Wellington East (New Zealand electorate)

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Wellington East was a parliamentary electorate in the eastern suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand from 1887 to 1890 and from 1905 to 1946. It was succeeded by the Miramar electorate. The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

In the 1887 electoral redistribution, although the Representation Commission was required through the Representation Act 1887 to maintain existing electorates "as far as possible", rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Ten new electorates were created, including Wellington East, and one former electorate was recreated. [1]

The initial electorate was located east of the suburb of Te Aro and included the suburb of Mount Victoria. [2] The polling booth for the 1887 election was located at the Lyceum Hall in Tory Street. [3]

In December 1887, the House of Representatives voted to reduce its membership from general electorates from 91 to 70. The 1890 electoral redistribution used the same 1886 census data used for the 1887 electoral redistribution. In addition, three-member electorates were introduced in the four main centres. This resulted in a major restructuring of electorates, and Wellington East became part of the City of Wellington electorate. [4]

Through the City Single Electorates Act, 1903, the three-member electorates of the four main centres were split again, and this became effective at the end of the 15th Parliament and was thus used for the 1905 election. The City of Wellington electorate was split into the Wellington East, Wellington Central, and Wellington North electorates. [5]

History

Members of Parliament

The electorate was represented by seven Members of Parliament: [6]

Key

  Independent     Conservative     Ind. Labour League     Reform     Labour   
ElectionWinner
1887 election George Fisher
(Electorate abolished 1890–1905, see City of Wellington)
1905 election John Aitken
1908 election David McLaren
1911 election Alfred Newman
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election Alec Monteith
1925 election Thomas Forsyth
1928 election Bob Semple
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
(Electorate abolished in 1946, see Miramar)

Election results

1943 election

1943 general election: Wellington East [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bob Semple 8,369 55.33 -10.61
National Leonard Theodor Jacobsen5,78138.22
Democratic Labour Walter Bishop1,0366.85
People's Movement Edwin Russell4623.05
Pacifist Archibald Barrington2521.67
Informal votes1250.83+0.49
Majority2,58817.11-15.36
Turnout 15,12585.35-6.14
Registered electors 17,721

1938 election

1938 general election: Wellington East [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bob Semple 9,618 65.94 +12.79
National William Long Barker4,88233.47
Informal votes510.34-0.21
Majority4,73632.47+10.96
Turnout 14,58591.49+3.30
Registered electors 15,940

1935 election

1935 general election: Wellington East [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bob Semple 8,208 53.15 +1.00
United/Reform Ossie Mazengarb 4,88531.63
Democrat William Duncan1,1897.69
Independent William Gaudin6574.25
Commonwealth Land PartyEdward William Nicolaus4332.80
Communist Connie Rawcliffe 700.45
Informal votes860.55+0.08
Majority3,32321.51+17.30
Turnout 15,44288.19+4.99
Registered electors 17,508

1931 election

1931 general election: Wellington East [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bob Semple 7,207 52.15 +8.75
Reform Thomas Forsyth 6,61447.85+12.04
Majority5934.29-3.29
Informal votes650.47-0.53
Turnout 13,88683.20-5.27
Registered electors 16,690

1928 election

1928 general election: Wellington East [11] [12]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Bob Semple 5,527 43.40
Reform Thomas Forsyth 4,56135.81-19.53
Independent James John Clark2,64820.79
Majority9667.58-3.10
Informal votes1281.00-0.70
Turnout 12,86488.47-0.98
Registered electors 14,541

1925 election

1925 general election: Wellington East [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Thomas Forsyth 6,191 55.34 +18.61
Labour Alec Monteith 4,99644.66+3.36
Majority1,19510.68+6.11
Informal votes1931.70+0.72
Turnout 11,38089.44-1.43
Registered electors 12,723

1922 election

1922 general election: Wellington East [14] [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Alec Monteith 4,274 41.30
Reform Thomas Forsyth 3,80136.73
Liberal Thomas William McDonald 1,86017.97
Independent Annie McVicar 4144.00
Majority4734.57
Informal votes1020.98
Turnout 10,45190.88
Registered electors 11,500

1919 election

1919 general election: Wellington East [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Alfred Newman 4,375 42.77 -7.52
Labour Alec Monteith 3,31732.43
Liberal Len McKenzie2,44123.86
Informal votes940.91+0.12
Majority1,05810.34+9.75
Turnout 10,22780.49-4.23
Registered electors 12,705

1914 election

1914 general election: Wellington East [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Alfred Newman 4,062 50.29 -0.03
United Labour David McLaren 4,01449.71+0.26
Informal votes640.79+0.07
Majority480.59-0.27
Turnout 8,07684.72+11.21
Registered electors 9,532

1911 election

1911 general election: Wellington East, first ballot [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform Alfred Newman 3,37143.25
Labour David McLaren 2,96938.09-15.00
Liberal Frederick George Bolton1,24215.93
Independent Liberal John Brodie1321.69
Informal votes801.02+0.64
Turnout 7,79476.26+8.74
Second ballot result
Reform Alfred Newman 3,780 50.32 +7.07
Labour David McLaren 3,71549.45+11.36
Informal votes180.230.79
Majority650.86+0.22
Turnout 7,51373.51-2.75
Registered electors 10,219

1908 election

1908 general election: Wellington East, first ballot [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Arthur Atkinson 2,40035.30
Ind. Labour League David McLaren 1,74125.61+12.75
Liberal William McLean [20] 1,30019.12-24.29
Liberal George Winder [21] [22] [23] 1,07115.75
Informal votes2864.20+2.92
Turnout 6,79870.75-10.93
Second ballot result
Ind. Labour League David McLaren 3,446 53.09 +27.48
Conservative Arthur Atkinson 3,01946.51+11.21
Informal votes250.383.82
Majority4276.57
Turnout 6,49067.54-3.21
Registered electors 9,608

1905 election

1905 general election: Wellington East [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative John Aitken 2,595 43.73
Liberal William McLean 2,57643.41
Ind. Labour League David McLaren 76312.86
Majority190.32
Informal votes771.28
Turnout 6,01181.68
Registered electors 7,359

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, pp. 50–53.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 50.
  3. "The Elections". The Evening Post . Vol. XXXIV, no. 49. 26 August 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 54f.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 66f.
  6. Wilson 1985, p. 276.
  7. "Public Notices". The Evening Post . Vol. CXXXVI, no. 136. 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  8. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  9. The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  10. "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wellington East". The Evening Post . Vol. CXII, no. 140. 10 December 1931. p. 2. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  11. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 6. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  12. "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Wellington East". New Zealand Truth . No. 1200. 29 November 1928. p. 14. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  13. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 4. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  14. Hislop, J. (1923). The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. p. 4. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  15. "The General Election". The Press . Vol. LVIII, no. 17612. 15 November 1922. p. 13. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  16. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  17. Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  18. "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  19. "The General Election, 1908". National Library. 1909. pp. 1–34. Retrieved 14 April 2012.
  20. "The General Election". Hawera & Normanby Star. Vol. LVI. 10 November 1908. p. 10. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  21. "Mr George Winder". Auckland Star . Vol. LXI, no. 182. 4 August 1930. p. 10. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  22. "Personal Items". The Evening Post . Vol. CX, no. 29. 2 August 1930. p. 11. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  23. "Mr George Winder's new Premises, Corner Cuba and Manners Streets". The Evening Post . Vol. LXXVII, no. 100. 29 April 1909. p. 3. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  24. "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. p. 3. Retrieved 8 March 2014.

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