Waipawa was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand, from 1881 to 1946.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Hawke's Bay Region, also known as 'Galpin's Playground', is a region of New Zealand on the east coast of the North Island. It is governed by Hawke's Bay Regional Council, which sits in the city of Napier. The region's name derives from Hawke Bay, which was named by Captain James Cook in honour of Admiral Edward Hawke.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Waipawa, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–1876 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
The legislation defined the area as follows:
This district is bounded towards the North by the Hawke's Bay Electoral District; towards the East by the sea; towards the South by the Waimata Stream to its source; thence by a right line to Trig. Station No. 41a; thence by a right line to Trig. Station on Whahatuaro; then by the Manawatu River to the Manawatu Gorge; thence towards the West by lines from peak to peak along the summit of the Ruahine Range to the Hawke's Bay Electoral District,
Hawke's Bay was a parliamentary electorate in the Hawke's Bay Region of New Zealand from 1881 to 1996. In 1986 it was renamed Hawkes Bay.
Hawke Bay is a large bay on the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. It stretches from Mahia Peninsula in the northeast to Cape Kidnappers in the southwest, a distance of some 100 kilometres (62 mi).
A triangulation station, also known as a triangulation pillar, trigonometrical station, trigonometrical point, trig station, trig beacon, or trig point, and sometimes informally as a trig, is a fixed surveying station, used in geodetic surveying and other surveying projects in its vicinity. The nomenclature varies regionally: they are generally known as trigonometrical or triangulation stations in North America, trig points in the United Kingdom, trig pillars in Ireland, trig stations or points in Australia and New Zealand, and trig beacons in South Africa; triangulation pillar is the more formal term for the concrete columns found in the UK.
The Waipawa electorate was established for the 1881 election.
The New Zealand general election of 1881 was held on 8 and 9 December in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 95 MPs to the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament.
William Cowper Smith was the first representative. He was re-elected in 1884.From 1887 to 1890 Smith represented the Woodville electorate, which only existed for those three years.
William Cowper Smith was a Liberal Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
The New Zealand general election of 1884 was held on 22 July to elect a total of 95 MPs to the 9th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 21 July. A total number of 137,686 (60.6%) voters turned out to vote. In 11 seats there was only one candidate.
The New Zealand general election of 1887 was held on 26 September to elect 95 MPs to the tenth session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 7 September. 175,410 votes were cast. In 5 seats there was only one candidate.
The representative for Waipawa for the period from 1887 to 1890 was Thomas Tanner; he retired at the end of the parliamentary term.Tanner was succeeded by Smith in the 1890 election; Smith retired at the end of the parliamentary term.
Thomas Tanner was a 19th-century Member of Parliament in New Zealand.
The New Zealand general election of 1890 was one of New Zealand's most significant. It marked the beginning of party politics in New Zealand with the formation of the Liberal Government, which was to enact major welfare, labour and electoral reforms, including giving the vote to women.
Charles Hall represented Waipawa for the Liberal Party from 1893 to 1896, when he was defeated by George Hunter.Hall in turn defeated Hunter in the 1899 election and then served the electorate until 1911, when he retired. The 1911 election was won by Hunter, who continued to represent the electorate until 1930.
An interesting situation arose in 1928. D. B. Kent was originally announced as an independent Liberal-Labour candidate.He was then approached by the United Party and became their official candidate. The local supporters of the United Party had not been consulted on this, and did not support Kent, but backed Ernest Albert Goodger instead. Goodger thus stood as an independent United candidate. This split the United Party vote, but Hunter again won with an absolute majority.
Hunter's death on 20 August 1930caused the 1930 by-election, which was won by Albert Jull. Jull was confirmed by the voters in the 1931 election, but was defeated in 1935 election by Max Christie. Jull in turn defeated Christie in 1938, but he died on 24 September 1940. Jull was succeeded by Cyril Harker, who won the 1940 by-election. Harker was confirmed by the voters in the 1943 election. He served until the end of the parliamentary term in 1946, when the electorate was abolished.
The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament:
Independent Liberal Conservative Reform United Labour National
|1881 election||William Cowper Smith|
|1887 election||Thomas Tanner|
|1890 election||William Cowper Smith|
|1893 election||Charles Hall|
|1896 election||George Hunter|
|1899 election||Charles Hall|
|1911 election||George Hunter|
|1930 by-election||Albert Jull|
|1935 election||Max Christie|
|1938 election||Albert Jull|
|1940 by-election||Cyril Harker|
|(Electorate abolished in 1946; see Hawkes Bay)|
|Independent||John Davies Ormond, Jr.||2,121||24.66||-22.72|
|Democrat||W L Barker||559||6.50|
|Reform||John Davies Ormond, Jr.||3,484||47.38|
|United gain from Reform||Swing|
|Independent||Ernest Albert Goodger||2,123||28.43|
|United||Douglas Barrington Kent||1,362||18.24|
|Liberal||William Ashton Chambers||2,705||37.62|
|Liberal||John Joshua Langridge||2,794||41.93|
|Independent Liberal||James Taylor||988||27.88|
|Independent||William Warrand Carlile||319||8.00|
|Liberal||William Cowper Smith||1,297||57.77|
|Independent||Arthur Rowley William Lascelles||40||2.53|
|Independent||William Cowper Smith||768||61.59||+10.48|
|Independent||William Cowper Smith||579||51.10|
|Independent||John Davies Ormond||554||48.90|
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