1871 New Zealand general election

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1871 general election
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  1868 (Māori) 14 January – 23 February 1871 1875–76  

All 78 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
 First party
  Retouched portrait of Sir William Fox.jpg
Leader William Fox
Party Independent
Leader's seat Rangitikei
Last election78 seats
Seats won78
Seat changeSteady2.svg
Popular voteN/A

Prime Minister before election

William Fox

Prime Minister-designate

William Fox

The New Zealand general election of 1871 was held between 14 January and 23 February to elect 78 MPs across 72 electorates to the fifth session of the New Zealand Parliament. 41,527 electors were registered.



1871 was the first general election to include the four Māori electorates, [1] with elections held on 1 and 15 February. [2] The first Māori Members of Parliament had been elected in 1868, but in 1871 three retired and one (Western Maori) was defeated. So in 1871 four new Māori MPs were elected.

In 1866 the secret ballot was introduced for general (European) elections. The 1871 general election was the first one at which it was used. The secret ballot not used in Māori electorates until 1938, thus Māori voters continued to inform a polling officer orally of their chosen candidate. [3]

The date of election is defined here as the day on which the poll took place, or if there was no contest, the day of nomination. [4] The earliest election day was 14 January 1871. [1] The earliest date in the general electorate results table, 13 January 1871, thus represents William Rolleston being declared elected unopposed in the Avon electorate on nomination day. [5] The last election was held on 23 February 1871 in the Franklin electorate.

68 European electorates and 4 Māori electorates were defined by the Representation Act 1870. Six of the general electorates had two representatives, the rest were single member electorates. Hence, 78 MPs were elected. [1] Electorates that were first formed for the 1871 elections were East Coast, Eden, Rodney, Thames, Waikato, Waitemata, Egmont, Manawatu, Buller, Grey Valley, Christchurch East, Christchurch West, Hokitika, Totara, Dunstan, Mount Ida, Tuapeka, Waitaki, Waikaia, and Wakatipu. [6] 41,527 electors were registered. [2]


