Mana (New Zealand electorate)

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Mana electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election Mana electorate, 2014.svg
Mana electorate boundaries used since the 2008 election

Mana is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate north of Wellington. It is held by Kris Faafoi of the Labour Party since 2010.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Wellington Capital city of New Zealand

Wellington is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with 418,500 residents. It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range. Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and Wairarapa. Its latitude is 41°17′S, making it the world's southernmost capital of a sovereign state. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed.

Kris Faafoi New Zealand politician

Kristopher John "Kris" Faafoi, a New Zealand politician, holds membership of the New Zealand Labour Party. He became the representative of the Mana electorate in the New Zealand Parliament in 2010.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate includes the following population centres:

Paraparaumu human settlement

Paraparaumu is a town in the south-western North Island of New Zealand. It lies on the Kapiti Coast, 55 kilometres (34 mi) north of the nation's capital city, Wellington.

Raumati human settlement

Raumati collectively refers to two neighbouring places on the Kapiti Coast of New Zealand's North Island. They are located 50–60 km north-west of Wellington, and immediately to the south-west of the larger town of Paraparaumu. The Maungakotukutuku area is located immediately behind Raumati. "Raumati" is the Māori language word for "summer".

Paekakariki Place in Wellington, New Zealand

Paekakariki, prior to 1905 also known as Paikakariki, is a town in the Kapiti Coast District in the south-western North Island of New Zealand. It is 22 km (14 mi) north of Porirua and 45 km (28 mi) northeast of Wellington, the nation's capital city. The town's name in Māori means "kākāriki (parakeet) perch".

In the 2007 boundary redistribution, parts of Paraparaumu located east of State Highway 1 were added to the electorate's area. The 2013/14 redistribution did not change the boundaries further. [1] [2]

New Zealand State Highway 1 road in New Zealand

State Highway 1 is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand road network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.

History

The electorate was created for the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation in 1996 from the Porirua electorate, and from the southern part of the Kapiti electorate, i.e. Paraparaumu south of the airport and Raumati. The 1996 election was won by Labour's Graham Kelly, who defeated the former National MP Wayne Kimber. [3]

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.

1996 New Zealand general election

The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.

Porirua (New Zealand electorate) Former New Zealand electorate

Porirua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the North Island. It existed during two periods; from 1860 to 1870, and then from 1963 to 1996.

After the resignation of Mana MP Luamanuvao Winnie Laban on 10 August 2010, [4] Faafoi on the resulting by-election with 10,980 votes (46.4%), becoming the first MP of Tokelauan descent. [5] Hekia Parata from the National Party was placed second and received 9,574 (41.6%), giving Faafoi a margin of 1,080 votes (4.82%). [6] This was a significant decrease of Laban's majority of 6,155 (17.7%) at the 2008 general election. [7] Faafoi more than doubled the margin in the 2011, [6] and had a 7,953 votes margin in the 2014. [8]

Winnie Laban New Zealand politician

Luamanuvao Dame Winifred Alexandra Laban is a former New Zealand politician. She served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Mana electorate, representing the Labour Party, and was the Labour Party's spokesperson for Pacific Island Affairs and for interfaith dialogue.

Hekia Parata New Zealand politician

Patricia Hekia Parata is a former New Zealand politician and former member of the New Zealand House of Representatives, having been elected to parliament in the 2008 general election as a member of the New Zealand National Party. She served as the Minister of Education in the Fifth National Government.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at a general election.

Key

  Labour     National     Green   

ElectionWinner
1996 election Graham Kelly
1999 election
2002 election Winnie Laban
2005 election
2008 election
2010 by-election Kris Faafoi
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Mana electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2005 election Chris Finlayson
2008 election Hekia Parata 1
2011 election Jan Logie 1
Hekia Parata
2014 election Jan Logie
Hekia Parata
2017 election Jan Logie

1 Also contested 2010 by-election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Mana [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Kris Faafoi 22,70959.36+5.1417,83145.53+11.38
National Euon Murrrell11,72930.66−1.6214,30536.61−3.75
Green Jan Logie 3,0117.87−0.473,0767.87−4.88
ACT Shan Ng2640.691250.32+0.11
United Future Kelleigh Sheffield-Cranstoun2190.57410.10−0.21
Independent Gordon Marshall2140.56
Independent Richard Goode1120.29−0.81 [lower-alpha 1]
NZ First  1,9364.95−1.82
Opportunities  1,3113.36
Māori  1730.44−0.17
Legalise Cannabis  1070.27−0.20
Conservative  540.14−2.52
Mana  470.12−0.83 [lower-alpha 2]
People's Party  240.06
Ban 1080  190.05−0.01
Outdoors  160.04
Democrats  70.02−0.05
Internet  40.01−0.94 [lower-alpha 3]
Informal votes484188
Total Valid votes38,25839,076
Turnout 39,310
Labour holdMajority10,98028.70+6.75

