Raglan (New Zealand electorate)

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Raglan is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed for three periods between 1861 and 1996 and during that time, it was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Raglan was one of the single-member electorates. [1] It was created by splitting the Southern Division electorate into two areas, and the eastern part was called Franklin, while the western part was called Raglan. [2] The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly. [1] The Raglan electorate had 482 registered electors for the 1861 election. [3] In 1861 it was named Raglan, but that town had the only polling station between the southern boundary of the Mokau River [4] and Waiuku, the majority being in the Auckland suburbs. [5] The northern boundary was close to the centre of Auckland, bordering on Newton District. [4] The southern boundary was the Mokau River and the eastern, the Great South Road. [6]

The Raglan electorate was on the West coast of the Waikato region, and was based on the small town of Raglan.

In the 1911 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further seat from the South Island due to faster population growth. In addition, there were substantial population movements within each island, and significant changes resulted from this. Only four electorates were unaltered, five electorates were abolished, one former electorate was re-established (Raglan), and four electorates were created for the first time. [7] Raglan was created by the Franklin electorate moving north, and the Waikato electorate moving south. [8]

The 1981 census had shown that the North Island had experienced further population growth, and three additional general seats were created through the 1983 electoral redistribution, bringing the total number of electorates to 95. [9] The South Island had, for the first time, experienced a population loss, but its number of general electorates was fixed at 25 since the 1967 electoral redistribution. [10] More of the South Island population was moving to Christchurch, and two electorates were abolished, while two electorates were recreated. In the North Island, six electorates were newly created, three electorates were recreated (including Raglan), and six electorates were abolished. [11]

History

The Raglan electorate existed from 1860 to 1870, from 1911 to 1978, and then from 1984 to 1996. [12] The first election was held on 11 February 1861 and was won by Charles John Taylor, who had previously represented the Southern Division electorate. [13]

In 1996, Simon Upton who was then the MP for Raglan chose to become a list MP. He resigned in 2001.

Members of Parliament

The Raglan electorate was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

Key

  Independent     Reform     Labour     National   

ElectionWinner
1861 election Charles John Taylor
1865 by-election William Buckland
1866 election Joseph Newman [14]
1867 by-election James Farmer
(Abolished 1870–1911; see Waikato and Franklin)
1911 election Richard Bollard
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1927 by-election Lee Martin
1928 election
1931 election Stewart Reid
1935 election Lee Martin (2nd period)
1938 election
1943 election Robert Coulter
1946 by-election Hallyburton Johnstone
1946 election Alan Baxter
1949 election Hallyburton Johnstone (2nd period)
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Douglas Carter
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election Marilyn Waring
(Abolished 1978–1984)
1984 election Simon Upton
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Port Waikato)

Election results

1946 election

1946 general election: Raglan [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alan Baxter 6,821 49.17 +0.74
National Hallyburton Johnstone 6,80849.08-2.49
Informal votes2411.73
Majority130.09
Turnout 13,870

In an electoral court ruling Baxter gained 2 votes while losing 83, while Johnstone lost 61 votes from the original result. [16]

1946 by-election

1946 Raglan by-election [17] [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
National Hallyburton Johnstone 5,044 51.57
Labour Alan Baxter 4,73548.43
Majority3093.15
Turnout 9,77967.67
Registered electors 14,451

1943 election

1943 general election: Raglan [19] [20]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Robert Coulter 4,817 47.99
National Robert James Glasgow4,70946.92
Democratic Labour Alwyn Temple Dillon2892.87
Real Democracy Stanley Burton2212.20
Informal votes900.89
Majority1081.07
Turnout 10,036

1938 election

1938 general election: Raglan [21] [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lee Martin 5,062 52.54
National Andy Sutherland 4,45846.27
Country Party Albert James Gallichan1151.19
Majority6046.27
Informal votes950.98
Turnout 9,73092.40
Registered electors 10,530

1935 election

1935 general election: Raglan [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lee Martin 5,148 55.48 +10.81
Reform Stewart Reid 3,45337.21-18.12
Democrat J H Potter5816.26
Independent H Hampton961.03
Informal votes971.04+0.37
Majority1,69518.26
Turnout 9,27889.78+9.38
Registered electors 10,334

1931 election

1931 general election: Raglan [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Stewart Reid 4,180 55.33
Labour Lee Martin 3,37444.67
Majority80610.67
Informal votes510.67
Turnout 7,60580.40
Registered electors 9,459

1928 election

1928 general election: Raglan [25] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lee Martin 4,206 55.44
Reform Walter Seavill3,16541.72
Independent William Brown2162.85
Majority1,04113.72
Informal votes1131.47
Turnout 7,70086.38
Registered electors 8,914

1927 by-election

1927 Raglan by-election [27] [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Lee Martin 2,200 36.36
Reform Harry Waring2,02533.47
Liberal Thomas Parker1,09518.09
Country Party Cornelius Augustus Magner5328.79
Independent William James Taylor1983.27
Informal votes971.53-0.77
Majority1752.89
Turnout 6,05098.47+8.61
Registered electors 6,147
Labour gain from Reform Swing

Waring (Reform) was the great-grandfather of Marilyn Waring.