MemberElectorateProvinceMP's termElection date
Robert Rhodes Akaroa Canterbury First26 January [7]
John Evans Ashley Canterbury First17 February [8]
Julius Vogel Auckland East Auckland Third30 January [9]
Thomas Gillies Auckland West Auckland Fourth6 February [10]
John Williamson Auckland West Auckland Fourth6 February [11]
William Rolleston Avon Canterbury Second13 January [12]
William Murray Bruce Otago First28 January [13]
Eugene O'Conor Buller Canterbury First4 February [14]
Richard Cantrell Caversham Otago First25 January [15]
Henry Ingles Cheviot Canterbury First27 January [16]
Jerningham Wakefield Christchurch East Canterbury Second18 January [9]
Edward Richardson Christchurch West Canterbury First19 January [7]
John Davies Ormond Clive Hawke's Bay Third26 January [14]
James William Thomson Clutha Otago First31 January [17]
John Karslake Karslake Coleridge Canterbury First4 February [18]
Arthur Collins Collingwood Nelson Second16 February [19]
William Hunter Reynolds Dunedin City of Dunedin Otago Third20 January [7]
John Bathgate Dunedin City of Dunedin Otago First20 January [20]
Thomas Luther Shepherd Dunstan Otago First7 February [21]
William Kelly East Coast Auckland First16 February [22]
Karaitiana Takamoana X-01 Eastern Maori First1 February [23]
Robert James Creighton Eden Auckland Third31 January [24]
William Gisborne Egmont Taranaki First18 January [10]
William Thorne Buckland Franklin Auckland Second23 February [25]
Archibald Clark Franklin Auckland Third23 February [26]
George Parker Gladstone Canterbury First7 February [27]
Frederic Carrington Grey and Bell Taranaki Second17 January [26]
William Henry Harrison Grey Valley Canterbury Second26 January [28]
John Hall Heathcote Canterbury Third14 January [29]
John White Hokitika Canterbury First25 January [30]
William Fitzherbert Hutt Wellington Fourth16 January [31]
William Henderson Calder Invercargill Southland First24 January [15]
John Studholme Kaiapoi Canterbury Second27 January [32]
Peacock, John Thomas Lyttelton Town of Lyttelton Canterbury Second16 January [33]
Walter Woods Johnston Manawatu Wellington First4 February [18]
John Munro Marsden Auckland Third30 January [13]
Dillon Bell Mataura Southland Fourth11 February [20]
John McLeod Mongonui and Bay of Islands Auckland First10 February [34]
David Monro a Motueka Nelson Fifth10 February [35]
David Mervyn Mount Ida Otago Second16 February [36]
Donald McLean Napier Hawke's Bay Second19 January [34]
Martin Lightband Nelson City City of Nelson Nelson First6 February [37]
Oswald Curtis Nelson City City of Nelson Nelson Second6 February [24]
Ralph Richardson Nelson Suburbs Suburbs of Nelson Nelson First7 February [7]
Thomas Kelly New Plymouth Taranaki Second28 January [22]
William Swanson Newton Auckland First25 January [32]
Wi Katene X-02 Northern Maori First15 February [22]
Maurice O'Rorke Onehunga Auckland Third20 February [14]
Reader Wood Parnell Auckland Third23 January [38]
Kenny, Courtney Picton Marlborough Second27 January [22]
James Macandrew Port Chalmers Otago Fifth15 February [39]
William Fox Rangitikei Wellington Fourth3 February [40]
Lauchlan McGillivray Riverton Southland Second27 January [41]
Harry Farnall Rodney Auckland Second13 February [42]
Henry Driver Roslyn Otago Second30 January [43]
William Reeves Selwyn Canterbury Second1 February [44]
Hori Kerei Taiaroa X-03 Southern Maori First13 February [23]
Donald Reid Taieri Otago Second3 February [44]
Charles O'Neill Thames Auckland Second9 February [14]
Edward Stafford Timaru Canterbury Fourth20 January [45]
George Henry Tribe Totara Westland First8 February [46]
James Clark Brown Tuapeka Otago Second13 February [8]
James Benn Bradshaw Waikaia Otago Second9 February [47]
James McPherson Waikato Auckland First10 February [34]
George McLean Waikouaiti Otago First23 January [34]
Joseph Shephard Waimea Marlborough First13 February [21]
Henry Bunny Wairarapa Wellington Third28 January [25]
John Andrew Wairarapa Wellington First28 January [48]
William Henry Eyes Wairau Marlborough Third24 January [42]
William Steward Waitaki Otago First3 February [45]
Thomas Henderson Waitemata Auckland Fourth8 February [49]
Charles Edward Haughton Wakatipu Otago Third25 January [28]
George Webster Wallace Otago Second20 February [30]
John Bryce Wanganui Wellington Second30 January [8]
George Hunter Wellington City of Wellington Wellington First7 February [50]
Edward Pearce City of Wellington Wellington First7 February [33]
Alfred Brandon Wellington Country Wellington Fourth17 January [8]
Wiremu Parata X-04 Western Maori First13 February [27]

a Unseated on petition.


  1. 1 2 3 "Representation Act 1870" . Retrieved 15 November 2010.
  2. 1 2 "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  3. "Key dates in New Zealand electoral reform". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
  4. Scholefield 1950, p. 92.
  5. "Avon District". The Star (821). 13 January 1871. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 33–40.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  9. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  10. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  11. Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  12. Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  13. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  14. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  15. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  16. Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  17. Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  18. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  19. Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  20. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  21. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  22. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  23. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  24. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  25. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  26. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 100.
  27. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 131.
  28. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  29. Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  30. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  31. Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  32. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  33. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  34. 1 2 3 4 Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  35. Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  36. Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  37. Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  38. Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  39. Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  40. Scholefield 1950, p. 107.
  41. Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  42. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 105.
  43. Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  44. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  45. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  46. Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  47. Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  48. Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  49. Scholefield 1950, p. 113.
  50. Scholefield 1950, p. 115.

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