Heretaunga (New Zealand electorate)

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Heretaunga electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996. Heretaunga electorate, 1993.png
Heretaunga electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Heretaunga is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Upper Hutt, that existed from 1954 until 1996.

Contents

Population centres

The First Labour Government was defeated in the 1949 election and the incoming National Government changed the Electoral Act, with the electoral quota once again based on total population as opposed to qualified electors, and the tolerance was increased to 7.5% of the electoral quota. There was no adjustments in the number of electorates between the South and North Islands, but the law changes resulted in boundary adjustments to almost every electorate through the 1952 electoral redistribution; only five electorates were unaltered. [1] Five electorates were reconstituted and the Heretaunga electorate was newly created, and a corresponding six electorates were abolished; all of these in the North Island. [2] These changes took effect with the 1954 election. [3]

The Heretaunga electorate was urban and was based on Heretaunga, a suburb of Upper Hutt in the northern Hutt Valley. Other places included Haywards and Birchville. [4]

History

The electorate originated in 1954, and lasted to 1996, when with the introduction of MMP it was replaced by Rimutaka.

In the 1951 election, Upper Hutt had belonged to the Otaki electorate, and the National Party's incumbent Member of Parliament, Jimmy Maher had defeated the Labour' Party's candidate, Phil Holloway. In the 1954 election, Upper Hutt belonged to the newly-formed Heretaunga electorate, and Holloway stood against National's Allan McCready (Maher's son-in-law) and won decisively. [5]

Up to 1990 when Peter McCardle won the seat for National, the Labour Party held Heretaunga. In 1993, McCardle narrowly held the seat against a challenge from Labour candidate Heather Simpson (who went on to become Helen Clark's Chief of Staff, known as H2 – Clark was H1 [6] ). Subsequently, McCardle left the National Party in 1996 and joined New Zealand First.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     National     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1954 election Phil Holloway
1957 election
1960 election Ron Bailey
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election Bill Jeffries
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Peter McCardle
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Rimutaka)

Election results

1993 election

1993 general election: Heretaunga [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Peter McCardle 7,981 41.15 -2.53
Labour Heather Simpson 7,14936.86
Alliance Brendan Tracey2,66313.73
NZ First Gary Logan7723.98
Christian Heritage Geoff Hounsell6163.17
McGillicuddy Serious Rick Sahar1370.70
Defence MovementHilda Mendoza320.16
Independent Michael Avanti430.22
Majority8324.29-1.66
Turnout 19,39386.27-0.01
Registered electors 22,477

1990 election

1990 general election: Heretaunga [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Peter McCardle 8,234 43.68
Labour Bill Jeffries 7,11237.73-16.82
Green S Miller1,1946.33
NewLabour Kevin Boyd1,0005.30
Christian Heritage John Allen9274.91-35.76
Independent S Cochrane2181.15
Democrats Bill Henderson1640.87-3.90
Majority1,1225.95
Turnout 18,84986.28-1.07
Registered electors 21,844

1987 election

1987 general election: Heretaunga [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bill Jeffries 10,037 54.55 +2.32
National John Allen7,48340.67
Democrats Bill Henderson8784.77+1.70
Majority2,55413.88-9.45
Turnout 18,39887.35-6.04
Registered electors 21,060

1984 election

1984 general election: Heretaunga [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bill Jeffries 10,155 52.23 +4.55
National Anna MacFarlane 5,61828.89
NZ Party Derek Spence3,07215.80
Social Credit Bill Henderson5973.07
Majority4,53723.33+11.33
Turnout 19,44293.39+2.19
Registered electors 20,818

1981 election

1981 general election: Heretaunga [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bill Jeffries 8,872 47.68
National Ronald Palmer6,63935.68
Social Credit Jim Ross3,09416.62
Majority2,23312.00
Turnout 18,60591.20-15.62
Registered electors 20,400

1978 election

1978 general election: Heretaunga [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ron Bailey 9,086 49.82 -4.47
National John Ward6,34234.77
Social Credit Shane Kelly2,11011.56
Values Mary Harpham6993.83
Majority2,74415.04-13.22
Turnout 18,23775.58-11.06
Registered electors 24,129

1975 election

1975 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ron Bailey 8,330 45.35 -9.68
National Julie Cameron7,99443.52
Social Credit John Fowlds1,1296.14+2.01
Values Max Overton9134.97
Majority3361.82-17.87
Turnout 18,36686.64-3.99
Registered electors 21,198

1972 election

1972 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ron Bailey 8,281 55.03 +4.16
National John Schnellenberg5,31735.33
Values Susan Northcote-Bade6984.63
Social Credit John Fowlds6224.13
New Democratic G W Healy1290.85
Majority2,96419.69+10.70
Turnout 15,04790.63-0.46
Registered electors 16,602

1969 election

1969 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ron Bailey 7,773 50.87 -0.31
National Ralph Miller6,39841.87
Social Credit Barry Charles Ritzema9306.08-6.52
Independent Grace Mary Martin1781.16
Majority1,3758.99-6.81
Turnout 15,27990.17-2.04
Registered electors 16,943

1966 election

1966 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ron Bailey 8,572 51.18 -2.17
National Ian Ross5,92535.38
Social Credit Barry Charles Ritzema2,11112.60
Independent Raymond Logan Burgess1380.82
Majority2,64715.80+1.89
Turnout 16,74688.13-2.50
Registered electors 19,000

1963 election

1963 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ron Bailey 8,186 53.35 -0.62
National Bob Kimmins6,05139.43
Social Credit Ting Lousich1,1067.20
Majority2,13513.91-2.91
Turnout 15,34390.63-0.29
Registered electors 16,929

1960 election

1960 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Ron Bailey 8,265 53.97
National Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale5,68937.14
Social Credit Anthony R. Wall1,3608.88
Majority2,57616.82
Turnout 15,31490.92-3.31
Registered electors 16,842

1957 election

1957 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Phil Holloway 9,382 64.88 +1.58
National Allan McCready 4,26529.49-0.40
Social Credit Robert Leslie Allan8125.61
Majority5,11735.38+1.97
Turnout 14,45994.23+1.97
Registered electors 15,343

1954 election

1954 general election: Heretaunga [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Phil Holloway 9,583 63.30
National Allan McCready 4,52529.89
Social Credit Christopher Walter Tait1,0296.79
Majority5,05833.41
Turnout 15,13792.26
Registered electors 16,406

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 99f.
  2. McRobie 1989, pp. 95–100.
  3. McRobie 1989, p. 99.
  4. McRobie 1989, p. 98.
  5. "Large Majority for Labour". Upper Hutt Leader. Vol. XI, no. 48. 18 November 1954. p. 2. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  6. Young, Audrey (29 January 2017). "Helen and Heather's great political partnership could be entering the twilight zone". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 9 September 2017. Simpson then became director of policy and research for the parliamentary Labour Party before her elevation to chief of staff when she became Clark's 'enforcer' in the various political crises and scandals that arose as well as policy overseer. [...] She earned the nickname H2, as the second-most powerful woman in New Zealand, next to Helen Clark, H1.
  7. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
  8. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. pp. 41–2.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Norton 1988, p. 245.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Norton 1988, p. 244.

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