Hamilton West (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Hamilton West electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Hamilton West electorate, 2014.svg
Hamilton West electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Gaurav Sharma MP [1] of the Labour Party since the 2020 general election.

Contents

Hamilton West is regarded as New Zealand's bellwether seat. In 17 of the 18 general elections since the electorate's creation, the party that has won the plurality of seats nationally has won Hamilton West. The sole exception was in 1993, when Labour won the electorate but National won the plurality of the seats.

Population centres

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution. [2] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. [3] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Hamilton West) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Hamilton). [4] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. [5] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. [6] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election. [3]

The former Hamilton electorate had existed since 1922 and had covered the urban area. [7] When it was replaced by Hamilton West for the 1969 election, only part of the urban area was included but also rural land stretching all the way to the west coast. [8] Most of the rural land had previously been part of the Waipa electorate. [9] The town of Raglan was the north-western point of the electorate, and was surprisingly not located in the Raglan electorate. In the south-west, the electorate stretched as far as just north of the Kāwhia Harbour. [8]

The 1972 electoral redistribution significantly reduced the size of the Hamilton West electorate, and all the rural land mostly transferred to the Raglan electorate. [10] The additional electorate of Hamilton East was created at the same time. These changes came into effect with the 1972 election [11] and since then, the electorate has been mainly urban, and has covered the western part of the city of Hamilton. The Waikato River divides the city in half and forms the boundary between the Hamilton East and Hamilton West electorates. Hamilton West also borders the rural electorates of Waikato to the north and west, and Taranaki-King Country to the south.

The 2020 electoral redistribution saw the area north of Borman Road, including Horsham Downs, ceded to Waikato. [12]

History

The first representative of Hamilton West was Leslie Munro of the National Party, who had since the 1969 election represented the Waipa electorate. [13] When Hamilton West became an urban electorate in 1972, Munro retired and the electorate was won by Dorothy Jelicich of the Labour Party. [14] Jelicich was defeated after one term in the 1975 election by National's Mike Minogue. [15]

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

  National     Labour     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1969 election Leslie Munro
1972 election Dorothy Jelicich
1975 election Mike Minogue
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Trevor Mallard
1987 election
1990 election Grant Thomas
1993 election Martin Gallagher
1996 election Bob Simcock
1999 election Martin Gallagher
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Tim Macindoe
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election
2020 election Gaurav Sharma

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hamilton West electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Neil Kirton
1999 election Bob Simcock
2002 election Bill Gudgeon
2011 election Sue Moroney
2014 election

Election results

2020 election

2020 general election: Hamilton West [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Gaurav Sharma 20,70351.85+21.0921,13652.26+15.65
National Red x.svgN Tim Macindoe 14,43636.16−16.0010,16125.12−21.17
ACT Roger Weldon1,1862.972,7796.87+6.47
Opportunities Hayden Cargo1,0242.56+0.328372.07−0.58
New Conservative Rudi Du Plooy6151.548242.04+1.74
Advance NZ Cherie Ormsby-Kingi4901.233900.96
Outdoors Chloe Mansfield3570.89440.11+0.03
ONE Te Rongopai Heta2230.561330.33
Green  2,2795.63+1.34
NZ First  1,0292.54−5.13
Legalise Cannabis  2140.53+0.23
Māori  2120.52−0.12
Vision NZ  600.15
Sustainable NZ  210.05
Social Credit  150.04−0.01
TEA  90.02
Heartland  40.01
Informal votes892300
Total Valid votes39,92640,447
Turnout 40,584 [17] 81.20+3.18
Labour gain from National Majority6,26715.70+37.10

2017 election

2017 general election: Hamilton West [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Tim Macindoe 18,84252.16−0.3417,11946.29−1.22
Labour Gaurav Sharma 11,11130.76−4.2713,53936.61+11.04
Green Jo Wrigley2,3556.521,5884.29−3.88
NZ First Shayne Wihongi2,1335.90−0.952,8367.67−3.10
Opportunities Donna Pokere-Phillips8092.249812.65
Māori Boris Samujh2510.69−0.182320.64+0.08
Independent Roger Stratford820.23
United Future Quentin Todd610.19350.09−0.15
Independent Vin Tomar280.08
ACT  1490.40−0.07
Conservative  1110.30−4.34
Legalise Cannabis  1100.30−0.21
Ban 1080  320.09−0.02
Outdoors  280.08
People's Party  280.08
Democrats  190.05−0.08
Mana  90.02
Internet  60.02
Informal votes452162
Total Valid votes36,12436,984
National holdMajority7,73121.40+3.93

