 election

1984 general election: Wallace [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Derek Angus 10,034 53.06 +0.91
Labour Calvin Fisher4,37123.11
NZ Party Kevin Phillips3,27017.29
Social Credit J T Hicks1,2346.52
Majority5,66329.94-4.03
Turnout 18,90991.18+1.90
Registered electors 20,737

1981 election

1981 general election: Wallace [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Derek Angus 10,065 52.15
Social Credit Owen Horton3,50718.17+1.35
Labour Ernest Dix3,14316.28
Independent Aubrey Begg 2,58513.39
Majority6,55833.97
Turnout 19,30089.28+13.55
Registered electors 21,615

1978 election

1978 general election: Wallace [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 9,253 49.47 -15.07
Labour Jim Thomson3,92921.00
Social Credit Owen Horton3,14716.82+5.74
Independent National J F Slee2,19911.75
Values C E Henderson1760.94
Majority5,32428.46-14.71
Turnout 18,70475.73-9.45
Registered electors 24,698

1975 election

1975 general election: Wallace [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 10,433 64.54 +12.34
Labour Ian Lamont3,45521.37+10.99
Social Credit Owen Horton1,79211.08
Values John Veitch4842.99
Majority6,97843.17+23.33
Turnout 16,16485.18-2.22
Registered electors 18,976

1972 election

1972 general election: Wallace [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 7,640 52.20 -4.37
Labour Ian Lamont4,73632.36
Social Credit F J Williams1,3829.44-5.65
Liberal Reform A G J McDonald7965.43
New Democratic I C Lumsden800.54
Majority2,90419.84-13.68
Turnout 14,63487.40+2.75
Registered electors 16,743

1969 election

1969 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 7,646 56.57 +2.82
Labour J Robson3,11523.04
Social Credit F J Williams2,04015.09-4.58
Country Party R J Egerton7145.28
Majority4,53133.52+6.34
Turnout 13,51584.65+0.03
Registered electors 15,965

1966 election

1966 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 7,841 53.75 -9.71
Labour Aubrey Begg 3,87626.57
Social Credit F J Williams2,87019.67+12.01
Majority3,96527.18-13.23
Turnout 14,58784.62-1.74
Registered electors 17,238

1963 election

1963 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 9,013 63.46 -5.04
Labour John Reid3,27223.04
Social Credit F J Williams1,0887.66
Liberal V D Stevens8285.83
Majority5,74040.41-4.31
Turnout 14,20186.36-2.20
Registered electors 16,443

1960 election

1960 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 8,786 68.50 +5.56
Labour E Harris3,05023.77
Social Credit J P Stack9907.71+0.72
Majority5,73644.72+11.84
Turnout 12,82688.56-1.90
Registered electors 14,482

1957 election

1957 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Brian Talboys 8,266 62.94
Labour John Reid3,94730.05
Social Credit J P Stack9196.99
Majority4,31932.88
Turnout 13,13290.46+2.15
Registered electors 14,516

1954 election

1954 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Macdonald 7,405 62.22 -8.91
Labour J W Cleary2,93924.69-4.17
Social Credit S A Shaw1,55713.08
Majority4,46637.52-4.75
Turnout 11,90188.31+0.68
Registered electors 13,476

1951 election

1951 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Macdonald 8,515 71.13 +2.72
Labour J W Cleary3,45528.86
Majority5,06042.27+5.44
Turnout 11,97087.63-3.94
Registered electors 13,659

1949 election

1949 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Macdonald 8,379 68.41 +3.95
Labour Herman Victor Freeman3,86831.58
Majority4,51136.83+7.14
Turnout 12,24791.57-2.28
Registered electors 13,374

1946 election

1946 general election: Wallace [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Tom Macdonald 8,068 64.46
Labour David Johnston Munro4,35234.77
Independent Leslie A. Murrell950.75
Majority3,71629.69
Turnout 12,51593.85+2.11
Registered electors 13,334

1943 election

1943 general election: Wallace [12] [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Adam Hamilton 4,738 55.03 +1.03
Labour John James Lynch3,13136.36-9.13
Independent Patrick J. McMullan6757.84
Informal votes650.75+0.25
Majority1,60718.66+10.15
Turnout 8,60991.74-0.96
Registered electors 9,384

1938 election

1938 general election: Wallace [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Adam Hamilton 5,353 54.00 +3.34
Labour John James Lynch4,50945.49
Informal votes500.50-0.08
Majority8448.51-13.53
Turnout 9,91292.70+1.33
Registered electors 10,692

