Auckland East was a New Zealand electorate, situated in the east of Auckland. It existed between 1861 and 1887, and again between 1905 and 1946.
The Auckland East electorate was established for the 1860–1861 election, when the City of Auckland electorate was split in half. It consisted of most of modern Auckland's central business district. Its boundaries remained largely static until 1875–1876 election, when the focus of the electorate shifted eastwards, making room for Auckland North electorate. It was abolished in the 1887 election, with most of its territory being absorbed by the neighbouring Parnell electorate.
At the 1905 election, a new electorate of the same name was created, again by abolishing a multi-member seat called City of Auckland. The boundaries of the new Auckland East were similar to those of the original, although its borders often shifted. By the 1938 election, it had lost most of the central business district, and was more focused on Parnell, Newmarket, and Grafton. It was abolished in the 1946 election, with most of its territory becoming part of a re-established Parnell electorate.
The first seat called Auckland East existed before political parties. The second seat was initially held by the Liberals, but later swung to the rising Labour Party, with the United Party (the Liberals' successor) capturing it only once after its initial loss. The seat also briefly belonged to the Reform Party, which captured it in a by-election but was unable to keep it.
John A. Lee failed to win the seat for Labour in the 1921 by-election, but won it in the 1922 election and the 1925 election. However he lost the seat in the 1928 election (by 37 votes), which he later blamed on boundary changes. In 1927 the Representation Commission proposed altering the boundaries of the Parnell electorate; which if confirmed would have made the electorate "dry" or no-licence, and without an authority which could issue temporary licences for the Ellerslie and Alexandra Park raceways. Following objections, the boundary between the Parnell and Auckland East electorates was adjusted to include a hotel in the Parnell electorate (so retaining the licensing committee).
Emily Maguire contested the 1928 election for the Reform Party, but was unsuccessful against James Donald of the United Party.
Liberal Independent Liberal Reform Labour UnitedIndependent
|1861 election||Thomas Russell|
|1866 election||Archibald Clark|
|1871 election||Julius Vogel|
|1875 election||William Rees|
|1879 election||William Speight|
|1881 election||Sir George Grey|
|(Electorate abolished 1887–1905)|
|1905 election||Frederick Baume|
|1910 by-election||Arthur Myers|
|1921 by-election||Clutha Mackenzie|
|1922 election||John A. Lee|
|1928 election||James Donald|
|1931 election||Bill Schramm|
|(electorate abolished 1946; see Parnell)|
|National||Harry Tom Merritt||6,205||40.76||-1.27|
|Democratic Labour||Leo Steve Dromgoole||1,366||8.97|
|Real Democracy||Frederick Jordan||96||0.63|
|People's Movement||Richard Culver||46||0.30|
|National||Harry Tom Merritt||6,261||41.03|
|Reform||Harold Percy Burton||3,803||32.20||+8.06|
|Reform||Harold Percy Burton||2,256||24.14|
|United||William Henry Horton||1,754||18.77|
|Women's Candidate||Ellen Melville||1,002||10.72|
|Independent||John Alexander Arthur||439||4.70|
|Labour||John A. Lee||4,217||39.25||-5.70|
|Labour||John A. Lee||4,477||44.95||-7.90|
|Liberal||H. Oakley Browne||1,293||12.98|
|Labour||John A. Lee||5,226||52.85||+20.04|
|Labour||John A. Lee||2,212||32.81|
|Liberal||George Warren Russell||1,053||15.62|
|Independent||George H Foster||863||12.80|
|Labour||Robert Frederick Way||1,756||19.12|
|Independent Labour||Arthur Withy||2,490||34.89|
|Independent Liberal||Arthur Myers||3,180||58.42|
|Independent||Reginald Walter Hill||309||5.67|
|Labour||George Irving McKnight||75||1.37|
|Ind. Labour League||John Nicholson Harle||374||6.16|
|Socialist||Robert Frederick Way||103||1.86|
|Independent||Sir George Grey||349||52.56|
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