33rd New Zealand Parliament

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33rd Parliament of New Zealand
32nd Parliament 34th Parliament
Parliament House, Wellington, New Zealand (50).JPG
Overview
Term29 June 1961 – 25 October 1963
Election 1960 New Zealand general election
Government Second National Government
House of Representatives
New Zealand 29th and 33rd parliament.png
Members80
Speaker of the House Ronald Algie
Prime Minister Keith Holyoake
Leader of the Opposition Arnold Nordmeyer
––Walter Nash until 31 March 1963
Sovereign
Monarch HM Elizabeth II
Governor-General HE Brigadier Sir Bernard Edward Fergusson from 9 November 1962
––HE The Viscount Cobham until 13 September 1962

The 33rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1960 general election on 26 November of that year.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.

1960 New Zealand general election

The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

Contents

1960 general election

The 1960 general election was held on Saturday, 26 November. [1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 51 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1957 election. [2] 1,310,742 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.8%. [1]

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

North Island More northern, and smaller, of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

South Island southernmost and largest of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

Sessions

The 33rd Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1963), and was prorogued on 25 October 1963. [3]

SessionOpenedAdjouned
first20 June 19611 December 1961
second7 June 196214 December 1962
third12 February 196312 February 1963
fourth20 June 196325 October 1963

Ministries

The Labour Party under Walter Nash had been in power since the 1957 election as the second Labour Government, but was defeated by the National Party at the 1960 election by a twelve-seat margin. Keith Holyoake formed the second Holyoake Ministry on 12 December 1960, which stayed in power until Holyoake stepped down in early 1972. The second National Government remained in place until its defeat at the 1972 election towards the end of that year. [4]

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Walter Nash New Zealand politician

Sir Walter Nash was a New Zealand politician who served as the 27th Prime Minister of New Zealand in the Second Labour Government from 1957 to 1960. He is noted for his long period of political service, having been associated with the New Zealand Labour Party since its creation.

1957 New Zealand general election

The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 32nd term. It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party. The 1957 elections marked the beginning of the second Labour government, although this administration was to last only a single term.

Overview of seats

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1960 election and at dissolution:

AffiliationMembers
At 1960 election At dissolution
National Government4646
Labour Opposition3434
Total
8080
Working Government majority1212

Notes

Initial composition of the 33rd Parliament

The table below shows the results of the 1960 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit   

