Pahiatua (New Zealand electorate)

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Pahiatua is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the Wairarapa region. It existed from 1896 to 1996, and was represented by nine Members of Parliament, including Prime Minister Keith Holyoake for 34 years.

Contents

Population centres

In the 1896 electoral redistribution, rapid population growth in the North Island required the transfer of three seats from the South Island to the north. Four electorates that previously existed were re-established, and three electorates were established for the first time, including Pahiatua. [1] The original area of the Pahiatua electorate included the towns of Pahiatua and Woodville. [2] Over time, the electorate shifted slightly north, until the town of Dannevirke was covered following the 1918 electoral redistribution. [3]

The 1946 electoral redistribution took the abolition of the country quota into account, and as a rural electorate, the area covered by the Pahiatua electorate increased significantly. [4] The Masterton electorate to the south was abolished, and its area distributed to the Wairarapa and Pahiatua electorate. Eketahuna and Castlepoint were gained by the electorate in that process. [5]

History

The Pahiatua electorate existed from 1896 to 1996. Early holders of the seat were John O'Meara from 1896 to 1904, William Henry Hawkins from 1904 to 1905, Robert Beatson Ross from 1905 to 1911, James Escott from 1911 to 1916, Harold Smith from 1916 to 1919, Archibald McNicol from 1919 to 1922, and Alfred Ransom from 1922 to 1943. [6]

The seat was held by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake for 34 years, until he resigned to become Governor-General. [7] In 1996 John Falloon, who had been the MP for Pahiatua for 19 years, chose to retire.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Liberal     Liberal–Labour     Reform     United     National   

ElectionWinner
1896 election John O'Meara
1899 election
1902 election
1904 by-election William Henry Hawkins
1905 election Robert Beatson Ross
1908 election
1911 election James Escott
1914 election
1916 by-election Harold Smith
1919 election Archibald McNicol
1922 election Alfred Ransom
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election Keith Holyoake
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1977 by-election John Falloon
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Wairarapa)

Election results

1977 by-election

Pahiatua by-election, 1977 [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National John Falloon 9,059 63.01
Labour Allan Levett4,28029.77
Social Credit Graeme Hislop8445.87-3.89
Values P W McHugh1941.35-2.18
Majority4,77933.24
Turnout 14,37768.49-16.12
Registered electors 20,993
National hold Swing

1975 election

General election, 1975: Pahiatua [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 10,423 64.19 +4.08
Labour P R Thornicroft3,65422.50
Social Credit Graeme Hislop1,5859.76
Values P W McHugh5743.53
Majority6,76941.69+12.00
Turnout 16,23684.61-1.39
Registered electors 19,188

1972 election

General election, 1972: Pahiatua [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 8,825 60.11 -2.15
Labour L J Cairns4,46630.42
Social Credit J H Morrow1,0226.96
Liberal ReformR E Cheer2531.72
New Democratic J W Duffy1150.78
Majority4,35929.69-4.30
Turnout 14,68186.00+0.75
Registered electors 17,069

1969 election

General election, 1969: Pahiatua [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 9,010 62.26 +0.51
Labour Trevor de Cleene 4,09028.26
Social Credit Douglas Conway1,1317.81
Country Party C K R Farnsworth2401.65
Majority4,92033.99-7.29
Turnout 14,47186.75+0.86
Registered electors 16,681

1966 election

General election, 1966: Pahiatua [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 7,914 61.75 -3.95
Labour F M O'Brien2,62320.46
Social Credit J H Morrow2,20717.22
Independent R E Cheer710.55
Majority5,29141.28-0.39
Turnout 12,81585.89-3.03
Registered electors 14,919

1963 election

General election, 1963: Pahiatua [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 9,039 65.70 +1.26
Labour E J Hemmingsen3,30624.03
Social Credit Oliver Marks1,41110.25
Majority5,73341.67+2.47
Turnout 13,75688.92-1.26
Registered electors 15,469

