Waikato is an electorate in the New Zealand Parliament. A Waikato electorate was first created in 1871 and an electorate by this name has existed from 1871 to 1963, 1969 to 1996, and 2008 to the present, though exact borders have often changed.
The Waikato electorate is represented by Tim van de Molen for the National Party, who has held the seat since the 2017 general election. Both the current Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and the current Opposition Leader Judith Collins were born and raised within its borders.
The Waikato electorate, whose borders were last altered in 2020,is in the Waikato region and includes largely rural areas to the north and the west of the city of Hamilton. The Waikato River flows along near its southern boundary then travels north through the electorate. It includes small portions of the outskirts of Hamilton and Cambridge. Towns within the electorate include Morrinsville, Huntly, and Matamata, each of which have populations around 8,000.
In a piece for the 2020 election, journalist Tom Rowland described the area as "one of the country's most vital regions, home to farmers and agricultural industries that continue to hold New Zealand's economy steady in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic". Rowland considered it to be a key area for future economic development, calling it "the key to activating the Golden Triangle between Auckland, Hamilton and Tauranga."
The electorate is the birthplace of both Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern and Opposition Leader Judith Collins.
The Waikato electorate was first contested in the 1871 election.James McPherson was elected, but he resigned the same year, on 20 December. William Jackson won the resulting 1872 by-election. Jackson retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1875. Frederick Whitaker won 5 January 1876 election. In the 1879 election, Whitaker contested the Eden electorate but was beaten by Joseph Tole.
The Waikato electorate was won by John Blair Whyte in the 1879 election, who served for eleven years until 1890 when he retired. Whyte was appointed to the Legislative Council in the following year.John Bryce, who first became Member of the House of Representatives during the 4th Parliament, succeeded Whyte in the 1890 election, but he resigned in the following year. The resulting 1891 by-election was won by Edward Lake, who retired at the end of the parliamentary term in 1893.
The 1893 election was won by Alfred Cadman for the Liberal Party, who had been an MP in various electorates since 1881. At the next election in 1896, Cadman successfully contested the Ohinemuri electorate.The Waikato electorate was won by Frederic Lang in 1896, who represented the electorate until his defeat by the Liberal Party's Henry Greenslade in the 1905 election. Greenslade held the electorate until 1911, when he was defeated by the Reform candidate Alexander Young.
Young won subsequent elections in 1914 and 1919. In the 1922 election, he successfully contested the newly formed Hamilton electorate.Young was succeeded by the Liberal candidate Frederick Lye in the Waikato electorate in 1922. At the 1925 election, Lye was defeated by Reform's Daniel Stewart Reid. Lye in turn defeated Reid at the 1928 election, but this time standing for the United Party. The United–Reform Coalition was established just before the 1931 election and Lye was again successful. In the 1935 election, Lye was beaten by Robert Coulter of the Labour Party. Coulter served only one term in Waikato, as he was defeated by the National Party candidate Stan Goosman in the 1938 election.
Since 1938, the Waikato electorate (when it has existed) has always been held by a National Party member. This trend has lasted through 2020, when the seat was retained by National MP Tim van de Molen.Other electorates which covered parts of this region have also strongly supported National. The electorates of Piako, Matamata, and Karapiro were entirely National-held during their time as electorates, the Hamilton electorate was held by National from 1943 until it was dissolved in 1969, and the Waipa electorate was held by National from 1954 until its dissolution in 1996.
Goosman, who had taken Waikato in 1938, also won the 1943 election, but successfully contested the 1946 election in the newly formed Piako electorate.Goosman was succeeded in Waikato by Geoffrey Sim in 1946. Sim held the electorate until it was abolished in 1963, when he contested Piako instead.
The Waikato electorate was re-established in 1969 following the Electoral Act of 1965, which led to substantial changes in the number, shape, and size of electorates across the country.These changes came into effect with the 1969 election. The first representative was National's Lance Adams-Schneider, who had previously represented the Hamilton electorate. Adams-Schneider retired from Parliament in 1981 and became Ambassador of New Zealand to the United States in the following year. Adams-Schneider was succeeded by National's Simon Upton, who won the 1981 election and started his long parliamentary career with one term in Waikato. Upton contested the Raglan in the 1984 election and was succeeded by National's Rob Storey in Waikato. Storey held the electorate until it was abolished again in the electorate changes that came with the introduction of Mixed-member proportional voting in 1996.
The Waikato electorate was re-established in 2006 for the 2008 election.
Lindsay Tisch, who had been the MP for Piako since 2002, won Waikato at the 2008 election.Tisch retained his seat in the 2011 election and the 2014 election, but he announced he would not stand for the 2017 general election. The seat was won by Tim van de Molen, retaining it for the National Party, who won it again in 2020.
The most recent boundary changes to Waikato occurred in 2020, when more area was added in its north and its south, as well as areas just outside Hamilton and Cambridge.
