Hamilton West (New Zealand electorate)

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Hamilton West electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Hamilton West electorate, 2014.svg
Hamilton West electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Tim Macindoe MP [1] of the National Party since the 2008 general election.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

Tim Macindoe New Zealand politician

Timothy Harley Macindoe is a New Zealand politician who was elected as a Member of Parliament in 2008 for the Hamilton West electorate. Macindoe previously served as the Minister of Customs in the Fifth National Government.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Contents

Hamilton West is regarded as New Zealand's bellwether seat. In 16 of the 17 general elections since the electorate's creation, the party that has won the plurality of seats nationally has won Hamilton West. The sole exception was in 1993, when Labour won the electorate but National won the plurality of the seats.

A bellwether is one that leads or indicates trends; a trendsetter.

1993 New Zealand general election

The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Jim Bolger, win a second term in office, despite a major swing away from National in both seats and votes. The opposition Labour Party, despite a slight drop in their support, managed to make gains in terms of seats. The new Alliance and New Zealand First parties gained significant shares of the vote, but won few seats. The election was New Zealand's last under the non-proportional first past the post electoral system.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Population centres

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution. [2] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. [3] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Hamilton West) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Hamilton). [4] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. [5] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. [6] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election. [3]

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

Hamilton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed from 1922 to 1969. The electorate covered the urban area of the city of Hamilton. In 1969, the city was part of two rural electorates, Hamilton East and Waikato. For the 1972 election, the nature of Hamilton East changed to urban, and the Hamilton West electorate complements it to form a second urban electorate.

The former Hamilton electorate had existed since 1922 and had covered the urban area. [7] When it was replaced by Hamilton West for the 1969 election, only part of the urban area was included but also rural land stretching all the way to the west coast. [8] Most of the rural land had previously been part of the Waipa electorate. [9] The town of Raglan was the north-western point of the electorate, and was surprisingly not located in the Raglan electorate. In the south-west, the electorate stretched as far as just north of the Kāwhia Harbour. [8]

1922 New Zealand general election Election in New Zealand

The New Zealand general election of 1922 was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates, and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 700,111 (87.7%) voters turned out to vote. In one seat there was only one candidate.

Waipa is a former parliamentary electorate in the Waikato region of New Zealand, which existed for various periods between 1876 and 1996.

Raglan, New Zealand Minor urban area in Waikato, New Zealand

Raglan is a small beachside town located 48 km west of Hamilton, New Zealand on State Highway 23. It is known for its surfing, and volcanic black sand beaches.

The 1972 electoral redistribution significantly reduced the size of the Hamilton West electorate, and all the rural land mostly transferred to the Raglan electorate. [10] The additional electorate of Hamilton East was created at the same time. These changes came into effect with the 1972 election [11] and since then, the electorate has been mainly urban, and has covered the western part of the city of Hamilton. The Waikato River divides the city in half and forms the boundary between the Hamilton East and Hamilton West electorates. Hamilton West also borders the rural electorates of Waikato to the north and west, and Taranaki-King Country to the south.

Hamilton East (New Zealand electorate)

Hamilton East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It is currently held by David Bennett MP of the National Party.

1972 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.

Hamilton, New Zealand City in North Island, New Zealand

Hamilton is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the seat and most populous city of the Waikato region, with a territorial population of 169,300, the country's fourth most-populous city. Encompassing a land area of about 110 km2 (42 sq mi) on the banks of the Waikato River, Hamilton is part of the wider Hamilton Urban Area, which also encompasses the nearby towns of Ngaruawahia, Te Awamutu and Cambridge.

History

The first representative of Hamilton West was Leslie Munro of the National Party, who had since the 1969 election represented the Waipa electorate. [12] When Hamilton West became an urban electorate in 1972, Munro retired and the electorate was won by Dorothy Jelicich of the Labour Party. [13] Jelicich was defeated after one term in the 1975 election by National's Mike Minogue. [14]

Sir Leslie Knox Munro was a New Zealand lawyer, journalist, and politician of international standing.

