1957 New Zealand general election

Last updated

1957 New Zealand general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1954 30 November 1957 (1957-11-30) 1960  

All 80 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout1,157,365 (92.9%)
 First partySecond party
  Walter Nash (ca 1940s).jpg Keith Holyoake (crop).jpg
Leader Walter Nash Keith Holyoake
Party Labour National
Leader since 17 January 1951 13 August 1957
Leader's seat Hutt Pahiatua
Last election35 seats, 44.1%45 seats, 44.3%
Seats won4139
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 6Decrease2.svg 6
Popular vote559,096511,699
Percentage48.3%44.2%
SwingIncrease2.svg 4.2%Decrease2.svg 0.1%

1957 New Zealand general election - Results.svg
Results of the election.

Prime Minister before election

Keith Holyoake
National

Elected Prime Minister

Walter Nash
Labour

The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 32nd term. It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party. The 1957 elections marked the beginning of the second Labour government, although this administration was to last only a single term.

Contents

Background

The National Party had formed its first administration after the 1949 elections, and had been re-elected in the 1951 elections and the 1954 elections. As its third term in office continued, however, the Prime Minister, Sidney Holland, became increasingly ill. Holland's memory began to fail, and he is believed to have suffered a mild heart attack during the Suez Crisis. A mere two months before the 1957 election, Holland was persuaded by his party to step down; Keith Holyoake, his deputy, became Prime Minister. The Labour Party was still led by Walter Nash, who had been Finance Minister in the first Labour government.

The 1957 election campaign was dominated largely by financial issues, particularly introduction of the PAYE tax system. As a campaign promise, Labour announced that in the year that PAYE commenced, there would be a flat rebate of £100 on income tax — National attacked this as an election bribe. Labour also campaigned to abolish compulsory military training. National made no great changes to its policy platform, and Holyoake largely retained the Cabinet he had inherited from his predecessor.

The election

The date for the main 1957 election was 30 November. 1,252,329 people were registered to vote, and turnout was 92.9%. This turnout, although only average for the time, was not to be equalled or exceeded until the 1984 election. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.

The Labour candidate for Clutha, R S Waters, died the day before the general election, and the election there was postponed to 18 January 1958. [1]

Election results

Party standings

The 1957 election saw the governing National Party defeated by a narrow two-seat margin. It had previously held a ten-seat majority. National won a total of thirty-nine seats, while the Labour Party won forty-one. In the popular vote, National won 44% to Labour's 48%. The Social Credit Party won 7% of the vote, a drop from its previous result of 11%. It still won no seats.

1957 nz parliament.svg
Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats wonchange
Labour 80559,09648.3141+6
National 80511,69944.2139−6
Social Credit 8083,4987.210±0
Communist 57060.060±0
Independents 132,3660.200±0
Total2581,157,36580

Votes summary

Popular Vote
Labour
48.31%
National
44.21%
Social Credit
7.21%
Others
0.26%
Parliament seats
Labour
51.25%
National
48.75%
Holyoake (right) congratulating Nash (left) on Labour's victory. Nash & Holyoake 1957.jpg
Holyoake (right) congratulating Nash (left) on Labour's victory.

The table below shows the results of the 1957 general election:

Key

  Labour     National   

Electorate results for the 1957 New Zealand general election. [2]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Geoff Gerard 1,769G Glassey
Auckland Central Bill Anderton 3,856Aileen Joyce
Avon John Mathison 6,100William Ernest Olds
Awarua George Herron Gordon Grieve 1,636J P Wyatt [3]
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 910Thomas Godfrey Santon
Buller Jerry Skinner 2,677N L Bensenmann
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 4,071 Colin McLachlan
Clutha James Roy 1,490T A Rodgers [nb 1]
Dunedin Central Phil Connolly 1,778Marcus Anderson
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 3,408G R Terry
Eden Duncan Rae 498Ian Watkins [4]
Egmont Ernest Corbett William Sheat 2,697Clarence Robert Parker
Fendalton Sidney Holland Jack Watts 824L G G White [5]
Franklin Jack Massey Alfred E. Allen 4,241Christopher Mountford
Gisborne Reginald Keeling 1,182A H MacPherson
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 5,785Bernard Griffiths
Hamilton Hilda Ross 1,110 Ben Waters
Hastings Ted Keating 1,070Arthur Heafy Sievewright
Hauraki Arthur Kinsella 1,161Brevat William Dynes
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker 2,858Leonard Thomas Fischer
Heretaunga Phil Holloway 5,117 Allan McCready
Hobson Sidney Smith 3,134 Colin Moyle
Hurunui William Gillespie 1,749Lyn Christie
Hutt Walter Nash 4,430 Lance Adams-Schneider
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 679 Thomas Francis Doyle
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer 4,209 Saul Goldsmith [6]
Karori Jack Marshall 3,061 Keith Spry
Lyttelton Harry Lake Norman Kirk 567Harry Lake
Manawatu Matthew Oram Blair Tennent 1,575Patrick Kelliher
Manukau Leon Götz 159Cyril Douglas Stamp
Marlborough Tom Shand 1,782Roy Evans
Marsden Don McKay 2,088Mervyn Allan Hosking
Miramar Bill Fox 2,077Clevedon Costello
Mornington Wally Hudson 2,817Walter MacDougall
Mt Albert Warren Freer 3,987Geoffrey Taylor
Napier Jim Edwards 2,413Raymond Vincent Foster
Nelson Edgar Neale Stanley Whitehead 509Colin Wilson Martin
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 657 Ron Barclay
North Shore Dean Eyre 462Peter Lawrence Smith
Onehunga Hugh Watt 5,686Donald Watson
Onslow Henry May 2,675Kevin O'Brien [7]
Otago Central John George 2,788J H Rapson
Otahuhu James Deas 3,442Clive Haszard
Otaki Jimmy Maher 1,122Cyril Shamy
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,020William Erle Rose
Palmerston North Philip Skoglund 1,348 Bill Brown
Patea Roy Jack 902Benjamin R. Winchcombe
Petone Mick Moohan 4,159 Dan Riddiford
Piako New electorate Stan Goosman 3,812Alistair Walker
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald 6,592Gordon Frederick Smith
Raglan Hallyburton Johnstone Douglas Carter 161 Alan Baxter
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 2,983Stephen Malcolm Roberton
Remuera Ronald Algie 4,766Russell Gordon Penney
Riccarton Mick Connelly 2,867Deena V. Sergel [8]
Rodney Jack Scott 3,112George Webber
Roskill John Rae Arthur Faulkner 2,117 John Rae
Rotorua Ray Boord 2,009 Murray Linton
Selwyn John McAlpine 1,731S S M Cook
St Albans Jack Watts Neville Pickering 501Eric Philip Wills [9]
St Kilda Jim Barnes Bill Fraser 791Jim Barnes
Stratford Thomas Murray 3,172J M Deegan
Sydenham Mabel Howard 6,450Oliver G. Moody
Tamaki Eric Halstead Bob Tizard 589 Eric Halstead
Tauranga George Walsh 3,342Oliver Liddell
Timaru Clyde Carr 2,954 Alfred James Davey
Waikato Geoffrey Sim 2,013Arthur John Ingram
Waipa Stan Goosman Hallyburton Johnstone 1,813Albert Clifford Tucker
Wairarapa Bert Cooksley 1,058Bob Wilkie [10]
Waitakere Rex Mason 3,682Leonard Bradley
Waitaki New electorate Thomas Hayman 1,618A G Braddock
Waitemata Norman King 2,191 Robert Muldoon
Waitomo David Seath 2,474Vic Haines
Wallace Tom Macdonald Brian Talboys 4,319J S Reid
Wanganui Joe Cotterill 1,419Mrs A K MacLean
Wellington Central Frank Kitts 1,685Max Wall
Westland Jim Kent 4,745 Fred Boustridge
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 4,197W. Maxwell
Northern Maori Tapihana Paikea 4,310Timothy James Davis
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 4,383Thomas Stratton
Western Maori Iriaka Rātana 5,553 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

