Port Hills (New Zealand electorate)

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Port Hills electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Port Hills electorate, 2014.svg
Port Hills electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Port Hills is a parliamentary electorate of New Zealand created for the 2008 general election. Ruth Dyson of the Labour Party had previously held the Banks Peninsula electorate since the 1999 election that was largely replaced by Port Hills, and Dyson is to this day the area's representative. The Port Hills electorate is mostly urban, and lost the more rural Banks Peninsula areas of the old electorate to the Selwyn electorate that was also formed for the 2008 election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

2008 New Zealand general election election

The 2008 New Zealand general election was held on 8 November 2008 to determine the composition of the 49th New Zealand parliament. The conservative National Party, headed by its parliamentary leader John Key, won the largest share of votes and seats, ending nine years of government by the social-democratic Labour Party, led by Helen Clark. Key announced a week later that he would lead a National minority government with confidence-and-supply support from the ACT, United Future and Māori parties. The Governor-General swore Key in as New Zealand's 38th Prime Minister on 19 November 2008. This marked an end to nine years of Labour Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the Labour Party in the 2017 general election.

Ruth Dyson New Zealand Labour Party politician

Ruth Suzanne Dyson is a New Zealand politician. She is a member of the Labour Party and has been a Member of Parliament since 1993. Since the 2008 election, she has represented the Port Hills electorate.

Contents

Population centres

Port Hills was created after a review of electoral boundaries conducted in the wake of the 2006 census of population and dwellings. The bulk of Port Hills comes from the old Banks Peninsula electorate, including the suburbs of Opawa and Woolston, the suburban areas around the Cashmere Hills, and the towns on the north coast of Lyttelton Harbour. The south Christchurch suburbs of Bromley and Sydenham have been added from Christchurch East and Wigram, respectively. Most of the electorate is urban. [1]

Banks Peninsula was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate from 1996 to 2008.

Opawa Place

Opawa is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located 2.5 kilometres south-east of the city centre.

Woolston, New Zealand Place

Woolston is a light industrial and residential suburb of Christchurch in the South Island of New Zealand. It is situated three kilometres southeast of the city centre, close to major arterial routes including State Highways 74 and 76 to Banks Peninsula. The Heathcote River flows through the suburb.

The following suburbs, in alphabetical order, are at least partially located in the electorate: Balmoral Hill, Beckenham, Bromley, Cashmere, Cass Bay, Clifton, Corsair Bay, Ferrymead, Governors Bay, Heathcote Valley, Hillsborough, Huntsbury, Linwood, Lyttelton, Moncks Bay, Moncks Spur, Mount Pleasant, Murray Aynsley Hill, Opawa, Rapaki, Redcliffs, Richmond Hill, Scarborough, St Andrews Hill, St Martins, Sumner, Sydenham, Taylors Mistake, Waltham, and Woolston. [2]

Beckenham, New Zealand Place

Beckenham is an inner suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located three kilometres south of the city centre. The Heathcote River winds through this predominantly residential suburb, a section of which is often referred to locally as the "Beckenham Loop".

Bromley, New Zealand Place

Bromley is a suburb of the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. It lies to the east of the city centre, mostly between Pages Road and the Avon river estuary.

Cashmere, New Zealand Place

The suburb of Cashmere rises above the southern end of the city of Christchurch in New Zealand’s South Island.

Port Hills was one of the electorates worst affected by the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes and suffered minor population loss as a result. The 2013 redistribution has resulted in the electorate losing the areas around Bromley and Sydenham but regaining Halswell back from Selwyn. [1] [3] [4]

2010 Canterbury earthquake September 2010 earthquake in New Zealand

The 2010 Canterbury earthquake struck the South Island of New Zealand with a moment magnitude of 7.1 at 4:35 am local time on 4 September, and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Some damaging aftershocks followed the main event, the strongest of which was a magnitude 6.3 shock known as the Christchurch earthquake that occurred nearly six months later on 22 February 2011. Because this aftershock was centred very close to Christchurch, it was much more destructive and resulted in the deaths of 185 people.

2011 Christchurch earthquake February 2011 earthquake in New Zealand

An Mw 6.2 earthquake occurred in Christchurch on 22 February 2011 at 12:51 p.m. local time. The earthquake struck the Canterbury Region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred two kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the port town of Lyttelton, and 10 kilometres (6 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch, at the time New Zealand's second-most populous city. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster.

Halswell Place

Halswell is a suburb of Christchurch, New Zealand, located in open country 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) southwest of Cathedral Square on State Highway 75. A residential town, it has little in the way of its own industry and acts as an outer dormitory satellite town.

History

Because the new suburbs are strong Labour-voting areas, Banks Peninsula MP Ruth Dyson retained the electorate despite a nationwide swing to the National Party in 2008. This is also one of the electorates which elected a Labour MP but where the National Party won the party vote. [5] National's candidate in 2008 was Terry Heffernan (1952–2010), who at that time was already weakened by cancer. [6]

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Terence Michael "Terry" Heffernan was a New Zealand politician who stood for Parliament on eight separate occasions. Heffernan was originally a member of the Social Credit Party before joining the New Zealand First Party and later, the New Zealand National Party.

In the 2011 election, Dyson contested the electorate against David Carter. [7] Dyson and Carter had contested before; in 1993, Dyson was successful in the Lyttelton electorate, but in 1996 in Banks Peninsula, Carter had the upper hand. In 1999, 2002, and 2005, Dyson was always in first place, and she was again successful in 2011. [7]

2011 New Zealand general election election in New Zealand

The 2011 New Zealand general election on Saturday 26 November 2011 determined the membership of the 50th New Zealand Parliament.