2014 election

2014 general election: Mana [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Kris Faafoi 19,65154.81+6.2012,60134.39-3.37
National Hekia Parata 11,69832.27-9.3414,85040.53+0.58
Green Jan Logie 3,0248.43+0.544,69112.80+0.03
Conservative Roy Barry9802.739772.66+0.91
Legalise Cannabis Richard Goode4031.11+0.141730.47-0.02
Democrats Ron England960.27240.07+0.04
NZ First  2,4936.80+1.96
Internet Mana  3510.96+0.48 [lower-alpha 4]
Māori  2260.62-0.04
United Future  1160.32-0.36
ACT  790.22-0.26
Civilian  280.07
Ban 1080  210.05
Independent Coalition  50.01
Focus  30.01
Informal votes393155
Total Valid votes36,24536,793
Turnout 36,79380.92+3.37
Labour holdMajority7,95322.18+15.54

2011 election

2011 general election: Mana [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Kris Faafoi 16,32348.61-4.4512,99937.76-6.15
National Hekia Parata 14,09341.97+6.9813,75439.95+3.28
Green Jan Logie 2,6527.90+1.184,39812.78+4.39
Legalise Cannabis Richard Goode3320.99+0.80 [lower-alpha 5] 1680.49+0.10
ACT Michael Warren1820.54-1.301630.47-1.89
NZ First  1,6674.84+1.87
Conservative  6041.75
United Future  2340.68-0.64
Māori  2270.66-0.37
Mana  1650.48
Libertarianz  200.06+0.01
Alliance  160.050.00
Democrats  100.03+0.01
Informal votes740375
Total Valid votes33,58234,425
Labour holdMajority2,2306.64-11.43

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,393 [10]

2010 by-election

2010 Mana by-election

Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list prior to the by-election.
Yellow background denotes the winner of the by-election, who was a list MP prior to the by-election.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Kris Faafoi 10,98047.17-5.89
National Hekia Parata 9,57441.13+6.14
Green Jan Logie 1,5436.62-0.09
Independent Matt McCarten 8493.65-
ACT Colin du Plessis1360.58-1.26
Legalise Cannabis Julian Crawford1120.48-
Libertarianz Sean Fitzpatrick460.20+0.01
Alliance Kelly Buchanan370.16-
Informal votes37
Total Valid votes23,277
Labour holdMajority1,4066.04-12.03

2008 election

2008 general election: Mana [7]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Luamanuvao Winnie Laban 18,07053.06-0.1615,20943.91-6.07
National Hekia Parata 11,91534.99+3.1412,70136.67+5.13
Green Michael Gilchrist2,2886.72+1.472,9038.38+2.15
ACT Mike Collins6281.84+0.598192.36+1.36
United Future Robin Gunston4721.39-2.454581.32-2.88
Kiwi Renton MacLachlan3370.992060.59
Pacific Tim Salele'a Manu2820.831890.55
Libertarianz Richard Goode640.19170.05+0.02
NZ First  1,0292.97-0.91
Māori  3561.03-0.04
Progressive  2740.79-0.21
Bill and Ben  2130.61
Legalise Cannabis  1330.38+0.12
Family Party  850.25
Alliance  170.05-0.10
Workers Party  150.04
Democrats  50.01-0.01
RAM  50.01
RONZ  20.010.00
Informal votes277123
Total Valid votes34,05634,636
Turnout 34,759
Labour holdMajority6,15518.07-3.31

2005 election

2005 general election: Mana [11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Luamanuvao Winnie Laban 16,76353.22+2.7616,01649.98+2.46
National Chris Finlayson 10,02931.84+3.4510,10831.54+14.27
Green Nicola Harvey1,6545.25-1.971,9956.23-1,19
United Future Robin Gunston1,2073.83-1.921,3464.20-4.70
Destiny Tala Leiasamaivao 5181.642240.70
Māori Sonny Hosking4031.282480.77
ACT Michael Collins3951.25-1.523221.00-5.18
Progressive Fale Leleisiuao2910.92-0.463451.08-0.83
Alliance Kelly Buchanan1000.32-1.10490.15-1.57
Direct Democracy Jason Anderson560.1870.02
NZ First  1,2443.88-1.57
Legalise Cannabis  830.26-0.36
Christian Heritage  220.07-1.15
Libertarianz  90.03
99 MP  80.02
Democrats  70.02
Family Rights  50.02
One NZ  50.02-0.14
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes346117
Total Valid votes31,49532,046
Turnout 32,163
Labour holdMajority6,73421.38-0.70

