Mana is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate north of Wellington. It is held by Kris Faafoi of the Labour Party since 2010.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Wellington is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with 418,500 residents. It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range. Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and Wairarapa. Its latitude is 41°17′S, making it the world's southernmost capital of a sovereign state. Wellington features a temperate maritime climate, and is the world's windiest city by average wind speed.
Kristopher John "Kris" Faafoi, a New Zealand politician, holds membership of the New Zealand Labour Party. He became the representative of the Mana electorate in the New Zealand Parliament in 2010.
The electorate includes the following population centres:
Paraparaumu is a town in the south-western North Island of New Zealand. It lies on the Kapiti Coast, 55 kilometres (34 mi) north of the nation's capital city, Wellington.
Raumati collectively refers to two neighbouring places on the Kapiti Coast of New Zealand's North Island. They are located 50–60 km north-west of Wellington, and immediately to the south-west of the larger town of Paraparaumu. The Maungakotukutuku area is located immediately behind Raumati. "Raumati" is the Māori language word for "summer".
Paekakariki, prior to 1905 also known as Paikakariki, is a town in the Kapiti Coast District in the south-western North Island of New Zealand. It is 22 km (14 mi) north of Porirua and 45 km (28 mi) northeast of Wellington, the nation's capital city. The town's name in Māori means "kākāriki (parakeet) perch".
In the 2007 boundary redistribution, parts of Paraparaumu located east of State Highway 1 were added to the electorate's area. The 2013/14 redistribution did not change the boundaries further.
State Highway 1 is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand road network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.
The electorate was created for the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation in 1996 from the Porirua electorate, and from the southern part of the Kapiti electorate, i.e. Paraparaumu south of the airport and Raumati. The 1996 election was won by Labour's Graham Kelly, who defeated the former National MP Wayne Kimber.
Mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party. Seats in the legislature are filled firstly by the successful constituency candidates, and secondly, by party candidates based on the percentage of nationwide or region-wide votes that each party received. The constituency representatives are elected using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) or another plurality/majoritarian system. The nationwide or region-wide party representatives are, in most jurisdictions, drawn from published party lists, similar to party-list proportional representation. To gain a nationwide representative, parties may be required to achieve a minimum number of constituency candidates, a minimum percentage of the nationwide party vote, or both.
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Porirua was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the North Island. It existed during two periods; from 1860 to 1870, and then from 1963 to 1996.
After the resignation of Mana MP Luamanuvao Winnie Laban on 10 August 2010,Faafoi on the resulting by-election with 10,980 votes (46.4%), becoming the first MP of Tokelauan descent. Hekia Parata from the National Party was placed second and received 9,574 (41.6%), giving Faafoi a margin of 1,080 votes (4.82%). This was a significant decrease of Laban's majority of 6,155 (17.7%) at the 2008 general election. Faafoi more than doubled the margin in the 2011, and had a 7,953 votes margin in the 2014.
Luamanuvao Dame Winifred Alexandra Laban is a former New Zealand politician. She served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Mana electorate, representing the Labour Party, and was the Labour Party's spokesperson for Pacific Island Affairs and for interfaith dialogue.
Patricia Hekia Parata is a former New Zealand politician and former member of the New Zealand House of Representatives, having been elected to parliament in the 2008 general election as a member of the New Zealand National Party. She served as the Minister of Education in the Fifth National Government.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at a general election.
Labour National Green
|1996 election||Graham Kelly|
|2002 election||Winnie Laban|
|2010 by-election||Kris Faafoi|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Mana electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs' terms began and ended at general elections.
|2005 election||Chris Finlayson|
|2008 election||Hekia Parata 1|
|2011 election||Jan Logie 1|
|2014 election||Jan Logie|
|2017 election||Jan Logie|
1 Also contested 2010 by-election
|2017 general election: Mana|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.
|United Future||Kelleigh Sheffield-Cranstoun||219||0.57||—||41||0.10||−0.21|
|Total Valid votes||38,258||39,076|
|2014 general election: Mana|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Richard Goode||403||1.11||+0.14||173||0.47||-0.02|
|Total Valid votes||36,245||36,793|
|2011 general election: Mana|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Legalise Cannabis||Richard Goode||332||0.99||+0.80||168||0.49||+0.10|
|Total Valid votes||33,582||34,425|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,393
|2010 Mana by-election|
Notes: Blue background denotes the winner of the by-election.
|ACT||Colin du Plessis||136||0.58||-1.26|
|Legalise Cannabis||Julian Crawford||112||0.48||-|
|Total Valid votes||23,277|
|2008 general election: Mana|
|United Future||Robin Gunston||472||1.39||-2.45||458||1.32||-2.88|
|Pacific||Tim Salele'a Manu||282||0.83||—||189||0.55||—|
|Bill and Ben||213||0.61||—|
|Total Valid votes||34,056||34,636|
|2005 general election: Mana|
|United Future||Robin Gunston||1,207||3.83||-1.92||1,346||4.20||-4.70|
|Direct Democracy||Jason Anderson||56||0.18||—||7||0.02||—|
|Total Valid votes||31,495||32,046|
|2002 general election: Mana|
|United Future||Graham Butterworth||1,663||5.76||+4.97||2,623||8.91||6.10|
|ACT||Simon Anthony Ewing-Jarvie||801||2.77||0.82||1,821||6.18||+0.85|
|Christian Heritage||Renton Maclachlan||520||1.80||-0.03||359||1.22||-0.64|
|One NZ||Janet White||152||0.53||—||47||0.16||+0.12|
|Anti-Capitalist Alliance||Paul Hopkinson||74||0.26||—|
|Total Valid votes||28,881||29,454|
|1999 general election: Mana|
|Alliance||Moira Ann Lawler||1,590||5.30||2,351||7.80||-3.11|
|Mauri Pacific||Api Malu||1,011||3.37||75||0.25|
|Future NZ||Lance Huxford||566||1.89||549||1.82|
|Christian Heritage||Renton Maclachlan||549||1.83||-1.44||559||1.85|
|Legalise Cannabis||David Moore||479||1.60||388||1.29||-0.22|
|NZ First||Nigel Jones||354||1.18||694||2.30||-6.32|
|United NZ||Graham Butterworth||237||0.79||309||1.02||0.00|
|McGillicuddy Serious||John Creser||113||0.38||58||0.19||-0.12|
|Asia Pacific||Lutena Mulitalo Mano'o||10||0.03|
|Total Valid votes||29,984||30,152|
|1996 general election: Mana|
|NZ First||Graham Harding||3,128||11.33||2,393||8.62|
|Christian Coalition||Renton Maclauchlan||902||3.27||1,098||3.95|
|Progressive Green||David Green||297||1.08||60||0.22|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Grant Prankered||277||1.00||85||0.31|
|Natural Law||Wayne Shepherd||53||0.19||25||0.09|
|Asia Pacific United||35||0.13|
|Superannuitants & Youth||18||0.06|
|Advance New Zealand||6||0.02|
|Ethnic Minority Party||5||0.02|
|Total Valid votes||27,606||27,774|
|Labour win new seat||Majority||3,622||13.12|
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