1969 New Zealand general election

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

Dorothy Catherine Jelicich was a New Zealand politician of the Labour Party. She served one term in the House of Representatives representing the Hamilton West electorate, and was afterwards a city councillor in Hamilton and then Manukau.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

  National     Labour     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1969 election Leslie Munro
1972 election Dorothy Jelicich
1975 election Mike Minogue
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Trevor Mallard
1987 election
1990 election Grant Thomas
1993 election Martin Gallagher
1996 election Bob Simcock
1999 election Martin Gallagher
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Tim Macindoe
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hamilton West electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Neil Kirton
1999 election Bob Simcock
2002 election Bill Gudgeon
2011 election Sue Moroney
2014 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Hamilton West [15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Tim Macindoe 18,84252.16−0.3417,11946.29−1.22
Labour Gaurav Sharma11,11130.76−4.2713,53936.61+11.04
Green Jo Wrigley2,3556.521,5884.29−3.88
NZ First Shayne Wihongi2,1335.90−0.952,8367.67−3.10
Opportunities Donna Pokere-Phillips8092.249812.65
Māori Boris Samujh2510.69−0.182320.64+0.08
Independent Roger Stratford820.23
United Future Quentin Todd610.19350.09−0.15
Independent Vin Tomar280.08
ACT  1490.40−0.07
Conservative  1110.30−4.34
Legalise Cannabis  1100.30−0.21
Ban 1080  320.09−0.02
Outdoors  280.08
People's Party  280.08
Democrats  190.05−0.08
Mana  90.02
Internet  60.02
Informal votes452162
Total Valid votes36,12436,984
National holdMajority7,73121.40+3.93

2014 election

2014 general election: Hamilton West [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Tim Macindoe 17,38252.50−0.7616,07247.51−0.23
Labour Sue Moroney 11,59835.03−4.038,64925.57−3.58
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 2,2696.85+0.873,64410.77+3.05
Conservative Tony McKenna9232.79+0.401,5714.64+1.45
Māori Richard Te Ao2890.87+0.871900.56−0.03
Democrats Mischele Rhodes1490.45+0.21430.13+0.01
ACT Sara Muti1260.38+0.381600.47−0.44
Green  2,7658.17−0.67
Internet Mana  2420.72+0.36 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1710.51−0.04
United Future  870.26−0.45
Ban 1080  380.11+0.11
Civilian  180.05+0.05
Independent Coalition  130.04+0.04
Focus  70.02+0.02
Informal votes373159
Total Valid votes33,10933,829
Turnout 33,98875.22+3.03
National holdMajority5,78417.47+3.28

2011 election

2011 general election: Hamilton West [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Tim Macindoe 16,58753.26+4.4715,30047.74+1.76
Labour Sue Moroney 12,16939.07-4.839,34229.15-6.50
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 1,2944.16+4.162,4757.72+3.44
Conservative Pat Gregory7442.39+2.391,0223.19+3.19
Independent Robert Curtis1590.51+0.51
Independent Tim Wikiriwhi1150.37+0.37
Democrats Les Port750.24+0.24380.12+0.04
Green  2,8348.84+3.76
ACT  2920.91-2.83
United Future  2270.71-0.41
Māori  1880.59-0.48
Legalise Cannabis  1750.55+0.10
Mana  1150.36+0.36
Libertarianz  310.10+0.01
Alliance  100.03-0.004
Informal votes680286
Total Valid votes31,14332,049
National holdMajority4,41814.19+9.30

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,793 [18]

2008 election

2008 general election: Hamilton West [19] [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Tim Macindoe 16,16348.79+5.3315,54145.98+5.95
Labour Red x.svgN Martin Gallagher 14,54543.91-2.0112,04835.64-5.65
Green Dale Stevens1,3894.191,7195.09+1.24
ACT Ian Parker5431.64+0.621,2633.74+2.13
United Future Ken Smith2180.66-0.893781.12-1.73
Independent Suresh Vatsyayann1570.47-0.02
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi1120.34+0.19310.09+0.05
NZ First  1,4494.29-3.18
Māori  3601.07-0.40
Bill and Ben  2640.78
Kiwi  1960.58
Progressive  1890.56+0.49
Legalise Cannabis  1500.44-0.18
Family Party  1200.36
Pacific  320.09
Democrats  250.07±0.00
Workers Party  170.05
Alliance  120.04+0.01
RONZ  40.01
RAM  20.01
Informal votes347188
Total Valid votes33,12733,800
Turnout 34,26878.63-1.59
National gain from Labour Majority1,6184.88+7.34

2005 election

2005 general election: Hamilton West [21]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Martin Gallagher 15,39645.92-2.6114,09741.29-0.33
National Tim Macindoe 14,57143.46+10.0113,66440.03+19.03
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 1,8475.51-1.432,5497.47-4.24
United Future Robyn Jackson5211.55-1.549742.85-3.98
Māori Tureiti Moxon3791.132290.67
ACT Stephen Cox3421.02-3.315501.61-6.51
Progressive Sukhdev Bains2150.64-0.143581.05-0.14
Independent Suresh Vatsyayann1650.49
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi500.15-0.11150.04
RONZ Jack Gielen430.13130.04
Green  1,3133.85-1.87
Destiny  1590.47
Legalise Cannabis  890.26-0.28
Christian Heritage  560.16-1.19
Democrats  240.07
Family Rights  140.04
Direct Democracy  110.03
Alliance  100.03-0.77
One NZ  70.02-0.03
99 MP  60.02
Informal votes300138
Total Valid votes33,52934,138
Turnout 34,48980.22+5.06
Labour holdMajority8252.46-16.05

