Dunedin South is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, then from 1905 to 1946 and was re-established for the introduction of MMP in 1996. A Labour Party stronghold, it has been represented by Clare Curran since the 2008 election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Dunedin South, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.
The New Zealand general election of 1875–76 was held between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876 to elect a total of 88 MPs in 73 electorates to the 6th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 56,471 voters were registered.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
As the name suggests, the electorate is based on the southern suburbs of Dunedin. It stretches out westwards to take in towns on the Taieri Plains such as Mosgiel, Green Island and Fairfield. The Otago Peninsula is also in the electorate.
Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region. Its name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland.
Mosgiel is an urban satellite of Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand, fifteen kilometres west of the city's centre. Since the re-organisation of New Zealand local government in 1989 it has been inside the Dunedin City Council area, but was physically separate from the contiguous suburbs until developments in the neighbouring suburb of Fairfield joined it to the city. Mosgiel has a population of approximately 10,700. The town celebrates its location, calling itself "The pearl of the plain". Its low-lying nature does pose problems, making it prone to flooding after heavy rains. Mosgiel takes its name from Mossgiel Farm, Ayrshire, the farm of the poet Robert Burns, the uncle of the co-founder in 1848 of the Otago settlement, the Reverend Thomas Burns.
Green Island is a suburb of Dunedin, New Zealand. Not an actual island, this former borough takes its name from the Green Island bush, uncleared native forest extending from the valley where the community is centred over the hills towards the coast. The name of the nearby offshore island — Green Island (Okaihe) — was used to identify the bush and, thus, also lent its name to the mainland suburb.
The current Dunedin South electorate was created in 1996 as one of the original 65 MMP electorates, as a merger between St Kilda and a large part of Dunedin West. Until the 2008 election, it was enlarged at every electoral boundary review, but in the 2013 review, its boundaries were kept.Middlemarch was first included in the electorate for the 2008 election; other localities include:
St Kilda is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1946 to 1996 and was represented by four Members of Parliament.
Dunedin West was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Dunedin. It existed for three periods between 1881 and 1996 and was represented by seven Members of Parliament.
Middlemarch is a small town in the Otago region of New Zealand's South Island. It lies at the foot of the Rock and Pillar Range of hills in the broad Strath-Taieri valley, through which flows the middle reaches of the Taieri River. Since local government reorganisation in the late 1980s, Middlemarch and much of the Strath-Taieri has been administered as part of Dunedin city, the centre of which lies some 80 km to the southeast. Middlemarch has reticulated sewerage but no reticulated water supply.
Outram is a rural suburb of Dunedin, New Zealand, with a population of 642. It is located 28 kilometres west of the central city at the edge of the Taieri Plains, close to the foot of Maungatua. The Taieri River flows close to the southeast of the town. Outram lies on State Highway 87 between Mosgiel and Middlemarch.
The electorate was first established for the 1881 election and abolished after three parliamentary terms in 1890, when several Dunedin electorates were amalgamated to form the City of Dunedin electorate.During the nine years of its first existence, the electorate was represented by two MPs, Henry Fish (1881–1884 and 1887–1890) and James Gore (1884–1887).
The New Zealand general election of 1881 was held on 8 and 9 December in the Māori and European electorates, respectively, to elect 95 MPs to the 8th session of the New Zealand Parliament.
Dunedin or the City of Dunedin or the Town of Dunedin was a parliamentary electorate in the city of Dunedin in Otago, New Zealand. It was one of the original electorates created in 1853 and existed, with two breaks, until 1905. It was the only New Zealand electorate that was created as a single-member, two-member and three member electorate.
Henry Smith Fish was a 19th-century New Zealand politician. For a time, he was a member of the Liberal Party. He was Mayor of Dunedin for a total of six years. Smith is remembered as one of the staunch opponents of Women's suffrage.
Dunedin South was re-established after the abolition of the City of Dunedin electorate for the 1905 election.The first representative was James Frederick Arnold, who was an independent liberal and who served until the end of the parliamentary term in 1908, when he successfully contested Dunedin Central.
Thomas Sidey of the Liberal Party who had since a St Kilda by election represented St Kilda won the 1908 election for Dunedin South. He represented the electorate for six parliamentary terms until 1928.In 1919, Tom Paul nearly won the seat for Labour, losing by only 84 votes.
Sidey was succeeded by William Burgoyne Taverner of the United Party in the 1928 election.At the next election in 1931, the electorate was won by Fred Jones of the Labour Party. Jones held the electorate until 1946, when it was abolished, and successfully stood in St Kilda that year.