2002 election

2002 general election: Mana [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Winnie Laban 14,57650.47+3.5213,99747.52+3.10
National Sue Wood 8,20028.39-0.305,08817.27-11.43
Green Olivia Mitchell2,0867.22+3.922,1847.41+2.80
United Future Graham Butterworth1,6635.76+4.97 [lower-alpha 6] 2,6238.916.10
ACT Simon Anthony Ewing-Jarvie8012.770.821,8216.18+0.85
Christian Heritage Renton Maclachlan5201.80-0.033591.22-0.64
Alliance Michael Gilchrist4101.42-3.885071.72-6.08
Progressive Doreen Henderson3991.385621.91
One NZ Janet White1520.53470.16+0.12
Anti-Capitalist Alliance Paul Hopkinson740.26
NZ First  1,8576.30+4.00
ORNZ  2120.72
Legalise Cannabis  1820.62-0.67
Mana Māori  140.05+0.01
NMP  10.003-0.03
Informal votes455109
Total Valid votes28,88129,454
Turnout 29,563
Labour holdMajority6,37622.08+3.82

1999 election

1999 general election: Mana [13] [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Graham Kelly 14,07846.95+5.6313,39444.42+7.66
National Mark Thomas8,60328.698,65328.70-2.73
Alliance Moira Ann Lawler1,5905.302,3517.80-3.11
Mauri Pacific Api Malu1,0113.37750.25
Green Robert Shaw9893.301,3904.61
Independent Bill Bevan6392.13
ACT Darryl Ward5831.941,6065.33+0.73
Future NZ Lance Huxford5661.895491.82
Christian Heritage Renton Maclachlan5491.83-1.44 [lower-alpha 7] 5591.85
Legalise Cannabis David Moore4791.603881.29-0.22
NZ First Nigel Jones3541.186942.30-6.32
United NZ Graham Butterworth2370.793091.020.00
Independent Lance Anderson1710.57
McGillicuddy Serious John Creser1130.38580.19-0.12
NMP David Pattinson120.0490.03
Asia Pacific Lutena Mulitalo Mano'o100.03
Libertarianz  410.14+0.11
Animals First  350.12-0.06
Mana Māori  130.04-0.04
One NZ  130.04
People's Choice  60.02
Natural Law  50.02
South Island  30.01
Freedom Movement  10.00
Republican  00.00
Informal votes396228
Total Valid votes29,98430,152
Labour holdMajority5,47518.26+5.14

1996 election

1996 general election: Mana [3] [15] [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Graham Kelly 11,40841.3210,21136.76
National Wayne Kimber 7,78628.208,72831.43
NZ First Graham Harding3,12811.332,3938.62
Alliance Vernon Tile2,4728.953,03110.91
Christian Coalition Renton Maclauchlan9023.271,0983.95
ACT Neil Wilson6972.521,2774.60
Independent Marie Iupeli5862.12
Progressive Green David Green2971.08600.22
McGillicuddy Serious Grant Prankered2771.00850.31
Natural Law Wayne Shepherd530.19250.09
Legalise Cannabis  4191.51
United NZ  2821.02
Animals First  490.18
Asia Pacific United 350.13
Mana Māori  210.08
Superannuitants & Youth  180.06
Green Society  100.04
Conservatives  90.03
Libertarianz  80.03
Advance New Zealand 60.02
Ethnic Minority Party 50.02
Te Tawharau 40.01
Informal votes303135
Total Valid votes27,60627,774
Labour win new seatMajority3,62213.12

Table footnotes

  1. Richard Goode contested the electorate in 2014 as a candidate for the Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party
  2. 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election
  3. 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  4. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election
  5. Richard Goode contested the electorate in 2008 as a candidate for the Libertarianz Party
  6. Percentage change calculated as a candidate for the United NZ Party in the 1999 election
  7. Percentage change calculated as a candidate for the Christian Coalition Party in the 1996 election

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References

  1. "Mana: Electoral Profile" (PDF). New Zealand Parliament. September 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 9. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  3. 1 2 "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Mana, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  4. Watkins, Tracy (10 August 2010). "By-election as Labour's Winnie Laban leaves Parliament". Stuff.co.nz. Archived from the original on 10 August 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  5. "Labour's Kris Faafoi wins Mana by-election". The New Zealand Herald. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
  6. 1 2 3 "Official Count Results – Mana (2011)". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  7. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Mana (2008)". Electoral Commission. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  8. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Mana (2014)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  9. "Mana – Official Result (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  10. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  11. "Official Count Results – Mana (2005)". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  12. "Official Count Results – Mana (2002)". Electoral Commission. 10 August 2002. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  13. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  14. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  15. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  16. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.