2002 election

2002 general election: Hamilton West [22]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Martin Gallagher 14,61448.5312,71541.62
National Bob Simcock 9,04030.026,41521.00
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 2,0916.943,57711.71
ACT Garry Mallett 1,3044.332,4818.12
Green Chris Norton-Brown1,2033.991,7485.72
United Future Martyn Seddon9323.092,0876.83
Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall4541.514121.35
Progressive Rob Shirley2340.783791.24
Alliance Craig A. Wills1640.542430.80
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi790.26
ORNZ  2980.98
Legalise Cannabis  1640.54
One NZ  150.05
Mana Māori  140.05
NMP  40.01
Informal votes265142
Total Valid votes30,11530,552
Turnout 30,87775.16
Labour holdMajority5,57418.51

1999 election

1999 general election: Hamilton West [23] [24]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Martin Gallagher 14,14744.5711,76936.75
National Red x.svgN Bob Simcock 12,51839.4310,49132.76
Alliance Dave MacPherson1,6675.252,6048.13
ACT Garry Mallett 1,1483.622,4147.54
NZ First Athol Gould9573.011,3764.30
Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall8882.809012.81
Independent Pita Cammock2480.78
Mauri Pacific Fa'amatuainu Iakopo1340.42380.12
Mana Wahine Avon Johnson370.12
Green  1,3664.27
Future NZ  3291.03
Legalise Cannabis  2980.93
Libertarianz  1150.36
United NZ  1030.32
McGillicuddy Serious  760.24
Animals First  600.19
One NZ  410.13
Natural Law  150.05
Mana Māori  130.04
People's Choice 60.02
NMP  50.02
Freedom Movement30.01
Republican  20.01
South Island  10.00
Informal votes571322
Total Valid votes31,74432,026
Turnout 33,03884.06
Labour gain from National Majority1,6295.13

    1996 election

    1996 general election: Hamilton West [25] [26] [27]
    Notes:

    Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
    Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
    Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
    A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

    PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
    National Bob Simcock 12,69638.7312,58438.23
    Labour Red x.svgN Martin Gallagher 12,09936.918,75426.59
    NZ First Neil Kirton 3,86111.784,45913.55
    Alliance John Pemberton1,7385.302,6518.05
    Christian Coalition Eleanor Goodall1,0433.181,7355.27
    ACT Garry Mallett 7252.211,6745.09
    McGillicuddy Serious Peter Caldwell3381.03840.26
    Progressive Green Robert Henderson2080.63950.29
    Natural Law Mike Dunn690.21530.16
    Legalise Cannabis  4571.39
    United NZ  1830.56
    Animals First  620.19
    Superannuitants & Youth  370.11
    Mana Māori  320.10
    Ethnic Minority Party 170.05
    Green Society  170.05
    Libertarianz  110.03
    Advance New Zealand 80.02
    Conservatives  30.01
    Asia Pacific United 20.01
    Te Tawharau 10.00
    Informal votes22179
    Total Valid votes32,77732,919
    National gain from Labour Majority5971.82

    Table footnotes

    1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

    Notes

    1. New Zealand Parliament – Tim Macindoe
    2. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
    3. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 111.
    4. McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
    5. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
    6. McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
    7. McRobie 1989, p. 106.
    8. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 110.
    9. McRobie 1989, pp. 106, 110.
    10. McRobie 1989, pp. 110, 114, 115.
    11. McRobie 1989, p. 115.
    12. Wilson 1985, p. 222.
    13. Wilson 1985, pp. 208, 222.
    14. Wilson 1985, pp. 208, 220.
    15. "Official Count Results -- Hamilton West (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
    16. Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – Hamilton West" . Retrieved 31 January 2016.
    17. Hamilton West results, 2011
    18. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
    19. Official Count Results – Hamilton West Archived 11 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
    20. "Electorate Profile Hamilton West" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. July 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
    21. Official Count Results – Hamilton West
    22. Official Count Results – Hamilton West
    23. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
    24. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
    25. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Hamilton West, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
    26. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
    27. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.

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    References