Three of the five National Party members of parliament for Waikato were cabinet ministers.[ citation needed ]
Independent Conservative Liberal Reform United Labour National
|1871 election||James McPherson|
|1872 by-election||William Jackson|
|1876 election||Frederick Whitaker|
|1879 election||John Blair Whyte|
|1890 election||John Bryce|
|1891 by-election||Edward Lake|
|1893 election||Alfred Cadman|
|1896 election||Frederic Lang|
|1905 election||Henry Greenslade|
|1911 election||Alexander Young|
|1922 election||Frederick Lye|
|1925 election||Stewart Reid|
|1928 election||Frederick Lye (2nd term)|
|1935 election||Robert Coulter|
|1938 election||Stan Goosman|
|1946 election||Geoffrey Sim|
|(Electorate abolished 1963–1969)|
|1969 election||Lance Adams-Schneider|
|1981 election||Simon Upton|
|1984 election||Rob Storey|
|(Electorate abolished 1996–2008)|
|2008 election||Lindsay Tisch|
|2017 election||Tim van de Molen|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waikato electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2008 election||Jacinda Ardern|
|2011 election||Barbara Stewart|
|2020 election||James McDowall|
|2017 general election: Waikato|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|National||Tim van de Molen||24,560||61.33||-3.56||23,891||58.48||-1.51|
|NZ First||Stu Husband||3,716||9.28||-0.15||4,112||10.07||-0.68|
|Total Valid votes||40,045||40,853|
|2014 general election: Waikato|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Barbara Stewart||3,330||9.43||+4.28||3,870||10.75||+2.65|
|Total Valid votes||35,308||36,000|
|2011 general election: Waikato|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Barbara Stewart||1,571||5.15||+0.88||2,549||8.10||+2.81|
|Total Valid votes||30,533||31,467|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 42,084
|2008 general election: Waikato|
|NZ First||Barbara Stewart||1,353||4.27||1,708||5.29|
|Bill and Ben||195||0.60|
|Total Valid votes||31,720||32,259|
|National win new seat||Majority||12,850||40.51|
|Country Party||Solomon Netheim Ziman||1,221||12.62||-30.53|
|Democrat||Dr. H E Annett||722||7.46|
|Country Party||Solomon Netheim Ziman||3,091||43.15|
|Country Party||Patrick Keegan||1,897||24.42|
The 1996 New Zealand general election was held on 12 October 1996 to determine the composition of the 45th New Zealand Parliament. It was notable for being the first election to be held under the new mixed-member proportional (MMP) electoral system, and produced a parliament considerably more diverse than previous elections. It saw the National Party, led by Jim Bolger, retain its position in government, but only after protracted negotiations with the smaller New Zealand First party to form a coalition. New Zealand First's position as "kingmaker", able to place either of the two major parties into government, was a significant election outcome.
Palmerston North is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate was first formed for the 1890 election and was called Palmerston until 1938. The current MP for Palmerston North is Tangi Utikere of the Labour Party. He has held this position since the 2020 election.
Invercargill is an electorate of the New Zealand Parliament that has existed since 1866. Since the 2020 election, the electorate's representative is Penny Simmonds of the National Party.
Christchurch Central is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate in the South Island city of Christchurch. The electorate was established for the 1946 election and, until 2011 had always been won by the Labour Party. Since 2008, the incumbent was Brendon Burns but the election night results for the 2011 election resulted in a tie; the special vote results combined with a judicial recount revealed a 47-vote majority for Nicky Wagner, the National list MP based in the electorate. Wagner significantly increased her winning margin in the 2014 election after having declared the electorate "unwinnable" for National earlier in the year following a boundary review. At the 2017 election Wagner lost the seat to Labour's Duncan Webb, who retained it at the 2020 election.
Coromandel is a New Zealand electoral division returning one member to the House of Representatives. It is currently represented by Scott Simpson, a member of the National Party.
Dunedin North is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1905 election and has existed since. It was last held by David Clark of the New Zealand Labour Party, who replaced the long-standing representative Pete Hodgson. It was considered a safe Labour seat, with Labour holding the seat for all but one term (1975–1978) since 1928. In the 2020 electoral boundary review, Otago Peninsula was added to the area to address a population quota shortfall; with this change the electorate was succeeded by the Dunedin electorate in the 2020 election.
Dunedin South is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It first existed from 1881 to 1890, and subsequently from 1905 to 1946. In 1996, the electorate was re-established for the introduction of MMP, before being abolished in 2020.
East Coast is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The electorate first existed from 1871 to 1893, and was recreated in 1999. The current MP for East Coast is Kiri Allan of the Labour Party, who has held office since 2020.
Hamilton East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It is currently held by Jamie Strange MP of the Labour Party.
Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Gaurav Sharma MP of the Labour Party since the 2020 general election.
Nelson is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives of New Zealand. From 1853 to 1860, the electorate was called Town of Nelson. From 1860 to 1881, it was City of Nelson. The electorate is the only one that has continuously existed since the 1st Parliament in 1853.
New Plymouth is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 32-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.
Piako was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate established in 1946 and disestablished in 2008. It was last held by Lindsay Tisch MP from 2002 to 2008.
Tauranga is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Tauranga is Simon Bridges of the National Party, who won the seat in the 2008 New Zealand general election, after the previous MP, Bob Clarkson of the National Party, retired.
Wairarapa is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first created in 1858 and existed until 1881. It was recreated in 1887 and has since existed continuously. In the early years, the electorate was for a time represented by two members. Wairarapa has been held by Kieran McAnulty since the 2020 election.
Whanganui is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It was first established in 1860 for the 3rd Parliament and has existed continuously since then.
Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
Rangitata is an electorate in the South Island of New Zealand. It first existed for two parliamentary terms in the late 19th century and was re-established for the 2008 general election. It largely replaced the Aoraki electorate, but included parts of the Rakaia electorate as well.
Taupō is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. Taupo first existed between 1963 and 1981, and was recreated for the introduction of MMP in 1996. The current MP for Taupō is Louise Upston of the National Party. She has held this position since 2008.
Patea is a former New Zealand electorate in south Taranaki. It existed from 1893 to 1963.