1960 election

General election, 1960: Pahiatua [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 8,111 64.44 +2.41
Labour Kingsley McKane3,17725.24
Social Credit P J Dempsey1,29810.31
Majority4,93439.20+8.32
Turnout 12,58690.18-2.39
Registered electors 13,955

1957 election

General election, 1957: Pahiatua [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 8,075 62.03 +0.22
Labour William Erle Rose4,05531.15
Social Credit R M Gunn8876.81
Majority4,02030.88+1.06
Turnout 13,01792.571.84
Registered electors 14,061

1954 election

General election, 1954: Pahiatua [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 7,293 61.81 +0.92
Labour R Bell3,77431.98
Social Credit M M Whimp7316.19
Majority3,51929.82-3.15
Turnout 11,79890.73+1.92
Registered electors 13,003

1951 election

General election, 1951: Pahiatua [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 8,490 60.89 -6.68
Labour O Jones3,89227.91
Majority4,59832.97-2.18
Turnout 12,38288.81-3.45
Registered electors 13,942

1949 election

General election, 1949: Pahiatua [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 8,663 67.57 +3.51
Labour G P O'Leary4,15632.43
Majority4,50735.15-7.03
Turnout 12,81992.26-1.82
Registered electors 13,894

1946 election

General election, 1946: Pahiatua [11]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 8,422 64.06 +6.13
Labour Otto Ernest Niederer4,72535.94
Majority3,69728.12+9.59
Turnout 13,14794.08+1.54
Registered electors 13,973

1943 election

General election, 1943: Pahiatua [12] [13] [14]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
National Keith Holyoake 5,705 57.93
Labour George Anders Hansen3,88039.39
Democratic Labour Edward Ellis1901.92
Informal votes730.74
Majority1,82518.53
Turnout 9,84895.62
Registered electors 10,299

1916 by-election

Pahiatua by-election, 1916 [15] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Reform Harold Smith 1,521 47.57
Liberal Robert Ross 1,43844.97
Labour George McFarlane2387.44
Majority832.59
Turnout 3,19751.23
Registered electors 6,241 [17]
Reform hold Swing

1904 by-election

Pahiatua by-election, 1904 [18]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independent Liberal William Hawkins 1,418 42.08
Liberal Lindsay Buick 1,32339.26
Independent Samuel Bolton47614.12
Liberal David Crewe1384.09
Independent Donald Munro140.41
Majority952.81
Turnout 3,369

1899 election

General election, 1899: Pahiatua [19]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal John O'Meara 2,058 54.92 +23.31
Conservative Harold Smith 1,68945.08
Majority3699.85+8.90
Turnout 3,74783.25
Registered electors 4,501

1896 election

General election, 1896: Pahiatua [20] [21] [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal John O'Meara 1,004 31.61
Conservative Robert Manisty97430.67
Liberal William Wilson McCardle 84826.70
Independent Liberal James Taylor2337.34
Conservative George Whitcombe1173.68
Majority300.94
Informal votes
Registered electors 4,125
Turnout

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, p. 63.
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 62.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 62–79.
  4. McRobie 1989, p. 95.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 90–94.
  6. Wilson 1985, p. 269.
  7. Wilson 1985, p. 206.
  8. 1 2 3 Norton 1988, p. 305.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, p. 304.
  10. "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  11. "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  12. "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. p. 11. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  13. "Results from all Electorates". Evening Post . CXXXVI (76). 27 September 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  14. "City Nominations". Evening Post . CXXXVI (61). 9 September 1943. p. 9. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  15. "Pahiatua by-election". Bay of Plenty Times. 18 August 1916. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  16. "Pahiatua by-election". Sun. 7 August 1916. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  17. McRobie 1989, p. 75.
  18. "Complete Returns". The Marlborough Express . XXXVII (174). 29 July 1904. p. 2. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  19. "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  20. "The General Election". Auckland Star . XXVII (305). 23 December 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  21. "List of Candidates". The Star (5733). 28 November 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  22. "Pahiatua Electorate". Wairarapa Daily Times . XVI (5498). 30 November 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2014.

References