Nelson is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was called Town of Nelson. From 1860 to 1881, it was City of Nelson. The electorate is the only one that has continuously existed since the 1st Parliament in 1853.
The current MP for Nelson is Rachel Boyack of the Labour Party after defeating long time incumbent Nick Smith of the National Party in the 2020 general election.
Nelson is based around the city of Nelson, with the dormitory town of Richmond and the smaller community of Hope drafted in to bring the electorate up to the required population quota.
A significant adjustment to the electorate's boundaries was carried out ahead of the change to mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting in 1996; the decrease in South Island electorates from 25 to 16 lead to the abolition of one western South Island electorate; Tasman was split between West Coast and the then (geographically) much smaller Nelson electorate.
The Representation Commission adjusted the boundaries in the 2007 review, which first applied at the 2008 election;the electorate was not changed in the 2013/14 review. Brightwater was moved to West Coast-Tasman at the 2020 redistribution.
An electorate based around Nelson has been contested at every election since the first Parliament in 1853. Two of the original 24 electorates from the 1st Parliament still exist (New Plymouth is the other one), but Nelson is the only original electorate that has existed continuously.
The electorate was initially known as Town of Nelson. From 1866 to 1881, it was called City of Nelson. Since 1881, it has been known as simply Nelson.
From 1853 to 1881, Nelson was a two-member electorate.James Mackay and William Travers were the first two representatives elected in 1853. Travers and William Cautley (MP for Waimea) both resigned on 26 May 1854. Travers subsequently contested the seat that Cautley had vacated, being elected in the 21 June 1854 Waimea by-election. Samuel Stephens, who succeeded Travers in Nelson, died before the end of the first term, but the seat remained vacant.
Alfred Domett retired from politics at the end of the 3rd Parliament. Edward Stafford resigned in 1868 during the term of the 4th Parliament. Nathaniel Edwards won the resulting by-election. Martin Lightband resigned after a year in Parliament in 1872 and was succeeded by David Luckie.
Nelson became a single member electorate in 1881. Henry Levestam, who was first elected in an 1881 by-election to replace Adams was confirmed by the voters at the next three general elections (1881, 1884 and 1887), but he died in office on 11 February 1889.
Joseph Harkness won the resulting 1889 by-election and was confirmed in the 1890 election.He retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1893 and was succeeded by John Graham, who with the 1893 election started a representation of the electorate that would last until his retirement in 1911.
Harry Atmore an Independent Member of Parliament succeeded John Graham in the 1911 election,but he was defeated at the next election in 1914 by Thomas Field of the Reform Party. At the subsequent election in 1919, Atmore defeated Field and represented the electorate until his death on 21 August 1946.
Atmore's death did not cause a by-election, as the 1946 election was held in November of that year. The contest was won by Edgar Neale of the National Party.He held the electorate until 1957, when he retired.
Neale was succeeded by Stanley Whitehead of the Labour Party in the 1957 election. This started Labour's dominance in the electorate, which was to last for four decades. Whitehead died on 9 January 1976 in the office and this caused the 1976 by-election, which was won by Labour's Mel Courtney. In the 1981 election, Courtney stood as an Independent against Labour's Philip Woollaston, with the latter the successful candidate. Woollaston retired in 1990 and was succeeded by Labour's John Blincoe. When the electorate was enlarged for the 1996 election, it absorbed most of the former seat of Tasman, held by National's Nick Smith. Smith defeated Blincoe and held the seat until the 2020 election, when Labour's Rachel Boyack won the seat.
Despite a National Party candidate being elected for Nelson between 1996 and 2020, Labour has won the party vote in Nelson in all but three elections during the period (the three elections of the Fifth National Government). Nelson is also an electorate in which the Green Party performs better locally than the party does nationally. Combined, votes at the 2017 election for the Green Party candidate Matt Lawrey and Labour Party candidate Rachel Boyack would have been sufficient to unseat the incumbent Smith.