1935 election

1935 general election: Wallace [15] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Adam Hamilton 4,674 50.66 -17.16
Labour Lawrence Edmond2,64028.61
Democrat William Hinchey1,82119.73
Independent Labour Thomas Rewcastle910.98
Informal votes540.58-0.31
Majority2,03422.04-13.60
Turnout 9,22691.37+9.06
Registered electors 10,097

1931 election

1931 general election: Wallace [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Adam Hamilton 5,408 67.82 +19.03
Independent Peter Gilfedder2,56632.18
Informal votes720.89-0.19
Majority2,84235.64+35.42
Turnout 8,04682.31-9.38
Registered electors 9,775

1928 election

1928 general election: Wallace [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Adam Hamilton 4,360 48.79 -4.66
United Walter Taylor4,34048.56
Independent Liberal George Pulley1391.55
Informal votes971.08-0.28
Majority200.22-17.52
Turnout 8,93691.69+1.43
Registered electors 9,745

1925 election

1925 general election: Wallace [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Adam Hamilton 4,001 53.45 +5.19
Labour James Morris MacKenzie2,67335.71
Liberal George Shepherd Edie4325.77
Independent Liberal Peter Gilfedder2773.70
Informal votes1021.36+0.76
Majority1,32817.74+14.87
Turnout 7,48593.12+5.02
Registered electors 8,038

1922 election

1922 general election: Wallace [21]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal John Thomson 3,646 51.13 +2.02
Reform Adam Hamilton 3,44148.26-1.60
Informal votes430.60-0.41
Majority2052.87
Turnout 7,13088.10+5.37
Registered electors 8,093

1919 election

1919 general election: Wallace [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Adam Hamilton 2,843 49.86
Liberal John Thomson 2,80049.11-9.37
Informal votes581.01-0.01
Majority430.75
Turnout 5,70182.73-0.59
Registered electors 6,891

1914 election

1914 general election: Wallace [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal John Thomson 3,036 58.48
Reform Alexander Rodger2,15541.51
Informal votes531.02
Majority88116.97
Turnout 5,19183.32
Registered electors 6,230

1899 election

1899 general election: Wallace [24] [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Michael Gilfedder 1,896 53.06 +26.73
Conservative Allen Carmichael1,67746.94
Majority2196.133.71
Turnout 3,57378.051.46
Registered electors 4,578

1896 election

1896 general election: Wallace [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Michael Gilfedder 756 26.33
Liberal Rev. Thomas Neave [27] 64022.29
Conservative Hugh Valentine 58520.38
Conservative Henry Hirst 48716.96
Liberal James Mackintosh 40314.04
Majority1164.04
Registered electors 3,927

1890 election

1890 general election: Wallace [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal James Mackintosh 675 44.47
Conservative Samuel Hodgkinson 49732.74
Independent Henry Hirst 34622.79
Majority17811.72
Turnout 1,51854.31
Registered electors 2,795

1875 by-election

1875 Wallace by-election [29] [30] [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Christopher Basstian 5748.72
Independent Robert Cameron3832.48
Independent Dr Francis Alexander Monckton2218.80
Majority1916.24
Turnout 117

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, p. 29.
  2. McRobie 1989, pp. 29f.
  3. McRobie 1989, p. 31.
  4. Wilson 1985, p. 183.
  5. "Exit Bruce: When an electorate is eliminated". New Zealand Parliament . 30 March 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  6. Wilson 1985, p. 275.
  7. "Alterations to Wallace Electorate". No. 4347. Lake Wakatip Mail. 11 January 1938. p. 5.
  8. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. pp. 131–2.
  9. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. pp. 136–7.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Norton 1988, p. 383.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Norton 1988, p. 382.
  12. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  13. "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wallace". Lake Wakatip Mail. No. 4637. 7 October 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  14. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  15. The General Election, 1935. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  16. "Local & General". Western Star. 12 November 1935. p. 2. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  17. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 5. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  18. "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wallace". Otautau Standard and Wallace County Chronicle. Vol. XXVII, no. 1349. 15 December 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  19. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  20. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  21. The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. 1923. p. 2. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  22. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  23. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  24. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 3. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  25. "Orepuki". Otago Witness . No. 2385. 23 November 1899. p. 34. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  26. "Otago". Auckland Star . Vol. XXVII, no. 305. 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  27. Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "The Rev. Thomas Neave". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand . Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  28. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  29. "The Wallace Election". Evening Star. 9 August 1875.
  30. "Wallace Election". Otago Witness. 9 August 1875.
  31. "Invercargill". The Evening Post . 9 August 1875.

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