Hamilton East (New Zealand electorate)

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Hamilton East electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Hamilton East electorate, 2014.svg
Hamilton East electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Hamilton East is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It is currently held by David Bennett MP [1] of the National Party.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

David Bennett (New Zealand politician) New Zealand politician

David Allister Bennett is a New Zealand politician. He has been a Member of Parliament since 2005, representing the Hamilton East electorate for the National Party.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Contents

Population centres

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election, [2] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. [3] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [3] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. [4] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created (including Hamilton East). [5]

1969 New Zealand general election

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

The earlier Hamilton electorate dates from 1922. In 1969 Hamilton West was split off; that electorate initially extended to the west coast. In 1972 the additional electorate of Hamilton East was created, and Hamilton was abolished. [6]

Hamilton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed from 1922 to 1969. The electorate covered the urban area of the city of Hamilton. In 1969, the city was part of two rural electorates, Hamilton East and Waikato. For the 1972 election, the nature of Hamilton East changed to urban, and the Hamilton West electorate complements it to form a second urban electorate.

Hamilton West (New Zealand electorate) New Zealand electorate

Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Tim Macindoe MP of the National Party since the 2008 general election.

The electorate is mainly urban, and covers the eastern part of the city of Hamilton. The Waikato River divides the city in half and forms the boundary between the Hamilton East and Hamilton West electorates. Only one other electorate borders Hamilton East, the rural electorate of Waikato to the east. [7]

Hamilton, New Zealand City in North Island, New Zealand

Hamilton is a city in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the seat and most populous city of the Waikato region, with a territorial population of 169,300, the country's fourth most-populous city. Encompassing a land area of about 110 km2 (42 sq mi) on the banks of the Waikato River, Hamilton is part of the wider Hamilton Urban Area, which also encompasses the nearby towns of Ngaruawahia, Te Awamutu and Cambridge.

Waikato River longest river in New Zealand

The Waikato River is the longest river in New Zealand, running for 425 kilometres (264 mi) through the North Island. It rises in the eastern slopes of Mount Ruapehu, joining the Tongariro River system and flowing through Lake Taupo, New Zealand's largest lake. It then drains Taupo at the lake's northeastern edge, creates the Huka Falls, and flows northwest through the Waikato Plains. It empties into the Tasman Sea south of Auckland, at Port Waikato. It gives its name to the Waikato Region that surrounds the Waikato Plains. The present course of the river was largely formed about 17,000 years ago. Contributing factors were climate warming, forest being reestablished in the river headwaters and the deepening, rather than widening, of the existing river channel. The channel was gradually eroded as far up river as Piarere, leaving the old Hinuera channel through the Hinuera Gap high and dry. The remains of the old river path can be clearly seen at Hinuera where the cliffs mark the ancient river edges. The river's main tributary is the Waipa River, which has its confluence with the Waikato at Ngaruawahia.

Hamilton East includes the suburbs of Rototuna, Flagstaff, Queenwood, Chedworth Park, Fairfield, Fairview Downs, Enderley, Claudelands, Hamilton East, Hillcrest, Silverdale and Riverlea. [7]

Rototuna

Rototuna is a suburb in northern Hamilton, New Zealand, east of Flagstaff. It was built on what was previously the bed of an ancient lake of which Rototuna was a tiny remnant. It is one of the newest and fastest-growing suburbs in Hamilton, along with Neighbouring Huntington and Flagstaff.

Queenwood is a suburb in northern Hamilton in New Zealand. This place is separated by Chartwell Park from Chartwell. It is mostly a residential area, with the typical range of local shops. It is located between River Road and Hukanui Road.

Chedworth Park

Chedworth Park, also known simply as Chedworth, is a suburb in eastern Hamilton in New Zealand. It was defined as a suburb of Hamilton in 1974.

Hamilton East is home to the University of Waikato, and 11.3% of the electorate's workforce is employed in education and training, the second-highest proportion in the country. The majority of households are families, and the median family income is $NZ61,500, which is $2,500 higher than the national median. [7]

University of Waikato university in Hamilton, New Zealand

The University of Waikato, informally Waikato University, is a comprehensive university in Hamilton, New Zealand. The university was established in 1964, and has a satellite campus located in Tauranga.

The New Zealand dollar is the official currency and legal tender of New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue, the Ross Dependency, Tokelau, and a British territory, the Pitcairn Islands. Within New Zealand, it is almost always abbreviated with the dollar sign ($), with "NZ$" sometimes used to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. In the context of currency trading, it is often informally called the "Kiwi" or "Kiwi dollar", since New Zealand is commonly associated with the indigenous bird and the one-dollar coin depicts a kiwi.