Independent Conservative Liberal Reform National Labour Green
|1853 election||James Mackay||William Travers|
|1854 by-election||Samuel Stephens|
|1855 election||Alfred Domett||Edward Stafford|
|1866 election||Oswald Curtis|
|1868 by-election||Nathaniel Edwards|
|1871 election||Martin Lightband|
|1872 by-election||David Mitchell Luckie|
|1875 election||John Sharp|
|1879 by-election||Acton Adams|
|1879 election||Albert Pitt|
|1881 by-election||Henry Levestam|
|1881 election||Henry Levestam|
|1889 by-election||Joseph Harkness|
|1893 election||John Graham|
|1911 election||Harry Atmore|
|1914 election||Thomas Field|
|1919 election||Harry Atmore|
|1946 election||Edgar Neale|
|1957 election||Stanley Whitehead|
|1976 by-election||Mel Courtney|
|1981 election||Philip Woollaston|
|1990 election||John Blincoe|
|1996 election||Nick Smith|
|2020 election||Rachel Boyack|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Nelson electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2002 election||Mike Ward|
|2008 election||Maryan Street|
|2020 election||Chris Baillie|
|2020 general election: Nelson|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|National||N Nick Smith||16,851||37.91||9,185||20.57|
|Advance NZ||Ben Harris||393||0.88||480||1.07|
|New Conservative||Simon Gutschlag||317||0.71||690||1.54|
|Progressive Aotearoa||Bruce Dyer||50||0.11|
|Total Valid votes||44,448||44,635|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||4,525||10.18|
|2017 general election: Nelson|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Susan Sara||1,429||3.47||—||2,712||6.51||−1.13|
|Money Free||Richard Osmaston||48||0.12||−0.34|
|Total Valid votes||41,131||41,651|
|2014 general election: Nelson|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Money Free||Richard Osmaston||175||0.46||+0.46|
|Total Valid votes||37,867||38,174|
|2011 general election: Nelson|
|NZ First||Kevin Gardener||669||1.94||+1.94||1,913||5.42||+2.38|
|United Future||Doug Stevens||204||0.59||+0.21||348||0.99||-0.08|
|ACT||Paul Charles Hufflett||171||0.49||-0.36||259||0.73||-1.75|
|Total Valid votes||34,553||35,267|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,817
|2008 general election: Nelson|
|United Future||Kelvin Deal||138||0.39||-1.17||387||1.07||-2.43|
|Bill and Ben||209||0.58|
|Total Valid votes||35,832||36,220|
|2005 general election: Nelson|
|United Future||Dennis Wells||568||1.56||-0.72||1,289||3.50||-3.18|
|Christian Heritage||Nick Barber||209||0.57||-1.33||141||0.38||-1.48|
|Direct Democracy||Rex Newey||67||0.18||50||0.14|
|Total Valid votes||36,429||36,802|
|2002 general election: Nelson|
|United Future||Dennis Wells||762||2.28||2,254||6.68||+5.68a|
|Christian Heritage||Nick Barber||635||1.90||-1.20||628||1.86||-2.80|
|Total Valid votes||33,382||33,721|
|1999 general election: Nelson|
|Christian Heritage||Nick Barber||1,077||3.10||1,624||4.66|
|NZ First||Trevor Squires||296||0.85||732||2.10|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Tim Owens||223||0.64||95||0.27|
|Total Valid votes||34,705||34,845|
|1996 general election: Nelson|
|Labour||N John Blincoe||8,057||23.30||11,012||31.82|
|NZ First||Bernard Downey||1,510||4.37||3,417||9.88|
|Christian Coalition||Nick Barber||749||2.17||2,206||6.38|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Tim Owens||279||0.81||187||0.54|
|Natural Law||Michelle McGregor||86||0.25||59||0.17|
|Asia Pacific United||21||0.06|
|Superannuitants & Youth||14||0.04|
|Advance New Zealand||7||0.02|
|Ethnic Minority Party||4||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||34,584||34,602|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||12,424||35.92|
|NZ First||Bernard Downey||1,039||3.92|
|Christian Heritage||Nick Barber||746||2.81|
|Natural Law||V Ward-Brown||131||0.49|
|Social Credit||K S Taylor||152||0.73|
|Democrats||J E Collin||124||0.59||-1.41|
|McGillicuddy Serious||M D Kingi||90||0.43|
|NZ Party||Inga Jimenez||1,348||6.25|
|Social Credit||Jack Collin||318||1.47|
|Social Credit||Neville McLean||1,545||7.61|
|Social Credit||D C Massey||1,506||7.91|
|Values||A M Lawn||556||2.92|
|Social Credit||Rudolph Muller||452||2.58|
|Imperial British Conservative||C P Weallens||38||0.21|
|Social Credit||Colin Nicholls||992||5.35|
|Social Credit||Archie Mahan||715||4.36|
|New Democratic||John O'Brien||487||2.97|
|Social Credit||Keith Martin||2,013||12.46|
|National||E B Slack||5,732||34.20|
|Social Credit||Colin Nicholls||3,250||19.39||-10.04|
|Social Credit||Colin Nicholls||1,503||9.35|
|National||Colin Wilson Martin||6,752||40.93||-3.86|
|Social Credit||Archie Mahan||1,223||7.41|
|National||Colin Wilson Martin||7,083||44.79|
|Social Credit||C Toomer||1,138||7.19|
