Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Gaurav Sharma MPof the Labour Party since the 2020 general election.
Hamilton West is regarded as New Zealand's bellwether seat. In 17 of the 18 general elections since the electorate's creation, the party that has won the plurality of seats nationally has won Hamilton West. The sole exception was in 1993, when Labour won the electorate but National won the plurality of the seats.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Hamilton West) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Hamilton). In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
The former Hamilton electorate had existed since 1922 and had covered the urban area.When it was replaced by Hamilton West for the 1969 election, only part of the urban area was included but also rural land stretching all the way to the west coast. Most of the rural land had previously been part of the Waipa electorate. The town of Raglan was the north-western point of the electorate, and was surprisingly not located in the Raglan electorate. In the south-west, the electorate stretched as far as just north of the Kāwhia Harbour.
The 1972 electoral redistribution significantly reduced the size of the Hamilton West electorate, and all the rural land mostly transferred to the Raglan electorate.The additional electorate of Hamilton East was created at the same time. These changes came into effect with the 1972 election and since then, the electorate has been mainly urban, and has covered the western part of the city of Hamilton. The Waikato River divides the city in half and forms the boundary between the Hamilton East and Hamilton West electorates. Hamilton West also borders the rural electorates of Waikato to the north and west, and Taranaki-King Country to the south.
The 2020 electoral redistribution saw the area north of Borman Road, including Horsham Downs, ceded to Waikato.
The first representative of Hamilton West was Leslie Munro of the National Party, who had since the 1969 election represented the Waipa electorate.When Hamilton West became an urban electorate in 1972, Munro retired and the electorate was won by Dorothy Jelicich of the Labour Party. Jelicich was defeated after one term in the 1975 election by National's Mike Minogue.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.
National Labour NZ First
|1969 election||Leslie Munro|
|1972 election||Dorothy Jelicich|
|1975 election||Mike Minogue|
|1984 election||Trevor Mallard|
|1990 election||Grant Thomas|
|1993 election||Martin Gallagher|
|1996 election||Bob Simcock|
|1999 election||Martin Gallagher|
|2008 election||Tim Macindoe|
|2020 election||Gaurav Sharma|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hamilton West electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Neil Kirton|
|1999 election||Bob Simcock|
|2002 election||Bill Gudgeon|
|2011 election||Sue Moroney|
|2020 general election: Hamilton West|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|New Conservative||Rudi Du Plooy||615||1.54||—||824||2.04||+1.74|
|Advance NZ||Cherie Ormsby-Kingi||490||1.23||—||390||0.96||—|
|ONE||Te Rongopai Heta||223||0.56||—||133||0.33||—|
|Total Valid votes||39,926||40,447|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||6,267||15.70||+37.10|
|2017 general election: Hamilton West|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Shayne Wihongi||2,133||5.90||−0.95||2,836||7.67||−3.10|
|United Future||Quentin Todd||61||0.19||—||35||0.09||−0.15|
|Total Valid votes||36,124||36,984|
|2014 general election: Hamilton West|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||2,269||6.85||+0.87||3,644||10.77||+3.05|
|Māori||Richard Te Ao||289||0.87||+0.87||190||0.56||−0.03|
|Total Valid votes||33,109||33,829|
|2011 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||1,294||4.16||+4.16||2,475||7.72||+3.44|
|Total Valid votes||31,143||32,049|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,793
|2008 general election: Hamilton West|
|United Future||Ken Smith||218||0.66||-0.89||378||1.12||-1.73|
|Bill and Ben||264||0.78|
|Total Valid votes||33,127||33,800|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||1,618||4.88||+7.34|
|2005 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||1,847||5.51||-1.43||2,549||7.47||-4.24|
|United Future||Robyn Jackson||521||1.55||-1.54||974||2.85||-3.98|
|Total Valid votes||33,529||34,138|
|2002 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Bill Gudgeon||2,091||6.94||3,577||11.71|
|United Future||Martyn Seddon||932||3.09||2,087||6.83|
|Christian Heritage||Eleanor Goodall||454||1.51||412||1.35|
|Alliance||Craig A. Wills||164||0.54||243||0.80|
|Total Valid votes||30,115||30,552|
|1999 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Athol Gould||957||3.01||1,376||4.30|
|Christian Heritage||Eleanor Goodall||888||2.80||901||2.81|
|Mauri Pacific||Fa'amatuainu Iakopo||134||0.42||38||0.12|
|Mana Wahine||Avon Johnson||37||0.12|
|Total Valid votes||31,744||32,026|
|Labour gain from National||Majority||1,629||5.13|
|1996 general election: Hamilton West|
|NZ First||Neil Kirton||3,861||11.78||4,459||13.55|
|Christian Coalition||Eleanor Goodall||1,043||3.18||+1.05||1,735||5.27|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Peter Caldwell||338||1.03||+0.07||84||0.26|
|Progressive Green||Robert Henderson||208||0.63||95||0.29|
|Natural Law||Mike Dunn||69||0.21||53||0.16|
|Superannuitants & Youth||37||0.11|
|Ethnic Minority Party||17||0.05|
|Advance New Zealand||8||0.02|
|Asia Pacific United||2||0.01|
|Total Valid votes||32,777||32,919|
|National gain from Labour||Majority||597||1.82|
|NZ First||Doug Woolerton||2,024||10.84|
|Christian Heritage||Eleanor Goodall||399||2.13||-0.22|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Peter Caldwell||181||0.96||-0.53|
|Christian Heritage||Eleanor Goodall||435||2.35|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Peter Caldwell||275||1.49||+0.74|
|Social Credit||Clement Peterson||268||1.45|
|Democrats||Geoffrey David Lawn||163||0.88|
|National||D G S Simes||8,594||44.78|
|Democrats||K P Byrne||475||2.47|
|NZ Party||P L Jones||149||0.77|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Peter Caldwell||144||0.75|
|NZ Party||Lesley Vorstman||1,747||8.95|
|Social Credit||Trevor Allan Crosbie||758||3.88||-15.00|
|McGillicuddy Serious||Martin James Fisher||29||0.14|
|Social Credit||Trevor Allan Crosbie||3,599||18.88|
|Independent||R T Stone||56||0.29|
|Social Credit||Jim Barr||3,222||17.15|
|Values||S A L Zanders||296||1.57|
|Right to Life||S P Bargh||66||0.35|
|Social Credit||J C Smith||2,069||9.58|
|Social Credit||Shirley Margaret Thompson||1,449||8.58|
|New Democratic||David Armitage||124||0.73|
|Independent||Judith Ngaire Wainhouse||86||0.50|
|Social Credit||Don Bethune||2,048||11.89|
|Country Party||Laurie Stuart Day||237||1.37|
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