History

Nearly every party since 1972 that has won Hamilton East and its sister seat of Hamilton West has gone on to form the government, earning these seats a reputation as bellwether seats. One notable exception was in 1993, when Labour captured both Hamilton seats from National, but failed to win a parliamentary majority. In recent years, such as the 1999 and 2005 elections, Hamilton East has been won more often by a National candidate, despite the Labour Party forming the government.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Key

  Labour     National     NZ First   

ElectionWinner
1972 election Rufus Rogers
1975 election Ian Shearer
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Bill Dillon
1987 election
1990 election Tony Steel
1993 election Dianne Yates
1996 election Tony Steel
1999 election
2002 election Dianne Yates
2005 election David Bennett
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hamilton East electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Doug Woolerton
Dianne Yates
1999 election Doug Woolerton
Dianne Yates
2002 election Doug Woolerton
2005 election Doug Woolerton
Dianne Yates1
2008 election Sue Moroney
2017 election Jamie Strange

1Resigned March 2008, list seat taken by William Sio

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Hamilton East [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY David Bennett 18,97552.99−4.3817,38047.45−2.58
Labour Jamie Strange 13,16536.76+9.5612,95835.38+11.61
Green Sam Taylor2,0485.72−1.472,2216.06−4.96
NZ First Pita Paraone 1,1133.11−0.722,0745.66−1.48
ACT James McDowall1400.39−0.022250.61−0.11
Independent Jack Gielen650.18
Opportunities  1,1573.16
Māori  1990.54−0.10
Legalise Cannabis  890.24−0.08
Conservative  750.20−4.61
United Future  290.08−0.22
Outdoors  230.06
People's Party  220.06
Ban 1080  170.05−0.03
Mana  100.03
Internet  90.02
Democrats  60.02−0.01
Informal votes304135
Total Valid votes35,81036,630
National holdMajority5,81016.23−13.94

2014 election

2014 general election: Hamilton East [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY David Bennett 19,39357.37+0.2617,39550.03-1.36
Labour Cliff Allen9,19427.20-4.378,26423.77-0.40
Green Mark Servian2,4307.19+1.953,83311.02-0.86
NZ First Richard Taurima1,2963.83+1.372,4817.14+1.77
Conservative Katrina Day9912.93+0.611,6724.81+1.37
Internet Mana Ray Calver(Internet)2170.64+0.643481.00+0.73 [lower-alpha 1]
ACT Ron Smith1390.41-0.302500.72-0.31
United Future Quentin Todd720.21+0.211040.30-0.48
Democrats Carolyn McKenzie700.21+0.04290.08+0.03
Māori  2220.64+0.05
Legalise Cannabis  1100.32-0.07
Ban 1080  280.08+0.08
Civilian  230.07+0.07
Focus  50.01+0.01
Independent Coalition  30.01+0.01
Informal votes295167
Total Valid votes34,09734,934
National holdMajority10,19930.17+4.63

2011 election

2011 general election: Hamilton East [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY David Bennett 18,50557.11-1.4717,08551.39+1.88
Labour Sehai Orgad10,23031.57-0.438,21724.17-6.09
Green Nick Marryatt1,6975.24+0.923,94211.88+4.67
NZ First Gordon Stewart7972.46-0.041,7865.37+2.08
Conservative Robyn Jackson7522.32+2.321,1453.44+3.44
ACT Garry Mallett 2300.71-0.563411.03-3.07
Pirate Bruce Kingsbury1370.42+0.42
Democrats Carolyn McKenzie540.17+0.17180.05+0.004
United Future  2600.78-0.57
Māori  1950.59-0.37
Legalise Cannabis  1310.39+0.01
Mana  890.27+0.27
Libertarianz  250.08+0.01
Alliance  80.02-0.03
Informal votes636317
Total Valid votes32,40233,249
National holdMajority8,27525.54-1.04

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,420 [11]

2008 election

2008 general election: Hamilton East [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY David Bennett 19,44158.58+7.4616,74549.50+4.06
Labour Sue Moroney 10,62132.00-4.7910,42030.80-4.72
Green Linda Persson1,4334.32+0.712,4397.21+1.68
NZ First Doug Woolerton8302.50-1.321,1133.29-2.56
ACT Garry B Mallett4201.27-0.181,3874.10+2.16
Kiwi Robyn Jackson1800.541890.56
United Future Rochelle White1680.51-0.974581.35-2.06
Democrats Carolyn McKenzie540.16170.05+0.01
RONZ Jack Gielen410.12160.05+0.04
Māori  3230.95+0.33
Bill and Ben  2430.72
Progressive  1900.56-0.36
Legalise Cannabis  1290.38+0.23
Family Party  900.27
Libertarianz  210.06+0.01
Alliance  170.05+0.01
Workers Party  150.04
Pacific  130.04
RAM  20.01
Informal votes236112
Total Valid votes33,18833,827
Turnout 34,17680.48-2.50
National holdMajority8,82026.58+12.25