2014 election

2014 general election: Hamilton West [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Tim Macindoe 17,38252.50−0.7616,07247.51−0.23
Labour Sue Moroney 11,59835.03−4.038,64925.57−3.58
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 2,2696.85+0.873,64410.77+3.05
Conservative Tony McKenna9232.79+0.401,5714.64+1.45
Māori Richard Te Ao2890.87+0.871900.56−0.03
Democrats Mischele Rhodes1490.45+0.21430.13+0.01
ACT Sara Muti1260.38+0.381600.47−0.44
Green  2,7658.17−0.67
Internet Mana  2420.72+0.36 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1710.51−0.04
United Future  870.26−0.45
Ban 1080  380.11+0.11
Civilian  180.05+0.05
Independent Coalition  130.04+0.04
Focus  70.02+0.02
Informal votes373159
Total Valid votes33,10933,829
Turnout 33,98875.22+3.03
National holdMajority5,78417.47+3.28

2011 election

2011 general election: Hamilton West [20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Tim Macindoe 16,58753.26+4.4715,30047.74+1.76
Labour Sue Moroney 12,16939.07-4.839,34229.15-6.50
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 1,2944.16+4.162,4757.72+3.44
Conservative Pat Gregory7442.39+2.391,0223.19+3.19
Independent Robert Curtis1590.51+0.51
Independent Tim Wikiriwhi1150.37+0.37
Democrats Les Port750.24+0.24380.12+0.04
Green  2,8348.84+3.76
ACT  2920.91-2.83
United Future  2270.71-0.41
Māori  1880.59-0.48
Legalise Cannabis  1750.55+0.10
Mana  1150.36+0.36
Libertarianz  310.10+0.01
Alliance  100.03-0.004
Informal votes680286
Total Valid votes31,14332,049
National holdMajority4,41814.19+9.30

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,793 [21]

2008 election

2008 general election: Hamilton West [22] [23]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Tim Macindoe 16,16348.79+5.3315,54145.98+5.95
Labour Red x.svgN Martin Gallagher 14,54543.91-2.0112,04835.64-5.65
Green Dale Stevens1,3894.191,7195.09+1.24
ACT Ian Parker5431.64+0.621,2633.74+2.13
United Future Ken Smith2180.66-0.893781.12-1.73
Independent Suresh Vatsyayann1570.47-0.02
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi1120.34+0.19310.09+0.05
NZ First  1,4494.29-3.18
Māori  3601.07-0.40
Bill and Ben  2640.78
Kiwi  1960.58
Progressive  1890.56+0.49
Legalise Cannabis  1500.44-0.18
Family Party  1200.36
Pacific  320.09
Democrats  250.07±0.00
Workers Party  170.05
Alliance  120.04+0.01
RONZ  40.01
RAM  20.01
Informal votes347188
Total Valid votes33,12733,800
Turnout 34,26878.63-1.59
National gain from Labour Majority1,6184.88+7.34

2005 election

2005 general election: Hamilton West [24]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Martin Gallagher 15,39645.92-2.6114,09741.29-0.33
National Tim Macindoe 14,57143.46+10.0113,66440.03+19.03
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 1,8475.51-1.432,5497.47-4.24
United Future Robyn Jackson5211.55-1.549742.85-3.98
Māori Tureiti Moxon3791.132290.67
ACT Stephen Cox3421.02-3.315501.61-6.51
Progressive Sukhdev Bains2150.64-0.143581.05-0.14
Independent Suresh Vatsyayann1650.49
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi500.15-0.11150.04
RONZ Jack Gielen430.13130.04
Green  1,3133.85-1.87
Destiny  1590.47
Legalise Cannabis  890.26-0.28
Christian Heritage  560.16-1.19
Democrats  240.07
Family Rights  140.04
Direct Democracy  110.03
Alliance  100.03-0.77
One NZ  70.02-0.03
99 MP  60.02
Informal votes300138
Total Valid votes33,52934,138
Turnout 34,48980.22+5.06
Labour holdMajority8252.46-16.05

