Dunedin South is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, and subsequently from 1905 to 1946. In 1996, the electorate was re-established for the introduction of MMP, before being abolished in 2020.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–1876 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Dunedin South, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
As the name suggests, the electorate was based on the southern suburbs of Dunedin. It stretched out westwards to take in towns on the Taieri Plains such as Mosgiel, Green Island and Fairfield. The Otago Peninsula was also in the electorate.
The most recent Dunedin South electorate was created in 1996 as one of the original 65 MMP electorates, as a merger between St Kilda and a large part of Dunedin West. Until the 2008 election, it was enlarged at every electoral boundary review, but in the 2013 review, its boundaries were kept.Middlemarch was first included in the electorate for the 2008 election; other localities include:
The electorate was abolished at the 2019/20 electoral redistribution, with the majority of the electorate being included in a recreated Taieri, although the Otago Peninsula was incorporated into the Dunedin electorate.
The electorate was first established for the 1881 election and abolished after three parliamentary terms in 1890, when several Dunedin electorates were amalgamated to form the City of Dunedin electorate.During the nine years of its first existence, the electorate was represented by two MPs, Henry Fish (1881–1884 and 1887–1890) and James Gore (1884–1887).
Dunedin South was re-established after the abolition of the City of Dunedin electorate for the 1905 election.The first representative was James Arnold, who was an independent liberal and who served until the end of the parliamentary term in 1908, when he successfully contested Dunedin Central.
Thomas Sidey of the Liberal Party who had since a Caversham by election represented Caversham won the 1908 election for Dunedin South. He represented the electorate for six parliamentary terms until 1928.In 1919, Tom Paul nearly won the seat for Labour, losing by only 84 votes.
Sidey was succeeded by William Taverner of the United Party in the 1928 election.At the next election in 1931, the electorate was won by Fred Jones of the Labour Party. Jones held the electorate until 1946, when it was abolished, and successfully stood in St Kilda that year.
The electorate was re-established for the 1996 election and won by Michael Cullen, who later became Finance minister. Cullen had previously represented St Kilda (1981–1996). At the next election in 1999, Cullen stood as a list candidate only and was succeeded by David Benson-Pope as the electorate MP. After three parliamentary terms, Benson-Pope was not selected by the Labour Party as their candidate, but Clare Curran was chosen instead. Curran has represented the electorate since the 2008 election.
The city of Dunedin is a New Zealand Labour Party stronghold; The last National MP elected from a Dunedin constituency was Richard Walls in 1975. However, in 2011, National Party candidate, Jo Hayes, reduced the incumbent, Clare Curran's majority from 6449 in 2008to 4175, and National gained a plurality of the party vote in Dunedin South by 1837 votes. The winning of the party vote was unprecedented in Dunedin South, which was seen, pre 2011, as a Labour Party stronghold. However the predecessor seat of St Kilda was represented by Jim Barnes of the National Party between 1951 and 1957. In the 2014 election, Curran was successful against National's Hamish Walker.
In mid April 2020, it was announced that Dunedin South would be reconstituted as the Taieri electorate. The Otago peninsula was transferred to the Dunedin electorate while the new Taieri electorate would include South Dunedin and South Otago, with the latter being transferred from the former Clutha-Southland electorate.
Key Liberal–Labour Liberal United Labour NationalIndependent
|1881 election||Henry Fish|
|1884 election||James Gore|
|1887 election||Henry Smith Fish|
|(Electorate abolished 1890–1905; see City of Dunedin)|
|1905 election||James Arnold|
|1908 election||Thomas Sidey|
|1928 election||William Taverner|
|1931 election||Fred Jones|
|(Electorate abolished 1946–1996; |
see Central Otago, Mornington, and St Kilda)
|1996 election||Michael Cullen|
|1999 election||David Benson-Pope|
|2008 election||Clare Curran|
|(Electorate abolished in 2020; see Taieri)|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Dunedin South electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.
|2014||Jo Hayes 1|
1Hayes was elected from the party list in January 2014 following the resignation of Katrina Shanks.
|2017 general election: Dunedin South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Kerry Maria Rushton||1,591||4.02||—||2,625||6.58||−2.49|
|Legalise Cannabis||Adrian McDermott||332||1.59||—||90||0.23||−0.22|
|Total Valid votes||39,554||39,867|
|2014 general election: Dunedin South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Julian Crawford||453||1.21||+1.21||171||0.45||±0.00|
|Total Valid votes||37,442||37,789|
|2011 general election: Dunedin South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Randall Ratana||979||2.84||+2.84||2,522||7.15||+2.59|
|Restore All Things in Christ||Robert Wansink||167||0.48||+0.18|
|Total Valid votes||34,451||35,569|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,818
|2008 general election: Dunedin South|
|Progressive||J M McAlpine||498||1.36||-0.56||461||1.24||-0.17|
|United Future||Pauline Moffat||264||0.72||-1.78||276||0.74||-1.73|
|Restore All Things in Christ||Robert Wansink||113||0.31||+0.05|
|Bill and Ben||209||0.56||–|
|Total Valid votes||36,717||37,252|
|2005 general election: Dunedin South|
|NZ First||Alan Heward||1,145||3.26||1,563||4.39|
|United Future||Pauline Moffat||795||2.26||879||2.47|
|Restore All Things in Christ||Robert Wansink||91||0.26|
|Total Valid votes||35,146||35,619|
|2002 general election: Dunedin South|
|United Future||Jesse O'Brien||1,338||4.15||1,923||5.87|
|ACT||Matthew Cain Dwyer||859||2.67||1,144||3.49||+0.06|
|Christian Heritage||Graham Bruce Aldridge||576||1.79||356||1.09||-0.87|
|Mana Māori Movement||8||0.02||0.00|
|Total Valid votes||32,219||32,765|
|1999 general election: Dunedin South|
|NZ First||Jenny Bloxham||999||2.82||758||2.12||-6.15|
|South Island||Margaret McCarrigan||912||2.57||413||1.15|
|Christian Heritage||John Streekstra||734||2.07||704||1.96|
|Mana Māori Movement||8||0.02||-0.01|
|The People's Choice||4||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||35,488||35,827|
|1996 general election: Dunedin South|
|United NZ||Clive Matthewson||5,058||14.34||942||2.66|
|NZ First||Noeline McGlynn||1,782||5.05||2,929||8.27|
|Independent||Alan William McDonald||410||1.16|
|Progressive Green||David Beatty||215||0.61||107||0.30|
|Natural Law||Inga Schader||58||0.16||26||0.07|
|Advance New Zealand||37||0.10|
|Superannuitants & Youth||12||0.03|
|Mana Māori Movement||9||0.03|
|Ethnic Minority Party||6||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||35,269||35,422|
|Labour win new seat||Majority||4,276||12.12|
|Democratic Labour||George Claridge||586||4.27|
|Labour||Robert William Hall||4,429||39.92|
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