2005 election

2005 general election: Hamilton East [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National David Bennett 18,90151.12+12.4717,12245.44+21.71
Labour Red x.svgN Dianne Yates 13,60336.79-3.8013,37735.52-0.11
NZ First Doug Woolerton 1,4113.82-2.822,2025.85-4.35
Green Daniel Howard1,3343.61-1.452,0835.53-1.62
United Future Adam Archer5471.48-2.002,0835.53-2.75
ACT Garry Mallett 5341.44-0.947321.94-7.83
Māori Poutawa Biasiny-Tule3090.842340.62
Progressive Peter Banks2430.663470.92
Independent Jared Phillips590.16
Libertarianz Robin Thomsen340.09210.06
Destiny  1090.29
Legalise Cannabis  560.15-0.34
Christian Heritage  370.10-1.14
Alliance  170.05-1.09
Democrats  150.04
99 MP  120.03
One NZ  80.02-0.03
Direct Democracy  50.01
Family Rights  30.01
RONZ  20.01
Informal votes292113
Total Valid votes36,97537,658
Turnout 38,02482.98+4.61
National gain from Labour Majority5,29814.33+16.27

2002 election

2002 general election: Hamilton East [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Dianne Yates 12,82740.59-1.3411,36935.63+0.20
National Red x.svgN Tony Steel 12,21338.65-5.417,57323.73-11.70
NZ First Doug Woolerton 2,0996.64+3.223,25610.20+6.26
Green Cathy Olsen1,6655.272,2817.15+1.93
United Future Richard Carter1,1013.482,6438.28+6.42a
ACT Brian George Dawson7512.38+0.123,1169.77+0.64
Christian Heritage Gavin Denby3070.97-1.283951.24-1.15
Alliance Ravaani D K Ghaemmaghamy1770.56-3.543651.14-6.16
Progressive Jim Medland1770.563561.12
ORNZ  2550.80
Legalise Cannabis  1570.49-0.44
Mana Māori  180.06+0.02
One NZ  170.05-0.03
NMP  20.01
Informal votes284105
Total Valid votes31,60131,908
Turnout 32,08578.37-7.23
Labour gain from National Majority6141.94+4.07
a United Future swing compared to results of United NZ and Future NZ, as the two merged in 2000.

1999 election

1999 general election: Hamilton East [15] [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Tony Steel 14,32944.0611,62035.43
Labour Dianne Yates 13,63741.9310,73832.74
Alliance Peter Jamieson1,3344.102,3947.30
NZ First Doug Woolerton 1,1133.421,2933.94
ACT Gavin Denby7342.262,9939.13
Christian Heritage Madeleine Flannagan7322.257832.39
McGillicuddy Serious Leanee V. Ireland3701.14670.21
Mauri Pacific Helen Akhtari1790.55350.11
Natural Law John Cleary 960.30390.12
Green  1,7125.22
Future NZ  4461.36
Legalise Cannabis  3040.93
United NZ  1630.50
Libertarianz  1000.30
Animals First  500.15
One NZ  270.08
Mana Māori  130.04
NMP  60.02
People's Choice 50.02
Freedom Movement40.01
South Island  30.01
Republican  20.01
Informal votes571298
Total Valid votes32,52432,797
Turnout 33,76385.60
National holdMajority6922.13

1996 election

1996 general election: Hamilton East [17] [18] [19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Tony Steel 14,02043.1913,02939.92
Labour Red x.svgN Dianne Yates 11,67335.968,21925.18
NZ First Doug Woolerton 2,9208.993,60411.04
Alliance Ashok Parbhu1,6845.192,7578.45
Christian Coalition Lindsay Priest7982.461,7345.31
ACT Graeme Williams5781.782,0886.40
McGillicuddy Serious Justine Francis3541.091230.38
Progressive Green Dianna Tawharu1760.54880.27
Independent Patricia Neagle1290.40
Natural Law John Cleary 670.21630.19
Superannuitants & Youth Leslie Stroud640.20470.14
Legalise Cannabis  4301.32
United NZ  2790.85
Animals First  630.19
Ethnic Minority Party 310.09
Mana Māori  290.09
Libertarianz  190.06
Green Society  160.05
Conservatives  90.03
Asia Pacific United 50.02
Advance New Zealand 40.01
Te Tawharau 00.00
Informal votes25480
Total Valid votes32,46332,637
National gain from Labour Majority2,3477.23

Footnotes

  1. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes

  1. New Zealand Parliament – David Bennett MP
  2. McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  3. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  5. McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  6. McRobie 1989, pp. 83, 110, 114.
  7. 1 2 3 "Hamilton East" (PDF). Parliamentary Library . March 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  8. "Official Count Results -- Hamilton East (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  9. "Official Count Results – Hamilton East". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  10. Hamilton East results, 2011
  11. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
  12. 2008 election results
  13. Official Count Results – Hamilton East
  14. Official Count Results – Hamilton East
  15. "Official Count Results (1999) – Electoral Votes for registered parties by electorate". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  16. "Official Count Results (1999) – Candidate Vote Details". NZ Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  17. "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Hamilton East, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  18. "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  19. "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.

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References