|Social Credit||K S Taylor||2,055||13.29|
|Labour||R C A Marshall||7,047||45.57|
|Labour||Cyril Harold Goodman||6,680||47.91|
|National||Frederick William Huggins||5,860||48.87|
|National||John Robert Kerr||5,206||45.89|
|Reform||Frederick William Oscar Smith||3,294||37.02|
|Labour||John George Price||1,079||12.40|
|Independent Liberal||Walter Moffatt||1,371||22.70|
|Conservative||William Spencer Hampson||570||9.44|
|Second ballot result|
|Independent Liberal||Walter Moffatt||2,139||36.82||+14.12|
|Independent Liberal||Walter Moffatt||316||5.27|
|Second ballot result|
|Independent Liberal||Jesse Piper||521||12.08|
|Liberal||Francis William Flowerday||94||6.60|
|Independent||James Crowe Richmond||407||48.17|
|Independent||James Crowe Richmond||156||29.05|
Palmerston North is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was first formed for the 1890 election and was called Palmerston until 1938. The current MP for Palmerston North is Tangi Utikere of the Labour Party. He has held this position since the 2020 election.
Invercargill is an electorate of the New Zealand Parliament that has existed since 1866. Since the 2020 election, the electorate's representative is Penny Simmonds of the National Party.
Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.
Dunedin South is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, and subsequently from 1905 to 1946. In 1996, the electorate was re-established for the introduction of MMP, before finally being abolished in 2020.
East Coast is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1893, and was recreated in 1999. The current MP for East Coast is Kiri Allan of the Labour Party, who has held office since 2020.
New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.
Rangitīkei is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Rangitīkei is Ian McKelvie of the National Party. He has held this position since 2011.
Tauranga is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Tauranga is Simon Bridges of the National Party, who won the seat in the 2008 New Zealand general election, after the previous MP, Bob Clarkson of the National Party, retired.
Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Kieran McAnulty since the 2020 election.
Whanganui is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first established in 1860 for the 3rd Parliament and has existed continuously since then.
Richard Harman Jeffares Reeves was a New Zealand politician of the Liberal Party. He was acting Speaker of the Legislative Council in 1905.
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
Arthur Penrose Seymour was a 19th-century New Zealand politician from Picton. He was the 4th Superintendent of the Marlborough Province and was a member of the provincial government for all 16 years of its existence. With his strong advocacy for Picton, he successfully had the Seat of Government moved to Picton. When the Blenheim party secured a majority in the Provincial Council by 1865, Seymour negotiated the removal of the Seat of Government back to Blenheim.
Waikato is an electorate in the New Zealand Parliament. A Waikato electorate was first created in 1871 and an electorate by this name has existed from 1871 to 1963, 1969 to 1996, and 2008 to the present, though exact borders have often changed.
Wairau was a parliamentary electorate in the Marlborough Region of New Zealand. It was one of the initial 24 New Zealand electorates and existed from 1853 until its abolition in 1938, when it was succeeded by the Marlborough electorate. The electorate had 13 representatives during its existence. The 1861 election in the Wairau electorate was notable in that a later Premier, Frederick Weld, was unexpectedly and narrowly defeated by William Henry Eyes.
Westland was a parliamentary electorate in the West Coast of New Zealand from 1866 to 1868 and 1890 to 1972. In 1972 the Tasman and West Coast electorates replaced the former Buller and Westland electorates.
Picton was a parliamentary electorate in the Marlborough Region of New Zealand, from 1861 to 1887.
Waimea was a parliamentary electorate in the Nelson Province of New Zealand, from 1853 to 1887. Initially represented by two members, it was a single-member electorate from 1861.
The 8th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.
The 10th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Elections for this term were held in 4 Māori electorates and 91 European electorates on 7 and 26 September 1887, respectively. A total of 95 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in October 1890. During the term of this Parliament, two Ministries were in power.