2002 election

2002 general election: Hamilton West [25]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Martin Gallagher 14,61448.5312,71541.62
National Bob Simcock 9,04030.026,41521.00
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 2,0916.943,57711.71
ACT Garry Mallett 1,3044.332,4818.12
Green Chris Norton-Brown1,2033.991,7485.72
United Future Martyn Seddon9323.092,0876.83
Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall4541.514121.35
Progressive Rob Shirley2340.783791.24
Alliance Craig A. Wills1640.542430.80
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi790.26
ORNZ  2980.98
Legalise Cannabis  1640.54
One NZ  150.05
Mana Māori  140.05
NMP  40.01
Informal votes265142
Total Valid votes30,11530,552
Turnout 30,87775.16
Labour holdMajority5,57418.51

1999 election

1999 general election: Hamilton West [26] [27]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Martin Gallagher 14,14744.5711,76936.75
National Red x.svgN Bob Simcock 12,51839.4310,49132.76
Alliance Dave MacPherson1,6675.252,6048.13
ACT Garry Mallett 1,1483.622,4147.54
NZ First Athol Gould9573.011,3764.30
Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall8882.809012.81
Independent Pita Cammock2480.78
Mauri Pacific Fa'amatuainu Iakopo1340.42380.12
Mana Wahine Avon Johnson370.12
Green  1,3664.27
Future NZ  3291.03
Legalise Cannabis  2980.93
Libertarianz  1150.36
United NZ  1030.32
McGillicuddy Serious  760.24
Animals First  600.19
One NZ  410.13
Natural Law  150.05
Mana Māori  130.04
People's Choice 60.02
NMP  50.02
Freedom Movement30.01
Republican  20.01
South Island  10.00
Informal votes571322
Total Valid votes31,74432,026
Turnout 33,03884.06
Labour gain from National Majority1,6295.13

    1996 election

    1996 general election: Hamilton West [28] [29] [30]
    Notes:

    Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
    Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
    Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
    A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

    PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
    National Bob Simcock 12,69638.7312,58438.23
    Labour Red x.svgN Martin Gallagher 12,09936.91-1.238,75426.59
    NZ First Neil Kirton 3,86111.784,45913.55
    Alliance John Pemberton1,7385.302,6518.05
    Christian Coalition Eleanor Goodall1,0433.18+1.051,7355.27
    ACT Garry Mallett 7252.211,6745.09
    McGillicuddy Serious Peter Caldwell3381.03+0.07840.26
    Progressive Green Robert Henderson2080.63950.29
    Natural Law Mike Dunn690.21530.16
    Legalise Cannabis  4571.39
    United NZ  1830.56
    Animals First  620.19
    Superannuitants & Youth  370.11
    Mana Māori  320.10
    Ethnic Minority Party 170.05
    Green Society  170.05
    Libertarianz  110.03
    Advance New Zealand 80.02
    Conservatives  30.01
    Asia Pacific United 20.01
    Te Tawharau 10.00
    Informal votes22179
    Total Valid votes32,77732,919
    National gain from Labour Majority5971.82

    1993 election

    1993 general election: Hamilton West [31]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    Labour Martin Gallagher 7,118 38.14
    National Grant Thomas 6,66935.73-13.31
    Alliance Cliff Tait2,24712.04
    NZ First Doug Woolerton 2,02410.84
    Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall3992.13-0.22
    McGillicuddy Serious Peter Caldwell1810.96-0.53
    Independent Helen Marsh230.12
    Majority4492.40
    Turnout 18,66182.05-1.71
    Registered electors 22,742

    1990 election

    1990 general election: Hamilton West [32]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    National Grant Thomas 9,048 49.04
    Labour Trevor Mallard 7,48540.56-10.65
    NewLabour Les Hart7764.20
    Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall4352.35
    McGillicuddy Serious Peter Caldwell2751.49+0.74
    Social Credit Clement Peterson2681.45
    Democrats Geoffrey David Lawn1630.88
    Majority1,5638.47
    Turnout 18,45083.76-4.38
    Registered electors 22,025

    1987 election

    1987 general election: Hamilton West [33]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    Labour Trevor Mallard 9,829 51.21 +5.65
    National D G S Simes8,59444.78
    Democrats K P Byrne4752.47
    NZ Party P L Jones1490.77
    McGillicuddy Serious Peter Caldwell1440.75
    Majority1,2356.43+2.29
    Turnout 19,19188.14-2.90
    Registered electors 21,773

