1966 New Zealand general election

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1966 New Zealand general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1963 26 November 1966 (1966-11-26) 1969  

All 80 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout1,205,095 (86.0%)
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Keith Holyoake, 1972.jpg Norman Kirk Portrait.jpg Vernon Cracknell.jpg
Leader Keith Holyoake Norman Kirk Vernon Cracknell
Party National Labour Social Credit
Leader since 13 August 1957 9 December 1965 13 May 1962
Leader's seat Pahiatua Lyttelton Hobson
Last election45 seats, 47.1%35 seats, 43.7%0 seats, 7.9%
Seats won44351
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 1Steady2.svg 0Increase2.svg 1
Popular vote525,925499,392174,513
Percentage43.6%41.4%14.5%
SwingDecrease2.svg 3.5%Decrease2.svg 2.3%Increase2.svg 6.6%

1966 New Zealand general election - Results.svg
Results of the election.

Prime Minister before election

Keith Holyoake
National

Subsequent Prime Minister

Keith Holyoake
National

The 1966 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 35th term. It saw the governing National Party win a third consecutive term in office. It was also the first time since the 1943 election that a minor party won a seat in Parliament.

Contents

Background

The National Party had established its second administration following the 1960 elections, and had been re-elected in the 1963 election. Keith Holyoake remained Prime Minister. The Labour Party experienced a leadership change shortly before the 1966 elections: Arnold Nordmeyer, who was closely associated with an unpopular previous Labour government, was replaced by the younger Norman Kirk. Labour remained disunited, however, with ongoing leadership problems undermining Kirk's position. Disagreement between unionists and non-unionists regarding economic policy also weakened the party.

One significant issue that divided National and Labour in the 1966 elections was the question of New Zealand's participation in the Vietnam War. Under National, New Zealand contributed a small number of troops, which Holyoake strongly defended during the election campaign. Labour, by contrast, made the recall of troops one of its key policies; former Labour leader Walter Nash was a particularly strong critic of the war. Nash believed that Labour's failure to win the election was because of its principled anti-Vietnam war policy, despite voters preferring Labour's economic policy to National's. [1]

MPs retiring in 1966

Eight National MPs and two Labour MPs intended to retire at the end of the 34th Parliament.

PartyNameElectorate
National Geoff Gerard Ashburton
William Sheat Egmont
Blair Tennent Manawatu
Ernest Aderman New Plymouth
Dean Eyre North Shore
Geoffrey Sim Piako
Ronald Algie Remuera
John McAlpine Selwyn
Labour Jim Edwards Napier
Rex Mason New Lynn

The election

Kirk opening Labour's campaign Norman Kirk 1966 campaign opening.jpg
Kirk opening Labour's campaign

The date for the main 1966 elections was 26 November. 1,409,600 people were registered to vote. Turnout was 86.0%, a number relatively low for the time. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902. It was, however, the last election in which the number of seats was set at this level.

Election results

Party standings

The 1966 election saw the governing National Party retain office by an eight-seat margin. It had previously held office by a ten-seat margin — the drop was a result of losing the Hobson seat to Social Credit's Vernon Cracknell. National won a total of forty-four seats, while the Labour Party remained static on thirty-five. In the popular vote, the parties were closer — National won 43.6% to Labour's 41.4%. The Social Credit Party won 14.5% of the vote and one seat.

1966 nz parliament.svg
Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats wonChange
National 80525,94543.6444−1
Labour 80499,39241.4435±0
Social Credit 80174,51314.481+1
Communist 83,1670.260±0
Independents 135,2430.440±0
Total2611,205,09580

Votes summary

Popular Vote
National
43.64%
Labour
41.44%
Social Credit
14.48%
Other
0.70%
Parliament seats
National
55.00%
Labour
43.75%
Social Credit
1.25%

Initial MPs

The table below shows the results of the 1966 general election:

Key

  National     Labour     Social Credit   

Electorate results for the 1966 New Zealand general election [2]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton Geoff Gerard Rob Talbot 983John Srhoy
Auckland Central Norman Douglas 2,562Marie Quinn
Avon John Mathison 5,232Dick Dawson
Awarua Gordon Grieve 3,222M E Booker
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen 3,596Leonard Thomas Fischer
Buller Bill Rowling 1,822Ernie King
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane 1,409Fred Francis
Clutha Peter Gordon 3,312Les McKay
Dunedin Central Brian MacDonell 1,245John Farry
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan 2,833George Barry Gerard
Eden John Rae 2,548John William Stewart
Egmont William Sheat Venn Young 3,262H N Johnston
Fendalton Harry Lake 2,271 Bruce Barclay
Franklin Alfred E. Allen 5,083Ron Ng-Waishing
Gisborne Esme Tombleson 1,432Bob MacDonald
Grey Lynn Ritchie Macdonald 4,399Horace Alexander Nash
Hamilton Lance Adams-Schneider 2,225Bob Reese
Hastings Duncan MacIntyre 2,129 Sonja Davies
Hauraki General Arthur Kinsella 2,336Henry Uttinger
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison 3,915L K Evans
Heretaunga Ron Bailey 2,647Ian Ross
Hobson Logan Sloane Vernon Cracknell 490 Logan Sloane
Hutt Sir Walter Nash 1,949 John Kennedy-Good
Invercargill Ralph Hanan 2,396Noel Valentine
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer 2,806 Saul Goldsmith [3]
Karori Jack Marshall 5,270Peter Blizard
Lyttelton Norman Kirk 2,121Peter de Latour
Manawatu Blair Tennent Les Gandar 2,298Ernie Hemmingsen
Manukau Colin Moyle 2,728Max Louis Peers
Manurewa Phil Amos 2,389B F Kimpton
Marlborough Tom Shand 732 Gerry Wall
Marsden Don McKay 4,077O J Lewis
Miramar Bill Fox Bill Young 146Bill Fox
Mt Albert Warren Freer 2,654Tom Hibbert
Napier Jim Edwards Gordon Christie 393Maurice Kidson
Nelson Stan Whitehead 2,045E B Slack
New Lynn Rex Mason Jonathan Hunt 3,727Kevin Patrick Lynch
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman Ron Barclay 78Brian Clark
North Shore Dean Eyre George Gair 1,108 Michael Bassett
Onehunga Hugh Watt 4,265Daphne Double
Otago Central John George 2,305Brian Griffiths
Otaki Allan McCready 3,575Glen Herbert
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 5,291F M O'Brien
Pakuranga Bob Tizard 2,259Victor David Thompson
Palmerston North Bill Brown 259 Joe Walding
Petone Mick Moohan 2,607Joe Miller
Piako Geoffrey Sim Jack Luxton 3,884Myles Edward Barroclough
Porirua Henry May 1,928Rick Stevenson
Raglan Douglas Carter 1,659Ronald Nelson Little
Rangiora Lorrie Pickering 957Te Rino Tirikatene
Rangitikei Norman Shelton 4,005Russell Wiseman
Remuera Ronald Algie Allan Highet 6,660Bill Nairn
Riccarton Mick Connelly 2,725Ian Wilson
Rodney Jack Scott 2,722Nevern McConachy
Roskill Arthur Faulkner 3,822Anthony Cook
Rotorua Harry Lapwood 2,298Frank Knipe
St Albans Bert Walker 2,575Ted Adcock
St Kilda Bill Fraser 2,809R M Hall
Selwyn John McAlpine Colin McLachlan 2,597Thomas Kelvin Campbell
Stratford David Thomson 4,115David Butler
Sydenham Mabel Howard 3,947Helen Garrett
Tamaki Robert Muldoon 2,827Kevin Ryan
Taupo Rona Stevenson 258 Barry Gustafson
Tauranga George Walsh 2,299 Olive Smuts-Kennedy
Timaru Sir Basil Arthur 3,108Norman Stanley Brown
Waimarino Roy Jack 2,491Shaun Alex Cameron
Waipa Leslie Munro 3,081Neil Roger David Shewan
Wairarapa Haddon Donald 533 Jack Williams
Waitakere Martyn Finlay 3,813 Peter Wilkinson
Waitaki Allan Dick 2,009 Stan Rodger
Waitemata Norman King 3,832Terry Power
Waitomo David Seath 4,442Arthur John Ingram
Wallace Brian Talboys 3,965 Aubrey Begg
Wanganui George Spooner 908John Grace
Wellington Central Dan Riddiford 1,713 Rolland O'Regan
Westland Paddy Blanchfield 4,041George Ferguson
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Puti Tipene Watene 3,121 Arnold Reedy [4]
Northern Maori Matiu Rata 4,297F R Wilcox
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 3,832Baden Pere
Western Maori Iriaka Rātana 5,580Timi Te Heuheu

Notes

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References