1925 election

1925 general election: Raglan [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Richard Bollard 4,470 61.48
Labour Ernest Piggott [30] 1,61422.20
Liberal Samuel Charles Gale Lye [31] 96513.27
Country Party Robert Dickinson Duxfield [32] 2223.05
Majority2,85639.28
Informal votes560.76
Turnout 7,32789.86
Registered electors 8,154

1922 election

1922 general election: [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Richard Bollard 3,494
Liberal Samuel Charles Gale Lye2,718
Labour E. Piggott99
Majority776
Informal votes139
Turnout
Registered electors

1919 election

1914 general election [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Richard Bollard 2,888
Independent Campbell Johnstone756
Labour Bill Jordan 1,900
Majority988
Informal votes64
Turnout 5,608
Registered electors

1914 election

1914 general election [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Richard Bollard 4,002 60.16
Liberal William Thompson2,55438.39
Social Democrat John Furniss961.44
Majority2,55238.36
Informal votes831.24
Turnout 6,65289.96
Registered electors 7,394

1911 election

1911 general election: Raglan, first ballot [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Richard Bollard 2,435 46.02
Reform Allen Bell 894 16.90
Liberal James Charles Dromgool75014.18
Liberal William Duncan74214.02
Independent Liberal Basil Hewett [37] 4708.88
Majority1,54129.12
Informal votes991.84
Turnout 5,39082.01
Registered electors 6,572
1911 general election: Raglan, second ballot [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Richard Bollard 2,782 59.89
Reform Allen Bell [nb 1] 1,86340.11
Majority91919.78
Informal votes200.43
Turnout 4,66570.98
Registered electors 6,572

Table footnotes:

  1. Richard Bollard was the official candidate endorsed by the Reform Party; Allen Bell was an unofficial candidate who also stood for the Reform Party. [39]

1867 by-election

1867 Raglan by-election [40] [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent James Farmer 224 56.85
Independent Joseph Crispe12732.23
Independent Henry Chamberlin 4310.91
Turnout 394
Majority9724.62

Notes

  1. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 35.
  2. McRobie 1989, pp. 28, 32.
  3. McRobie 1989, p. 33.
  4. 1 2 "Statutes of New Zealand". New Zealander. 30 January 1861. p. 6. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  5. "Local Memoranda". New Zealander. 9 February 1861. p. 2. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  6. "THE NEW ZEALAND OFFICIAL YEAR-BOOK 1864". www3.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  7. McRobie 1989, pp. 71–76.
  8. McRobie 1989, pp. 70, 74.
  9. McRobie 1989, pp. 123f.
  10. McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 123.
  11. McRobie 1989, pp. 119–124.
  12. Wilson 1985, p. 270.
  13. Wilson 1985, p. 239.
  14. "The Elections". Otago Witness . No. 747. 24 March 1866. p. 11. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  15. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  16. Norton 1988, p. 323.
  17. "The Herald". Alexandra Herald and Central Otago Gazette. 13 March 1946. p. 4. Retrieved 14 June 2015 via Papers Past.
  18. "Election Comparison". The New Zealand Herald . 27 November 1946. p. 11.
  19. "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. 80, no. 24764. 11 December 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  20. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  21. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. p. 4. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  22. "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXXV, no. 23181. 29 October 1938. p. 25. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  23. The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  24. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  25. Skinner, W. A. G. (1929). The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. p. 4. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  26. "General election : date drawing nearer". Franklin Times. Vol. XVIII, no. 124. 29 October 1928. p. 5. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  27. "The Raglan Seat". The Press . Vol. LXIII, no. 19120. 1 October 1927. p. 14. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. "Five Nominated". Auckland Star . Vol. LVIII, no. 221. 19 September 1927. p. 9. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  29. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  30. "Labour in Raglan". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXII, no. 19149. 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  31. "Election Candidates". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXV, no. 19939. 7 May 1928. p. 10. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  32. "Waikato Farmer". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. LXXV, no. 23022. 27 April 1938. p. 17. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  33. "THE POLITICAL OUTLOOK. WAIKATO TIMES". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 14 December 1922. Retrieved 8 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  34. "NEW ZEALAND HERALD". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 27 December 1919. Retrieved 8 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  35. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  36. AtoJs 1911 election 1912, p. 2.
  37. "Political". Waikato Times . No. 12124. 7 November 1911. p. 4. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  38. AtoJs 1911 election 1912, p. 6.
  39. "Next Thursday's Poll". The New Zealand Herald . Vol. XLVIII, no. 14854. 4 December 1911. p. 7. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  40. "Election of Mr Farmer". Daily Southern Cross . Vol. XXIII, no. 3092. 14 June 1867. p. 5. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  41. "Raglan Election". Daily Southern Cross . Vol. XXIII, no. 3071. 24 May 1867. p. 7. Retrieved 2 January 2021.

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