Kaiapoi (New Zealand electorate)

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Kaiapoi was a rural New Zealand electorate, north of Christchurch in the Canterbury region of New Zealand from 1861 to 1946. It was represented by twelve Members of Parliament.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate was centred on the town of Kaiapoi to the north of Christchurch. In the 1887 election, polling booths were in Kaiapoi, Clarkville, Rangiora and Woodend. [1]

History

The electorate dates from 1861. [2] Isaac Cookson was the first representative after winning the 1861. Cookson had previously represented the Christchurch Country electorate, which was abolished at the end of the term of the 2nd Parliament in 1960. [3] Cookson resigned in 1863, [4] and the resulting 1863 by-election was won by Robert Wilkin. [5] Wilkin retired at the end of the parliamentary term and was succeeded by Joseph Beswick, who won the 1866 election, but resigned the following year. [6] [7]

The resulting 1867 by-election was won by John Studholme, who was confirmed at the 1871 election [8] but resigned in 1874. [9] He was succeeded by Charles Bowen in the 1875 by-election. Bowen was confirmed in the 1875 and 1879 elections. [7] Bowen retired at the 1881 election.

Isaac Wilson was elected in 1881, [10] but resigned before the end of the term due to failing health. [11] [12] Edward Richardson stood in the 16 May 1884 by-election. He was returned unopposed. [13] Richardson won the 1884 and 1887 elections, [14] and he retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1890. [15] [16] In the 1887 election, his opponent was Richard Moore. [1]

Moore was the successful candidate in the 1890 election. [17] [18] A conservative, he was defeated by David Buddo of the Liberal Party in the 1893 election. [19] Moore in turn defeated Buddo in the 1896 election. [17] In the 1899 election, Buddo defeated Moore again. [19] This time, Buddo held the electorate until he was defeated in the 1919 election by David Jones. [20] At the next election in 1922, Buddo defeated Jones. From 1925, his Liberal Party called itself 'National Party' for two years. [21] Buddo retired in 1928. [19]

Buddo was succeeded by Richard Hawke from the United Party in the 1928 election. He was re-elected in 1931, [22] but lost the 1935 election against Labour's Morgan Williams. [23] Williams held the electorate until it was abolished in 1946. [24] Williams contested the St Albans in the 1946 election, but was defeated. [23]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Independent     Conservative     Liberal     Reform     United     Labour   

ElectionWinner
1861 election Isaac Cookson
1863 by-election Robert Wilkin
1866 election Joseph Beswick
1867 by-election John Studholme
1871 election
1875 by-election Charles Bowen
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election Isaac Wilson
1884 by-election Edward Richardson
1884 election
1887 election
1890 election Richard Moore
1893 election David Buddo
1896 election Richard Moore
1899 election David Buddo
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election David Jones
1922 election David Buddo
1925 election
1928 election Richard Hawke
1931 election
1935 election Morgan Williams
1938 election
1943 election
(Electorate abolished 1946)

Election results

1943 election

1943 general election: Kaiapoi [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Morgan Williams 5,767 50.08 -5.68
National William Harold Overton5,00643.47
Real Democracy Oscar Alfred Thelning4323.75
People's Movement Harry Bliss1431.24
Informal votes1661.44-0.04
Majority7616.60-6.94
Turnout 11,51489.34-2.07
Registered electors 12,887

1938 election

1938 general election: Kaiapoi [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Morgan Williams 6,318 55.76 +8.71
National George Warren4,81342.48
Informal votes1681.48
Majority1,53513.54-0.53
Turnout 11,32991.41
Registered electors 12,393

1935 election

1935 general election: Kaiapoi [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Morgan Williams 4,763 47.05
United Richard Hawke 3,33932.98-24.69
Independent Archibald Albany McLachlan [nb 1] 2,02119.96
Majority1,42414.07-1.29
Turnout 10,12388.17+2.30
Registered electors 11,481

Table footnotes:

  1. For some biographical details of McLachlan refer to his grandfather's article

1931 election

1931 general election: Kaiapoi [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
United Richard Hawke 5,312 57.68 +23.16
Labour John Archer 3,89842.32
Majority1,41415.35+14.32
Informal votes260.28-1.47
Turnout 9,23685.87-3.80
Registered electors 10,756

1928 election

1928 general election: Kaiapoi [29] [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
United Richard Hawke 3,216 34.52
Reform James Arthur Flesher 3,12033.49
Labour Elizabeth McCombs 2,98031.99
Majority961.03-6.08
Informal votes1661.75+0.94
Turnout 9,48289.67-1.98
Registered electors 10,574

