Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Tim Macindoe MPof the National Party since the 2008 general election.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
Timothy Harley Macindoe is a New Zealand politician who was elected as a Member of Parliament in 2008 for the Hamilton West electorate. Macindoe previously served as the Minister of Customs in the Fifth National Government.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Hamilton West is regarded as New Zealand's bellwether seat. In 16 of the 17 general elections since the electorate's creation, the party that has won the plurality of seats nationally has won Hamilton West. The sole exception was in 1993, when Labour won the electorate but National won the plurality of the seats.
A bellwether is one that leads or indicates trends; a trendsetter.
The 1993 New Zealand general election was held on 6 November 1993 to determine the composition of the 44th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the governing National Party, led by Jim Bolger, win a second term in office, despite a major swing away from National in both seats and votes. The opposition Labour Party, despite a slight drop in their support, managed to make gains in terms of seats. The new Alliance and New Zealand First parties gained significant shares of the vote, but won few seats. The election was New Zealand's last under the non-proportional first past the post electoral system.
The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Hamilton West) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Hamilton). In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
Hamilton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed from 1922 to 1969. The electorate covered the urban area of the city of Hamilton. In 1969, the city was part of two rural electorates, Hamilton East and Waikato. For the 1972 election, the nature of Hamilton East changed to urban, and the Hamilton West electorate complements it to form a second urban electorate.
The former Hamilton electorate had existed since 1922 and had covered the urban area.When it was replaced by Hamilton West for the 1969 election, only part of the urban area was included but also rural land stretching all the way to the west coast. Most of the rural land had previously been part of the Waipa electorate. The town of Raglan was the north-western point of the electorate, and was surprisingly not located in the Raglan electorate. In the south-west, the electorate stretched as far as just north of the Kāwhia Harbour.
The New Zealand general election of 1922 was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates, and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 700,111 (87.7%) voters turned out to vote. In one seat there was only one candidate.
Waipa is a former parliamentary electorate in the Waikato region of New Zealand, which existed for various periods between 1876 and 1996.
Raglan is a small beachside town located 48 km west of Hamilton, New Zealand on State Highway 23. It is known for its surfing, and volcanic black sand beaches.
The 1972 electoral redistribution significantly reduced the size of the Hamilton West electorate, and all the rural land mostly transferred to the Raglan electorate.The additional electorate of Hamilton East was created at the same time. These changes came into effect with the 1972 election and since then, the electorate has been mainly urban, and has covered the western part of the city of Hamilton. The Waikato River divides the city in half and forms the boundary between the Hamilton East and Hamilton West electorates. Hamilton West also borders the rural electorates of Waikato to the north and west, and Taranaki-King Country to the south.
Hamilton East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It is currently held by David Bennett MP of the National Party.
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
Hamilton is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the seat and most populous city of the Waikato region, with a territorial population of 169,300, the country's fourth most-populous city. Encompassing a land area of about 110 km2 (42 sq mi) on the banks of the Waikato River, Hamilton is part of the wider Hamilton Urban Area, which also encompasses the nearby towns of Ngaruawahia, Te Awamutu and Cambridge.
The first representative of Hamilton West was Leslie Munro of the National Party, who had since the 1969 election represented the Waipa electorate.When Hamilton West became an urban electorate in 1972, Munro retired and the electorate was won by Dorothy Jelicich of the Labour Party. Jelicich was defeated after one term in the 1975 election by National's Mike Minogue.
Sir Leslie Knox Munro was a New Zealand lawyer, journalist, and politician of international standing.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
Dorothy Catherine Jelicich was a New Zealand politician of the Labour Party. She served one term in the House of Representatives representing the Hamilton West electorate, and was afterwards a city councillor in Hamilton and then Manukau.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.
National Labour NZ First
|1969 election||Leslie Munro|
|1972 election||Dorothy Jelicich|
|1975 election||Mike Minogue|
|1984 election||Trevor Mallard|
|1990 election||Grant Thomas|
|1993 election||Martin Gallagher|
|1996 election||Bob Simcock|
|1999 election||Martin Gallagher|
|2008 election||Tim Macindoe|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hamilton West electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Neil Kirton|
|1999 election||Bob Simcock|
|2002 election||Bill Gudgeon|
|2011 election||Sue Moroney|
|2017 general election: Hamilton West|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Shayne Wihongi||2,133||5.90||−0.95||2,836||7.67||−3.10|
|United Future||Quentin Todd||61||0.19||—||35||0.09||−0.15|
|Total Valid votes||36,124||36,984|
|2014 general election: Hamilton West|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||2,269||6.85||+0.87||3,644||10.77||+3.05|
|Māori||Richard Te Ao||289||0.87||+0.87||190||0.56||−0.03|
|Total Valid votes||33,109||33,829|
|2011 general election: Hamilton West|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||1,294||4.16||+4.16||2,475||7.72||+3.44|
|Total Valid votes||31,143||32,049|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,793
|2008 general election: Hamilton West|
|United Future||Ken Smith||218||0.66||-0.89||378||1.12||-1.73|
|Bill and Ben||264||0.78|
|Total Valid votes||33,127||33,800|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,618||4.88||+7.34|
|2005 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||1,847||5.51||-1.43||2,549||7.47||-4.24|
|United Future||Robyn Jackson||521||1.55||-1.54||974||2.85||-3.98|
|Total Valid votes||33,529||34,138|
|2002 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||2,091||6.94||3,577||11.71|
|United Future||Martyn Seddon||932||3.09||2,087||6.83|
|Christian Heritage||Eleanor Goodall||454||1.51||412||1.35|
|Alliance||Craig A. Wills||164||0.54||243||0.80|
|Total Valid votes||30,115||30,552|
|1999 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Athol Gould||957||3.01||1,376||4.30|
|Christian Heritage||Eleanor Goodall||888||2.80||901||2.81|
|Mauri Pacific||Fa'amatuainu Iakopo||134||0.42||38||0.12|
|Mana Wahine||Avon Johnson||37||0.12|
|Total Valid votes||31,744||32,026|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||1,629||5.13|
|1996 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Neil Kirton||3,861||11.78||4,459||13.55|
|Christian Coalition||Eleanor Goodall||1,043||3.18||1,735||5.27|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Peter Caldwell||338||1.03||84||0.26|
|Progressive Green||Robert Henderson||208||0.63||95||0.29|
|Natural Law||Mike Dunn||69||0.21||53||0.16|
|Superannuitants & Youth||37||0.11|
|Ethnic Minority Party||17||0.05|
|Advance New Zealand||8||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||32,777||32,919|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||597||1.82|
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