Waitaki is an electorate for the New Zealand House of Representatives that crosses the boundary of North Otago and South Canterbury towns on the East Coast of the South Island. The electorate was first established for the 1871 election that determined the 5th New Zealand Parliament. It has been abolished and re-established several times and in its early years was a two-member electorate for two parliamentary terms. The current electorate has existed since the 2008 election and is held by Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
The New Zealand House of Representatives is a component of the New Zealand Parliament, along with the Sovereign. The House passes all laws, provides ministers to form a Cabinet, and supervises the work of the Government. It is also responsible for adopting the state's budgets and approving the state's accounts.
Otago is a region of New Zealand in the south of the South Island administered by the Otago Regional Council. It has an area of approximately 32,000 square kilometres (12,000 sq mi), making it the country's third largest local government region. Its population was 229,200 in June 2018.
Canterbury is a region of New Zealand, located in the central-eastern South Island. The region covers an area of 44,508 square kilometres (17,185 sq mi), and is home to a population of 624,000.
Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election. In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished. In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Waitaki). The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered. These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
This current Waitaki electorate is the successor to parts of the old Otago electorate, with parts of central Otago moving into Clutha-Southland, and the boundary extended far up the South Canterbury coast, to just outside Timaru. The electorate was last re-established for the 2008 election. The 2006 census showed that there has been a general northwards population movement. Even though the number of South Island electorates is fixed, the decline in the population of electorates from Rakaia south has resulted in the boundaries of electorates from Invercargill north to Rakaia shifting northwards. However, Waitaki ended up over quota in the 2013 census and redistribution resulted in all communities south of and including Herbert being ceded to Dunedin North.
Otago was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate first created for the 1978 election, which was replaced by the Waitaki electorate and Clutha-Southland electorates for the 2008 election. Its last representative was Jacqui Dean of the National Party.
Clutha-Southland is a parliamentary constituency returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Clutha Southland is Hamish Walker of the National Party. He has held the seat since the 2017 general election.
Timaru is a port city in the southern Canterbury region of New Zealand, located 157 kilometres (98 mi) southwest of Christchurch and about 196 kilometres (122 mi) northeast of Dunedin on the eastern Pacific coast of the South Island. The Timaru urban area is home to 29,100 people, and is the largest urban area in South Canterbury, and the second largest in the Canterbury Region overall, after Christchurch. The city is the seat of the Timaru District, which includes the surrounding rural area and the towns of Geraldine, Pleasant Point and Temuka, which combined has a total population of 47,300.
The largest town in the electorate is Oamaru (pop. 13,950). Other towns include Geraldine (2,500), Twizel (1,280), Wanaka (8,890), Waimate (2,890), Cromwell (5,160) and Alexandra (5,510).
Oamaru is the largest town in North Otago, in the South Island of New Zealand, it is the main town in the Waitaki District. It is 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Timaru and 120 kilometres (75 mi) north of Dunedin on the Pacific coast; State Highway 1 and the railway Main South Line connect it to both cities. With a population of 13,950, Oamaru is the 28th largest urban area in New Zealand, and the third largest in Otago behind Dunedin and Queenstown.
Geraldine is a town in the Canterbury Region in the South Island of New Zealand. It is about 140 km south of Christchurch, and inland from Timaru, which is 35 km to the south.
Twizel is the largest town in the Mackenzie District, in the Canterbury Region of New Zealand's South Island. The town was founded in 1968 to house construction workers on the Upper Waitaki Hydroelectric Scheme. Twizel has a resident population of 1,280 ; during the summer, holidaymakers nearly triple the town's population.
The Waitaki electorate has existed four times: in 1871 to 1946;in 1957 to 1969; in 1978 to 1996 and lastly since 2008.
The New Zealand general election of 1871 was held between 14 January and 23 February to elect 78 MPs across 72 electorates to the fifth session of the New Zealand Parliament. 41,527 electors were registered.
The 1946 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 28th term. It saw the governing Labour Party re-elected, but by a substantially narrower margin than in the three previous elections. The National Party continued its gradual rise.
The 1957 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 32nd term. It saw the governing National Party narrowly defeated by the Labour Party. The 1957 elections marked the beginning of the second Labour government, although this administration was to last only a single term.
The first election in the electorate was contested by William Steward and Macassey in 1871, with Steward being successful.
Sir William Jukes Steward was a New Zealand politician and the first Liberal Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives. He represented South Canterbury electorates in Parliament for a total of 34 years, before being appointed to the Legislative Council. He served briefly on the Otago Provincial Council and was Mayor of Oamaru for three years.
The next election was held in early January 1876. Waitaki had become a two-member electorate, and four candidates put their names forward. Steward and Joseph O'Meagher contested the election as abolitionists (i.e. they were in favour of abolishing the provincial government), while Thomas William Hislop and Samuel Shrimski were provincialists (i.e. they favoured the retention of provincial government).The provincialists won the election by quite some margin.
Hislop and Shrimski were both confirmed in the 1879 election,but Hislop resigned on 28 April 1880 "for private reasons". The resulting 1880 by-election was won by George Jones.
From 1881 onwards, the electorate became a single-member constituency again.Thomas Young Duncan won the 1881 election and the two subsequent elections. In the 1887 election, Duncan was opposed by John Reid, but defeated him by 705 to 676 votes. In the 1890 election, Duncan successfully contested the Oamaru electorate instead, with John McKenzie taking Waitaki. McKenzie had previously held Waihemo and went back to that electorate again for the 1893 election.