Table footnotes:

  1. The previous Labour candidate, R S Waters, died the day before the general election, so the election in Clutha was postponed to 18 January 1958 [1]

Post-election events

A number of local by-elections were required due to the resignations of incumbent local body politicians following the general election:

Notes

  1. Norton 1988, p. 209.
  2. Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  3. Norton 1988, p. 197.
  4. Norton 1988, p. 220.
  5. Norton 1988, p. 224.
  6. Gustafson 1986, pp. 364f.
  7. Gustafson 1986, p. 381.
  8. Gustafson 1986, p. 386.
  9. Gustafson 1986, p. 390.
  10. Espiner, Guyon (3 March 2012). "Profile: Labour deputy Grant Robertson". New Zealand Listener . Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  11. "Mayoralty to Mr Manning". The Press . 19 May 1958.
  12. "Council Seats – Gain of Two by Citizens". The Press . 19 May 1958.

Related Research Articles

Keith Holyoake 20th-century Governor-General, Prime Minister of New Zealand, politician

Sir Keith Jacka Holyoake, was the 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving for a brief period in 1957 and then from 1960 to 1972, and also the 13th Governor-General of New Zealand, serving from 1977 to 1980. He is the only New Zealand politician to date to have held both positions.

Sidney Holland 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand

Sir Sidney George Holland was a New Zealand politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 13 December 1949 to 20 September 1957. He was instrumental in the creation and consolidation of the New Zealand National Party, which was to dominate New Zealand politics for much of the second half of the 20th century.

Harry Lake

Harry Robson Lake, a New Zealand politician, served as Minister of Finance for six years in the second National government, in the 1960s. He died of a heart attack when only 55 years old.

1972 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.

1969 New Zealand general election

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

1946 New Zealand general election

The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.

1949 New Zealand general election

The 1949 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 29th term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the opposition National Party. This marked the end of the First Labour government and the beginning of the First National government.

1951 New Zealand general election

The 1951 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 30th term. The First National Government was re-elected, with the National Party increasing its parliamentary majority over the opposition Labour Party.

1954 New Zealand general election

The 1954 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 31st term. It saw the governing National Party remain in office, but with a slightly reduced majority. It also saw the debut of the new Social Credit Party, which won more than eleven percent of the vote but failed to win a seat.

1960 New Zealand general election

The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

1963 New Zealand general election

The 1963 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of New Zealand Parliament's 34th term. The results were almost identical to those of the previous election, and the governing National Party remained in office.

1966 New Zealand general election

The 1966 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 35th term. It saw the governing National Party win a third consecutive term in office. It was also the first time since the 1943 election that a minor party won a seat in Parliament.

30th New Zealand Parliament

The 30th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1951 general election on 1 September of that year.

31st New Zealand Parliament

The 31st New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1954 general election on 13 November of that year.

32nd New Zealand Parliament

The 32nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1957 general election on 30 November of that year.

33rd New Zealand Parliament

The 33rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1960 general election on 26 November of that year.

34th New Zealand Parliament

The 34th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1963 general election on 30 November of that year.

36th New Zealand Parliament

The 36th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1969 general election on 29 November of that year.

1967 Fendalton by-election New Zealand by-election

The Fendalton by-election of 1967 was a by-election for the electorate of Fendalton on 15 April 1967 during the 35th New Zealand Parliament.

1957 New Zealand National Party leadership election

The 1957 New Zealand National Party leadership election was held to choose the next leader of the New Zealand National Party. The election was won by Pahiatua MP Keith Holyoake.

References