|33rd Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||29 June 1961 – 25 October 1963|
|Election||1960 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Second National Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Ronald Algie|
|Prime Minister||Keith Holyoake|
|Leader of the Opposition|| Arnold Nordmeyer |
––Walter Nash until 31 March 1963
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE Brigadier Sir Bernard Edward Fergusson from 9 November 1962|
––HE The Viscount Cobham until 13 September 1962
The 33rd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1960 general election on 26 November of that year.
The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by a governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world.
The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.
The 1960 general election was held on Saturday, 26 November.A total of 80 MPs were elected; 51 represented North Island electorates, 25 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates; this was the same distribution used since the 1957 election. 1,310,742 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 89.8%.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The 33rd Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1963), and was prorogued on 25 October 1963.
|first||20 June 1961||1 December 1961|
|second||7 June 1962||14 December 1962|
|third||12 February 1963||12 February 1963|
|fourth||20 June 1963||25 October 1963|
The Labour Party under Walter Nash had been in power since the 1957 election as the second Labour Government, but was defeated by the National Party at the 1960 election by a twelve-seat margin. Keith Holyoake formed the second Holyoake Ministry on 12 December 1960, which stayed in power until Holyoake stepped down in early 1972. The second National Government remained in place until its defeat at the 1972 election towards the end of that year.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Sir Walter Nash was a New Zealand politician who served as the 27th Prime Minister of New Zealand in the Second Labour Government from 1957 to 1960. He is noted for his long period of political service, having been associated with the New Zealand Labour Party since its creation.
The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 32nd term. It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party. The 1957 elections marked the beginning of the second Labour government, although this administration was to last only a single term.
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1960 election and at dissolution:
|At 1960 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||12||12|
The table below shows the results of the 1960 general election:
National Labour Social Credit
|Ashburton||Richard Gerard||2,558||G Glassey|
|Auckland Central||Bill Anderton||Norman Douglas||1,846||Raymond John Presland|
|Avon||John Mathison||4,216||Herbert Pickering|
|Awarua||Gordon Grieve||3,000||J P Wyatt|
|Bay of Plenty||Percy Allen||2,411||Thomas Godfrey Santon|
|Buller||Jerry Skinner||1,546||Ernie King|
|Christchurch Central||Robert Macfarlane||1,935||T D Flint|
|Clutha||James Roy||Peter Gordon||3,863||J Fahey|
|Dunedin Central||Philip Connolly||842||Norman Scurr|
|Dunedin North||Ethel McMillan||2,475||Miss M B Bell|
|Eden||Duncan Rae||John Rae||1,902||Russell Gordon Penney|
|Egmont||William Sheat||3,933||J W Watson|
|Fendalton||Jack Watts||Harry Lake||2,722||Bill Rowling|
|Franklin||Alfred E. Allen||5,197||Howard Preston|
|Gisborne||Reginald Keeling||Esme Tombleson||291||Reginald Keeling|
|Grey Lynn||Fred Hackett||4,596||Brian Zouch|
|Hamilton||Lance Adams-Schneider||2,583||Basil Arthur|
|Hastings||Edwin Keating||Duncan MacIntyre||300||Edwin Keating|
|Hauraki||Arthur Kinsella||2,635||Albert Clifford Tucker|
|Hawkes Bay||Cyril Harker||3,682||J G Woolf|