1925 election

1925 general election: Kaiapoi [31] [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal David Buddo 3,594 45.98 +0.56
Reform William Brock3,03838.86
Labour Morgan Williams 1,18515.16+5.11
Majority5567.11+6.23
Informal votes640.810.19
Turnout 7,88191.65+2.40
Registered electors 8,599

1922 election

1922 general election: Kaiapoi [33]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal David Buddo 3,328 45.42 +7.27
Reform David Jones 3,26344.53+5.63
Labour Morgan Williams 73610.05-12.89
Majority650.89+0.13
Informal votes460.62-0.44
Turnout 7,37389.25+5.45
Registered electors 8,261

1919 election

1919 general election: Kaiapoi [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Reform David Jones 2,580 38.91 -1.30
Liberal David Buddo 2,53038.15-21.64
Labour Morgan Williams 1,52122.94
Majority500.75-18.83
Informal votes711.06+0.53
Turnout 6,70283.80-4.24
Registered electors 7,998

1914 election

1914 general election: Kaiapoi [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal David Buddo 3,606 59.79
Reform David Jones 2,42540.21
Majority1,18119.58
Informal votes320.53
Turnout 6,06388.04
Registered electors 6,887

1899 election

1899 general election: Kaiapoi [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal David Buddo 2,186 54.45
Conservative Richard Moore 1,70542.47
Independent John Verrall 1243.09
Majority48111.98
Turnout 4,01583.72
Registered electors 4,796

1893 election

1893 general election: Kaiapoi [37] [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal David Buddo 1,587 51.41
Conservative Richard Moore 1,50048.59-14.42
Majority872.82
Turnout 3,08782.96+14.19
Registered electors 3,721

1890 election

1890 general election: Kaiapoi [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Richard Moore 937 63.01
Liberal–Labour William Hoban55036.99
Majority38726.02
Turnout 1,48768.77
Registered electors 2,162

1875 by-election

1875 Kaiapoi by-election [40] [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Charles Bowen 294 60.49
Independent Joseph Beswick 19239.51
Turnout 486
Majority10220.99

1866 election

1866 general election: Kaiapoi [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Independent Joseph Beswick 101 52.06
Independent William Travers 9347.94
Majority84.12
Turnout 194
Registered electors

Notes

  1. 1 2 "Kaiapoi". The Star . No. 6043. 27 September 1887. p. 4. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  2. Scholefield 1950, p. 159.
  3. Scholefield 1950, pp. 101, 156.
  4. Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  5. Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  6. 1 2 "Town and country". Lyttelton Times . Vol. XXV, no. 1616. 17 February 1866. p. 2. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  7. 1 2 Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  8. "The General Elections". The Star . No. 846. 11 February 1871. p. 2. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
  9. Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  10. "The General Election". The Star . No. 4255. 10 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  11. Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  12. "Old Colonists". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand - Canterbury Provincial District. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1903. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
  13. "The Kaiapoi Election". The Evening Post . Vol. XXVII, no. 117. 17 May 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  14. "The General Election Results". The Star . No. 6043. 27 September 1887. p. 4. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  15. Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  16. "General Election - Candidates For Seats In House". Vol. XXXIX, no. 8950. Taranaki Herald. 5 December 1890. p. 2. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  17. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 221.
  18. "Further Results". The Star . No. 7030. 8 December 1890. p. 3. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  19. 1 2 3 Wilson 1985, p. 186.
  20. Wilson 1985, p. 208.
  21. Wilson 1985, pp. 177, 186.
  22. Wilson 1985, p. 204.
  23. 1 2 Wilson 1985, p. 245.
  24. Wilson 1985, pp. 245, 265.
  25. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  26. "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  27. "Election Results". The Evening Post . Vol. CXX, no. 137. 6 December 1935. p. 10. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
  28. The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  29. "The Battle Eve". Auckland Star . Vol. LIX, no. 269. 13 November 1928. p. 13. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  30. The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  31. The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 4. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  32. "Election Notices". The Press . Vol. LXI, no. 18524. 28 October 1925. p. 17. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  33. "The Official Count". Auckland Star . Vol. LIII, no. 295. 13 December 1922. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  34. The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1920. Archived from the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  35. "The General Election, 1914". National Library. 1915. p. 20. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
  36. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  37. "The General Election, 1893". National Library. 1894. p. 2. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
  38. "The General Election". Otago Daily Times . 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  39. "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  40. "Kaiapoi Election". Press. 23 January 1875.
  41. "Kaiapoi Election". Press. 26 January 1875.

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