Electorate results for the 1960 New Zealand general election [5]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Richard Gerard 2,558G Glassey
Auckland Central Bill Anderton Norman Douglas 1,846Raymond John Presland
Avon John Mathison 4,216 Herbert Pickering
Awarua Gordon Grieve 3,000J P Wyatt
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 2,411Thomas Godfrey Santon
Buller Jerry Skinner 1,546Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 1,935T D Flint
Clutha James Roy Peter Gordon 3,863J Fahey
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly 842Norman Scurr
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,475Miss M B Bell
Eden Duncan Rae John Rae 1,902Russell Gordon Penney
Egmont William Sheat 3,933J W Watson
Fendalton Jack Watts Harry Lake 2,722 Bill Rowling
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,197Howard Preston
Gisborne Reginald Keeling Esme Tombleson 291Reginald Keeling
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 4,596Brian Zouch
Hamilton Lance Adams-Schneider 2,583 Basil Arthur
Hastings Edwin Keating Duncan MacIntyre 300Edwin Keating
Hauraki Arthur Kinsella 2,635Albert Clifford Tucker
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker 3,682J G Woolf
Heretaunga Phil Holloway Ron Bailey 2,576Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale
Hobson Sidney Walter Smith Logan Sloane 1,401 Vernon Cracknell
Hurunui William Gillespie 2,731Arthur Alexander Adcock
Hutt Walter Nash 2,349George Llewellyn Barker
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 1,926O J Henderson
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer 1,791Fairlie Fergus Curry
Karori Jack Marshall 4,313 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Lyttelton Norman Kirk 260Jim Hay
Manawatu Blair Tennent 3,120Leonard Thomas Fischer
Manukau Leon Götz 245Cyril Douglas Stamp
Marlborough Tom Shand 1,747Robert William Hope
Marsden Donald McKay 4,351John Swanson Reid
Miramar Bill Fox 467Bernard Lyons
Mornington Walter Hudson 2,246G R Thorn
Mount Albert Warren Freer 1,676Mrs C M Anderson
Napier Jim Edwards 1,405William John Gunn
Nelson Stanley Whitehead 1,767Colin Wilson Martin
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 1,693 Ron Barclay
North Shore Dean Eyre 1,817Peter Lawrence Smith
Onehunga Hugh Watt 4,705Paul Brian Phillips
Onslow Henry May 790Maida Clark
Otago Central John George 4,344 Brian MacDonell
Otahuhu James Deas 2,774Thomas Tucker
Otaki James Joseph Maher Allan McCready 2,044Thomas William Cameron
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 4,934Kingsley McKane
Palmerston North Philip Skoglund Bill Brown 133Philip Skoglund
Patea Roy Jack 2,304David Costello Valley
Petone Michael Moohan 2,918Dick Martin
Piako William Goosman 5,376Henry Uttinger
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald 4,744Neil McLaughlan
Raglan Douglas Carter 1,371 Alan Baxter
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 3,889Shaun Alex Cameron
Remuera Ronald Algie 6,109 Barry Gustafson
Riccarton Mick Connelly 2,022Deena V. Sergel [6]
Rodney Jack Scott 4,157 Phil Amos
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 1,374Geoffrey Taylor
Rotorua Ray Boord Harry Lapwood 358Ray Boord
Selwyn John McAlpine 2,839J Palmer
St Albans Neville Pickering Bert Walker 298 Neville Pickering
St Kilda Bill Fraser 835 Jim Barnes
Stratford Thomas Murray 4,388H M St George
Sydenham Mabel Howard 4,793 Derek Quigley
Tamaki Bob Tizard Robert Muldoon 1,148 Bob Tizard
Tauranga George Walsh 5,239D C Goodfellow
Timaru Clyde Carr 357R E White
Waikato Geoffrey Sim 3,041Arthur John Ingram
Waipa Hallyburton Johnstone 3,241Bob Reese
Wairarapa Bert Cooksley 2,088Allan Goldsmith
Waitakere Rex Mason 3,709John Herbert Wilkinson
Waitaki Thomas Hayman 1,972Les McKay
Waitemata Norman King 1,249Jolyon Firth
Waitomo David Seath 3,951Duncan Barclay McLaren
Wallace Brian Talboys 5,736Mrs E Harris
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill George Spooner 160E J Crotty
Wellington Central Frank Kitts Dan Riddiford 381Frank Kitts
Westland James Begg Kent Paddy Blanchfield 3,844D A Hogg
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,025 Arnold Reedy [7]
Northern Maori Tapihana Paikea 3,372George Russell Harrison
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 3,947Ngarangi Whakaupoko Tutaki
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 4,666 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

Table footnotes:

    By-elections during 33rd Parliament

    There were a number of changes during the term of the 33rd Parliament.

    Electorate and by-electionDateIncumbentCauseWinner
    Hurunui 1961 10 June William Gillespie Death Herbert Pickering
    Waitaki 1962 10 March Thomas Hayman Death Allan Dick
    Buller 1962 7 July Jerry Skinner Death Bill Rowling
    Timaru 1962 21 July Clyde Carr Resignation Basil Arthur
    Otahuhu 1963 16 March James Deas Death Bob Tizard
    Northern Maori 1963 16 March Tapihana Paikea Death Matiu Rata
    Grey Lynn 1963 18 May Fred Hackett Death Reginald Keeling

    Notes

    1. 1 2 "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
    2. Wilson 1985, p. 173.
    3. Wilson 1985, p. 142.
    4. Wilson 1985, pp. 88–92.
    5. Norton 1988.
    6. Gustafson 1986, p. 386.
    7. Gustafson 1986, p. 383.

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    References


    Barry Selwyn Gustafson is a New Zealand political scientist and historian, and a leading political biographer. He served for nearly four decades as Professor of Political Studies at the University of Auckland, and as Acting Director of the New Zealand Asia Institute from 2004 to 2006. He has contested various general elections, first for the Labour Party and later for the National Party, coming second each time.

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