William Steward, who was the first representative of the electorate, had since 1881 represented Waimate. He returned to Waitaki for the 1893 election, was successful and also won the five subsequent elections. He held the electorate until 1911. He was appointed to the Legislative Council in the following year, but died within months of the appointment.
Francis Henry Smith succeeded Steward in the 1911 election. At the next election in 1914, Smith stood unsuccessfully in the Timaru electorate. The Waitaki electorate was won by John Anstey that year. At the 1919 election, Anstey was defeated by John Bitchener, who held Waitaki until he was defeated in the 1935 election by David Barnes. Barnes, in turn, held the electorate for one parliamentary term and was defeated in the 1938 election by David Campbell Kidd. At the final count, Kidd had a majority of 10 votes, and Barnes applied for a magisterial recount; this increased the 1938 result to a majority of 14 votes.Kidd represented Waitaki until 1946, when the electorate was abolished and he successfully stood in Waimate instead.
Waitaki was re-established for the 1957 election and was won by Thomas Hayman, who had previously represented Oamaru. Hayman died in office on 2 January 1962 and was succeeded by Allan Dick, who won the 1962 by-election. Dick held the electorate until 1969, when it was abolished again.
The electorate was re-established for the 1978 general election. Jonathan Elworthy of the National Party was the successful candidate. Elworthy was re-elected in the 1981 general election, but defeated in the 1984 general election by Labour's Jim Sutton. Sutton was re-elected in the 1987 general election, but lost to National's Alec Neill in the 1990 general election. Neill was re-elected in the 1993 general election. At the end of the next term, in 1996, the electorate was abolished again. Neill failed to be selected by the National Party as a candidate for any of the electorates for the 1996 general election.
With the advent of Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) voting system in 1996 and the resulting reduction in the number of constituencies, the electorate was split in half; the town of Oamaru was pulled into the resized Otago electorate and the balance was transferred into the new Aoraki electorate.
The Waitaki electorate was re-established for the 2008 election, and Jacqui Dean, incumbent since the 2005 election in the Otago electorate won the election with a large majority against Labour's David Parker.Dean increased her majority in the 2011 election against Labour's Barry Monks. Dean was confirmed as the electorate's representative in the 2014 election.
|1871 election||William Steward|
|1876 election||Samuel Shrimski||Thomas Hislop|
|1880 by-election||George Jones|
|1881 election||Thomas Duncan|
|1890 election||John McKenzie|
|1893 election||William Steward|
|1911 election||Francis Smith|
|1914 election||John Anstey|
|1919 election||John Bitchener|
|1935 election||David Barnes|
|1938 election||David Kidd|
|(electorate abolished 1946-1957)|
|1957 election||Thomas Hayman|
|1962 by-election||Allan Dick|
|(electorate abolished 1969-1978)|
|1978 election||Jonathan Elworthy|
|1984 election||Jim Sutton|
|1990 election||Alec Neill|
|(electorate abolished 1996-2008)|
|2008 election||Jacqui Dean|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waitaki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|2008 election||David Parker|
|2017 general election: Waitaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Alex Familton||2,473||5.67||—||2,892||6.57||-0.38|
|Democrats||Hessel Van Wieren||95||0.22||-0.42||18||0.04||-0.17|
|Total Valid votes||43,647||44,023|
|2014 general election: Waitaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Democrats||Hessel van Wieren||253||0.64||+0.18||86||0.21||+0.02|
|Total Valid votes||39,445||39,769|
|2011 general election: Waitaki|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Democrats||Hessel van Wieren||172||0.46||+0.10||74||0.19||+0.08|
|Total Valid votes||37,786||38,541|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 49,508
|2008 general election: Waitaki|
|Democrats||Hessel Van Wieren||140||0.36||44||0.11|
|Direct Democracy||Simon Guy||70||0.18|
|Bill and Ben||263||0.66|
|Total Valid votes||39,327||39,763|
|National win new seat||Majority||11,039||28.07|
|National||D W Taylor||10,099||47.9||+5.7|
|Democrats||D A Wood||702||3.3||+/-0|
|Wizard Party||D J Holden||99||0.5||+0.5|
|NZ Party||D W Wootton||1,817||9.4||+9.4|
|Social Credit||P N Gould||637||3.3||-10.5|
|Social Credit||P N Gould||2,670||13.8||-5.9|
|Labour||W R Laney||7,060||36.2|
|Social Credit||S R Stevens||3,841||19.7|
|Values||I B Roger||237||1.2|
|Social Credit||B R Milmine||2,489||15.9||+8.6|
|Labour||K S Lysaght||6,486||40.1||+0.3|
|Social Credit||W J Julius||1,184||7.3||-1.0|
|Labour||Sir Basil Arthur||5,957||42.61|
|Social Credit||Alfred William Barwood||1,664||11.90|
|Social Credit||Alfred William Barwood||1,358||8.3||+1.8|
|Labour||A G Braddick||6,324||41.4|
|Social Credit||Maurice John Hayes||990||6.5|
|Labour||Alexander McLean Paterson||3,007||35.38|
|United||G. S. McKenzie||1,599||18.82|
|Independent Liberal||Stephen Boreham||527||15.60|
|Liberal||Charles Vincent Clarke||299||8.59|
|Conservative||Harry R Parker||155||4.46|
|Conservative||John Channing Buckland||356||25.41|
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