The electorate was re-established for the 1996 election and won by Michael Cullen, who later became Finance minister. Cullen had previously represented St Kilda (1981–1996). At the next election in 1999, Cullen stood as a list candidate only and was succeeded by David Benson-Pope as the electorate MP. After three parliamentary terms, Benson-Pope was not selected by the Labour Party as their candidate, but Clare Curran was chosen instead. Curran has represented the electorate since the 2008 election.
The city of Dunedin is a New Zealand Labour Party stronghold; The last National MP elected from a Dunedin constituency was Richard Walls in 1975. However, in 2011, National Party candidate, Jo Hayes, reduced the incumbent, Clare Curran's majority from 6449 in 2008to 4175, and National gained a plurality of the party vote in Dunedin South by 1837 votes. The winning of the party vote is unprecedented in Dunedin South, which was seen, pre 2011, as a Labour Party stronghold. However the predecessor seat of St Kilda was represented by Jim Barnes of the National Party between 1951 and 1957. In the 2014 election, Curran was successful against National's Hamish Walker.
Key Independent Liberal–Labour Liberal United Labour
|1881 election||Henry Fish|
|1884 election||James Gore|
|1887 election||Henry Smith Fish|
|(Electorate abolished 1890–1905; see City of Dunedin)|
|1905 election||James Frederick Arnold|
|1908 election||Thomas Sidey|
|1928 election||William Burgoyne Taverner|
|1931 election||Fred Jones|
|(Electorate abolished 1946–1996; |
see Central Otago, Mornington, and St Kilda)
|1996 election||Michael Cullen|
|1999 election||David Benson-Pope|
|2008 election||Clare Curran|
|2017 general election: Dunedin South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Kerry Maria Rushton||1,591||4.02||—||2,625||6.58||−2.49|
|Legalise Cannabis||Adrian McDermott||332||1.59||—||90||0.23||−0.22|
|Total Valid votes||39,554||39,867|
|2014 general election: Dunedin South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Julian Crawford||453||1.21||+1.21||171||0.45||±0.00|
|Total Valid votes||37,442||37,789|
|2011 general election: Dunedin South|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Randall Ratana||979||2.84||+2.84||2,522||7.15||+2.59|
|Restore All Things in Christ||Robert Wansink||167||0.48||+0.18|
|Total Valid votes||34,451||35,569|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,818
|2008 general election: Dunedin South|
|Progressive||J M McAlpine||498||1.36||-0.56||461||1.24||-0.17|
|United Future||Pauline Moffat||264||0.72||-1.78||276||0.74||-1.73|
|Restore All Things in Christ||Robert Wansink||113||0.31||+0.05|
|Bill and Ben||209||0.56||–|
|Total Valid votes||36,717||37,252|
|2005 general election: Dunedin South|
|NZ First||Alan Heward||1,145||3.26||1,563||4.39|
|United Future||Pauline Moffat||795||2.26||879||2.47|
|Restore All Things in Christ||Robert Wansink||91||0.26|
|Total Valid votes||35,146||35,619|
|2002 general election: Dunedin South|
|United Future||Jesse O'Brien||1,338||4.15||1,923||5.87|
|ACT||Matthew Cain Dwyer||859||2.67||1,144||3.49||+0.06|
|Christian Heritage||Graham Bruce Aldridge||576||1.79||356||1.09||-0.87|
|Total Valid votes||32,219||32,765|
|1999 general election: Dunedin South|
|NZ First||Jenny Bloxham||999||2.82||758||2.12||-6.15|
|South Island||Margaret McCarrigan||912||2.57||413||1.15|
|Christian Heritage||John Streekstra||734||2.07||704||1.96|
|Total Valid votes||35,488||35,827|
|1996 general election: Dunedin South|
|United NZ||Clive Matthewson||5,058||14.34||942||2.66|
|NZ First||Noeline McGlynn||1,782||5.05||2,929||8.27|
|Independent||Alan William McDonald||410||1.16|
|Progressive Green||David Beatty||215||0.61||107||0.30|
|Natural Law||Inga Schader||58||0.16||26||0.07|
|Advance New Zealand||37||0.10|
|Superannuitants & Youth||12||0.03|
|Ethnic Minority Party||6||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||35,269||35,422|
|Labour win new seat||Majority||4,276||12.12|
|United||William Burgoyne Taverner||2,915||25.52||-14.69|
|United||William Burgoyne Taverner||4,462||40.21|
|Labour||R. W. Hall||4,429||39.92|
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