|Heretaunga||Phil Holloway||Ron Bailey||2,576||Vere Edward Hampson-Tindale|
|Hobson||Sidney Walter Smith||Logan Sloane||1,401||Vernon Cracknell|
|Hurunui||William Gillespie||2,731||Arthur Alexander Adcock|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||2,349||George Llewellyn Barker|
|Invercargill||Ralph Hanan||1,926||O J Henderson|
|Island Bay||Arnold Nordmeyer||1,791||Fairlie Fergus Curry|
|Karori||Jack Marshall||4,313||Olive Smuts-Kennedy|
|Lyttelton||Norman Kirk||260||Jim Hay|
|Manawatu||Blair Tennent||3,120||Leonard Thomas Fischer|
|Manukau||Leon Götz||245||Cyril Douglas Stamp|
|Marlborough||Tom Shand||1,747||Robert William Hope|
|Marsden||Donald McKay||4,351||John Swanson Reid|
|Miramar||Bill Fox||467||Bernard Lyons|
|Mornington||Walter Hudson||2,246||G R Thorn|
|Mount Albert||Warren Freer||1,676||Mrs C M Anderson|
|Napier||Jim Edwards||1,405||William John Gunn|
|Nelson||Stanley Whitehead||1,767||Colin Wilson Martin|
|New Plymouth||Ernest Aderman||1,693||Ron Barclay|
|North Shore||Dean Eyre||1,817||Peter Lawrence Smith|
|Onehunga||Hugh Watt||4,705||Paul Brian Phillips|
|Onslow||Henry May||790||Maida Clark|
|Otago Central||John George||4,344||Brian MacDonell|
|Otahuhu||James Deas||2,774||Thomas Tucker|
|Otaki||James Joseph Maher||Allan McCready||2,044||Thomas William Cameron|
|Pahiatua||Keith Holyoake||4,934||Kingsley McKane|
|Palmerston North||Philip Skoglund||Bill Brown||133||Philip Skoglund|
|Patea||Roy Jack||2,304||David Costello Valley|
|Petone||Michael Moohan||2,918||Dick Martin|
|Piako||William Goosman||5,376||Henry Uttinger|
|Ponsonby||Ritchie Macdonald||4,744||Neil McLaughlan|
|Raglan||Douglas Carter||1,371||Alan Baxter|
|Rangitikei||Norman Shelton||3,889||Shaun Alex Cameron|
|Remuera||Ronald Algie||6,109||Barry Gustafson|
|Riccarton||Mick Connelly||2,022||Deena V. Sergel|
|Rodney||Jack Scott||4,157||Phil Amos|
|Roskill||Arthur Faulkner||1,374||Geoffrey Taylor|
|Rotorua||Ray Boord||Harry Lapwood||358||Ray Boord|
|Selwyn||John McAlpine||2,839||J Palmer|
|St Albans||Neville Pickering||Bert Walker||298||Neville Pickering|
|St Kilda||Bill Fraser||835||Jim Barnes|
|Stratford||Thomas Murray||4,388||H M St George|
|Sydenham||Mabel Howard||4,793||Derek Quigley|
|Tamaki||Bob Tizard||Robert Muldoon||1,148||Bob Tizard|
|Tauranga||George Walsh||5,239||D C Goodfellow|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||357||R E White|
|Waikato||Geoffrey Sim||3,041||Arthur John Ingram|
|Waipa||Hallyburton Johnstone||3,241||Bob Reese|
|Wairarapa||Bert Cooksley||2,088||Allan Goldsmith|
|Waitakere||Rex Mason||3,709||John Herbert Wilkinson|
|Waitaki||Thomas Hayman||1,972||Les McKay|
|Waitemata||Norman King||1,249||Jolyon Firth|
|Waitomo||David Seath||3,951||Duncan Barclay McLaren|
|Wallace||Brian Talboys||5,736||Mrs E Harris|
|Wanganui||Joseph Cotterill||George Spooner||160||E J Crotty|
|Wellington Central||Frank Kitts||Dan Riddiford||381||Frank Kitts|
|Westland||James Begg Kent||Paddy Blanchfield||3,844||D A Hogg|
|Eastern Maori||Tiaki Omana||3,025||Arnold Reedy|
|Northern Maori||Tapihana Paikea||3,372||George Russell Harrison|
|Southern Maori||Eruera Tirikatene||3,947||Ngarangi Whakaupoko Tutaki|
|Western Maori||Iriaka Matiu Ratana||4,666||Pei Te Hurinui Jones|
There were a number of changes during the term of the 33rd Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Hurunui||1961||10 June||William Gillespie||Death||Herbert Pickering|
|Waitaki||1962||10 March||Thomas Hayman||Death||Allan Dick|
|Buller||1962||7 July||Jerry Skinner||Death||Bill Rowling|
|Timaru||1962||21 July||Clyde Carr||Resignation||Basil Arthur|
|Otahuhu||1963||16 March||James Deas||Death||Bob Tizard|
|Northern Maori||1963||16 March||Tapihana Paikea||Death||Matiu Rata|
|Grey Lynn||1963||18 May||Fred Hackett||Death||Reginald Keeling|
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The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.