David Carter (politician) New Zealand politician

David Cunningham Carter is a New Zealand National Party politician and former Speaker of the House, having also previously been a cabinet minister.

1993 New Zealand general election

The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Jim Bolger, win a second term in office, despite a major swing away from National in both seats and votes. The opposition Labour Party, despite a slight drop in their support, managed to make gains in terms of seats. The new Alliance and New Zealand First parties gained significant shares of the vote, but won few seats. The election was New Zealand's last under the non-proportional first past the post electoral system.

In the 2014 election, the National Party put up Nuk Korako against Dyson; [8] Carter had in the meantime been elected Speaker of the House of Representatives and as such, was not contesting an electorate any longer. [9] Based on preliminary counts, Dyson has a majority of 1,865 votes over Korako. [8]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     National     NZ First     Green   

ElectionWinner
2008 election Ruth Dyson
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

ElectionWinner
2011 election David Carter
Denis O'Rourke
2014 election Nuk Korako
Eugenie Sage
Denis O'Rourke
2017 election Nuk Korako
Eugenie Sage

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Port Hills [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Ruth Dyson 22,60353.89+7.4516,82539.40+15.53
National Nuk Korako 14,68735.02−5.7217,38140.70−6.26
Green Eugenie Sage 3,1437.49−0.334,39210.29−6.80
NZ First Denis O'Rourke 1,2583.00+0.112,0644.83−1.79
ACT David Fox1890.45+0.081530.39−0.08
Democrats Gary Gribben600.14+0.01220.05−0.05
Opportunities  1,4593.42
Māori  1400.33−0.09
Legalise Cannabis  910.21−0.09
Conservative  800.19−2.92
United Future  240.06−0.14
Outdoors  230.05
Ban 1080  180.04−0.04
People's Party  120.03
Internet  110.03−0.72 [lower-alpha 1]
Mana  50.01−0.74 [lower-alpha 2]
Informal votes360110
Total Valid votes41,49042,700
Turnout 42,810
Labour holdMajority7,91618.87+13.70

2014 election

2014 general election: Port Hills [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Ruth Dyson 18,16146.44−1.979,51423.87−3.77
National Nuk Korako 15,93340.74+1.8518,71946.96+3.30
Green Eugenie Sage 3,0597.82−2.186,81217.09−2.51
NZ First Denis O'Rourke 1,1312.89+0.752,6416.62+1.79
Conservative Chris Brosnan6261.60+1.601,2413.11+1.46
ACT Geoff Russell1450.37−0.181750.44−0.30
Democrats Gary J Gribben520.13+0.13410.10+0.04
Internet Mana  2980.75+0.44 [lower-alpha 3]
Māori  1600.40−0.01
Legalise Cannabis  1200.30−0.19
United Future  800.20−0.27
Ban 1080  330.08+0.08
Civilian  260.07+0.07
Focus  40.01+0.01
Independent Coalition  10.00+0.00
Informal votes277105
Total Valid votes39,38439,970
Turnout 39,97081.29+4.80
Labour holdMajority2,2285.70−3.83

2011 election

2011 general election: Port Hills [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Ruth Dyson 15,73748.41+1.699,19927.64−10.04
National David Carter 12,64038.89+1.7414,53243.66+6.53
Green Joseph Burston3,25210.00+0.396,52219.60+5.82
NZ First Denis O'Rourke 6972.14+2.141,6094.83+2.08
ACT Geoff Russell1790.55−0.842460.74−1.63
Conservative  5491.65+1.65
Legalise Cannabis  1640.49+0.07
United Future  1570.47−0.42
Māori  1350.41−0.28
Mana  1020.31+0.31
Alliance  240.07−0.07
Libertarianz  220.07+0.02
Democrats  210.06+0.02
Informal votes542202
Total Valid votes32,50533,282
Labour holdMajority3,0979.53−0.05

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 43,511 [12]

2008 election

2008 general election: Port Hills [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Ruth Dyson 16,83446.7213,81637.68
National Terry Heffernan 13,38237.1413,61437.13
Green Joseph Burston3,4649.615,05113.78
Progressive Phil Clearwater1,1443.189582.61
ACT Geoff Russell5001.398682.37
Kiwi Wilton Gray3370.942850.78
United Future Robin Andrew Loomes2150.603260.89
Alliance Andrew John McKenzie1530.42510.14
NZ First  1,0092.75
Māori  2500.68
Legalise Cannabis  1550.42
Bill and Ben  1520.41
Family Party  490.13
Pacific  230.06
Workers Party  190.05
Libertarianz  170.05
Democrats  140.04
RONZ  40.01
RAM  20.01
Informal votes301132
Total Valid votes36,02936,663
Turnout 36,79582.88
Labour win new seatMajority3,452

Table footnotes

  1. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  2. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

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References

  1. 1 2 Young, Rachel (19 April 2014). "Wagner vows to fight for 'unwinnable' electorate". The Press . p. A7. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  2. "Electorate Boundaries". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  3. "Port Hills: Electoral Profile". New Zealand Parliament . Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  4. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  5. 1 2 "Official Count Results -- Port Hills". Chief Electoral Office. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  6. Espiner, Colin (25 March 2008). "It's Beaurepaires at Parliament as retreads rolled out". The Press . Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  7. 1 2 3 "Official Count Results -- Port Hills (2011)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  8. 1 2 Mathewson, Nicole; Stylianou, Georgina; Fulton, Tim (20 September 2014). "Labour's Dyson keeps Port Hills". The Press . Archived from the original on 23 September 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  9. "PM announces changes to Cabinet line-up" (Press release). The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (of New Zealand). 22 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  10. "Official Count Results -- Port Hills (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  11. "Official Count Results -- Port Hills (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  12. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.