    1984 election

    1984 general election: Hamilton West [33]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    Labour Trevor Mallard 8,886 45.56
    National Mike Minogue 8,08341.44-2.84
    NZ Party Lesley Vorstman1,7478.95
    Social Credit Trevor Allan Crosbie7583.88-15.00
    McGillicuddy Serious Martin James Fisher290.14
    Majority8094.14
    Turnout 19,50391.31+5.95
    Registered electors 21,359

    1981 election

    1981 general election: Hamilton West [33]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    National Mike Minogue 8,440 44.28 +1.15
    Labour Paddy McCaffrey6,96336.53
    Social Credit Trevor Allan Crosbie3,59918.88
    Independent R T Stone560.29
    Majority1,4777.75+2.40
    Turnout 19,05885.36+18.57
    Registered electors 22,326

    1978 election

    1978 general election: Hamilton West [33]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    National Mike Minogue 8,101 43.13 -5.39
    Labour Dorothy Jelicich 7,09537.77-1.16
    Social Credit Jim Barr3,22217.15
    Values S A L Zanders2961.57
    Right to Life S P Bargh660.35
    Majority1,0065.35-4.23
    Turnout 18,78066.79-15.96
    Registered electors 28,115

    1975 election

    1975 general election: Hamilton West [33]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    National Mike Minogue 10,472 48.52
    Labour Dorothy Jelicich 8,40338.93-7.76
    Social Credit J C Smith2,0699.58
    Values Brian Robinson6372.95
    Majority2,0699.58
    Turnout 21,58182.75-5.33
    Registered electors 26,079

    1972 election

    1972 general election: Hamilton West [33]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    Labour Dorothy Jelicich 7,885 46.69
    National Derek Heather7,34143.47
    Social Credit Shirley Margaret Thompson1,4498.58
    New Democratic David Armitage1240.73
    Independent Judith Ngaire Wainhouse860.50
    Majority5443.22
    Turnout 16,88588.08+1.77
    Registered electors 19,170

    1969 election

    1969 general election: Hamilton West [33]
    PartyCandidateVotes%±%
    National Leslie Munro 8,406 48.81
    Labour Bob Reese6,52837.91
    Social Credit Don Bethune2,04811.89
    Country Party Laurie Stuart Day2371.37
    Majority1,87810.90
    Turnout 17,21986.31
    Registered electors 19,950

    Table footnotes

    1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

    Notes

    1. "Gaurav Sharma". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
    2. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
    3. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 111.
    4. McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
    5. McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
    6. McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
    7. McRobie 1989, p. 106.
    8. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 110.
    9. McRobie 1989, pp. 106, 110.
    10. McRobie 1989, pp. 110, 114, 115.
    11. McRobie 1989, p. 115.
    12. "Report of the Representation Commission 2020" (PDF). 17 April 2020.
    13. Wilson 1985, p. 222.
    14. Wilson 1985, pp. 208, 222.
    15. Wilson 1985, pp. 208, 220.
    16. "Hamilton West – Official Result". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 3 January 2021.
    17. "Party Votes and Turnout by Electorate (2020)". Electoral Commission . Retrieved 3 January 2021.
    18. "Official Count Results -- Hamilton West (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
    19. Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – Hamilton West" . Retrieved 31 January 2016.
    20. Hamilton West results, 2011
    21. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
    22. Official Count Results – Hamilton West Archived 11 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
    23. "Electorate Profile Hamilton West" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. July 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009.
    24. Official Count Results – Hamilton West
    25. Official Count Results – Hamilton West
    26. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
    27. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
    28. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Hamilton West, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
    29. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
    30. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
    31. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993.
    32. Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. p. 37.
    33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Norton 1988, p. 235.

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    Raglan is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed for three periods between 1861 and 1996 and during that time, it was represented by 13 Members of Parliament.

    King Country was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1972 to 1996 and was represented by Jim Bolger of the National Party for those 24 years.

    Titirangi is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It existed from 1987 to 2002, with a break from 1996 to 1999. It was represented by four members of parliament, with three of them from Labour and one from National.

    West Coast is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, from 1972 to 1996.

    Dunedin West was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Dunedin. It existed for three periods between 1881 and 1996 and was represented by seven Members of Parliament.

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